What Is A Length In Horse Racing? (TOP 5 Tips)

How long is a typical horse race?

  • Horse races vary between 5 furlongs and 4 and a half miles – find out what a furlong is, how long a furlong is and typical horse racing distances here.

How do they measure a length in horse racing?

A length in horse racing is actually a measurement of time but is based simply on the length of a horse and it’s stride pattern, typically 8 to 9 feet long. This measurement of a length is used to describe the winning margins between horses in races.

How much is a length in a horse race?

Quarter Horse races are measured in yards and they typically run races between 220 yards ( One furlong or. 125 miles) to 770 yards (~ three and a half furlongs or. 44 miles ). However, as their name indicates, the classic distance for Quarter Horse races is 440 yards, which is equivalent to a quarter of a mile.

What is winning by a length in horse racing?

A length is the standard measure for winning margins in horse racing. That is straightforward in a finish where one horse is one length ahead of its nearest rival. In terms of the LPS table (lengths per second), a nose = 0.05 of a length and a short-head – 0.1 of a length.

How many seconds is a length in horse racing?

“The equation of one length with one-fifth of a second is used almost universally, but it is not quite accurate,” Beyer writes in Picking Winners. “A fast horse running in a sprint will obviously cover a length more quickly than a plodder going a mile and a half.

What is winning by a length?

The length is commonly used in Thoroughbred horse racing, where it describes the distance between horses in a race. Horses may be described as winning by several lengths, as in the notable example of Secretariat, who won the 1973 Belmont Stakes by 31 lengths.

How many lengths is a head in horse racing?

This also applies should only one horse complete the race. Distances under a length are recorded as follows: Nose = 0.05 of a length, Short head = 0.1 of a length, head = 0.2 of a length, neck = 0.3 of a length, half a length = 0.5 of a length, three-quarters of a length = 0.75 of a length.

What distance is a neck in horse racing?

A neck is the next margin and approximately a quarter of a length. The decimal equivalent for the above would range from 0.05L to 0.25L, while from 0.25 to 0.50 would be considered a long neck.

How many lengths is a furlong?

A furlong is equivalent to 220 yards, 660 feet, or approximately 201.17 meters. But more importantly, a furlong is one-eighth of a mile, which ties it in with the other standard unit used for measuring horse races in the United States.

Are all horse races the same length?

The first thing you have to realize is that it varies by race track. While the vast majority of race tracks in North America are oval in shape, they are not all the same size, nor the same configuration. It’s kind of like the difference in Major League Baseball parks. Many similar variations occur in horse racing.

How many feet is a length in horse racing?

A length is a measurement of elapsed time as the horses cross the line and can vary on the size of the horse and its stride pattern, but in general would be about 8 to 9 feet.

What are the different horse racing distances?

These different lengths of races are divided into five categories: pleasure rides (10–20 miles), non-competitive trail rides (21–27 miles), competitive trail rides (20–45 miles), progressive trail rides (25–60 miles), and endurance rides (40–100 miles in one day, up to 250 miles (400 km) in multiple days).

What is the average length of a Thoroughbred horse?

Breed characteristics The typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands (62 to 68 inches, 157 to 173 cm) high, averaging 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm). They are most often bay, dark bay or brown, chestnut, black, or gray.

How many pounds is a length in horse racing?

The pounds per length calculation will change depending on the distance of the race, at 5 furlongs on good to firm ground the calculation will be 3.41 lb/length whilst at 1m 6f under similar conditions it will be 1.22 lb/length. The basic process of calculation remains the same however.

Horse length – Wikipedia

HORSE LENGTH is a unit of measurement for the length of an animal from its snout to its tail, which is about 8 feet. HORSE LENGTH (2.4 m).

Use in horse racing

An ahorse’s length, also known as its length, is the distance between its snout and tail, which is around 8 feet (2.4 m).

Other measures

Distances smaller than that are characterized in the same way in relation to the equine body, with terminology such as “neck,” and “head,” a “short head,” or “nose,” the lowest stated advantage by which a horse may win being the smallest feasible. In Ireland, a “distance” is defined as a margin of more than 30 lengths between two points. It is understood that the greatest accepted distance in the United Kingdom is 99 lengths, with anything over this being referred to as “99+ lengths.” When referring to a margin that is halfway between a head and a neck, “short neck” is commonly used in France.

Other uses

In regard to the equine anatomy, lesser distances are characterized in the same way, using terminology such as “neck,” “head,” “short head,” and “nose.” The term “neck” refers to the lowest specified advantage by which a horse might win. In Ireland, a “distance” is defined as a margin of more than 30 lengths in length. A distance of 99 lengths is the greatest recognized distance in the United Kingdom, with anything above this being referred to as “99+ lengths.” When referring to a margin that is halfway between a head and a neck, “short neck” is commonly used in French.


When reporting the results of horse races, the following abbreviations are widely used:

United States Abbreviations

Margin Abbreviation
Nose ns
Head hd
Neck nk
Half a length 1/2
Three quarters of a length 3/4
European Abbreviations

Margin Abbreviation
Nose nse
Short head sh
Head hd
Short neck snk
Neck nk
Half a length ½L
Three-quarters of a length ¾L
One length 1L
Distance dst

See also

  • Glossary of equestrian terminology
  • Glossary of punting (horse-racing) terms in Australia and New Zealand
  • Glossary of equestrian terms in the United Kingdom. A list of strange units of measurement is provided below. A glossary of terms related to North American horse racing


As a result, we’re going to look into the definition of a length in horse racing and see what we can find out for ourselves.

