Appaloosa, colour breed of horse popular in the United States. The breed is said to have descended in the Nez Percé Indian territory of North America from wild mustangs, which in turn descended from Spanish horses brought in by explorers. The name derives from the Palouse River of Idaho and Washington.
What are facts about the Appaloosa horse?
- – White Sclera: Sclera around the cornea of the eye is white in Appaloosas – Mottled Skin: Skin on the muzzle, face, and around genitalia is mottled – Striped Hooves: Usually the stripes on the hoof of the horse are not present, however regular stripes on the hooves of Appaloosas are a distinct feature of the breed.
Where did Appaloosa horses come from?
It is likely that these horses originally came from a variety of Spanish horses—so-called spotted horses —that were traded into the Northwest by the mid to late eighteenth century. The horses were then bred by the Nez Perce. The Appaloosa is also known as the Nez Perce Horse.
When was the Appaloosa horse discovered?
One of the facinating aspects of history is that the more we study the more we learn. It used to be assumed that the first evidence of the spotted horse was found in cave paintings dating from around 18,000 BC at Lascaux and Peche -Merle in France.
What is the purpose of the Appaloosa breed?
The Nez Perce people bred Appaloosas for transport, hunting, and battle. The modern Appaloosa is still an extremely versatile horse. Its uses include pleasure and long-distance trail riding, working cattle and rodeo events, racing, and many other Western and English riding sports.
What is a true Appaloosa?
A True Appaloosa can have a colorful coat and must have mottled skin about the mouth and white sclera around the eye (like a human being). Many have vertically stripped hooves and large heads. When you have learned what a True Appaloosa looks like you will recognize the frauds in an instant.
Is Appaloosa Spanish?
Appaloosa, colour breed of horse popular in the United States. The breed is said to have descended in the Nez Percé Indian territory of North America from wild mustangs, which in turn descended from Spanish horses brought in by explorers. The name derives from the Palouse River of Idaho and Washington.
Is Appaloosa a quarter horse?
Appaloosa horses are fast. The Nez Perce bred for speed in their horses, and the modern Appaloosa horses are infused with quarter-horse blood. The quarter horse gene further increased the speed in the Appaloosa. Appaloosa horses are generally fast and athletic horses.
Is an Appaloosa a Warmblood?
A horse that is of a particular breed, and is registered with that breed, is a purebred, regardless of his breed. American quarter horses, Appaloosas and Paint horses are all descendants of hot-blooded breeds. The American quarter horse is considered by many to be the original American Warmblood.
What is the temperament of an Appaloosa horse?
Personality and Temperament The Appaloosa is independent, intelligent, and courageous. It can also be fierce — making it an ideal war horse in the past. Currently, it is considered one of the best riding horses, especially for those who know how to handle horses.
What is dappled GREY?
Definition of dapple-gray: gray variegated with spots or patches of a different shade —used especially of horses.
Why do Appaloosas have short tails?
Appaloosas were initially bred by the Nez Perce tribe in NE Oregon and Idaho. There is a lot of brush in this area, and appies were bred to have short tails to prevent tangling and snagging in the brush. *Spotted, frosted, varnished, or blanketed coat colors due to the leopard complex and other pattern genes.
What is the difference between a paint horse and an Appaloosa?
Paint horses will only have Paints, Quarter Horses, Arabians, and Thoroughbreds in their pedigrees. Appaloosas will only have Apps, QHs, Arabians and TBs in their pedigrees. Appaloosas also have the registration requirements of mottled skin, striped hooves, and white sclera in the corners of the eyes.
Are Appaloosa horses gaited?
Appaloosa. A gaited Appaloosa has a lateral gait, which is when the legs on the same side of the horse move together. It’s often referred to as the Appaloosa shuffle. This four-beat gait resembles a pace, though it’s smoother.
How many true Appaloosas are left?
With only 109 true Appaloosas left in the world, the question is vital.
How many true Appaloosa horses are there?
It is not know how many true foundation appaloosa horses remain today, but there are estimated to be fewer than 200.
What is a snowflake Appaloosa?
Snowflake. When a dark body is adorned with white spots or flecks, it is commonly referred to as snowflakes. A snowflake appaloosa will often develop more and more spots and flecks as it grows older, and it is also normal for the size of the spots and flecks to increase.
Appaloosa horse breed
The Appaloosa is a horse breed that has historically been linked with the Nez Perce (Niimipu) Tribe in the United States. A Palouse may have been the source of the name, which related to the place where the horses were bred at one time. By the mid- to late-eighteenth century, it is possible that these horses descended from a type of Spanish horses, known as “spotted horses,” that were sold into the Northwest. The Nez Perce were responsible for breeding the horses. The Appaloosa is sometimes referred to as the Nez Perce Horse in some circles.
The Appaloosa was highly regarded by the Nez Perce because of its intellectual disposition, sure-footedness, endurance, and speed.
In addition, the horses were paso fino (that is, smooth-gaited), which allowed the hunter to fire with pinpoint accuracy even while running at full speed.
However, a few members of the species survived into the twentieth century, and in the 1930s, horsemen in eastern Oregon sought to bring the breed back to life.
The Appaloosa horse breed is one of the most distinctive and valuable American horse breeds in the world, and it is also one of the most valuable.
- In this photograph, Martin Schmitt is riding an Appaloosa horse, b w. Nancy Wak Wak (Umatilla) riding an Appaloosa, 1937, courtesy of the University of Oregon Librarian’s Special Collections and University Archives, PH033 0001. 018041, Oregon Historical Society Research Library
- 018041, Oregon Historical Society Research Library
- 018041, Oregon Historical Society Research Library In the Wallowas, a pack train of Appaloosa horses in 1960. Oregon Historical Society Research Library, 015371
- Francis Haines, president of the Oregon branch of the Appaloosa Horse Club, c.1950. Image courtesy of the Oregon Historical Society Research Library. 015482
- Oregon Historical Society Research Library
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Cheryl Dudley is the author of this work. The Appaloosa is a legendary breed. The Lyons Press, in Guilford, Connecticut, published a book in 2007. Francis Haines is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom. Appaloosa: The Spotted Horse as depicted in Art and Literature The University of Texas Press published this book in 1963. The most recent update was made on January 28, 2021.
