What Is A Kwpn Horse? (Best solution)

What is the breed of horse known as KWPN?

  • breeding a competition horse that can perform at Grand Prix level;
  • with a constitution that enables long usefulness;
  • with a character that supports the will to perform as well as being friendly towards people;
  • with functional conformation and a correct movement mechanism that enables good performance;

Are KWPN horses good?

Combined with their uncomplicated temperament, they are the perfect sport horses. KWPN horses enjoy training and have a gentle and friendly spirit that makes them reliable partners and popular recreational horses. In addition, they are relatively easy to ride, which also makes them suitable for untrained riders.

What does KWPN stand for in horse breeds?

About the KWPN The KWPN ( Studbook of the Royal Dutch Sport Horse ) is a Netherlands-based organization specializing in the breeding of jumpers, dressage horses, harness horses, and Gelder horses.

Is KWPN the same as Dutch Warmblood?

A Dutch Warmblood is a warmblood type of horse registered with the Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland (Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN), which governs the breeding of competitive dressage and show jumping horses, as well as the show harness horse and Gelderlander, and a hunter studbook in

What breeds make a Dutch Warmblood?

The Dutch Warmblood is a fairly modern breed that was derived from two native Dutch Breeds — the Gelderlander and the Groningen. The breeders intended to combine the best characteristics of each breed and then the resulting offspring were further refined with the introduction of Thoroughbred blood.

Are all Dutch Warmbloods KWPN?

Since 2006, the KWPN has recognised three different categories of Dutch warmblood: riding horses, which are subdivided into dressage and jumping horses and make up 85% to 90% of the studbook; elegant harness horses; and the Gelders horse — a working animal similar to the old Gelderlander.

What breed makes the best dressage horse?

Dutch Warmblood The Dutch Warmblood is considered the world’s best dressage horse and the most common breed used for professional dressage.

Is a Gelderlander a KWPN?

The Gelderlander is a Dutch breed of warmblood horse. It was bred in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands as a carriage horse capable also of farm work. In 1965 it was one of the foundation breeds of the Dutch Warmblood or KWPN, the other being the heavier Groninger horse from the north.

What colors do warmbloods come in?

Colors and Markings The majority of Dutch warmbloods can be found in solid colors of black, bay, brown, gray, and chestnut. White markings are common. The tobiano pattern, which produces white patches, can also arise.

Is a Dutch harness horse a Dutch Warmblood?

The Dutch Harness Horse, or Tuigpaard, is a warmblood breed of fine driving horse that has been developed in the Netherlands since the end of World War II. Their studbook is kept by the Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland (Royal Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands) or KWPN.

What kind of horse does Dutch have?

The count is an arabian, they have a pretty distinctive face shape (it looks nothing like any other horse) and then there’s the issue of size. The count is an albino Arabian and the only albino horse in the game sadly.

Why are warmblood horses called warmbloods?

Horses are called warmbloods because they are a mix of hot and cold-blooded horses. These hot horses had desired athletic ability but needed a calmer demeanor, so a cold-blooded horse, often large draft breeds, was introduced to their bloodline.

Do Dutch Harness horses make good dressage horses?

The Netherlands have established themselves as one of the leading countries when it comes breeding dressage horses over the past thirty years. Their horses often have the knee action in front which looks impressive, though it is not always easy to keep up for the hind legs.

What do Dutch Warmbloods look like?

The Dutch Warmblood, sometimes referred to as the Nederlandsche Warmbloed, has a straight profile with a well-shaped head, arched, muscular neck, sloping shoulders, and a long, straight back. Its withers — the area between the shoulder blades — is prominent, while its croup (loin) is flat and short.

How much does a Dutch draft horse cost?

Price Range: From about $4,000 to several million dollars. A black stallion named Totilas was sold for approximately 11 million Euros to a German trainer. A premium performance breed, the Dutch Warmblood is a big, impressive horse with a good temperament.

What is a KWPN? H&H explains.