How Are Lengths Used In Horse Racing To Measure Winning Distances?

In horse racing, winning distances are measured in lengths, which are universally accepted. For example, you could hear a pundit mention that a horse had won by two lengths. The first length of any winning margin is always the length of the winning horse, with any further lengths being calculated by the distance between the tail of the winner and the nose of the runner-up, as in the case of the Kentucky Derby. It goes without saying that many horse races are won by margins of less than a length, and there are several terminologies that are used to characterize these winning lengths.

When you consider the structure of a horse’s body, all of these terms become self-explanatory.

How Do You Use Lengths To Create Horse Racing Ratings?

Creating horse ratings is a time-consuming operation, but calculating the winning margins in lengths is an important step in the process. In most cases, ratings are based on calculations of lengths-per-second; however, they might vary depending on the sort of race, distance of the race, and nature of the going. Horses competing in a flat race on excellent terrain, for example, may cover six lengths per second on level ground. Jumping horses galloping over hard terrain, on the other hand, may only cover four lengths per second on average.

In addition to distances, these ratings vary depending on the horse.

However, if horse-C defeats horse-D by one length over five furlongs, he is entitled to be rated three pounds higher than horse-D.

Handicappers can also make changes to their ratings at their discretion. A horse that is five lengths clear at the furlong pole but only wins by a length after being eased down close to the line, for example, may be given a higher rating by the handicapper than the official winning margin indicates.

How To Use Lengths And Ratings To Pick Winners

Calculating winning margins in lengths is part of the process of developing horse ratings, which is a complicated procedure. When grading a race, lengths per second calculations are used, although the exact formula used varies depends on the sort of race, how far it is distanced, and how fast it is traveling. Horses participating in a flat race on excellent terrain, for example, may cover six lengths per second on the flat. When running on thick terrain, jumping horses are limited to covering four lengths per second.

This is true for all lengths, but for example, if horse A beats horse B by a length over two miles while carrying level weights, he is only eligible to be rated 1lb higher than the other horse.

This information is just used as a starting point for producing ratings, as previously stated.

For example, if a horse is five lengths ahead at the furlong pole but only wins by a length after being eased down close to the line, the handicapper has the discretion to grade him higher than the official winning margin indicates.

How Do I Pick Horse Racing Winners?

The nicest part about being a professional gambler is that you don’t have to place bets on every horse race that takes place. There are a number of races in which the handicapper appears to have made an accurate prediction, and the bookmakers have priced the race appropriately in response. As punters, we are not required to place bets on these races; instead, we may only observe them for potential betting opportunities in the future. The idea is to identify horses that are worth betting on at the current odds, since this makes the odds of the other horses more tempting as a result of their success.

  • For example, ratings may indicate that a favorite should be offered at even money.
  • Bookmakers open at even money, which suggests there is undoubtedly value to be gained elsewhere in the market if you look around.
  • Therefore, there is a considerable potential that both the favourite and third-choice might reach 145 points or higher in the final stretch.
  • Finding value bets of this nature might take a significant amount of time; however, don’t worry if you’re too busy since Betting Gods is here to assist you.

All of our professional tipsters provide inexpensive monthly memberships, and all of our professional tipsters are located in the United Kingdom. Check out our tipster profiles on the Betting Gods website to discover how much money you might be making on the sports betting market.

What is a Furlong and please explain the distances.

Horse racing provides a one-of-a-kind, engaging experience that is unlike any other sport. Learn the terminology and strategies for placing your first wager. Check out our Beginner’s Guide to Horse Racing, which covers topics such as betting procedures, horse racing outcomes, and horse racing vocabulary. No matter what queries you have regarding horse racing or horse racing results, our pleasant and helpful team is always here to assist you. Learn How To Place A Bet

Laurel Park Visitor’s Guide

Come to Laurel Park, Maryland’s best venue for thoroughbred horse racing and thoroughbred horse racing results. As a result of its location between Washington D.C. and Baltimore, spectators are exposed to some of the most spectacular sights and noises on earth. Since 1911, Laurel Park has provided thrilling thoroughbred horse racing to the community through its exquisite Terrace Dining, pleasant Bars, simulcast rooms, and ample seats in the public admission area. More information can be found at

Laurel Park Visitor’s Guide

Come to Laurel Park, Maryland’s best venue for thoroughbred horse racing and thoroughbred horse race results. As a result of its location between Washington D.C. and Baltimore, spectators are exposed to some of the most spectacular sights and noises on the planet. Since 1911, Laurel Park has provided thrilling thoroughbred horse racing to the public from its exquisite Terrace Dining, pleasant Bars, simulcast rooms, and ample seats in the general admission area. More information can be found at

New to Horse Racing? Get info.

Horse racing provides a one-of-a-kind, engaging experience that is unlike any other sport. Learn the terminology and strategies for placing your first wager. Check out our Beginner’s Guide to Horse Racing, which covers topics such as betting procedures, horse racing outcomes, and horse racing vocabulary. No matter what queries you have regarding horse racing or horse racing results, our pleasant and helpful team is always here to assist you. Learn How To Place A Bet

The Real Value of a Length

The assumption that a length equals a fifth of a second is perhaps the oldest and dumbest horse racing rule of thumb in the history of ancient and silly horse racing rules of thumb, and it is certainly the most ridiculous. Despite the fact that it has been demonstrated – on several occasions — that this rule is incorrect, many horseplayers continue to adhere to it. Even though it had real finishing timings to work with, the British Horseracing Authority relied on the rule of one length equals one hundredth of a second for many years when determining official margins in horse racing events.