Origins of the Appaloosa Horse
The Appaloosa horse’s distinct appearance makes it difficult not to be captivated by it. Appaloosas, on the other hand, are much more than just charming patches and speckled noses. The origin of the Appaloosa horse may be traced back thousands of years in both North America and Europe. The Nez Perce Indian tribe is credited with developing these horses during the European colonization of North America, which is when they became well-known.
Nonetheless, they have a history that goes back far longer than that. Throughout this post, I’ll be talking about what happened to the Appaloosa Horse and how it came to be associated with the Nez Perce Indian tribe.
Appaloosa Horse Origin Before North America
The history of the Appaloosa may be traced back almost as far as the history of mankind. In cave drawings found all around Europe, a species of spotted horse has been depicted, which indicates that the pictures date back to ancient times. However, while these horses may not have been a direct descendant of the Appaloosa horse that we know today, they were unquestionably its forefathers. Older empires, such as Greece and Persia, created artwork and literature that depicted spotted horses, which might have been the forebears of the Appaloosa, as well as other types of horses.
Spaniards introduced their horses, especially the spotted ones, to North America over a period of time that was slow but steady.
What Native American Group Developed the AmericanAppaloosa Horse Origin?
Getting their hands on a few “spotted horses” was the first indication that the Nez Perce had unearthed a rare diamond in the rough. This group of early Appaloosas was acknowledged by the Nez Perce as clever and smooth to ride, as well as durable on rough terrain. As a result, they began carefully breeding them. After some time had elapsed, the Nez Perce gelded or exchanged horses that they did not feel were capable of producing offspring with desired qualities. The ultimate result was herds of horses, some of which were marked with spots, that the Nez Perce could rely on to transport them quickly into combat, across long distances, and securely back to their camp at the end of the night.
- They discovered them in the modern-day states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
- The Appaloosa and the Nez Perce had a long and fruitful relationship that was both beautiful and fruitful.
- The Nez Perce were being evicted from their ancestral grounds by the United States government, slowly but steadily.
- The Nez Perce War, as it was known at the time, began with the engagement of about 600 Nez Perce warriors.
Appaloosas and the Nez Perce
Nez Perce warriors fought valiantly, but they were finally beaten and fled to Canada for safety. There were long distances to go, as well as difficult terrain to navigate for the native Americans and their animals. Their Appaloosa horses were excellent companions during the trek, and many of them made it to safety. Unfortunately, the Americans caught up with a party of Nez Perce who were on their way to Canada as they were resting in present-day Montana on their way to the north. They captured almost 1,000 of their horses, sold the horses that they could sell, and shot the remainder of the animals.
In the decades after the Nez Perce War, there were very few Appaloosas to be found.
Because of their distinctive coloration, several of them have performed in circuses and touring shows across the world. Because they were discovered with the Nez Perce on the Palouse River, the Palouse horse became known to the general public as the Palouse horse.
Fortunately, in the 1930s, a group of riders in Oregon began the process of resurrecting the Appaloosa breed, which has since been successful. The breed began to expand again as a result of hard effort and devotion, and it began to establish new occupations and spread into new areas. With the help of modern technology, the Appaloosa has been restored to its former beauty. Horses belonging to the Appaloosa breed may be found in practically every state in the United States. The breeding of Appaloosas is becoming increasingly popular.
- Additionally, national meetings are held to examine the current state of the breed as well as any advancements that have occurred.
- In addition, they are rated on how closely they resemble the original Appaloosa horse.
- In western sports like as trail, western pleasure, roping, reining, and barrel racing, they can be seen in a variety of colors.
- Their versatility makes them excellent family pets and children’s horses, and they are widely used as lesson horses for individuals who are just starting to ride.
- They are hardy, simple to maintain horses that have won the hearts of people all throughout the United States of America.
Because of the Nez Perce tribe, the Appaloosa horse has a long and illustrious history in America. It is unlikely that the breed would have developed in America if the breeders had not paid close attention to the horses that they produced. As well as the procedures that they took to keep them safe. Hope this post was useful in your understanding of the history of the Appaloosa breed and its relevance to American history. I hope you enjoyed it. Please spread the word about this post and tell us about your experiences with Appaloosa horses!
The Palouse were a Native American tribe who lived in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains region, spanning from the Rocky Mountains and Black Hills of what is now North Dakota and South Dakota to the Rocky Mountain states of Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico. The name “Appalousa” may have derived from the Palouse, a tribe who lived in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains region and ranged from the Rocky Mountains and Black Hills of what is now North Dakota and South Dakota to the Rocky Mountain states of Utah, During the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1804, the tribe was mentioned for the first time.
Appaloosa horses were originally found among the Nez Perce Indian tribe by the French explorer Étienne Marchand in 1811, during a visit to the area.
The Appaloosa horse breed is currently acknowledged as one of the oldest horse breeds in North America, predating the more prevalent varieties such as the Quarter Horse and the Arabian horse by hundreds of years.
The Nez Perce people of Idaho and Oregon were the first to establish the breed as a general-purpose horse for hunting and fighting. Today, the breed is recognized worldwide.
What is the temperament of an Appaloosa horse?
Appaloosa horses are noted for being patient and respectful of their human handlers, and they are not known for challenging them. These dogs are tolerant and will make an effort to grasp what the handler expects of them. Although they might be obstinate at times, they require the guidance of someone who can guide them in the right route. Because they are well-balanced and agile, Appaloosas are extremely popular as riding horses in the United States. Because of their intelligence and eagerness to please their masters, they are quite simple to teach.
Because of their kind disposition, Appaloosas make excellent mounts for youngsters, and children adore spending time with them.
What is a snowflake Appaloosa?
Known also as “Flecks,” Snowflake Appaloosa horses have white spots, flecks, or splotches that are scattered in random patterns all over their bodies, giving them the appearance of snowflakes. The spots on the Appaloosa are the result of a mix of genetics, white hair, and skin pigment that causes white hair to form in certain parts of the animal’s body. This pattern is distinct from the classic leopard pattern that may be found on Appaloosa horses in their usual conformation. It most commonly manifests itself when a person has one or more white parents and then gets genes that cause the difference in appearance.
Do all Appaloosa horses have spots?
On their bodies, Appaloosa horses are noted for having striking white markings that distinguish them from other horses. All Appaloosa horses are not created equal, and this is not always the case. The dots and stripes on some of them are distinct, while others are mottled. Some species, depending on the species, may have different colors on their body as well. Some Appaloosa horses are more likely than others to be born with these markings, but it is also conceivable for an Appaloosa horse to be born with no markings at all, depending on the breeding stock.
