What Is A Spotted Horse Called?

The Appaloosa is an American horse breed best known for its colorful spotted coat pattern.


Appaloosa horse
Country of origin United States


What breeds of horses have spots?

  • Appaloosas. First on this list is Appaloosa horses.
  • American Paint Horse. The American Paint Horse has a long and rich history.
  • Knabstrupper. The Knabstrupper horse is another spotted horse breed that comes with a fascinating history.
  • Pony of the Americas. The Pony of the Americas.
  • Miniature Horses.
  • The Colorado Ranger.

What kind of horse has polka dots?

The Polka-Dot Horse ( Leopard Appaloosa )

What kind of horse has spots all over?

The most common spotted horse breeds are Appaloosa, Knabstrupper, British Spotted Pony, Nez Perce Horse, and Noriker. Horses with a spotted coat pattern are prized for their looks are were often gifted to royal families in the middle ages.

What is the name for a spotted horse?

The Appaloosa is the most widely internationally recognized spotted horse breed. The Appaloosa Horse Club in America formed in 1938. Appaloosa horses are one of the most popular breeds in the USA, favored for many Western disciplines for their strength and agility.

What is a white horse with black spots called?

A white horse with dark spots is called a leopard if the spots are distributed all over the body. If a few spot leopard is completely white with only mottled skin showing, it is known as a mottled appaloosa.

What is piebald horse?

Use the adjective piebald to describe something that has different colored patches — especially black and white patches. If you own a piebald horse, you could name him Spot. The adjective piebald is a combination of pie and bald. So something piebald has a combination of black and white coloring.

Is Appaloosa a breed or a color?

Appaloosa, colour breed of horse popular in the United States. The breed is said to have descended in the Nez Percé Indian territory of North America from wild mustangs, which in turn descended from Spanish horses brought in by explorers. The name derives from the Palouse River of Idaho and Washington.

Can a quarter horse be spotted?

Usually, Quarter Horses have a solid-colored coat without any patterns or spots. While a Quarter Horse doesn’t have a spotted pattern, you can opt for a similar horse that does.

What is dappled GREY?

Definition of dapple-gray: gray variegated with spots or patches of a different shade —used especially of horses.

What kind of horse is spirit?

Born to a stallion and mare that had been captured by the BLM in Oregon, Spirit was (and still is) a beautiful example of the Kiger mustang breed. His wide-set eyes and thick, wavy, multi-colored tail and mane became the inspiration for the animated horse that is still stealing hearts all these years later.

What are the 3 types of horses?

All horse breeds are classified into three main groups: heavy horses, light horses, and ponies. Heavy horses are the largest horses, with large bones and thick legs. Some weigh more than 2,000 pounds. Light horses are smaller horses, with small bones and thin legs.

What is a horse with brown and white patches called?

A pinto is multi-colored with large patches of white and another color such as brown or black. Often confused with Paint, which is a narrower term referring to a specific breed of mostly pinto horses with known Quarter Horse and/or Thoroughbred bloodlines.

What is the rarest color of a horse?

Among racehorses, there are many successful colors: bay, chestnut, and brown horses win a lot of races. Pure white is the rarest horse color.

What are Birdcatcher spots on horses?

Birdcatcher spots – small, random white spots over the body that appear spontaneously with no relation to injury or skin damage. Named for a Thoroughbred who bore them, Birdcatcher spots tend to run in families but are not yet genetically linked to any breed.

What is the rarest horse in the world?

The Galiceño is a critically endangered horse that has a long history in the Americas. It is estimated that there are fewer than 100 pure Galiceños left, making this the rarest horse breed in the world.

What do you call a horse with black spots?

There’s possibly no flashier equine than a white horse with lots of black spots, known as a leopard pattern. They’re more than just attractive animals, as they also serve as fine athletes and sport horses.

7 Horse Breeds With Spotted Coats

The Appaloosa is a breed of horse that is famed for its magnificent spotted coat and is well-known among horse aficionados across the world. Was it ever brought to your attention that the Appaloosa horse isn’t the only breed of horse that may be distinguished by its spotted coat? Many other breeds are also distinguished by their characteristic spotted markings.

Spotted Horse Breed History

They have existed for a very long time, despite the fact that spotted horses are rare and difficult to come by. Early cave paintings in Europe contain images of spotted horses, which are thought to have originated in Asia. Additionally, some breeding pedigrees have been recorded for hundreds of years. The latest DNA research has established that spotted horses roamed Europe long before horses were imported and exported, and long before studbooks were created and maintained. We also know that the British royal family regarded spotted horses and ponies with great admiration.

They were highly prized and were frequently given as presents to royalty because of their elegance.

  1. Australia, the United States of America, and Canada were among the countries on the list.
  2. The British Appaloosa Society was formed as a result of a schism in the society in 1976.
  3. Spotted horses are more numerous in the United States and Canada now than they are in the United Kingdom.
  4. A list of these unusual breeds, as well as some intriguing facts about each spotted horse breed, has been compiled by us:


The Appaloosahorse breed is the most commonly known spotted horse breed on the international stage. In 1938, the Appaloosa Horse Club of America was established. Horses of the Appaloosa breed are one of the most popular in the United States, and they are used in a variety of Western disciplines because of their power and agility. These one-of-a-kind horses are typically between 14.2 and 16.2 hands high. The result is that they are an ideal size for riding and a variety of other equestrian pursuits.

Spotted Appaloosas may be found in a wide variety of hues and patterns.

Native American tribes such as the Nez Perce valued spotted horses more than non-spotted horses. In fact, the Nez Perce horse is credited with contributing to the development of the Appaloosa breed.