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To put it another way, it’s like giving security camera video to a police sketch artist in the hopes of getting an improved depiction.

Different courses and track circumstances now govern which new, yet still ridiculous, rule of thumb should be employed: (From) A few speed figure experts, like as Andrew Beyer, appear to recognize that the value of a length is truly a function of time, but the vast majority — maybe even the majority — continue to assign it a fixed value.

  • They are free to disregard the following chart when translating beaten lengths into numbers at various distances.
  • The fact that the value of a length is not — and never has been — static at any distance is, of course, something that Beyer and the BHP overlook.
  • When Secretariat won the middle jewel of the Triple Crown in 1973, the value of a length was markedly different from the value of a length when American Pharoah romped to victory in the same event 42 years later.
  • As a result, I understand that some people may take issue with my assumption regarding the average length of a thoroughbred, especially given the fact that a reputable source such as theDaily Racing Form indicates that the average racehorse is only approximately eight feet long.
  • It goes without saying that I’d love to see measurements from actual races — perhaps the typical racing horse is 9.8 or 10.2 feet long — but, until I do, or until I learn otherwise from a reputable source (hint, hint), 10 feet appears to work very well.

What is a few tenths of a second in the grand scheme of things? Well, given the fact that the typical race winner on any surface wins by less than three lengths, I believe the answer is self-evident. VALUE OF A LENGTH (in seconds) = 1 VALUE OF A LENGTH

How long is a length? It’s a bit like a piece of string

The Racing Post is giving away one piece of sponsored content every day until Christmas to commemorate the countdown to the holiday season. Tom Kerr investigates the process used by racing to estimate finishing lengths in this week’s edition of his popular weekly column, which you won’t want to miss. In the world of horse racing, it’s a well-worn chestnut that the vocabulary is foreign to the common man or woman: all-feet, maidens, and bumpers, terms that signify about as much to the typical person as hogsheads and firkins.

That is how we evaluate our sport, how we evaluate finishing margins, how we evaluate the importance of form, and – finally – how we evaluate dominance.

A length is a lovely, straightforward phrase that carries the euphonious tone of antiquated racing jargon while also being more or less understandable to the general public at the same time.

Because the winning margin must be a reflection of when the second horse, Cue Card, actually passed the post, not where he was when Bristol De Mai won, when Bristol De Mai won the Betfair Chase, the judge did not calculate the winning margin by measuring the distance with a picture taken with some ridiculous wide-angle camera – that wouldn’t make any sense, because the winning margin must be a reflection of when the second horse, Cue Card, actually passed the post.

  1. The winning distance of 57 lengths was computed by measuring the time it took Cue Card to cross the finish line in second place and then running that time through a calculation known as the lengths-per-second scale to arrive at the final distance.
  2. A length isn’t truly a measure of distance in and of itself.
  3. And the more you look at this system, the less sense it appears to make on the surface level.
  4. Because there is no universal lengths-per-second scale, the scale differs depending on the code – flat, all-weather, or jumps – and the direction of travel.
  5. Cue Card finished 14 and a quarter seconds behind Bristol De Mai, resulting in a 57-length separation between the two horses.
  6. A horse competing on excellent ground will be expected to finish the race at a faster pace than a horse participating in the same event on heavy ground, which is a reasonable assumption given the circumstances.
  7. However, it is perplexing because, while the scale varies depending on the code and direction, it does not adapt for distance.

Jump races, such as the Eider, can be completed at a walking speed, distorting victory margins in comparison to faster-run events.

Even worse is the impact on some jumps races, which can be fatal.

The disparity in real distance that might result as a result of this can be significant.

Even if both runners finish one second slower than the winner, the one running at 30mph was about 512 lengths behind the winner and the one racing at 15mph was approximately 212 lengths behind the winner, yet the recorded winning margin will be equal (4 lengths on soft going, for example).

However, that is not the primary concern here.

A further complication arises from the system’s attempt to make this fictitious unit of distance appear more convincing by tightly compensating for certain variables in a race, but not all.

Essentially, the Olympics has determined that they will begin measuring winning margins in track events by taking the time back to second, running it through a formula that takes into account wind direction and surface water (but not race distance), and then expressing it in trainer-lengths between finishers, despite the fact that this number has no relation to the actual distance back to second.

  1. It doesn’t seem to make much sense.
  2. In fact, I came across multiple ‘expert’ websites that provided inaccurate or outdated versions of the lengths-per-second scale when conducting research for this essay.
  3. What to do about it Apart from the fact that it is almost humorously false, this becomes problematic for a variety of reasons.
  4. Second, it makes it much more difficult to correctly judge form since punters must be aware of the lengths-per-second scale that is being used in order to understand the actual value of a winning margin.
  5. As previously stated, the lengths-to-second scale, which attempts to translate time into distance in a roughly comprehensible manner, should be broadened to account for the changes in distance between long and short races.
  6. In this approach, we have the best of both worlds: a beloved aspect of racing’s lexicon is preserved, but those who want a more scientific – and true – assessment of form are provided with it as an option as well.
  7. With Members’ Club Ultimate, you can access daily newspaper material online and enjoy favorites like as Pricewise, our award-winning columnists, RP Sunday, race replays, and more.