Appaloosa Museum – HISTORY
Johann Georg Hamilton’s THE STUDY AT LIPIZZANO is a work of art. Painting from 1727, this group of brood mares demonstrates the wide range of coat colors seen among the original Lippizaner breed, including palomino, tobiano, and a strongly marked blanketed Appaloosa, among other hues. Thanks to Colonel Alois Podhajsky, Commandant of the Spanische Reitschule in Vienna, Austria for permission to use his photograph. Throughout history, spotted horses have been given a variety of titles, including the mysterious Celestial Horses of China, the Knabstrupper of Denmark, and the Tigre of France, among many others.
It was at this period that the word “Appaloosa” was first used to describe the spotted horses of the Palouse area, and the term “Appaloosa” was later dropped.
Palouse horse was the name given by early white settlers to the spotted horse that roamed the region.
The name Palouse is most likely derived from the Sehaptin language, which was spoken by the Nez Perce and Palouse Indians at the time of its creation.
As a result of the construction of the principal settlement of the Palouse Indians on top of a big rock at the junction of the Snake River and the Palouse River, the name comes from the phrase “something pointing down in the water.” (1)
Prehistoric Man and Horses
When it comes to history, one of the most fascinating elements is that the more we study, the more we learn. It was once believed that the first evidence of the spotted horse was discovered in cave paintings from approximately 18,000 BC in Lascaux and Peche -Merle in France, which date back to roughly 18,000 BC. Anthropologists hypothesized that these horses may be the progenitors of modern-day spotted horses, which they believe to be true. Studies conducted recently, however, suggest that, rather than showing actual horses, the cave painters utilized the spots to symbolize dreams or visions instead of actual horses.
Ferghana Valley (present day Uzbekistan)
With the beginning of the Bronze Age (about 1750 – 1500 BC), came the introduction of the horse drawn chariot. In the period 100 BC to 200 CE, trade and travel along the Silk Road facilitated contact and connectivity throughout the Asiatic Steppes and beyond. The Fergana region, located in the heart of the Asiatic Steppes, appears to have been a major source for the development of horses of exceptional size, strength, speed, and intelligence.
Around 100 BC, the Emperor Wu Ti dispatched court officials to Ferghana in order to procure these better horses, which they dubbed Heavenly or Celestial horses because of their superiority. Some speculated that these were the “heavenly horses” who were prophesied to arrive from the northwest in the Book of Changes. The spotted horse has continued to be featured in great abundance in Chinese art.
Persia (present day Iran)
Rakush, the spotted warhorse of the hero Rustam, who lived roughly 400 BC, is regarded as the progenitor of all spotted horses by the Persians. Rakush was the spotted warhorse of the hero Rustam, who lived approximately 400 BC. Rakush was thought to be the son of a white demon, which was considered to be a sign of good. The epic poem Shah Nameh of Firdausi, written in the 11th century, tells the story of Rakush and Rustam’s adventures.
Ancient Mediterranean World
Evidence of the spotted horse may be found in several locations throughout the ancient Mediterranean continent. At Mycenae (Greece), this vase was discovered near the Tombs of Aegisthus and Clytemnestra, just outside the citadel walls. It is believed to have been made around 1300 BC. It is adorned with soldiers riding in a chariot driven by horses.
Austria (Lead Image Above)
Austria’s spotted horse was first documented by a sword discovered in a churchyard in Hallstatt, which was dated to roughly 800 BC and depicted a spotted horse. In addition to the sword, there was also an iron scabbard with an etching of four guys riding horses with spots on their rumps on the backside. When Austria purchased a herd of Andalusian horses from Spain in the mid-16th century, it was considered a coup. The horses were initially kept on a breeding farm in Kladrub, Bohemia, but the majority of them were eventually sold to Equile Lipizzano.
Those who demonstrated exceptional talent and intellect were given additional training.
Pinzgau carriage horses were developed from the horses that had remained in Kladrub after their owners left.
Painting from 1727, this group of brood mares demonstrates the wide range of coat colors seen among the original Lippizaner breed, including palomino, tobiano, and a strongly marked blanketed Appaloosa, among other hues.
Thanks to Colonel Alois Podhajsky, Commandant of the Spanische Reitschule in Vienna, Austria for permission to use his photograph.
Austria’s spotted horse was first documented by a sword discovered in a churchyard in Hallstatt, which was dated to roughly 800 BC and depicted a spotted horse with spots. In addition to the sword, there was also an iron scabbard with an etching of four men riding horses with spots on their rumps on it. Austria received a herd of Andalusian horses from Spain at the middle of the 16th century. Equile Lipizzano acquired the horses when they were first placed on a breeding farm in Kladrub, Bohemia.
Because the Lipizzan horses were originally sprung from Spanish blood, the Spanish Riding School was the name given to their training establishment.
* A detail from Johann Georg Hamilton’s THE STUD AT LIPIZZANO.
Thanks to Colonel Alois Podhajsky, Commandant of the Spanische Reitschule in Vienna, Austria for permission to use this photograph.
Spotted horses made their way northward into Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, where they were discovered. In each country, there are a plethora of examples of artwork depicting spotted horses. Danish spotted horses were brought to the country from Austria in the 17th century. However, for whatever reason, the Danish had difficulty maintaining the right color and conformation in their breeding, resulting in a dramatic drop in the number of spotted horses. Then, in 1808, a Danish butcher purchased a spotted mare, which would become known as the Flaebe mare.
Spotted horses first appear in English art in the 12th century, and, like their French counterparts, these horses were typically used to transport saints or nobility. * John Wooton created a portrait of Lady Conway’s Spanish Jennet in the 18th century.
The New World
Horses were first brought to North America by the Spanish in the 16th century. Spanish immigrants made their way north to the Rio Grande Valley, where they farmed cattle. It seems inevitable that some Indian stable boys would learn to ride, despite the fact that only the Spanish rode horses for herding, transport, and pleasure during this time period. This artwork is taken from a miniature of the Commentary of Saint Beatus de Liebana on the Apocalypse of St. John, which was composed about 776 and was a popular work of Spanish scribes from the late ninth to the early twelfth century.