  • Height is measured in hands for horses, as previously indicated. While the history of measuring a horse in this manner is centuries old, the method is simple to grasp. The standard measuring equipment (such as tape measures, and so on) that we have now were not available to people in days long past. Their hands came in useful (no pun intended) when it came to determining the size of a horse. A “hand” has been defined in several ways throughout history and in various places, including the width of a person’s hand using only the fingers, the width of a person’s hand using the fingers plus the thumb, the height of a clenched fist, and maybe other things as well. At some point in history the measurement of a hand was standardized to be four inches in length. A hand is still the unit of measurement for horses that modern horse owners use today, despite the fact that the roots are old. How to Do It. An Attachment Strap Made of Leather is Recommended. The Art of Bridling a Horse. On eBay, you may purchase cowboy memorabilia. Handling A Silk Wild Rag. Care Instructions Keep Your Felt Cowboy Hat in Good Condition. Preserving Your Saddle Pad or Blanket. Silver Conchos with a Shiny Finish. A Chain Latch is used to close a gate. The Teeth of Cattle Can Be Used to Estimate Their Age How to Calculate the Weight of a Horse. How to Calculate the Size of a Western Cinch Fishtail Draw the tail of your horse. Cow Horns Should Be Flattened. What is the intelligence of horses?. A Cow’s Skull Is Hydrogenated. Make a Bridle Rack out of tin cans and other recycled materials. Make a collapsible wood saddle rack using these instructions. Using a horn, create a flag boot. Learn how to make your own homemade hoof conditioner. How to Make Your Own Horse Fly Repellent. To Determine the Girth of a Horse. To Determine the Height of a Horse. Western Saddle Seat Dimensions. How to Sort Through Your Wild Rags. A Horn Knot Can Be Used To Secure Your Rope Installing a Honda Speed Burner. Colors of Horses That Are Frequently Seen. Common Horse Face Markings to Look Out For. Put A Horse In A Saddle. Putting A Stop To A Squeaking Saddle. Photoshoot with Horses. Tell the difference between a boy cow and a girl cow. It’s easy to tell the difference between a horse and a cow skull. Tie a Honda to something. Horse Tied. A Quick Release Knot is a knot that can be tied quickly. A Stopper Knot should be tied on your cordage. Finish the end of a rope or a metal, rawhide, or plastic honda by tying a stopper knot on each end. Honda: How to Tie a Stopper Knot To prevent the honda from tying up, tie a stopper knot. Prepare to tie an unruly ragknot. A Bridle Path Needs Trimming. Blevins Buckles should be turned over. Western Stirrups are turned. Identify the thickness of leather or hide. RiderWeight Optimization by Weighing a Horse. Bone Whitening. Use Rubber to Wrap Around a Saddle Horn. Additionally, you may be interested in The Definition of Horse Tips and Who Was Responsible for Providing Them Some of the photos and/or other content on this website are the property of their respective owners and are protected by intellectual property laws. Everything else is protected under CowboyWay.com’s copyright, which is valid from 1999 until 2022.


The KWPN is a contemporary organization with a long and illustrious history. It was established during a period when the horse was prized solely for its pulling strength and nothing else. That practical purpose has long ago been superseded by other, more important ones. Nowadays, the Royal Dutch Sport Horse symbolizes a completely new set of values: the potential to astonish horse aficionados all around the globe with outstanding performances in show jumping, dressage, and stunning driving competitions, among other things.

A KWPN horse is classified into one of four categories based on its bloodlines, conformation, and abilities: jumper, dressage horse, harness horse, or Gelder horse, among others.

Gelder horse

The practice of registered warmblood breeding dates back more than a century. The existence of multiple regional and local studbooks at the time, all of which concentrated on breeding horses exclusively for agricultural labor, was notable at the time. The type of horse bred was dictated by the type and size of the farms, as well as the soil composition of the farms. To work the marine clay soil located in the northern portion of the Netherlands around Groningen, for example, a heavier farm horse was required than was required to work the sandy soils found in areas of the province of Gelderland.

A magnificent carriage-type horse with English blood in its ancestry (Thoroughbred, Hackney, and Yorkshire Coach Horse) was created in Gelderland province as a result of this.