To learn more about Members’ Club Ultimate, click here. More information may be found here. THE FIRST PUBLICATION WAS AT 6:00 PM ON DEC 7TH, 2017.

What’s a Furlong and Why it’s Used in Horse Racing? 1 Reason

Any links on this page that direct you to things on Amazon are affiliate links, which means that if you make a purchase, I will receive a compensation. Thank you in advance for your assistance — I much appreciate it! Horse racing has its own set of terms, but the one I’m most frequently asked to explain is the term “furlong.” The most frequently asked questions are: what exactly is a furlong, and why is it used in horse racing? As a result, I thought it would be a good idea to respond to this question.

It is equal to 220 yards, or an eighth of a mile, and it was first used in the late 13th or early 14th century.

Most horse racing fans are aware that a furlong is an eighth of a mile, but did you know that it is mentioned in the Bible and that it is still used on traffic signs in some areas?

What is a furlong?

A furlong is a unit of measurement often used in horse racing; however, it is unclear where the phrase originated or how long a furlong actually is. I provide answers to these and other questions.

One furlong equals:

  • Eighth of a mile
  • 220 yards
  • 660 feet
  • .2 kilometer
  • 201.1 meters
  • One-eighth of a mile

TheEtymologyof the word “furlong.”

It’s fascinating to learn about the origins of words and how they’ve evolved throughout history; etymology is the study of the origins of words and how they’ve evolved throughout history. And there was an unusual development in the furlong. It comes from the “Old English” term furlang, which means “furlough.” The term “Old English” covers about 700 years, from 450 to 1150 AD, from the time of Anglo-Saxon colonization to the Norman Invasion. However, this does not offer a clear chronological limit.

Furlong, on the other hand, has survived the test of time despite a single letter alteration from “a” to “o.” Furlang is a mixture of two additional “Old English” terms, furh and lang, that may be traced back to their roots.

Lang is a slang term for long, and the word combination represents the length of a furrow or trench dug with a plow in English.

According to the rules, the length was defined to be 40 rods or 660 feet.

Furlong is an ancient unit of measure.

The Romans used the term to refer to the length of a stadium as well as the length of a Roman mile. Despite the fact that furlang was equivalent to one-eighth of a Roman mile, it did not convert to one-eighth of an English mile in English. The English mile was adjusted to match the Roman mile, rather than causing a rift in land measurement traditions across the country. In the early 1300s, England established a standard mile length of eight furlongs, with a furlong being defined as 40 rods.

The length of a rod, yard, and foot were all set by these criteria as well. A rod measured 5.5 yards or 16.5 feet in length. Queen Elizabeth I of England set these measures as national standards during her reign in the 16th century.

Furlongs are rarely used today, outside of horse racing.

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is the only country in the world that employs furlongs to indicate distances on highway signs; however, they are not alone in this. And the length of England’s numerous canals is still measured in miles and furlongs, as it has done for centuries. Interesting tidbits include:

  • Each furlong and four rods in width make up the length and width of a perfect acre. One furlong is approximately three-fifths the height of the Eiffel Tower, which is the highest structure in Paris at 1,776 feet. It’s also possible to think of it this way: the Eiffel Tower is 1.610 furlongs tall.

Why are horse races measured in furlongs

Horse racing is measured in furlongs because custom dictates that it should be; it is all about tradition. These characteristics may be seen in the breeding criteria, track names, and naming limitations. Furlongs were the unit of measurement that was first used to build up racecourses in England around the 1500s, when horse racing became an organized sport. The distance of a horse race is measured in furlongs; one furlong is equal to 1/8 of a mile or 220 yards, and one furlong is equivalent to 1/8 of a mile or 220 yards.

When a race is longer than a mile, it is measured in fractions of a mile.

The majority of horses begin their racing careers by competing in races that are less than a mile in distance.

Horse racing records in furlongs.

Races are timed at quarter poles (2 furlongs), and the results are posted on the racing forms for your convenience. Quarter pole times are how Thoroughbreds have a better record at this distance than other types of horses. Quarterhorse records are based on the time they take to get out of the starting gate in a quarter-mile race, whereas Thoroughbred records are based on the time they take to get out of the starting gate every 220 yards. They have an edge since they have a head start on the competition.

So if you see the numbers 4(f) or 6(f), you’ll know that it’s a half-mile or three-quarter-mile race, respectively.

The world record for a one-furlong horse race?

In a 220-yard race (one furlong), a quarter horse named Travel Plan holds the world record for the fastest time. The time of 11:493 was established at Los Alamitos Racecourse in 2009 during a cheap claiming event, which was the first time the record had been broken. Thoroughbreds do not compete in one-furlong races, but their times are recorded when they are competing in other races. The average time for a fast Thoroughbred to complete one furlong is 12 to 13 seconds for races of one mile or less, and 14 seconds for races of more than one mile.

What is the World record for two furlongs?

Drip Brew, a six-year-old Thoroughbred mare, broke a new world record for 2(f) in 2020, breaking the previous mark set in 2009. During the quarter-mile run at Praire Meadows, she ran in 19.93 seconds, setting a new track record. Since 2008, Winning Brew has held the world record for traversing the distance in 20.57 seconds, setting a new benchmark.

The quickest time for a quarter horse is 20.94 seconds, which is slower than the fastest time for a Thoroughbred. However, quarter horses are timed from a stop, whereas Thoroughbreds are already moving.

What is the record for a five-furlong race?