Pueblo Indian Revolt
horses were brought to North America by the Spanish in the sixteenth century Spanish settlers made their way north to the Rio Grande Valley, where they kept cattle and grew vegetables. It seems inevitable that some Indian stable boys would learn to ride, despite the fact that only the Spanish used horses for herding, transport, and pleasure.
In this artwork, Saint Beatus de Liebana is seen in a miniature of his Commentary on the Apocalypse of St. John, which was a popular work of Spanish scribes from the late ninth to the early twelfth century. The British Museum in London has provided permission to use their image.
Nez Perce Acquire Horses
The Shoshones of southern Idaho were the most prominent horse distributors in the West, and they came from a region where horses were scarce. The small span of their region resulted in a rapid expansion in their herds’ numbers. Native American tribes to the north, such as the Nez Perce, obtained horses from the Shoshones through trade or thievery; by 1750, all tribes had been supplied. The terrain held by the Nez Perce was even more adapted for horse breeding than the region occupied by the Shoshones, and it was also better protected from enemy incursions than the Shoshones’ country.
As a result, the Nez Perce were able to create horses that were superior to those produced by other tribes.
“Their horses appear to be of an excellent race; they are elegantly formed, active, and durable; in short, many of them look like fine English coarsersand would make a figure in any country,” wrote Meriwether Lewis, who also happened to be a skilled horseman, about the Nez Perce horses in his journal.
A traditionalist minority maintained their old way of life despite the absence of horses.
When missionaries came on the region in 1836, they attempted to persuade the Nez Perce to abandon their traditional traditions of horse racing, buffalo hunting, and battling Blackfeet by teaching them how to cultivate crops and cattle.
“As a result, the most autonomous members of the tribe continued to breed and rear quick Appaloosas for use in buffalo country, while their farmer colleagues kept solid-colored labor horses,” says the author.
War of 1877
In order to clear the way for settlement in the Northwest, Indian title to the land needed to be revoked, which is why the United States government signed a treaty with the Nez Perce tribe in 1855. This treaty, which was acknowledged by all of the Nez Perce, provided them with 7 million acres of territory, which included the majority of the area that they previously claimed to be theirs. On the Nez Perce reserve in 1860, gold was discovered. A town of two thousand people grew up overnight at Lewiston to supply the thousands of miners and prospectors who descended on the reservation in quest of oro fino – gold dust.
- In 1863, a new contract was signed, which decreased the size of the Nez Perce reserve by 90 percent, resulting in the creation of the present-day reservation.
- As a result, the already-existing division between the Christian and the more autonomous Nez Perce was institutionalized as Nez Perce who signed treaties and those who did not.
- The tensions between settlers and Indians grew, finally culminating in a war at White Bird Canyon on June 17, 1877, which was the first battle in the American West.
- The non-treaty Nez Perce escaped from the US troops with around 3000 of their horses, which they had not surrendered.
- They were only 42 miles from the safety of the Canadian border when they surrendered on October 7, 1877.
- This was not to be the case.
- Because the Nez Perce chiefs were caught off guard when the battle broke out, many of their horses were still out on the range when the combat began.
- They were subsequently sold to cattlemen all throughout the Western United States.
- “The Meaning of “Palouse,” Idaho Yesterdays, Summer Issue, 1968: Volume 12, Number 2.
- “The Meaning of “Palouse.” Frances Haines is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom.
Cheryl Wilfong is a woman who works in the fashion industry. Following the Nez Perce Trail, you’ll arrive at your destination. The Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oregon, published this book in 1990.
WARMBLOODOVERVIEW Since prehistoric times, spotted horses have been depicted on cave walls by prehistoric man, who believed them to be mythical creatures. Three-thousand-year-old Chinese paintings depict horses with bright spots in a variety of colors. In the United States, the Appaloosa breed has its roots in the American West, where it first appeared. The Nez Perce Indians who lived around the Palouse River in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington deliberately bred horses that became known as the Palouse Horse.
- Any stallion who did not meet the standards of superiority was gelded.
- The Appaloosa is an extremely popular breed, with over 570,000 registered animals all over the world, making it the most popular in the world.
- The blanket, leopard, snowflake, and marbleized roan are just a few of the designs and colors available.
- The typical Appaloosa has a height of 14.2 to 15.3 hands on average.
- The Appaloosa is a large horse with powerful legs and quarters that weighs between 800 and 1000 pounds.
- ORIGIN The Appaloosa is descended from horses that were first introduced to America by the Spanish in the 1500s, and the breed has been around ever since.
- They regarded the spotted horse to be particularly appealing and hence bred horses with this coloration in mind among the Nez Perce Indians.
The canyons proved to be suitable enclosures for segregating horses in order to breed them selectively.
The horses, according to him, are “an outstanding race; they are tall and finely shaped; they are vigorous and lasting.” The Nez Perce sought to flee after invasions into their tribal territories and persecution by white settlers prompted them to do so.
The Nez Perce suffered heavy losses in engagements with the pursuing United States Cavalry, including 900 horses in one combat alone.
Despite the fact that Appaloosas were dispersed throughout the Indian wars, stockmen continued to rear them as working cattle.
The demand for Appaloosas from the major exhibitions increased the price of the animals.
His charges to ranchers and Native Americans were rarely more than $100 per head.
Appaloosas were used by the legendary equestrians Ella and Fred Bradna, as well as Fred Derrick, when they traveled with Barnum and Bailey and then with Ringling Brothers Circus.
His favorite steed in his world-famous Wild West Show was a spotted horse he dubbed Sultan or Van, depending on who you asked.
Cody took full advantage of the popularity of the flamboyant Appaloosas in his performance, which he employed to great effect.
It was a 1937 exhibition of Appaloosas in art and a 1937 article on the breed published in the Western Horseman Magazine that sparked a renewed interest in the spotted horse of the Indians.
Even though the spotted horse narrowly survived World War II, recent study into the breed in the ancient world has piqued the curiosity of more individuals in the species.
The National Association of Stallion Registration Boards recognized the Appaloosa Horse Club in 1950, and the club has been in existence ever since.
The contemporary Appaloosa is a rapidly expanding and widely accepted breed.
INFLUENCING FACTORS 1. Andalusian 2. Arabian Horse Barb (number three) Turkuaz Turkuaz Turkuaz Turkuaz Turkuaz Turkuaz Turkuaz Turkuaz Turkuaz the following websites: The International Colored Appaloosa AssociationAppaloosa Horse Club, Inc.