Following World War II, several good Gelder lineages were splintered off to concentrate in harness horse breeding or the present globally acclaimed KWPN jumping and dressage horse breeding, which is still going strong today.

KWPN agreed to adapt the Gelder horse breeding direction as a result of this decision.

Because of its shape, talents, willingness, and dependable temperament, the Gelder horse is ideally suited for work both under saddle and in harness, and it is also a good candidate for breeding. Moreover, the Gelder horse’s adaptability has made him extremely popular all over the world.

Harness horse

Over a century has passed since warmblood horses were first introduced in the Netherlands; over this time, the Dutch have consistently adjusted their breeding goals to meet the demands of a changing market. Over time, the desire for a “Sunday horse” with more attractive conformation and a proud demeanor evolved from the requirement for a robust horse with loads of pulling strength for use on the farm. Horses lost their ability to carry heavy loads on the farm with the advent of machinery, but their appeal as carriage display horses continued to grow.

Specifically designed mare and stallion selection processes were established, and a specific breeding program was put in place.

KWPN Portal homepage

The stallion’s mother is taken into consideration throughout the choosing process. The focus for this week is the stallion’s mother. WHEN: Immediately before the first-round showing. Based on information obtained through studbook registration and mare tests, the quality of each stallion’s dam is determined at this time. Many of the stallions’ dams are visited and evaluated in their residence, which is on the property of their breeder or registered party, between the first and second round of viewing.

  • So we assess these mares and write out draft reports on their performance.
  • This occurs in the interval between the first and second rounds of watching.
  • However, in order to keep expenses down, those that are stabled further away from home are only examined if their kid participates in the performance test.
  • The dam report that results is released when her son has given his consent.
  • After all, breeding is all about genetics, which implies that a mare’s unfavorable characteristics can have a significant detrimental impact on her offspring.
  • Because the breeding industry has become increasingly multinational and employs certified stallions from all across Europe, the disparities between studbooks have been less significant in recent decades.
  • Given that a score of at least 70 points is necessary to obtain the ster predicate, a dam who has earned this score is regarded to be in the right category.
  • Inspecting and recording the characteristics of these lower-scoring mares, including conformation, height, and any anomalies, is the next step.
  • If, for example, the mare’s feet are extremely dissimilar to her son’s feet, this is a cause for concern, and the stallion selection committee will consider it throughout the evaluation process.

When a mare ages, her look can alter dramatically, and her appearance in later years may present an inaccurate depiction of her intrinsic conformation. As a result, we will mention, for example, that an older mare with a significantly lowered top-line was appraised at the age of 21.

Dutch Warmblood – Wikipedia

Dutch Warmblood

Dutch Warmblood stallion performing dressage at the World Cup
Other names Dutch Riding Horse
Country of origin Netherlands
Distinguishing features Modern warmblood horse suitable for dressage and show jumping.
Breed standards
  • The Royal Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands is a collection of information on warmblood horses.

ADutch Warmbloodis a warmbloodtype of horse that is registered with theKoninklijkWarmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland (Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN), which governs the breeding of competitivedressage and show jumpinghorses, as well as the show harness horse and the Gelderlander, and a hunterstudbook in NorthAmerica. The Dutch, who were produced through a breeding program that began in the 1960s, are among the most successful competition horses to have been developed in postwarEuropean history.


The Netherlands had two types of utility horses prior to World War II: Gelderlandersbred in the south, which were governed by the Gelderlander Horse Studbook (1925), and Goringenbred in the north, which were governed by the NWP (1943). In appearance and temperament, the Groningen was and continues to be a heavy-set warmblood horse that is closely related to the Alt-Oldenburger and East Friesian breeds. It was a more graceful variant of the Gelderlander, and it was frequently used as a carriage horse in addition to its usefulness as a draft horse.

The Royal Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands was formed as a result of the merger of these two registries (KWPN).

Early in the twentieth century, stallions such theFrenchbredL’InvasionandHolsteinerNormannwere imported to stimulate a shift in the type of Dutch horses, and they were quickly followed by the HolsteinerAmor and HanoverianEclatant, both of whom were imported in the 1950s.