The Knabstrupper has the same spotted coloring features as the Appaloosa, despite the fact that both breeds were developed specifically for hunting purposes alone. The leopard gene complex is responsible for the spotted coloration in this breed, as it is in other spotted breeds. Knabstruppers are horses that stand between 15.2hh and 16.2hh in height and are employed in a variety of equestrian disciplines. The Knabstrupper is originally from Denmark, more especially from the Knabstrup region. In terms of physical build and temperament, Knabstruppers are quite similar to the Warmblood sports horse in both appearance and temperament.

Some Warmblood breeds, such as the Polish Warmblood, will have a spotted coat because of the association between Knabstruppers and the Warmblood.

The breed is somewhat uncommon in the United States, while it is more widespread in Europe.

British Spotted Pony

The British spotted pony is a breed that occurs in the United Kingdom and is available in two sizes. These categories range from 8 to 10.2hh and from 14hh and higher. The British Spotted Pony Society was established in order to keep track of the studbook. In order to conserve the breed, which has a lengthy history in the United Kingdom and Europe, they took this step.

Nez Perce Horse

The Nez Perce Horse is a spotted horse breed with a long and intriguing history that originated in the United States. In the past, these magnificent horses were only known to a small group of people who were indigenous to North America, which is where the horse earned its name. Before the Nez Perce horse was brought to the notice of the rest of the world, explorers and traders alike were on the lookout for them. The Nez Perce horse is a slim, athletic horse with a long neck and a short back. This species possesses exceptional strength and speed, making it a popular choice for hunting and racing.

The Nez Perce were on the verge of extinction at one time, but they were preserved and mated with the Appaloosa horse and the Akhal-Teke, which resulted in the current population of the tribe.

Tiger Horse

Tiger horses, in contrast to their name, are a spotted horse breed rather than a striped horse breed. They have coats that are quite similar to those of the Appaloosa, and they were initially bred from horses that came from Spain. Prior to being used for other breeds such as the Thoroughbred and being brought to North America and Canada, tiger horses were developed in Europe for their speed and agility. According to historical records, the Spanish referred to this species of horse as theCaballo Tigre because of its interesting color patterns.

Known as the “Indian Shuffle,” this riding gait is a pleasant four-beat riding gait that was highly desired by cowboys who would pay top dollar for a “Shuffler,” or “Shuffler.” Established in 1994, the Tiger Horse Association is a non-profit organization.

The Tiger Horse Preservation Association was formed in order to register and conserve what is left of the Tiger horses.

Pony of the Americas

This brightly colored and resilient spotted horse breed has been around since 1954. It all started when a Shetland pony breeder crossed one of his horses with an Arabian-Appaloosa, resulting in the creation of the first Appaloosa. A striking white colt with black paint-like patterns splattered all over his coat emerged as a consequence of the experiment. Due to one of the marks on his rear that resembled the shape of a black hand, the colt was given the nickname “Black Hand.” With a petite, Arab-styled dished head and an athletic and powerful physique, the Pony of the Americas is similar in appearance to the Appaloosa in appearance.


The Colorado Ranger is an American breed of horse that originated on the Colorado High Plains and is most known for its work as a ranch horse. It is utilized for a variety of ranch activities as well as Western sporting events. This horse was not bred with the intention of producing a spotty coat from the beginning. Regardless, a large number of foals were discovered. As a result, breeders began to incorporate the patterning of the coat as one of their objectives. Colorado Rangers are typically between 14.2hh and 16hh in stature.

Known for their agility as well as their good nature, they feature sloping shoulders and a short, muscular back.

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10 Beautiful Horse Breeds With Spotted Coats You Need to See

When it comes to spotted horses, they always stand out from the crowd and draw attention everywhere they go. Did you realize, though, that their magnificent coat is not truly the product of humans? 2011 saw the discovery of genes connected with leopard spotting in the DNA of 35,000-year-old horse fragments, according to experts. Spotted horse breeds appeared to have captivated prehistoric people as well, as evidenced by their depiction in spectacular cave paintings. Through the Middle Ages, they appeared in art and literature on a variety of subjects.

Spotted horse breeds such as the Appaloosa, Knabstrupper, British Spotted Pony, Nez Perce Horse, and Noriker are among the most prevalent.

Here are ten stunning spotted horse breeds for you to ogle at your leisure:


courtesy of Olgaru79 / Shutterstock.com Appaloosas are distinguished by their eye-catching pattern, which derives from the spotted horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish Conquistadors. The Dalmatian horse breed was developed by the Native American Nez Perce tribe in the mid-18th century and is still in existence today. The Palouse River, which flows through what was formerly Nez Perce territory, is responsible for the town’s name. The Appaloosa horse breed has rapidly gained popularity around the world, and it is now one of the most popular horse breeds in the United States.

It’s worth noting that not all Appaloosas are marked with spotted marks. It is possible to find horses with solid colors, but they will always have mottled skin and either striped hooves or a noticeable white sclera around the eyes. Solid-colored horses are rare.


Photograph courtesy of Anastasija Popova / Shutterstock.com Knabstruppers are related to Appaloosas in that they are descended from prehistoric spotted horses. The Knabstrupper is a kind of dog that originated in Denmark and has been around since 1812. Soon after, the breed expanded throughout Europe and then to North America, Australia, and New Zealand, among other places. To rescue the breed from extinction, Knapstruppers have been crossed with Appaloosas on a number of different times. The two breeds, on the other hand, originated independently of one another.

Because of their beautiful spotted coat, these horses are great for parades and circus performances.

British Spotted Pony

This charming pony breed received its magnificent coat from prehistoric spotted horses, which is why it is so popular. The first meeting of the official British Spotted Horse and Pony Society took place in 1947. Since then, the breed has received Knabstrupper and Appaloosa blood, which has helped to keep its distinctive colour. The British Spotted Pony is one of the world’s most endangered horse breeds, with just around 800 registered ponies in existence. Its height ranges from 8 and 14.2 hands, making it a wonderful pony for children, as well as a pet or companion animal for adults.