New film explores theory around ancient origins of the appaloosa horse
Later this year, a new documentary drama about a woman’s hunt for the possible origins of the appaloosa horse breed will be released on the big screen for the first time. Scott Engstrom, a New Zealand foundation appaloosa breeder, was inspired to make the filmTrue Appaloosa after watching a Conor Woodman video about his travels in Kyrgyzstan. Scott Engstrom, an appaloosa breeder from New Zealand’s foundation, traveled to Kyrgyzstan in search of spotted horses. ” data-medium-file=”ssl=1″ data-medium-file=”ssl=1″ data-large-file=”ssl=1″ data-large-file=”ssl=1″ Scott Engstrom, an appaloosa breeder from New Zealand, traveled to Kyrgyzstan in search of spotted horses.
- ” width=”400″ height=”223″ ” width=”400″” srcset=” ssl=1 400w, ssl=1 300w” sizes=”(max-width: 400px) 100vw, 400px” srcset=” ssl=1 400w, ssl=1 300w” data-recalc-dims=”1″> Scott Engstrom, an appaloosa breeder from New Zealand’s foundation, traveled to Kyrgyzstan in search of spotted horses.
- This horse reminded her of the appaloosas on her farm, so she decided to take a closer look.
- Many of the lineages and the original character of the breed, however, have been lost in recent years due to cross-breeding.
- It is unknown how many pure foundation appaloosa horses are still alive today, however it is thought that there are less than 200 of them.
- Three of Scott Engstrom’s foundation appaloosa horses, photographed at his barn.” data-medium-file=”ssl=1″ data-medium-file=”ssl=1″ data-large-file=”ssl=1″ data-large-file=”ssl=1″ loading=”lazy” src=” alt=” src=” Three of Scott Engstrom’s foundation appaloosa horses, photographed at his barn.
- Engstrom, who was 69 at the time, packed her belongings and traveled to Kyrgyzstan with Woodman and a film team in order to locate the horses and determine whether or not there were any more.
- At some point, we all became enthused about the possibility that we could be onto something.” The trouble was that we wanted to track down a horse that I’d sold to an unknown farmer some years prior to this.
- I said to myself, ‘All right, it’s time to put up or shut up.’ So I emailed Scott and inquired as to whether or not she was serious.
- “I believe she booked her flight on the same day!” For Engstrom, it was the most exciting experience of his life.
- “I sobbed like a baby the first time I saw the first herd coming over the hill.
What a blessing to know that this rare breed of dog still lives in the wild, indicating that they are survivalists.” “It was almost unreal, and what a blessing to know that this special breed of dog still survives in the wild, indicating that they are survivalists.” The men of Kyrgyzstan are excellent horsemen, having been trained on horses since they were children themselves.
- One of the most exciting moments of my life was being summoned into the temporary cage by the head stallion to introduce myself.
- “He had gathered all of his mares and foals (about 20 in number) behind him and then stared at me and began chomping like a foal,” she recalled.
- I took him through the fence and he proceeded to smell me and then let me rub all over him with my hands and feet.
- He chose me to be his friend for a variety of reasons.
- If we were able to make it work, I would bring him back home immediately.
- ” In both cases, the data-medium-file attribute is set to 1 and the data-large-file attribute is set to 1.
- ” width=”350″ height=”314 ” height=”314″” data-recalc-dims=”1″> Engstrom has solely employed foundation lines on her appaloosa stud farm, and she has no plans to expand.
It was important for me to keep faithful to the spirit of exploration and the trip into the unknown.
However, there was something about her naive trust that drew me to her narrative.
Everything about it is a complete and total farce.
“It was my first time directing, which added a whole new level of difficulty to the already difficult task of being the person in front of the camera.
Scott is a huge motivation to everybody who wants to achieve their goals.
And don’t forget that she was 69 years old at the time she committed the crime.” In the latter half of this year and into 2015, True Appaloosa will be screened at various film festivals across the world.
Scott Engstrom and filmmaker Conor Woodman are on the hunt for spotted horses in Kyrgyzstan, and they’re having a great time.” data-medium-file=”ssl=1″ data-medium-file=”ssl=1″ data-large-file=”ssl=1″ data-large-file=”ssl=1″ loading=”lazy” Scott Engstrom and director Conor Woodman are on the trail of spotted horses in Kyrgyzstan.
the following dimensions: width: 570; height: 268;” srcset=” ssl=1 570w, ssl=1 300w” srcset=” ssl=1 570w, ssl=1 300w” srcset=” ssl=1 570w, ssl=1 300w” sizes=”(max-width: 570px) 100vw, 570px” styles=”(max-width: 570px) 100vw, 570px” When Scott Engstrom and filmmaker Conor Woodman went on the hunt for spotted horses in Kyrgyzstan, they were met with a lot of resistance.
How did the Appaloosa horse get to North America?
Historically, it has been claimed that the Appaloosa horse breed, which is a spotted kind of horse, was transported to the New World from Europe. In the event that is not the case, how should this alter our perception of history? Published: Conor Woodman, director and presenter of The Secret Horse: Quest for the True Appaloosa, speaks with Jonathan Wright, TV previewer for BBC History Magazine, about his incredible adventure that has the potential to alter our understanding of North American history.
- The concept of my last television series, Around the World in 80 Trades, was that I traded my way around the world by selling different goods, such as camels and coffee and surfboards – and even horses in Kyrgyzstan at one point – to people all across the world.
- At this point in time, conventional thinking on the origin of the Appaloosa horse, and indeed all horses in North America, is that they were initially introduced into North America by the Spanish conquistadors in the late 15th and early 16th century.
- According to her, there were much too many of them for that to be the case, and she’d long entertained the notion that horses may have crossed the Pacific into America by a different path.
- So, as ludicrous as it may sound, we returned to Kyrgyzstan in search of the horse we had lost.
- The goal was to trace the horses’ lineage back to their original source, and what we discovered was that these animals were almost completely killed during the Soviet rule of Kyrgyzstan — as a result of interbreeding with large local Russian horses.
- As a result, I ended myself transporting this 69-year-old woman, who hadn’t rode a horse in 12 years, up a mountain pass 4,200 meters above sea level.
- As a result of seeing the film, I tell others that it is a wonderful motivating narrative.