During the 1982 5(f) season, Chinook Pass, a three-year-old Thoroughbred, established the record with a time of 55 1/3seconds on the track. After that, he went on to win over half a million dollars while being ridden by the legendary Laffit A. Pincay Jr.

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What is the record for a five and one half furlong race?

Using a time of 55 1/3 seconds, Chinook Pass, a three-year-old Thoroughbred, set the world record for 5(f) in 1982. He went on to win over half a million dollars while being ridden by the legendary: Laffit A. Pincay, Jr., Jr.

What is the record for a six-furlong race?

The 6(f) record is currently held by Twin Sparks. Turf Paradise is home to the world record time of 1:06.49, which was established in 2009. Twin Sparks didn’t have much success in 2010 after having a fantastic season in 2009.

What is the record for a seven-furlong race?

Rich Cream was a late bloomer, having shown nothing in his first three racing seasons until bursting into the scene in 1980 as a five-year-old and setting the 7(f) track record. It has been more than 40 years since his time of 1:19 2/3seconds has stood.

What is a furlong in the bible?

The Bible is a fantastic resource, not just for your spiritual well-being, but also for providing historical context. When the Bible speaks about furlongs, it is referring to the Greek unit of measurement, which is 600 Greek feet, which is equivalent to 606 3/4 English feet, which is less than our current furlong of 660 feet. Furlongs are referenced at least twice in the Gospel of John, written by Jesus’ disciple John. The first time is in John 6:19, and the second time is in John 7:19. In this passage, Jesus walks on water, and John mentions the distance the apostles rowed their boat as “about five and twenty or thirty furlongs,” which is about five and twenty or thirty furlongs.

In the book of Revelations, the apostle John continued to utilize furlongs as a measure of distance.

According to the book of Revelation 14:20, he reported that blood flowed out of a winepress after a thousand and six hundred furlongs had passed.

After discovering that Jesus was no longer in his tomb, the two decided to go to a place named Emmaus, which was around threescore miles away from Jerusalem.

Related articles:

  • Why are some horse races held on grass while others are held on dirt or asphalt? Which horses were the winners of the Triple Crown? Meet the Thirteen Great Champions
  • What is a Stakes Race in the world of horseracing? How Do Horses Meet the Requirements? How tall are jockeys and how much do jockeys weigh are two important questions to ask. Everything You Need to Know About How Jockeys Select the Horses They Ride
  • The source of the purse money in horse racing is not well understood. What is the fastest a horse can run? a list of horse racing records
  • What is the significance of silks on jockeys’ uniforms?

Understanding the Differences Between Thoroughbred Racing and Quarter Horse Racing

The Differences Between Thoroughbred and Quarter Horse Racing: What You Should Know I posted a blog a few of weeks ago about the differences between Thoroughbred racing and Harness racing and how to comprehend them. As a result, I believe it is only fair that I also compare Thoroughbred racing to Quarter Horse racing in this article. Horse racing has been established since the twelfth century, but it was not until the late seventeenth century that organized horse racing began to take place in the United States of America.

In Annapolis, Maryland, the first organized Thoroughbred race took place in 1745, marking the beginning of the modern era.

Quarter Horses are regarded as the genuine sprinters of the sport, while Thoroughbreds are seen as more of a medium distance and speed type runner, and breeds such as Arabians are regarded as more of an endurance type runner because to the lengthy distances and slower speeds at which they compete.

  1. Half-mile events are measured in yards, and quarter horses commonly run races ranging from 220 yards (one furlong or.125 miles) to 770 yards (three and a half furlongs or.44 miles).
  2. Because of these speed races, Quarter Horse races may run anywhere from twenty seconds to forty-five seconds, which is significantly shorter than Thoroughbred races, which can take anywhere from one to two minutes.
  3. An further point of distinction between these two sorts of races is when the start of their respective race clocks begins.
  4. Thoroughbreds, on the other hand, are given a head start before their timer begins to tick.
  5. When the first horse passes the sensor, which is positioned at the run-up distance, the clock begins to run; if necessary, the clock may be manually started at any time.

The race continues beyond that point. Despite the fact that Quarter Horse races are far shorter than Thoroughbred races, they will nevertheless cause your adrenaline to spike and provide an exhilarating experience, just like their Thoroughbred cousin.

How many lengths in a second in horse racing?

Whenever you are creating speed ratings for a race, you must take into consideration the finishing time of each horse. If, on the other hand, you are simply provided the finishing time of the first horse to cross the finish line, as is frequently the case in UK horse racing, you will need to know the distance by which each horse was defeated. You may compute the finishing time for each horse based on the ‘lengths beaten’ for each horse, where a length equals a particular fraction of a second, as shown in the table below.

Although it used to be the case that one second would cover five lengths of ground, the British Horseracing Authority established the following distances as being equivalent to one second of time for all UK horse races on June 15th, 2008.

The result will be erroneous speed readings if you use UK time.

At Southwell, 5 lengths per second are achieved.

dh – dead heat, assuming time is equal to the horse aheadns – nose,.02 of a lengthsh – short head,.05 of a lengthsh – short head,.05 of a lengthsh – short head,.05 of a lengthsh – short head,.05 of a length Nk – neck.25 of a lengthhd – head.01% of a lengthhd.01% of a length It is just a question of adding up the lengths beaten and dividing this amount by the lengths per second, which was previously computed.