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Nez Perce Horse

Appaloosas and Akhal Tekes are used in the breeding of the gorgeous and athletic Nez Perce Horses. They are frequently seen with palomino or buckskin coats that have been covered with classic Appaloosa markings. In order to reproduce the original, magnificent horses of the Nez Perce people who lived before the advent of modern-day Appaloosas, this breed is being developed. The Nez Perce Horse Breed Registry program was established in 1995 and became official in 1996. Because of their pedigree and athletic shape, these horses are great long-distance runners and jumpers, as well as hunters.

Miniature Horse

Shutterstock.com image courtesy of Marie Charouzova These miniature horses, which are smaller copies of their larger counterparts, are available in every color and body type imaginable. When looking for Miniature Horses, it’s not rare to come across one with a full-leopard or blanket patterned coat. Small horses have been around since the seventeenth century in Europe, when they were popular pets for the aristocratic. They have won the hearts of millions of people all across the world over the course of centuries.

Miniature Horses, who were between 34 and 38 inches tall, were perfect for working in mines with Shetland ponies, which were smaller.

Despite its diminutive size, the Miniature Horse is not considered a pony by the equine community. This is due to the fact that they have the same proportions and qualities as a conventional horse, just on a smaller size.

Tiger Horse

Its coat is spotted rather than striped, contrary to the moniker of the Tiger Horse. In the Spanish language, there is no specific word for leopard spots, hence the name is derived from this fact. The origins of this exceptionally unusual gaited breed remain a mystery to this day. Some accounts claim that its predecessors include the leopard-spotted Chinese Soulon as well as the gaited Spanish Jennet, amongst other creatures. Mark and Victoria Varley established a breeding program in 1992 with the goal of recreating the original Tiger Horse.

The horse’s easy shuffling pace makes it an excellent choice for ranch work that requires lengthy periods of time in the saddle.

Pony of the Americas

Image courtesy of S.M / Shutterstock.com Originally bred from a stallion of Appaloosa, Arabian, and Shetland Pony lineage, these well-known child’s ponies have become extremely popular. The Pony of the Americas is a breed of horse that originated in the state of Iowa, with the official breed registry being established in 1954. In only a few decades, the breed has experienced phenomenal expansion, with more than 50,000 registered ponies by the year 2012. Originally bred as a Western riding pony, the breed now excels in endurance and English riding competitions as well.

Despite being referred to as a “pony,” the Pony of the Americas is more closely related to a miniature Quarter Horse cross Arabian with Appaloosa colors than a pony.

Colorado Ranger

Shutterstock.com / S.M. Appaloosa, Arabian, and Shetland pony ancestors contributed to the development of these popular child’s ponies. The Pony of the Americas is a breed of horse that originated in the state of Iowa, with the official breed registry being established in the same year. Despite only having existed for a few decades, the breed has had extraordinary development, with more than 50,000 registered ponies in 2012. In addition to their traditional role as Western-riding ponies, the breed also excels in endurance and English-riding competitions.

While considered a “pony,” the Pony of the Americas really resembles a little Quarter Horse cross Arabian with Appaloosa coloration, as opposed to a miniature Quarter Horse.


This breed combines the striking colors of the Appaloosa with the smooth movement of gaited horses to create a unique and beautiful combination. Certain Appaloosa bloodlines can be traced back to the Paso Fino, a gaited horse breed that originated in Mexico. Hence why some Appaloosas exhibit a four-beat, ambling gait called the Indian Shuffle. In accordance with show regulations, the Appaloosa Horse Club is unable to register any horses that gait.

As a result, the Walkaloosa Horse Association was established in 1983 to aid in the preservation of this unique breed. Thanks to its remarkably comfortable gait, the Walkaloosa is the perfect choice for ranch work as well as endurance riding.


Photo credit: Stockr.com / Shutterstock.com The Noriker, the only draft horse on the list, got its leopard patterns from prehistoric spotted horses, which is how it came to be. Norikers are also available in a variety of colors, including solid, roan, tobiano, and overo. This sure-footed Austrian breed, known traditionally as the Pinzgauer horse, has been in existence for generations and is still in existence now. The Noriker was improved in the 1500s with the help of Spanish lineages. Their significant influence on the confirmation of the breed is still seen today.

Currently, they are mostly engaged in forestry labor and carriage driving duties.

9 Spotted Horse Breeds (with Pictures)

Looking for a horse that is unusual in color? A spotted equine is the perfect choice for you. Since prehistoric times, people have been captivated by these horses because of their distinctive patterns. In truth, spotted horses have been featured in prehistoric cave paintings, as well as medieval art and literature, and they are still popular today. Check out this list of nine spotted horse breeds that you’re sure to enjoy.

1. Appaloosa

Image courtesy of Sven Lachmann and Pixabay.com The attention-getting design It was the Spanish Conquistadors that first introduced the Appaloosa to North America. This Dalmatian breed was developed by Native Americans around the mid-18th century and is distinguished by its distinctive leopard spots and easy-going temperament. Appaloosas are now utilized for both English and Western riding, and they compete in a variety of events like as roping, cutting, barrel racing, show jumping, and eventing, among others.

2. Knabstrupper

Photograph courtesy of Filmbildfabrik and Shutterstock. The Knabstrupper is believed to have descended from prehistoric spotted horses. Although originated from the Danish countryside, the breed achieved widespread appeal throughout Europe, the United States and Australia after being created in 1812. One of the Knabstrupper’s most distinguishing characteristics is its unique markings. Some, like as chestnut and bay, are born with solid-colored coats, whilst others are not.

3.British Spotted Pony

The British Spotted Pony is a little horse breed that originated in England and is exceedingly charming. It may grow to reach between eight and fourteen hands in height. It is estimated that there are just 800 registered British Spotted Ponies in the world, making it an extremely uncommon horse. Because of the breed’s small stature, it is an excellent choice for a pet or companion animal.