- You discovered horses with Appaloosa-like characteristics in the wild, which DNA studies have confirmed are connected to North American horses.
- That’s a pretty excellent question right now, isn’t it?
Cothran’s best guess was that it was most likely people from Asia who were coming over to hunt or look for furs– and that they could have arrived before Columbus, or they could have arrived around the same time as Columbus, or they could have arrived slightly after Columbus, we don’t really know for sure at this point.
I am not aware of any archaeological evidence to corroborate that notion; nevertheless, because most of the archaeological record is still covered by glaciers, it would be difficult to locate archaeological evidence up in the extreme north-west of Alaska or anywhere else in that region.
Now that we’ve established that the horses did indeed arrive, when did it take place?
Or perhaps we’re talking about something far earlier than that.
The Hunt for the True Appaloosa: The Secret Horse’s Adventure The episode will run on BBC Four on Wednesday, January 21. More information may be found by visiting this link. Visit trueappaloosamovie.com to learn more about Conor Woodman’s documentary and to see a trailer.
The Origin of Appaloosas
The origins of Appaloosas are, shall we say, a little hazy. In reality, the history of Appaloosas—as well as their DNA—can be traced back thousands of years and across seas, civilizations, and continents. Their history is steeped in myth, mystery, and spectacular adventure, and it is a heritage worth celebrating. What cannot be refuted, however, is that they were raised to the pinnacle of the breed by a First Nation group, the Nez Perce, who subsequently lost track of them before relocating them.
- (CHECK OUT THE CORRESPONDING NUMBERED PHOTOGRAPHS IN THE MONTAGE BELOW:) (1)Pratt Sully Fire, a notable Appaloosa Foundation stallion from Deckers Red Eagle Farm in Alvadore, Oregon, is the subject of this article.
- She was known as the “grand dame” of early Appaloosa breeding.
- Cappy, the Appaloosa in the picture, is her own!
- Approximately 25,000 years ago, the Pech Merle cave in southern France was home to the world-famous cave paintings of spotted horses (7).
- Previously, it was widely believed that horses with such intricate patterns did not exist at the time of the paintings and that the pictures were the product of the cave artist’s imaginative imagination.
- The DNA that gives rise to spotted horses (also known as the “leopard complex” or “LP gene”) is a very old mutation that was formerly prevalent.
- A spotted war horse is seen on an Etruscan tomb in Italy that dates back to 800BC.
In addition, the renowned Beato de Fernando book showing the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse(8), which was discovered in Madrid in 1047AD, depicts a war horse with leopard spots.
Barbs from Morocco, as well as Andalusians and Jennets from Spain, made up a large portion of the Spanish stock that was carried to the New World by Christopher Columbus.
Horses first appeared in North America around 3.5-4 million years ago and then spread over Eurasia approximately 2-3 million years ago.
Native societies had already begun to travel to the North and South American continents from Eurasia by this time, and it is thought that the extinctions killed off their horses as a result of their migration.
What did he bring with him?
Spanish Conquistadors arrived in what would become Florida, Mexico, and the Southwest United States in a short period of time, accompanied by their spotted Jennets and Andalusians.
Horses were so highly regarded in Spain that the Spanish would only accept slaves or gold in exchange for them.
As a result of this, the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, and Shoshone tribes traveled north to trade with them.
( Wild horses and mustangs today are generally believed to be descended from the Spanish and European horses of the past, with feral horses and mules from mountain men, settlers, and the military also contributing to their genetic makeup.
(A FUTURE POST WILL CONTAIN MORE INFORMATION ON THIS SCIENTIFIC DEBATE AND THE HISTORY OF WILD MUSTANGS.) The Nez Perce had one of the largest horse herds on the continent and were one of the very few tribes to practice selective breeding, which they did with extraordinary success.
Horses with distinctive coloring and coat patterns were highly valued by the majority of Native tribes.
The ancient LP gene for spots enters the picture at this point.
And they selectively bred for this particular coloring.
Note that the Appaloosa got its name from early fur traders who called the spotted horse “a Palouse” because it was bred near the Palouse River, which was once home to the Nez Perce tribe.
The expedition stayed with the Nez Perce for 114 days while they recuperated.
In a letter written on May 1, 1806, Captain Meriwether Lewis stated, “I believe we can rightly affirm to the honor of these people that they are the most hospitable, honest, and sincere people that we have met on our voyage.” In particular, they admired the horses that belonged to this particular tribe.
- some other dark color.” Lewis was an excellent judge of horseflesh.
- Consequently, the expedition determined that it would be more beneficial to geld their unruly stallions in order to make them more manageable.
- Meriwether Lewis noted in his journals that horses gelded by the Nez Perce recovered quickly, with no signs of the swelling and infection that can occur with traditional white methods.
- The tribe also directed them down the Columbia River, which, according to the tribe, would lead them to the ocean and the Northwest Passage, among other things.
- Chief Joseph and his Nez Perce tribe finally surrendered to the United States army on the Bear Paw Battlefield, thirty miles from the Canadian border and freedom, seventy-one years after their capture by the United States army.
- On that battlefield stood a blond, blue-eyed Nez Perce warrior named Daytime Smoke, who was in his late eighties.
- It was one of the most bizarre ironies in the annals of history.
Some of those who were crippled or starving after the grueling 1,500-mile trek through the most inhospitable terrain on the planet were shot.
Chief Joseph would never be permitted to own another Appaloosa stallion in his lifetime.
Joseph was firm in his convictions.
Joseph requested an Appaloosa stallion so that he could breed his mares with him.
And Eskine, who died at the age of 104, told his granddaughter, Mary Wood, that his greatest regret in life was that he had not been able to assist Joseph.
At long last, the Wood family made a gift to the Nez Perce tribe of the Colville Reservation in 1997: an Appaloosa stallion that was three years old and pure-bred.
The Appaloosa would be used for a Nez Perce youth program that would teach the horse-riding skills of their ancestors, which would be a fitting use for the horse.
Joseph is dressed in magnificent Nez Perce ceremonial garb, including a feather headdress, beaded moccasins and leggings, and he is wielding a staff and a shield.
(11)Appaloosas are becoming increasingly popular all over the world!
(kondosappaloosa.co.za) During the 1800s, the Nez Perce had the largest horse herd on the entire continent.