The Gelderlander, the Tuigpaard, or Dutch Harness Horse, and riding horses bred for either dressage or show jumping are the four parts that make up the KWPN today.


The practice of branding is prohibited under Dutch law, hence only the oldest Dutch Warmbloods from the Netherlands continue to have the lion-rampant mark on their left hip. Instead, the horses have microchips implanted in them. North American Dutch Warmbloods, on the other hand, may still be branded. Mares must stand at least 15.2hands(62 inches, 157 cm) at the withers, and stallions must stand at least 15.3hands(63 inches, 160 cm) at the withers in order to be considered for breeding. Although there is no maximum height restriction, very tall horses are unpractical for sport and unattractive in general.

  • There are also a handful oftobianohorses in the population as a result of the effect of the authorized stallionSamber, albeit a second tobiano stallion has not been approved in the intervening period.
  • In order to prevent bad-tempered stallions and mares from breeding and producing unmanageable horses, strict selection techniques are used.
  • The findings of performance tests enable breeders and purchasers to select horses with temperaments that are ideal for amateur riding.
  • When it comes to dressage horses, cooperativeness is essential as a part of the submission necessary in the discipline.
  • Breeding Dutch Warmbloods has evolved from producing a “riding horse” to being more focused on producing dressage type and jumper type horses since the turn of the millennium.
  • When a full population is divided into two subpopulations, genetic progress in both qualities can be obtained more quickly than if the whole population is subjected to simultaneous selection in both features.
  • The Dutch Warmblood is a long-legged, robust horse with a smooth topline and a dry, expressive expression on his face.
  • In both directions, a variety of characteristics are desirable, such as “long lines” or a rectangular frame, “balanced proportions,” and beauty, among others.

The requirements for the two types differ not only in terms of the desired interior qualities, but also in terms of their overall form. Based on the genealogy of the horse, the precise outline of the Dutch Warmblood may be determined.

Medical issues

Because of the strict restrictions set on stallions and exceptional mares, Dutch Warmbloods are healthy and long-lived. While radiographs of modest navicular alterations, sesamoids, pastern arthritis, and bone spavin are tolerated, radiographs of osteochondrosis in the hock or stifle are not. Horses with hereditary eye problems, an over- or underbite, or a lack of symmetry in the stifles, hocks, hooves, or movement are prohibited from breeding.


The Grand Prix level of show jumping is achieved by a Dutch Warmblood mare. The KWPN has produced more successful international show jumping horses than any other registration in the world. In 2010, the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses (WBFSH) ranked Dutch Warmbloods as the number one horse in the world in both jumping and dressage. Royal Kaliber,Montender,Authentic (Nimrod), Mac Kinley in 2004, De Sjiemin in 2000, and Hickstead in 2008 are just a few of the recent Olympic medalists who were bred in the Netherlands.

  • At the 2010 FEI World Equestrian Games in Doha, Qatar, the Dutch Warmblood stallionMoorlands Totilas set a world record for the best dressage score in Grand Prix Freestyle Dressage and earned three gold medals for his country.
  • Valegro is a KWPN who is a son of Negro.
  • The Dutch Warmblood is a popular option for thehunterring in North America, and for good reason.
  • Rox Dene was named “Hunter of the Century” by the Chronicle of the Horse.
  • Rox Dene was then bred to Popeye K, who was a success.


Dressage horses of exceptional ability make up the KWPN breed, which is a relatively new breed.

Profile KWPN

KWPN is a breed of dog (Koninklijk Warmbloed Paard Nederland) A classic rectangular body, powerful neck and exquisite, medium-sized head, expressive eyes and a height between 165 and 170 cm at the withers. Color of coat: various shades of brown and chestnut, with a preference for brown and chestnut. Characteristics: outgoing, brave, energetic, and motivated High knee skips and enthusiastic and expansive motions characterize the gait. Europe and North America have the highest prevalence. Dressage and jumping, carriage driving, leisure and exhibition riding are all possibilities.

Facts about horses

What if I told you something you already knew? These well-known warm-blooded horses are not only excellent with people, but they are also excellent with other horses.