4.Nez Perce

The Nez Perce horse breed is descended from the Nez Perce tribe of Idaho, which is an indigenous people. In order to create this breed, an Appaloosa was crossed with the Akhal Teke, an ancient Asian breed that has been around for thousands of years. The Nez Perce is a powerful horse with incredible endurance, making it an excellent choice for long-distance running contests.

5.Tiger Horse

Despite its name, the Tiger Horse is spotted rather than striped, as suggested by the name. Tiger horses are classified into two sorts: Heavenly and Royalty. There are two varieties of Tiger horses. The Tiger Horse is a gaited breed that was established in 1992 by Mark and Victoria Varley, who intended to reproduce the original Tiger Horse as closely as possible.

Their intended results were achieved by the crossbreeding of gaited solid-colored breeds with Appaloosas. Tiger horses that are registered must be able to demonstrate their distinctive ambling gaits without the use of artificial assistance.

6.Pony of Americas

This pony breed was originated in Iowa and officially recognized by the American Pony Society in 1954. Despite the fact that they are referred to as “ponies,” the Pony of Americas (POA) breed has the phenotypic of a tiny horse, with traits similar to Arabian and Quarter Horses. In addition to Western pleasure riding, the breed is also utilized for driving as well as endurance riding.

7.Colorado Ranger

Originally from the Colorado High Plains, the Colorado Ranger is a horse breed that is still in existence today. The breed, which was developed around the turn of the twentieth century as a consequence of mixing local ranch horses with Turkish stallions and Appaloosas, is now extinct. In terms of height, Colorado Rangers are between 14 and 16 hands tall with a broad chest, long neck, and sloping shoulders.


For the uninitiated, an Appaloosa-patterned horse that also gaits is known as a Walkaloosa. This implies that, in addition to the walk, trot, and canter, they also use an ambling gait to go about.


Images courtesy of hosphotos and Shutterstock. The Noriker, also known as the Pinzgauer and Norico-Pinzgauer, is a native draught horse breed from the central Alpine area of Europe that is still in existence today. Through the Alps, this breed was used to transport salt and gold, among other things. Because of its large legs, massive body, and thick coat, it was the ideal horse for the cold, mountainous conditions.


Spotted horses aren’t simply attractive to look at; they’re also useful. Considering that these breeds are clever, sure-footed and athletic, they are well-suited for nearly every horse activity imaginable. If you’re looking for a horse that is both adaptable and unusual, try one of the nine spotted horse breeds listed below.

  • A good read is: The 7 Most Expensive Horse Breeds in 2021 (with Pictures)

Image courtesy of olgaru79, through Shutterstock Oliver (Ollie) Jones is a biologist and freelance writer who lives in South Australia with his partner Alex, their dog Pepper, and their cat Steve. He has a bachelor’s degree in zoology from the University of Adelaide (who declined to be pictured). Original from the United States, Ollie possesses a master’s degree in wildlife biology and relocated to Australia for the purpose of pursuing his job and interest. Ollie has since discovered a new passion for working online and blogging about animals of all kinds.

12 Spotted Horse Breeds In the World

Several distinct qualities distinguish many different breeds of horses, allowing them to stand out from the crowd. Nonetheless, when it comes to their coats, there’s perhaps nothing more distinguishing than markings. Spotty ponies are really popular with us. In order to better understand spotted horse breeds from across the world, we chose to look at 12 different spotted horse breeds. So take a seat and prepare to learn more about some of the most fashionable horses in the globe!

1. Appaloosa

The Appaloosa is undoubtedly the most well-known of all the spotted horse breeds, and no list of spotted horse breeds would be complete without include him. The Palouse River, which flows across Idaho and Washington, is the source of the unique moniker. This horse has a variety of coat patterns – a total of six different ones. We’re going to take a closer look at two of them, the Leopard and the Blanket Appaloosas, in particular. They each have a distinct dotty appearance! The Leopard Appaloosa is the most eye-catching of the bunch.

The pattern’s appearance is very similar to that of the great cat from which it derives its name.

In this particular instance, the majority of the horse’s coat is a dark shade of brown.

However, there is a lighter portion towards the back of the horse — a white patch that resembles a blanket.

And it is this “blanket” that is responsible for the spread of the spots. The spots may appear to have a type of “halo” surrounding them in both circumstances. A white hair layer is superimposed on top of a coat that is the same color as the spot. This is known as a “white spot.”

2. British Spotted Pony

As you may assume from the name, the British Spotted Pony has a dotty pattern on its coat that is rather unusual. The breed is said to have originated in England and to be hundreds of years old. It was granted its own organisation in 1947, which was established to register horses and maintain their traits. The British Spotted Pony Registry has a number of strict conditions that a horse must complete in order to be eligible for registration as such. There must be leopard, near-leopard, snowflake, blanket, or mottled forms of markings on the animal.

  • It doesn’t end there, either.
  • It also has to have striped hooves.
  • In the face of such a long list of needs, keeping the breed alive isn’t going to be simple.
  • There are around 800 British Spotted Ponies that are now registered in the United Kingdom.

3. Knabstrupper

The beautiful Knabstrupper is a breed that originated in Denmark, where it was officially recognized as a distinct breed in 1812. All of the horses can be traced back to a solid-colored stallion named Frederiksborg and a chestnut mare named Flaebe, who was marked with leopard-style blanket marks on her back. Knabstruppers are similar in appearance to the British Spotted Pony, with pale sclera and striped or light-colored hooves. They have pink and mottled skin on their face and snout, as well as on the insides of their ears.

Furthermore, because they were primarily left outside rather than in stables, they grew into extremely tough horses.

They are frequently successful in the disciplines of show jumping and dressage.

The popularity of the breed is evident in the fact that it is found all over the world.