  1. Example One minute and forty seconds is all it takes to win a flat race on good to solid terrain.
  2. Make a point of noting that the further behind a horse is in the finishing order, the less accurate the estimated finishing time for that horse will be.
  3. A cut off point at a particular number of places or lengths behind the winner will be required in order to avoid erroneous speed data being recorded by your speed rating system.
  4. Horses who have been beaten and are cantering home outside of the placings can be ignored.
  5. See Also You should read Nick Mordin’sMordin on Time, which offers a plethora of data on speed ratings determined from finishing distances and which I strongly suggest.
  6. The use of Bioenergetics and Racehorse Ratings is an alternative method of determining speed ratings for racehorses.
  7. Because humans run on conventional tracks, measuring their speed is far easier than measuring the speed of other animals.

This book demonstrates how to construct a model for the performance of racing horses, and how to use that model to provide speed ratings for race horses. Speed Ratings for Racehorses- my own thoughts on how to create speed ratings for racehorses.

Racing Winning Margins Guide – Betting Guide

Australian winning margins can range from a Dead Heat to a Length or more, and form manuals can also include decimal margins that are easier for the layperson to read and comprehend. Horse Racing Info has supplied winning margins for Australian horse races in the table below for your convenience.

Winning Margins in Australian Racing

It’s a dead heat. When the race judge is unable to separate two or more horses as they cross the finish line together, the race is termed a ‘Dead Heat’ and the horses are disqualified. If no margin can be detected at the picture finish of the race, a dead heat result will be proclaimed and the race will be deemed a dead heat. Nose Officially, the narrowest margin by which a horse may win is a nose or a short half head. Head A head is the next winning margin and is equal to the length of a horse’s head in length.

A short neck would be defined as 0.05L to 0.25L in decimal equivalent, whereas a long neck would be defined as 0.25 to 0.50L in decimal equivalent.

Length A horse’s length is the distance between its nose and tail, and it is represented by the letter ‘len’ in a form guide.

a length of one meter or more The fractional equivalent of anything more than one length will be stated as 1 1/4 len, 3 1/2 len, or 4 3/4 len in a racebook form guide, although the decimal equivalent will be displayed as 1.25lb, 3.5lb, and 4.75lb.

Margins, WeightTime

In general, one length is equivalent to 1.5 kilograms in weight, which is widely accepted. Accordingly, if a horse wins by three lengths, it has theoretically gained 4.5kgs in weight. If this horse increases his weight by 3kgs for his next race against the same horses, he will have 1.5kgs left over in his sleeve. Form analysts who rate horses for races employ processes that are similar to those used by form analysts to provide a rating figure to a horse.

Horse Ratings Example

Continuing with the 1.5kgs equals one length illustration. If horse A is defeated by 4 lenses in a race with a race rating of 74, then horse A will have a final rating of 68, which is equal to 74 minus (4 * 1.5), which equals 6kgs. If horse A is defeated by 4 lenses in a race with a race rating of 74, then horse A will have a final rating of 68. By rating horses in this manner, it is possible to compare horses against one another based on their rating values, allowing for the identification of the highest rated runners.

The greater the distance that a horse must go, the greater the impact that the weight it must carry will have on it.

In terms of time, 6 lengths is commonly believed to be equivalent to one second in terms of racing time in most cases. For more information on Australian horse racing, please see ourBetting Guide.

Horse Racing Distances

You are here:Home-HelpInformation- Horse Racing DistancesThe distance horses race over is an essential element when studying horse racing. The race distance is simply thetotal length over which the race will be run (for example 1 mile means the horses will compete to see who wins when travellingover a distance of 1 mile in the race).

  1. We’ll stick with the 1.5kg equals one length comparison. The final rating of horse A is 68, which is calculated by subtracting the race rating of 74 from the final rating of horse A, which is equal to 6kgs. If horse A is defeated by 4 lenses in a race with a race rating of 74, horse A would have a final rating of 68, which is calculated by subtracting the race rating of 74 from (4 * 1.5). As a result, horses may be compared against each other based on their rating data, allowing racers to identify which horses are the most highly regarded. The data above are not fixed in stone and are subject to interpretation, but they serve as a good starting point for understanding how ratings operate. Horses are influenced by their load to a greater extent when they have to go a longer distance. Regarding time, 6 lengths is commonly believed to be equivalent to one second in terms of racing time in most situations. For more information on Australian racing, please see ourBetting Guide.

Horse Racing Distance Conversion Table

Understanding horse racing distances requires knowledge of the many measurement kinds that are employed, as well as the proper conversion factors and formulas. The distances traveled in horse races throughout the United Kingdom and Ireland are shown in the table below; the number of furlongs and yards that make up the distance are listed in the adjacent columns.

Race Distance Display Furlongs Yards
5f 5 1100
5½f 5.5 1210
6f 6 1320
6½f 6.5 1430
7f 7 1540
7½f 7.5 1650
1m 8 1760
1m½f 8.5 1870
1m1f 9 1980
1m1½f 9.5 2090
1m2f 10 2200
1m2½f 10.5 2310
1m3f 11 2420
1m3½f 11.5 2530
1m4f 12 2640
1m4½f 12.5 2750
1m5f 13 2860
1m5½f 13.5 2970
1m6f 14 3080
1m6½f 14.5 3190
1m7f 15 3300
1m7½f 15.5 3410
2m 16 3520
2m½f 16.5 3630
2m1f 17 3740
2m1½f 17.5 3850
2m2f 18 3960
2m2½f 18.5 4070
2m3f 19 4180
2m3½f 19.5 4290
Race Distance Display Furlongs Yards
2m4f 20 4400
2m4½f 20.5 4510
2m5f 21 4620
2m5½f 21.5 4730
2m6f 22 4840
2m6½f 22.5 4950
2m7f 23 5060
2m7½f 23.5 5170
3m 24 5280
3m½f 24.5 5390
3m1f 25 5500
3m1½f 25.5 5610
3m2f 26 5720
3m2½f 26.5 5830
3m3f 27 5940
3m3½f 27.5 6050
3m4f 28 6160
3m4½f 28.5 6270
3m5f 29 6380
3m5½f 29.5 6490
3m6f 30 6600
3m6½f 30.5 6710
3m7f 31 6820
3m7½f 31.5 6930
4m 32 7040
4m½f 32.5 7150
4m1f 33 7260
4m1½f 33.5 7370
4m2f 34 7480
4m2½f 34.5 7590
4m3f 35 7700
4m3½f 35.5 7810
4m4f 36 7920