The gentle horses from the Netherlands are quite quiet by nature, which is why they do not have any difficulties living in huge groups of horses with other gentle horses. Horses from the KWPN get along really well with one another.

Talented allrounders

The KWPN (Koninklijk Warmbloed Paard Nederland) is a warm-blooded horse from the Netherlands that has been imported into the country. It is one of the world’s most recent horse breeds, having been developed only a few decades ago. In the mid-20th century, the Dutch Groningen and Gelderland horses were crossed to form the foundation of the KWPN breeding program. These gorgeous and athletic horses with a specific ability for different riding disciplines were developed via extensive crossbreeding with thoroughbred horses.

Holland’s warm-blooded horses, especially those trained for jumping and dressage, have proven to be exceptional performers in international competition.

In the realm of professional riding, he is widely regarded as one of the world’s top dressage horses, if not the finest.

Today, there are three distinct kinds of KWPN breeding, each of which is suited to a particular type of competition.

The perfect horse for every rider

The horses of the KWPN breed have the appearance of typical warm-blooded horses. A rectangular body, an exquisite head, and a powerful neck are the characteristics of this species. Because they are descended from either the Groninger or the Gelderland horse, their bodies might be either sturdier or more delicate in appearance. Many KWPN horses have an appearance that is comparable to that of thoroughbreds, which is reflected in their gaits as well. Their motions are fluid and expansive, giving them an air of elegance and exquisiteness that is hard to match.

They are bold, eager to learn and extremely robust.

They are easy to teach and have a kind and loving nature, which makes them reliable mates as well as popular leisure horses.

Furthermore, they are extremely simple to ride, making them suited for both experienced and inexperienced riders.

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Horse of the Year for Performance in 2019 Laura Graves rides Verdades (Florett As x Liwilarda by Goya), a horse that was bred by Goya. Shannon Brinkman contributed to this image.

The KWPN and the KWPN-NA

The KWPN is one of the largest Warmblood studbooks in the world, and its horses have routinely ranked at or near the top of the global rankings in both the jumping and dressage disciplines. The North American Department of the Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN) was created in 1983 to promote the breeding and pleasure of the KWPN horse in North America. The KWPN horse is a registered trademark of the Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN). Because the NA/WPN was established as the North American Department of the KWPN, the name of the organization was ‘Americanized’ in 1997 to The Dutch Warmblood Studbook in North America in order to be more easily recognized as such.

The KWPN of North America, Inc. was established on January 1, 2006, to represent the organization’s new name.

Role of the KWPN-NA

To bring the enthusiasm and dedication of the Dutch breeder to North America, the non-profit KWPN-NA association has been in existence for more than thirty years. As a result, breeders in North America are now producing top international horses who compete across the world in a number of disciplines. The KWPN-NA has developed to become one of the largest Warmblood organizations on the continent, with more than 1,300 members and an average of more than 420 registered foals every year over the previous decade.

Through a variety of programs, the KWPN-NA staff and volunteer board work tirelessly to encourage the participation of registered KWPN horses in equestrian sport, and to structure appropriate awards programs that will recognize and promote excellence It also maintains an extensive database that contains detailed breed registration information, inspection and performance results, as well as ownership transfers and sales for all registered KWPN horses in North America; distributes educational and informational data to breeders, owners, and other interested individuals pertaining to the breeding, raising, and approval of KWPN horses in North America; and schedules and conducts various inspections of stallions, foals, and mares throughout North America.

The following are some of the objectives of our mission:

  • Set up a non-profit organization comprising breeders, owners, and other interested parties in order to promote and preserve the registered (KWPN) Dutch warmblood horse in North America
  • Manage and operate the organization To encourage the involvement of registered KWPN horses in the different equestrian disciplines, as well as the establishment of suitable awards programs to recognize and promote achievement on the part of KWPN horses and their breeders, owners, riders, and trainers
  • Ensure that a database is maintained that contains the following information: full breed registration information, inspection and performance results, including ownership transfers and sales for all registered KWPN horses in North America
  • Develop and disseminate instructional and informative materials to breeders, owners, and other interested parties about the breeding and nurturing of KWPN horses, including scheduling and conducting different inspections of stallions, foals, mares, and geldings throughout North America
  • And Through targeted advertising, raise knowledge of the KWPN horse among the general population. Collaborate with other horse industry associations, breed registries, and/or government agencies on matters and issues pertaining to the horse industry in North America, such as health and safety standards, as well as other guidelines and regulations that may have an impact on the activities of breeders, owners, riders, and trainers of horses
Our By-Laws