To witness such a large number of horses crossing the prairie and fording the numerous rushing mountain rivers during their flight must have been a spectacular sight. You might also be interested in these related posts:
-The Comanche and The Horse
This breed’s lineage is, shall we say, sketchy. It is actually true that Appaloosa history and DNA can be traced back millennia and across oceans, cultures, and continental boundaries. Myth, legend, and a magnificent adventure have surrounded their lives and left a lasting legacy. There is no disputing the fact that a First Nation tribe, the Nez Perce, was responsible for raising them to the pinnacle of the breed, losing them, and then re-acquiring them. Today, they have regained their former splendor in their entirety.
- He was first bred by Alice Pratt, an elderly widow who lived on a wilderness, land-grant farm near Sweet Home, Oregon, and raised hundreds of Appaloosas.
- (2)Angela Swedberg, a contemporary Native artist, has decorated an Appaloosa with beautiful Nez Perce tribal beaded quillwork.
- (CHECK OUT THE LINK BELOW FOR MORE INFORMATION ON ANGELACAPPY!
- Approximately 25,000 years ago, the Pech Merle cave in southern France was decorated with cave paintings of spotted horses(7), which are now famous worldwide.
- Previous theories held that horses with such intricate patterns did not exist at the time of the drawings, and that they were fantastical fantasies conjured by the cave artist.
- DNA studies, on the other hand, have revealed that such leopard-colored horses DID exist at the time of the drawings, and that the drawings were most likely accurate representations of such animals.
- Spotted horses used to be widespread.
A spotted war horse is depicted on an Etruscan tomb in Italy, which dates back to 800 BC.
Another notable example is the 1047AD Beato de Fernando manuscript in Madrid, which depicts the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse(8), one of whom has leopard spots.
Most of the Spanish stock that was brought to the New World was descended from Barbs from Morocco, Andalusian and Jennets from Spain, and Barbs from Morocco.
Horses first appeared in North America approximately 3.5-4 million years ago and then spread throughout Eurasia approximately 2-3 million years later.
By this time, native cultures had already begun to migrate from Eurasia to the North and South American continents, and it is believed that the extinctions wiped out their horses as a result.
In addition, what did he bring with him was.
In a short period of time, the Spanish Conquistadors arrived in what would become Florida, Mexico, and the Southwest United States with their spotted Jennets and Andalusians.
Spanish traders only accepted slaves or gold in exchange for horses because they were so revered.
As a result of this, the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, and Shoshone traveled north to trade with the other tribes.
( Wild horses and mustangs are generally believed to be descended from the Spanish and European horses of the past, with feral horses and mules from mountain men, settlers, and the military also contributing to their genetic makeup.
(A POST ABOUT THIS SCIENTIFIC DEBATE AND THE HISTORY OF WILD MUSTANGS WILL BE POSTED LATER.) The Nez Perce had one of the largest horse herds on the continent and were one of the very few tribes to practice selective breeding, which they did with extraordinary success.
A horse’s distinct coloring and coat pattern were highly valued among most Native tribes.
Into this picture comes the long-extinct LP gene for spots.
And they bred for this particular colour by selecting just the best genetic material.
Note that the Appaloosa gained its name from early fur merchants who dubbed the spotted horse “a Palouse” since it was bred near the Palouse River, which was formerly home to the Nez Perce tribe.) “Appaloosa” was gradually slurred into its current form.
While the Nez Perce were recuperating, the expedition stayed with them for 114 days.
In a letter sent on May 1, 1806, Captain Meriwether Lewis stated, “I believe we may legitimately assert to the honor of these people that they are the most friendly, honest, and sincere people that we have met on our trip.” In particular, they admired the horses that belonged to this specific tribe.’ On February 15, 1806, Lewis wrote in his journal that “their horses appear to be of an excellent race: they are lofty, elegantly formed, active, and durable.some of these horses are pided with large spots of white irregularly scattered and intermixed with.
some other dark color.” Lewis was known for being an excellent judge of horseflesh.
In an attempt to swap their horses with the Nez Perce, the explorers attempted a two-for-one exchange, but the tribe refused.
It was the Nez Perce who demonstrated their own method of castration, which Lewis and Clark were surprised to discover was so superior.
It was the Nez Perce who brought the expedition back to health, repaired their supplies, assisted them in the construction of dugout canoes, and directed them down the Columbia River which, according to the tribe’s advice, would bring them to the ocean and the Northwest Passage Their white “discovery” would unleash the floodgates of white colonization across the western half of the continent, thereby putting an end to the millennia-old way of life of Native people.
- The destiny of Chief Joseph and his Nez Perce tribe was sealed seventy-one years later, on the Bear Paw Battlefield, just 30 miles from the Canadian border and freedom, when the United States army captured them and killed their chief.
- The son of European explorer William Clark, he battled with Chief Joseph in the struggle for his people’s independence.
- Every one of the Nez Perce’s cherished horses was taken away by the white army and white immigrants.
- The fate of others was up in the air, depending on the whims of white.
- During Joseph’s surrender at the Bear Paw in 1889, a former aide-de-camp to General Howard inquired as to if his son, Erskine, may spend the summer with Joseph to learn to fish and hunt and to understand Indian customs.
- Joseph was approached by a 14-year-old child who asked him how they might repay him before the end of the summer.
- No response was ever given to Joseph’s request, for whatever purpose this was.
A law professor at the University of Oregon, Mary Wood was also an expert in Indian law when she ruled that the family’s pledge had to be kept.
In the name of the tribe, Chief Joseph’s great, great-great-grandson, Keith Soy Red Thunder, agreed to take the stallion.
A few photos exist of Chief Joseph riding an Appaloosa, the cherished breed of horse that the Nez Perce created.
A feather headdress, beaded moccasins and leggings, and a staff and shield are all part of Joseph’s stunning Nez Perce ceremonial attire.
Across the globe, appaloosas have gained in popularity.
(kondosappaloosa.co.za) For most of the nineteenth century, the Nez Perce possessed the highest horse population anywhere on the continent.
Seeing so many horses cross the grassland and ford the several flowing mountain rivers during their journey must have been a stunning sight. If you liked this post, you might also like these:
Meet the Colorful Appaloosa Horse
Horses with spots have been around for thousands of years. In fact, one breed of spotted horse in particular, the Appaloosa, has been winning the hearts of horse enthusiasts for years. Appaloosas are well-known for being kind, sociable, and devoted friends, in addition to their eye-catching looks. These horses are known for being extremely eager to please, which makes them a fantastic choice for equestrians of all skill levels.