4. Nez Perce

The Nez Perce gets its name from a Native American tribe in North America that began producing the animal in 1994. The tribe’s aim to revitalize its traditional horse culture resulted in the establishment of the breeding program. The Nez Perce were responsible for breeding the forefathers of the contemporary Appaloosa. However, via a combination of assimilation and reservation living, the culture had been steadily lost over the nineteenth century. The Nez Perce people crossed an Appaloosa with an Akhal-Teke, which resulted in the creation of the Nez Perce.

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As a result, the Nez Perce horse was born, with its long, graceful legs.

They frequently have buckskin or palomino coats that are covered with patches that indicate their Appaloosa ancestry. They are regarded as having a more historic appearance than the stockier modern-day Appaloosas, according to some observers.

5. Pony of the Americas

Iowa is where the Pony of the Americas got its start. An Appaloosa, Arabian, and Shetland pony crossed with a Shetland pony produced the stallion from which all ponies descended. The first registration of breeds took place in 1954. It accepts horses from a variety of various bloodlines, but they must meet certain breed traits in order to be accepted. Colors and coat patterns of the horses are among the characteristics listed. Not all Ponies of the Americas are shaky in their performance. They do, however, feature horses with leopard, snowflake, and blanket designs on their coats.

Aside from that, they have white sclera on their eyes and mottled skin around their muzzles and genitalia.

Ponies of the Americas were primarily bred for Western riding, as was the case across the world.

6. Tiger Horse

When you hear the moniker “Tiger Horse,” you might think that we’ve veered off subject and are talking about striped horses rather than spotted horses. In reality, the term is a translation from Spanish, which does not discriminate between the markings of tigers and leopards, as is the case in English. The exact origins of the breed are still a bit of a mystery to this day. The Spanish Jennet and the Chinese Soulon are said to be the forebears of the etymology of the word. The Tiger Horse and the Leopard Horse both have leopard spots, as does the Leopard Horse.

The Tiger Horse possesses an uncommon intermediate four-beat ambling gait, which is also referred to as the “Indian shuffle,” that is occasionally used to describe it.

Although the breed is still in its early stages of development, it is represented by two breed registries: TIGRE and The Tiger Horse Association.

TIGRE is primarily concerned with improving the breed’s conformity to what it deems desirable features in the future.

7. Noriker

The Noriker, also known as the Pinzgauer, is a breed of draft horse that originated in Austria and is now found all over the world. It was widely employed in agriculture, and its popularity peaked between the First and Second World Wars, when it reached its apex. A loss in population was caused by the mechanization of farming, with a precipitous drop occurring throughout the 1970s. Since then, the Noriker population has rebounded admirably, and there are currently around 10,000 Norikers living in Austria alone.

Many Norikers, but not all, are marked with spots.

As well as black horses, there are several blue roans (as well as other roans), chestnuts, and various colors to be found. Other patterns include tobiano (another spotted type with white patches) and overo (another spotted variety with black spots) (a pinto coloration of white over dark).

8. Colorado Ranger

Although the Colorado Ranger was developed in the Colorado High Plains in the United States, the breed is derived from Turkish horses. When the Colorado Ranger Horse Association was established in 1935, it was a pioneer in the field. And more than 6,000 horses had been registered by the time the century came to an end. Similarly, the Colorado Ranger is a horse that can be either solid-colored or speckled in appearance. The spotted varieties feature patches that resemble leopard spots. Horses of American Paint Horse ancestry or pinto colour are ineligible for registration since they are not registered.

Indeed, the former can be accepted into the Appaloosa register as well as the latter.

They were initially bred as ranch horses, but they are now now utilized for trail and leisure riding, in addition to their original purpose.

9. Walkaloosa

We couldn’t mention the Walkaloosa without mentioning it, even if it isn’t really a separate breed. If you pay close attention to the name, you will be able to figure out precisely what this horse is. Yes, any gaited horse with Appaloosa colour qualifies as such! Some Appaloosa bloodlines may be traced back to the Paso Fino horse breed, which is known for its gaited gaits. Consequently, their progeny walk with the same four-beat ambling stride as their ancestors. The Tiger Horse is also known for doing the Indian shuffle, which is frequently referred to as the Indian shuffle.

It is not necessarily as desired in the show ring, where horses are assessed on their ability to trot up and down in a straight line.

When the Walkaloosa Horse Association was established in 1983, it was the first dedicated organization for these magnificent beasts.

10. Mustang

However, despite the fact that Mustangs are sometimes referred to as “wild horses,” this is not entirely accurate. They are essentially wild horses that are descended from domesticated Spanish horses that have strayed, and are therefore more appropriately referred to be feral. There are a variety of colors and patterns available for Mustangs to choose from. Bay, brown, black, sorrel, chestnut and buckskin horses are among the many colors available due to their diverse genetic makeup. Some mustangs, on the other hand, have speckled patterns.

The majority of mustangs, regardless of their color and pattern, are rather little.

They can grow to be between 14 and 16 hands in height at their heaviest. To this day, hundreds of mustangs are still roaming freely throughout North America. In the United States, Nevada is home to more than half of all of these species.

11. Icelandic

Despite being referred regarded as a horse, the Icelandic is more closely related to a pony in terms of size. They are extremely healthy creatures, susceptible to just a few number of ailments, as well as resilient and long-living. The record is held by an Icelandic mare that was born in Denmark and survived to be 56 years old, which is a record in itself. They are the only breed of horse to be found in Iceland, and they are extremely rare. Today, they may be found in 22 nations across Europe and North America, as well as the United Kingdom.

Through a mix of selective breeding and natural selection, the contemporary Icelandic horse has been produced through the years.

Icelandic horses may be seen with a variety of various coats, which is rather common.

The incredible variety is reflected in the number of Icelandic terms used to describe their color and pattern combinations, which is a testament to their creativity.