The KWPN-NA is a non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of women in the workplace. Stallion Performance Testing in the Netherlands (Photo courtesy of Dirk Caremans)View the By-Laws The KWPN is one of the largest and most successful sporthorse studbooks in the world, with over 20,000 horses under its care. For many years, the KWPN has held the top spot in the studbook rankings of the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses, the international umbrella breeding organization for the sport horse industry (WBFSH).

In 2014, the KWPN finished first in dressage and jumping, and fourth in eventing, repeating their previous results.

The KWPN Horse

The KWPN horse is a sporthorse with international appeal who competes in a variety of disciplines. It exhibits traits like as willingness, courage, physical and mental strength, and has been bred to perform at the best level possible. It is also dependable, user-friendly, and aesthetically pleasant to the eye. A sound mind in a healthy physique is a characteristic of the KWPN horse, thanks to the deliberate breeding philosophy of the KWPN. The combination of athletic ability and a simple disposition distinguishes these horses and makes them extremely popular with riders and breeders at all levels of equestrian competition and breeding.

The majority of KWPN horses are acquired by breeders, amateur riders, and horse lovers, while the greatest compete at the Grand Prix level in international show jumping and dressage under the guidance of elite riders.

From Workhorse to Olympic Champion

The KWPN is a contemporary organization with a long and illustrious history. It was established during a period when the horse was prized solely for its pulling strength and nothing else. That practical purpose has long ago been superseded by other, more important ones. Nowadays, the Royal Dutch Sport Horse symbolizes a completely new set of values: the potential to astonish horse aficionados all around the globe with outstanding performances in show jumping, dressage, and stunning driving competitions, among other things.

A KWPN horse can be recognized as a jumping horse, dressage horse, harness horse, or Gelders horse, depending on its genes, conformation, and ability.

World-Class Sport and Hobby

It is with entire conviction and excitement that the KWPN seeks to realize its goal: to breed contemporary sporthorses capable of competing at the highest levels of international equestrian competition. In the same way, it aspires to produce healthy horses that willingly and easily do the tasks that are required of them. The KWPN has become well-known around the world as a result of achieving this aim. The KWPN, on the other hand, is not only concerned with world-class competition; after all, the vast majority of riders do not have the desire or chance to actively participate in equestrian sports as professionals.

This is why the attitude of the Royal Dutch Sport Horse is as vital to its sporting ability, since everyone likes a friendly and willing horse at the end of the day.

North America

The North American Department of the Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN) was created in 1983 to promote the breeding and pleasure of the KWPN horse in North America. The KWPN horse is a registered trademark of the Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN). The KWPN of North America, Inc. was established on January 1, 2006, to represent the organization’s new name. The KWPN-NA has more than 1,300 members who join on a yearly basis. The KWPN-NA staff and volunteer board work tirelessly to encourage the participation of registered KWPN horses in equestrian sport and to develop appropriate awards programs that will recognize and promote excellence on the part of KWPN horses, breeders, owners, riders, and trainers in North America.

Federstan I x Die Dame Westster (pref. by Damenstolz Hann); Florianus II crown (Florestan I x Die Dame Westster); Dressage Type (DP), Terri Miller contributed to this image.

Specialized Breeding Directions

The KWPN horses have been divided into three separate breeding directions for many years: the Riding type (RP), the Gelders type (GP), and the Harness type (HT) (TP). To further differentiate between the Dressage (DP) and Jumper types in the breeding program of Riding horses, the KWPN chose to further divide this breeding trend (SP). There is a third variety in North America, which is known as the Hunter type (HP). Each breeding direction has been assigned a breeding goal that has been established.