Choice of race distance

Initial decisions on the optimal distance for a horse’s first race will likely be made based on a variety of criteria, including how the horse has behaved at home in a variety of situations and the distance that the horse’s parents and other relatives like the horse to run. It is possible for horses with greater experience to predict how they will handle future journeys based on how they have handled previous excursions over the same distance (and other similar lengths). For example, if a horse has raced 25 times and has won all four of those races at the same distance, this is an indication that the horse is consistent.

Distances in thehorse racing systembuilder

The Distance option allows you to pick a distance range that is suitable for your needs. Your selection will narrow the scope of the inquiry to only include races that take place within the distance range you choose. The same reasoning holds true for the different race distance categories that are based on the horse’s past runs. Observations –

  • Having the option of choosing between 5f1 mile, your system will only return races with a race distance equal to or between 5f and 1 mile. For example, if you only want to offer 7f races, you would specify the parameters to be between 7f and 7f. Setting the Distance (2LR) category to between 5f6f will restrict your search to horses whose second recent run race was equal to or between 5f and 6f in length.


It’s possible to provide a range of distances by which the horse was beaten in its prior race by using the Previous Distance Beaten configuration option.

  • Between a Short Head and a Length will limit the query to all horses who were beaten by more than or equal to a shorthead and less than or equal to a length in their most recent race
  • Between a Short Head and a Length will limit the query to all horses who were beaten by more than or equal to a length in their most recent race
  • Between a Short Head and a Length will limit the query to all horses who were beaten by more than or equal to Only horses that were defeated by precisely four lengths in their last race would be returned between 44 and 45.

Dist Won/Ahead

This particular system builder category considers the horse’s prior race, as well as the distance it finished ahead of the next finishing horse, in order to determine its performance. It is critical that you understand that this parameter does not just contain winning horses; in order to set this parameter, you must first set the previous placing category to 1. Unless you indicate a previous placement, you will obtain a jumbled array of results. Observations –

  • If you only want to include victors of their most recent race who won by ten lengths or more, you would make sure that prior placing was set first, and then set this category correctly
  • If you were looking for horses who finished third or worse but were only a short head ahead of their next rival, you would combine this category with the previous placing
  • If you were looking for horses who finished third or worse but were only a short head ahead of their next rival, you would combine this category with the previous placing

Horse Racing Distance Analysis Help

A aspect to consider while examining the horses entered to compete in any of today’s horse races is how each horse has fared over the same distance in the past, which is more often than not. Furthermore, it may be of interest to determine over what race distance the horse has had the best success. With this information, we may make some educated guesses about whether the horse is fit for today’s journey, if the horse is likely to remain (and therefore complete the trip), or whether the trip is too short (certain horses excel when having to travel further).

Distance Analysis Display

This graphic illustrates how each horse running in the race has performed in five independent tests conducted before to the race.

This table contains 5 major columns with headings for each of these tests. Each of these tests is marked as a header in the table. These are (in order of appearance): –

SHORTER Performance in any races ran over distances more than 2 furlongs shorter than todays trip
WITHIN 2 FURLONGS SHORT Performance in any races ran over distances within 2 furlongs shorter than todays trip
EXACT DISTANCE Performance in any races ran over same distance as todays trip
WITHIN 2 FURLONGS LONGER Performance in any races ran over distances within 2 furlongs longer than todays trip
LONGER Performance in any races ran over distances more than 2 furlongs longer than todays trip
Each of the main columns in the table has three sub columns displaying the number of Runs, Wins and Places in the test.

Horse Racing Terminology

A wager on a single horse to win, place, and show is placed across the board. a non-claiming race in which the racing secretary sets weight allowances based on prior purse earnings and/or the sorts of victories obtained by the horses. Also Eligible horses, sometimes known as “AE” horses, are horses who have been entered into the field but will not race until other horses are scratched. Apprentice jockey: A student jockey who will be given a weight allowance of varied degrees based on his or her level of experience in the horse racing industry.

  1. Race for two-year-old horses, especially early in the season, known as a “baby race.” A horse’s eyesight is limited with blinkers, which are typically used to assist the horse concentrate on running and to eliminate distractions when out in the field.
  2. Breeze: A word that is commonly used to describe a session in which a horse is readily running under a hold without the need for encouragement from the rider or trainer.
  3. A broodmare is a female thoroughbred who is bred for the purpose of producing offspring.
  4. A broodmare sire is a male horse that produces female offspring that are utilized for breeding purposes.
  5. Bull Ring: A short circuit with an oval that is often less than one mile in length and, as a result, features very tight corners.
  6. Consider the following scenario: A player purchases a Daily Double ticket for the 1 stand 2ndrace that is 8 with ALL.
  7. Carryover: Usually refers to money remaining in the parimutuel pool for a Pick Six wager when a sequence fails to produce a single player who selects all of the wins.