12. American Paint Horse

The American Paint Horse is distinguished by its brightly colored coat, which is a defining trait of the breed. In a pinto pattern, they generally have huge spots of color that stand out. However, certain solid-colored horses may also be eligible for registration if they match the standards for their lineages, which may be seen here. Most American Paint Horses have dark coats with white spots, which are usually chestnut, bay, sorrel, black, or brown in coloration. However, there are a plethora of alternative color combinations to choose from.

They can also be found on just about every part of the horse’s body, including the legs.

In particular, it is well-liked in Western events and show jumping competitions.

Dotty About Spotty!

We hope you’ve enjoyed reading about the 12 different spotted horse breeds! We have a soft place for spotty horses, and we have enjoyed sharing their histories and qualities with others. With so many active organisations working to protect and promote these great breeds, we have high hopes for their long-term survival and success. And if you’ve discovered a favorite, why not become a member of an association and do your part to raise awareness about it?

What Is A Spotted Horse Called? It Depends

Horses have a wide range of coat colors, markings, and patterns, all of which enhance their attractiveness. In this article, we will discuss what a spotted horse is called. Horses with spots have one of the more unusual coat patterns, and they are quite rare. Horse coats with spots are popular among certain individuals, while others prefer a horse coat without spots. When attempting to answer the issue of what exactly a spotted horse is called, it is necessary to consider the many breeds that have this sort of coat.

A horse coat with spots does not always indicate a particular breed of horse; rather, it indicates a coat pattern. Certain breeds, on the other hand, have an excess of this style of coat.


The Appaloosa is the breed of horse that is most familiar to even the most inexperienced horse aficionados. When someone inquires as to what breed of horse has spots, it is most likely the Appaloosa that has piqued their interest. The Appaloosa is also the most frequent horse breed with spots, accounting for around 80% of all such horses. Originally from North America, the Appaloosa has long been associated with the Nez Perce tribe of the Pacific Northwest and their culture. Spanish Spotted Horses made their way into the region in the mid-1700s, and they quickly became popular.

It wasn’t until about 1750 that the Nez Perce began carefully breeding these horses in order to maintain just the best of them in their herds.

Every one of these attributes was highly regarded by the Nez Perce people.

There are six patterns that have been officially acknowledged.

Leopard Coat

The coat pattern of the Appaloosa leopard is one of the most distinctive. These horses have a white coat covering the majority of their bodies, but there are spots all over their coat, from head to toe. This type of spotted horse looks a lot like a leopard, which is how it got its name. These locations might range from a large number to only a few. Snowflake leopard horses and leopard horses with few spots are the same horse; the only difference is that they have fewer spots.

Blanket Appaloosa

An Appaloosa, regardless of coat pattern, the Blanket Appaloosa is an Appaloosa in its purest form. A dark hue, such as black or bay, predominates in the coat of this breed of horse. Their hindquarters, on the other hand, are covered in a white ‘blanket’ with patches that match the primary color. Blanket Appaloosas can be seen in a variety of colors, including bay, black, chestnut, dun, and, less frequently, grullo.


The Norikeris is very old European horse breed that originated in Austria. In the hilly Tyrol area, it is a large, robust draught horse that is used for hauling huge loads. It is one of the most endangered horse breeds, and it is still used for forestry labor, but it is also a wonderful, peaceful riding horse. The Noriker is available in a variety of hues, but the leopard coat design is the most eye-catching. Due to the similarity between this design and the Leopard Appaloosa pattern, it is quite simple to confuse the two.

Colorado Rangers

A Colorado Ranger is a unique horse breed that goes back to the beginning of the twentieth century. The breed is named after the state of Colorado in the United States, where it originated. The Appaloosa was developed by a hybrid between Appaloosa stallions from Turkey and other breeds.

Despite the fact that Colorado Rangers are available in a variety of colors and designs, the bulk of them feature Appaloosa patterns. The breed is mostly used as a ranch horse, and it is very good at working cows.

Pony Of The Americas

Despite being a rather unusual breed, the Pony of the Americas is gaining popularity. Young riders who are ready to graduate from smaller ponies but who are not yet ready for a full-size horse might benefit from this specific sort of pony. The breed, which originated in the state of Iowa in the United States, was first developed in the 1950s. These are equestrian ponies that are capable of engaging in a wide range of equestrian disciplines. Pony of the Americas is a breed of equines that are handsome and have polished characteristics.

A number of breeds, particularly the Quarter Horse, had an effect on the development of this magnificent breed.


TheKnabstrupperis an unique breed that is unfamiliar to the majority of the population. It is derived from Denmark, where it first appeared in the early 1800s. There are just two known examples in North America, with the first appearing in 2002 and the second in 2003. All Knabstruppers may be traced down to a single mare with a spotty coat on a chestnut basis, which was bred specifically for this purpose. It was her first offspring, a colt out of a solid color stallion, that had significant spotting on its coat when it was born.

In severe conditions, this breed thrives because of its toughness, hardiness, and determination.

You will watch them participating in a variety of show rings, including dressage, jumping, and driving.

Spotted Horse Breed Conclusion

As you can see, spotted horses may be found in a variety of other horse breeds, as well. You will also observe spots on the coats of Miniature Horses, British Spotted Ponies, Nez Perce Horses, Tigar Horses, and Walkaloosas, in addition to the breeds with spots we have discussed in this article. It doesn’t matter what breed of horse has spots all over its coat; a leopard pattern is always recognized. The same is true for horses that have a blanket design on them.

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Spotted Horse Breeds

Murder Hollow’s Appaloosa CTR Super Sonic is bred with HMH Phantastic and is owned by Murder Hollow. Photograph courtesy of ES Equine Photography Spotted horse breeds are among the most well-known of today’s horse varieties, and it turns out that they have an ancient origin. At the time of the discovery of the Dappled Horses of Pech-Merle cave painting in southern France, researchers believed the horses’ coloration was a fanciful decoration by a Paleolithic artist. However, more recent research has revealed that the horses’ coloration is not a fanciful decoration at all.