The birth declaration will include a box in which the preferred breeding direction can be indicated.

It is possible to alter a horse’s breeding direction as an adult if the owner requests it or if the KWPN keuring jury recommends it and the horse would plainly fit better in another breeding direction and fits the qualifications for that breeding direction.

Additional information on Breeding Directions and Breeding Goals may be found at the following links: Instructions for Breeding Breeding Objectives

KWPN Predicates

Studbook inspection, as well as the acquisition of the star, keur, IBOP, and sport predicates, are only available to horses that are breeding in the same direction as the horse’s breeding direction. Riding type mares that have previously been admitted into the studbook will have their keur predicate in the breeding direction of their performance test or sport record applied to them (Dressage, Jumper or Hunter). Pony mares of the dressage/jumper/hunter breeding directions are eligible to obtain the PROK, D-OC, preferent, and prestatie predicates in the same manner as mares of other breeding directions.


All horses: ster, PROK, D-OC, IBOP, and the crown. Mares only– keur, elite, preferent, and prestatie are all words that come to mind. Horses only–ster, second bezichtiging, third bezichtiging, aangewezen (or licensed), keur, and preferent. Mares, Geldings, and Stallions are only allowed in North America for sport.

Predicates earned at a keuring (breeding direction specific)

Keuring Champion is a title that is awarded to a person who has excelled in a keuring competition.

Ster (★)

A horse with a ster predicate has superior con­formation, movement, and/or jumping abilities compared to other horses. This predicate is granted during studbook inspection to all stallions, mares, and geldings that have received at least 70 points in conformation and at least 75 points in either movement or jumping at the time of inspection.

The minimum height requirement is 160cm. After earning 70 points for conformation, but less than 75 points for movement or jumping, a horse may be eligible to acquire the ster predicate by completing the IBOP test in the same breeding direction as the conformation score.

Keur (K)

A predicate for ster mares that are keur eligible, have conformation that is greater than that of ster mares, and have completed the IBOP performance test or similar sport criteria is available.

Elite (E)

A predicate granted to keur mares who have also fulfilled the D-OC predicate (for riding type mares) or the PROK predicate (for performance type mares) (for harness mares only or horses who do not qualify for D-OC testing).


a predicate for horses in the KWPN Foalbook or Studbook, in the Register A, in the Auxiliary Foalbook, or in the Auxiliary Studbook that have passed the IBOP riding or driving examination. This predicate, when combined with keur eligibility, would count toward keur eligibility.

Predicates not earned at a keuring

Acceptable Radiograph Scores
Navicular Bone 0-1-2
Sesamoids 0-1-2-3-4
Pastern Arthritis 0-1-2-3
Bone Spavin 0-1-2
OCD HockKnee Class A–B; Class C only acceptable under certain conditions
OCD Fetlock No selection
The KWPN standard is not met if a score is higher than the above.

KWPN’s Project Röntgenologisch Onderzoek (Rotgenological Investigation) (Project Radiographical Research KWPN). The breeding aim of the KWPN states, among other things, that it seeks to develop healthy horses in its breeding program. The PROK predicate is granted to horses who fulfill the radiological standards set by the KWPN (Kennel Club of Northern Ireland). This indicates that the horse has high bone quality, which it will be able to pass on to any prospective progeny if it is bred. Each set of radiographs is reviewed and assessed by an independent KWPN committee, and the PROK certificate is granted if the evaluation is favorable.

The KWPN must assess radiographs within three months of the date on which they were collected.


An honor given to KWPN-registered mares, stallions, and geldings based on the genetic breeding value of the animals in question. On the basis of a DNA test, a prognosis of the horse’s potential for certain qualities can be obtained (at a young age) in order to improve the horse’s performance. The DNA samples will be gathered in the form of hair for the purpose of calculating the genomic breeding values on the basis of the DNA tests performed on the samples obtained. DNA samples can be sent to the KWPN-NA office, which will then be transmitted to the KWPN for further analysis.

Form D-OC (Department of Corrections)

NEWThe KWPN-NA is now awarding medallions to any mare/stallion/gelding who has acheived the Preferent, Prestatie or Crown predicates in the last 30 years.