Weight ranges between 950 and 1,200 pounds. 14 hands (56 inches) to 15 hands (60 inches) in height (60 inches) Characteristics:Compact, muscular physique; multicolored coat patterns over mottled skin; striped hooves; white sclera; sparse mane and tail. Owners and riders of all levels, including youngsters, will benefit from this product. 30 years is the average life expectancy.
Appaloosa History and Origins
Weight ranges from 950 to 1,200 lbs. 14 hands (56 inches) to 15 hands (60 inches) in height (60 inches) Characteristics:Compact, muscular body; multicolored coat patterns on mottled skin; striped hooves; white sclera; sparse mane and tail Owners and riders of all skill levels, including youngsters, will benefit from this product the most. 30 years is the average life expectancy in this country.
The Appaloosa horse’s height is normally between 14 hands (56 inches) and 15 hands (60 inches), while some can be a little taller or shorter. Its typical weight ranges from 950 to 1,200 pounds, depending on the model.
Appaloosa Breeding and Uses
The Nez Perce tribe raised Appaloosa horses for transportation, hunting, and combat. The contemporary Appaloosa is still a horse that may be used for a variety of tasks. Its applications include trail riding for pleasure and long distances, working cattle and rodeo competitions, racing, and a variety of other Western and English riding activities. The breed is also commonly featured in cinema and television, where its unusual patterns may completely steal a scene due to its striking appearance.
Colors and Markings
The Appaloosa’s base color can be red roan, blue roan, bay roan, gray, palomino, chestnut, cremello/perlino, grulla, dun, buckskin, black, brown, dark bay, or bay. The Appaloosa’s markings can be red, blue, or bay. Bald, blaze, snip, stripe, and star are some of the facial hues and patterns available. The eel, the pastern, the ankle, the half-pastern, the coronet, the stocking, half-stocking, and lightning markings are all possible on the legs. Its skin is mottled with white and black spots of pigmentation that give the impression of splotches, giving the appearance of splotches.
The register recognizes a variety of coat designs, including the following:
- Blanket: Either the haunches are completely white or they are white with black dots scattered throughout
- Leopard: The leopard’s body is mostly white with black patches on it. Frosty: The snowflake’s body is black with white patches or flecks, particularly over the haunches
- It has a fluffy appearance. Marble: A mottled look is created by the mixing of white and black hairs.
Several solid-colored Appaloosa horses have been referred to be “appendix registered,” which means that they have the ability to carry the gene for a specific coat pattern but do not display that particular pattern themselves.
The majority of Appaloosas have relatively sparse manes and tails. The body’s thinly hairy parts, such as the muzzle, are speckled in appearance. Additionally, the hooves are frequently striped white and black.
Unique Characteristics of the Appaloosa
The Appaloosa is most well-known for its striking physical appearance. The possible combinations of colors and markings are nearly unlimited, resulting in a unique appearance for each individual Appaloosa. However, its hardiness and agility, as well as its unusually devoted attitude and mild disposition, are also highly regarded as desirable characteristics. Furthermore, the Appaloosa’s hooves have a distinctive striping that is not found on other horses. In addition, each hoof bears an identifiable pattern of black and light stripes that alternates with each other vertically.
There are no other horse breeds that exhibit this trait.
Diet and Nutrition
An appaloosa’s food should consist of fresh grass, good hay, grains, and a few fruits and vegetables in addition to a typical horse diet. In some cases, supplementing with vitamins and minerals may be necessary, particularly if the animals are unable to graze freely in the pasture. The amount of food they require is mostly determined by their size and degree of activity.
Common Health and Behavior Problems
Overall, appaloosas are in good health, do not exhibit any significant behavioral disorders, and are not prone to lameness. However, many people might get specific types of eye issues. For starters, they have a tendency to moisten their eyes, which might attract flies and cause infection or discomfort. A fly mask can be used to assist protect the surrounding environment. Furthermore, they are more susceptible to equine recurrent uveitis than the majority of other breeds. This is an infection of the uveal tract of the eye, which produces puffiness, redness, and squinting in the affected eye.
Furthermore, many Appaloosas are genetically predisposed to congenital fixed night blindness, which can be fatal.
A veterinary ophthalmologist can conduct a vision test on a horse to determine whether or not the animal has the disease.
Grooming should be done at least once or twice a week to eliminate dirt, debris, and tangles from the hair. If you have a horse with a mostly white coat, brushing it more frequently will help to maintain it looking its best. Regular use of a horse shampoo might also be beneficial. Aside from that, make routine hoof examination and cleaning part of your daily routine to search for injuries and avoid infections. Furthermore, certain Appaloosas are susceptible to sunburn, particularly when their pink skin and light hair are exposed to the sun.
Champion and Celebrity Appaloosa Horses
A horse called Knobby, who was born in 1918, is widely regarded as the founding father of the modern Appaloosa breed. Due to the fact that his herd had not been damaged by the confiscation by the United States government, he was a significant contributor to the foundation stock of the breed. Sundance was a leopard-spotted Appaloosa stallion born in 1933 who was named after the legendary dancer Sundance. His magnificent coat pattern has been passed down through the generations by his ancestors.
Red Eagle, who was born in 1946, was another outstanding foundation stallion.
He was actually a mix of Arabian and other light horse breeds, since it was normal practice at the time to introduce other light horse species into the endeavor to restore the Appaloosa breed. Today, the Red Eagle may be seen in several Appaloosapedigrees.
Is the Appaloosa Horse Right for You?
Those who are new to equestrian activities or who desire a dedicated equine companion might consider this gentle breed as a viable option. Many children are even capable of handling an Appaloosa horse with ease. It’s a low-maintenance, adaptable breed that’s wonderful as a regular riding horse as well as a participant in equestrian sports, according to the breed standard.
How to Adopt or Buy Appaloosas
Appaloosas are commonly priced between $1,000 and $10,000 on average, depending on the breed. Depending on their age, training, and lineage, the price might change significantly. Because the number of Appaloosas is increasing, it’s probable that you’ll be able to discover a suitable horse near you. Prior to making a purchase, try to visit the breeder or rescue group to spend some time with the horse. Determine whether a horse’s history, health, temperament, and training can be provided by the organization in a sufficient amount of detail.
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