Pick Six pools can become quite big as a result of several carryovers.

Clocker: A person who keeps track of the time and/or rating of exercises.

To condition a horse for training purposes a description of the conditions under which a race will be held, such as the surface, distance, purse, and eligibility requirements.

For example, a player who wins five out of six races in the Pick 6 would often get a small consolation prize for their efforts.

With a single ticket, the player attempts to predict the winner of two consecutive races, which is known as a Daily Double.

Dark: A day on which a racetrack does not host any live racing action.

A route race or a race run around two turns is a race that covers a significant amount of ground.

A horse that has been hauled up or halted before to finishing the race is known as an eased horse.

Fast Track: A dirt track that is dry and firm is given a high rating.

Fire Sale: A horse’s claiming price is drastically reduced in the event of a fire.

Form: The present physical condition of a horse; it may also apply to the newspaper The Daily Racing Form.

Front Runner: A horse that prefers to run on or near the leading edge of the field.

A gelding is a male horse that has been castrated.

Dirt courses are often graded as Fast, Good, Muddy, or Sloppy according on their speed.

a stakes event that has been awarded a grade (I, II, or III) by the American Graded Stakes Committee based on its relative strength when compared to all other races in the same division This is the most prestigious type of racing.

Horses that are half sisters or brothers but have different dams are not considered half sisters or brothers under the breed standard.

A moderately intense exercise in which the jockey drives the horse on but does not use the whip is conveniently described as follows: Handle: The total amount of money wagered on a single race or over the course of an entire day.

The jockey did not lash a horse that was merely being ridden by the hand.

Horse:In technical terms, a “horse” is a male horse that is five years old or older.

In my possession: a horse that is being restrained.

When it comes to winning money, finishing in the top four often qualifies the owner to a portion of the prize money.

Irons:Stirrups A jockey agent is a person who arranges rides for a rider’s benefit.

The appearance of Eagles: A horse with a self-assured expression.

When a horse bears (drifts) in during a stretch run, it is typically an indication that the horse is fatigued and has to be restrained.

A marathon is a race that is more than 1 14 miles in length.

A race that is longer than seven furlongs but shorter than 1 1/8 mile is referred to as a middle distance race.

Minus The pool becomes insufficient after the track take to pay the holders of the winning tickets the legal minimum odds when a large amount of money is bet on a single horse and the pool becomes insufficient.

The odds set by the track prior to the opening of the pools are referred to as the morning line odds.

The Oaks is a stakes race for three-year-old fillies that takes place on the first Saturday in November.

Odds: The chances of a horse winning a specific race based on the amount of money wagered on it by the general public through pari-mutuel wagering. The following are the payouts for a $2 bet with the corresponding odds for each bet:

Odds $2 Payout Odds $2 Payout Odds $2 Payout
1-9 $2.10 3-2 $5.00 5-1 $12.00
1-5 $2.40 8-5 $5.20 6-1 $14.00
2-5 $2.80 9-5 $5.60 8-1 $18.00
1-2 $3.00 2-1 $6.00 10-1 $22.00
3-5 $3.20 5-2 $7.00 12-1 $26.00
4-5 $3.60 3-1 $8.00 15-1 $32.00
Even $4.00 7-2 $9.00 20-1 $42.00
6-5 $4.40 4-1 $10.00 30-1 $62.00
7-5 $4.80 9-2 $11.00 50-1 $102.00

The tote board, which is normally located in the infield, is known as the odds board. A horse that does not finish in the money gets taken off the board. A horse that is lagging behind the leaders in the early stages of a race is known as an off the pace horse. In contrast to fast (dirt) and firm (turf/grass), an off-track racing surface is any surface other than fast (dirt). a race in which the horses in the field may or may not be entered for a claiming price is known as an optional claiming race.

A horse would be termed a “overlay” if, for example, a player determines that horse A has 4/1 chances of winning while the current odds at the track have the horse at 10/1 odds of winning.

Pace refers to the speed at which the leaders are moving at each stage of the race.

Choose 3 (or 4, 5, 6, etc.): An unusual wager in which the gambler is required to pick the winner of three consecutive horse races.

A quarter crack is an injury to a horse’s foot that occurs in the quarters.

Rank:A horse who refuses to be rated early in the race is given this designation.

School: To train a horse in a controlled environment, such as a starting gate or a paddock.

To prevent a horse from leaping shadows, it is necessary to wrap a roll of fabric around his snout in order to limit his vision of the ground.

A horse that has traveled from one track to another in order to compete in a race is known as a shipper.

Sprint: A short race lasting little more than seven furlongs.

A wager in which the player attempts to predict the order in which the first four finishers in a race will cross the finish line.

Claim a price with this tag.

Each pool has money taken out for track revenue and taxes, which is removed from the total amount.

Trip: The path traveled by a horse and rider during the running of a race, as well as the “trouble” that they meet along the way There were no unexpected difficulties for a horse that had a “nice voyage.” Racing wide or getting boxed in by other horses are examples of what is referred to as a “poor trip.” Turf course: A course with grass as its surface.

Under wraps: A horse in which the rider is purposely slowing it down and preventing it from reaching peak speed. A frightened horse that is sweating is described as “washed out.”

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