Scientists from Germany and England identified the LP gene in DNA samples taken from archaic horses found in Siberia, Eastern and Western Europe, and the Middle East in 2011.

One of today’s most well-known spotted breeds carries the LP gene, which is also found in the Appaloosa, the Knabstrupper, and the Pony of the Americas, among other animals (POA). This is the gene that is responsible for those amazing markings.

The Appaloosa

Owned by Murder Hollow, this Appaloosa CTR Super Sonic is bred with HMH Phantastic. Es Equine Photography captured this image. Horse breeds with spots are among the most well-known today, and it has been discovered that they have an ancient origin. At the time of the discovery of the Dappled Horses of Pech-Merle cave painting in southern France, researchers believed the horses’ coloration was a fanciful decoration by a Paleolithic artist. However, more recent research has revealed that the horses’ coloration is actually a result of a 25,000-year-old cave painting.

Scientists from Germany and England identified the LP gene in DNA samples taken from archaic horses found in Siberia, Eastern and Western Europe, and the United States in 2011.

This is the gene that is responsible for those amazing spots.

The Knabstrupper

You get the Knabstrupper when you combine the beauty and athleticism of a superb sport horse with an explosive pattern of spots. The breed has roots in exotic European history and is considered a spotted horse. The Knabstrupper is a breed of dog that originated in Denmark and was nearly extinct until being resurrected. Christine Slawik captured this image. Approximately 6,000 years ago, Europeans brought horses into domestication, and by 1400 B.C., spotted horses began to appear in the art of the ancient Egyptians.

  • It is undeniable that the spot-ted horse had established a foothold throughout all of European history.
  • The mare, named Flaebehoppen, was sold to Major Villars Lunn, who owned the estate known as Knabstrupgaard in the Danish province of Odense.
  • Flaebehingsten, a colt with a kaleidoscopic array of colors, was the product of this experiment.
  • As a result, the Knabstrupper breed was created.
  • Jessica Roll/Shutterstock contributed to this image.
  • It wasn’t until more than a century later that a determined attempt was launched to discover the horses that had survived and bring the breed back to life.
  • In Europe, there are three varieties of Knabstruppers that are now recognized: sport horses, Baroque horses, and pony horses.
  • The Baroque type is a shorter, wider horse that resembles a carriage or warhorse in appearance and temperament.
  • Kennebtruppers, who are renowned for their gentle temperaments, trainability and endurance, are becoming increasingly rare in North America.

As the spotted horse breed’s reputation as a vibrant sport horse continues to expand, it is possible that we may see more of them in the show ring in the future.

The Pony of the Americas

It was in the 1950s in rural Iowa when an Appaloosa/Arabian-cross mare was accidently mated to a Shetland Pony by mistake. Despite his skepticism about the appearance of the ensuing foal, a lawyer called Les Boomhower, who bred Shetland Ponies as a hobby, contemplated purchasing the mare for breeding purposes. But first, he wanted to examine how the foal looked before proceeding. The Pony of the Americas is a vibrant and adaptable creature. Image courtesy of S.M/Shutterstock Upon the birth of the little black-and-white spotted colt, Boomhower sold his interest in the couple.

  • The Pony of the Americas Club was established as a result of the agreement of the group.
  • Pony of the Americas (POA) traits were defined, and equines who did not satisfy these standards were barred from participating in the competition.
  • A noticeable Appaloosa coloring was required, as were petite heads with dished profiles, muscular bodies, and a muscular build.
  • State clubs were founded, and they immediately began hosting local exhibits and sales to raise money.
  • With a tiny head and a dished contour, the POA is distinguished by its bright spotted coloration.
  • The POA has remained committed to its initial mission over seven decades after it was established.
  • However, although the POA has increased in stature (the height criteria was raised from 46 to 56 inches in 1986), it is still fundamentally the same pony Boomhower conceived of immediately after the breed’s founding father was born.
  • In the horse business, POAs are used in practically every sport and discipline, from western pleasure and dressage to competitive trail riding and reining.
  • These include hunter classes, pleasure driving classes, trail classes, and a newly added class called ranch riding, which is a pattern class with a variety of movements that demonstrate the enormous adaptability of the POA breed.

This article on spotted horse breeds was published in the May 2020 issue of Horse Illustratedmagazine and can be seen here. To subscribe, please visit this page.


The Knabstrupper is becoming increasingly popular in the United States. Photographed is CCS Theoden, which belongs to Melyni Worth and is ridden by Meagan Maloney. Christina Doherty captured this image. The Appaloosa Horse Club is a group of people who love horses. Colored Appaloosa AssociationKnabstrupper Associationof the Americas Club Colored Appaloosa AssociationKnabstrupper Associationof the Americas Club www.poac.org

9 Spotted Horse Breeds with Pictures

The Appaloosa is a breed of horse that is well-known among equestrian fans for its brightly speckled coat. Alternatively, you may have come upon a small horse with unusual colors. However, did you know that there are other horse breeds that have different spotting patterns as well? Check out this list of interesting facts about nine distinct horse breeds that have spotted coats.


Hands: 14.2 – 16.2 inches in height Trail riding, ranch labor, rodeos and performances, middle-distance racing, Western sports, and jumping are some of the most popular disciplines. Some spotted horses are Appaloosas and some Appaloosas have spots, but not all Appaloosas have spots! In the United States, appaloosas are hardy range horses that were developed by the Nez Perce people in the 1700s. These spotted horses are strong, stocky, and nimble, making them well-suited for a variety of sports.

  • Most of the time, they must have one of the seven different spotted coat patterns (or other very specific eye and hoof characteristics in the case of solid-colored horses).
  • No two horses are alike!
  • The Appaloosa’s coat became a prominent attribute of the breed as a result of selective breeding generations of spotted horses with these genes over a period of time.
  • Check out my post with 19 Magnificent Appaloosa Horse Facts if you want to learn even more about this amazing spotted breed.


Height: 15.2 – 16 hands, depending on the person (but may also be under 14.2 hands) Dressage, show-jumping, general riding, carriage or performance horses are among of the most popular disciplines. The Knabstrupper (or Knabstrup) has coat color features that are similar to those of the Appaloosa, despite the fact that the two breeds arose totally independently of one another. The leopard-complex is also responsible for the spotted coat of the Knabstrupper. Unlike American Appaloosas, who are adaptable stock horses, Knobstruppers are more closely related to warmblood racehorses in appearance.

The many varieties of Knabstruppers are classified into four categories: sport type, classic type, pony type, and miniature. Sport type is the most common classification. This breed is still rather uncommon in the United States, but aficionados believe that this will change in the near future.

Miniature Horses

Height ranges from 34″ to 38″ (measured at the last hairs of the mane, rather than the withers) Companion animals, driving, equestrian agility, displaying in-hand, and service animals are examples of common disciplines. Miniature horses were initially developed as companion animals for the British nobility, and their popularity grew from there. Following the abolition of child labor, they proved to be particularly effective in the coal mines. They are well-proportioned, and they are more closely related to horses than to ponies in appearance.

The Falabella is a small horse breed that originated in Argentina and is now found all over the world.

Miniature horses were also frequently crossbred with Appaloosas, who are a breed recognized for their hardiness, flexibility, and good temperament (as well as their unique spotted coat!).

Check out my post that explains the distinction!

Pony of the Americas

Height: 11.2 – 14 feet and 14 hands Western stock competitions, endurance riding, three-day eventing, driving, and jumping are among of the most popular disciplines. The Pony of the Americas is a relatively recent breed that had its start on a ranch in Iowa in the 1950s. In order to establish the breed, a Shetland-Arab-Appaloosa cross with a mark on his flank that looked exactly like a handprint was used as a foundation sire. These stock ponies are designed to be amiable, readily taught, and capable of being outcrossed to a variety of good breeds — as long as he retains his brilliant spotted coat of course.

There will be no dull brown coats for this breed!

Colorado Ranger

Height: 14.2 – 16 hands, depending on your height. Western stock competitions, endurance events, trail riding, English events, and general riding are some of the more common disciplines. Colorado Rangers (also known as Colorado Rangerbreds) are flexible working horses with characteristic spotty coats that are widely used for roping. Ulysses S. Grant paid a state visit to Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey in 1878. Grant was gifted with two magnificent stallions by the Sultan: an Arab named Leopard and a Barb named Linden Tree, both of whom were named after trees.

Colorado Rangers must be able to trace their pedigrees back to foundation horses from Colby farm, the magnificent horse breeding business where the Colorado Ranger tradition originated.

It is permissible for registered horses to be outcrossed with Appaloosas, and while showy spotted coats are not necessary for registration, many Colorado Rangers exhibit this characteristic.

British Spotted Pony

8 – 14.2 inches in height. Disciplines that are common include: companion animal, general children’s riding horse, and driving. This unusual pony is a native of the United Kingdom. The popularity of these ponies was due to their distinctive coat, and they were frequently given as presents amongst members of royalty, serving as carriage horses and mounts for youngsters. In the past, there were more substantial-sized spotted horses; now, the breed is known as the “British Appaloosa.” While other pony breed registries allow for the use of brightly colored coats, the British spotted pony is noted for its unusual colouring patterns.


Height: Mustangs may grow to be any height, although the majority of them are little, reaching between 14 and 16 hands in height. Western stock events, the Bureau of Land Management’s “Extreme Mustang Makeover” training challenge, stunt riding, companion animals, and general riding are examples of common disciplines. Wild mustangs have existed for as long as the American West has existed. Wild horses arrived in the Americas thousands of years before the arrival of humans, but today’s wild mustangs are descended from horses imported from Europe by Spanish conquistadors and brought to the Americas by Native Americans.

As indigenous peoples of the Americas assimilated horses into their civilization, they began to selectively breed them for different colors.

Today, mustangs are available in practically every hue imaginable, a reflection of their genetically complex constitution.

Nez Perce Horse

Hands between 15 and 16 inches in height Endurance, jumping, and general riding are some of the most popular disciplines. Since the arrival of Spanish horses in the Americas, the Nez Perce people have been passionate equestrians and talented horse breeders, and this tradition continues today. The Nez Perce developed a new breed of horse more than a century after their cherished Appaloosas were disseminated and they were forced to live on reservations. This new breed is known as the Nez Perce Horse (Or Nez Perce Appaloosa).

Many people feel that the modern Nez Perce horses are more closely related to the rangey foundation Appaloosas of the past– slim, lanky, and quick– than they are to the older horses.

Appaloosas nowadays are more closely related to the stocky quarter horse, which is a powerful, athletic stock horse designed for life on a ranch.

Tiger Horse

Height: 13 – 16 hands, with a preference for 14-15 hands. 2Common riding disciplines include: general riding, ranch labor, pleasure riding, and trail riding, to name a few. Even though its name indicates that it has stripes, the Tiger Horse really has spots on its body. The Tiger Horse, one of the resilient breeds established through the diligent breeding efforts of the Nez Perce, is a lovely, colorful, and gaited horse that also happens to be gaited! They are capable of moving in a pleasant four-beat gait known as a “shuffle.” As a result of the battle between the United States government and the Nez Perce tribe in 1887, hundreds of excellent spotted horses were slaughtered.

Final Thoughts

If you’ve always been drawn to the Appaloosa’s distinctive speckled coat colors, you should consider one of these other breeds as well! Perhaps your new equine companion will be decked up in a dazzling spotted coat!

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