Medallion Request Form (PDF)

Preferent (pref or PA)

Three children who have gained the ster predicate have been born to KWPN registered mares who have earned the ster predicate. It is also possible for the predicate to be conferred posthumously. Each of the children must meet the following requirements:

  • Mare–ster, keur, or elite
  • Gelding–ster quality
  • Mare–ster, keur, or elite Stallion–ster, 2nd or 3rd round, aangewezen (chosen for performance test), or authorized by the KWPN or Erkend studbook
  • Stallion–ster, 2nd or 3rd round, aangewezen (picked for performance test)

Gelding– ster quality; mare– ster, keur, or superior. the 2nd or 3rd round of the KWPN or Erkend studbook, aangewezen (chosen for performance test), and/or authorized by the Erkend studbook; the stallion–ster of the 2nd or 3rd round of the KWPN or Erkend studbook;

Prestatie (prest)

It is a predicate granted to KWPN registered mares that produce a minimum of two offspring who receive a cumulative minimum of five points, as stated in more detail on the tab to the left labeled “Prestatie Point System.” It is also possible for the predicate to be conferred posthumously. According to the point system, a single offspring’s performance in two different disciplines counts toward the prestatie predicate in both cases.

In the instance of numerous performances in the same discipline, only the highest-scoring performance will be taken into consideration. The point system is depicted in the chart. Mare Research has been requested.


On the basis of their own performance in recognized shows, predicate points are granted to KWPN Registered mares (Geldings and Stallions in North America only). (Please note that dressage tests conducted in 2003 and after are excluded!) Predicate requests can be made by submitting the horse’s registration document along with the sport application and official evidence of sport results, which are both necessary for the predicate. After the results have been confirmed, the owner will get updated paperwork as well as a certificate in the mail.

  • A point at a minimum Z2 dressage level (L3T2)
  • Six points at a minimum Z level jumping (Level 6 jumping
  • Jumps to 1.30m or 4’3′′)
  • Six points in 3’6+ Hunter Divisions (Amateur, Junior, and Professional Divisions)
  • Points at a minimum Z2 eventing level (Preliminary), with no more than 20 penalty points in cross country
  • And six points in 3’6+ Hunter Divisions (Amateur, Junior, and Professional Divisions

Mare Research has been requested.


A KWPN-NA performance predicate is a rating given to stallions, mares, and geldings who compete at the highest level in the sport. Horses must be among the top 300 dressage or jumping horses in the world according to the WBFSH/FEI rankings. 70 percent or more of the population 3 points in the winner’s circle 65 percent to 70% of the population 2 points for the winner 60 to 65 percent of the population 1 point for the winner 50 to 60% of the population There has been no change. 45 to 50% of the population 1 point deducted for failure to comply Round2 winning points are unambiguous.

Completing the cross-country course without making any mistakes and within the time restriction 2 points for the winner Completing cross country with no more than 10 penalty points at M level or no more than 20 penalty points at Z level earns you a single winning point.

Points earned through Performance Points
Completed stallion performance test¹ 1
Completed stallion performance test and is approved¹ 2
IBOP earning the minimum points for prestatie² 1
Dressage competition at Z1+1 one point at L3T1 or higher)³ 1
Dressage competition at Z2+1 (one point at L3T2 or higher)³ 2
Dressage competition at Grand Prix 3
Jumping competition M+5 (5 points at Level 5 or higher)³ 1
Jumping competition Z+1 (1 point at Level 6 or higher)³ 2
Jumping competition at Grand Prix 3
Combined training M+5 (5 points at Training or higher) ³ 1
Combined training Z+1 (1 point at Preliminary or higher) ³ 2
Combined Driving at International level, participating in all components³ 1
¹ Performance test– A son that has completed the 1996 or later KWPN Performance Test in Holland or in North America.
² IBOP riding test
Each offspring that meets one of the following criteria can earn 1 point.
Through 1994 90 points, gaits average of 990 points, jumping 9, min. gaits average of 6
1995–2005 45 points for jumping45 points for dressage, basic gaits minimum of 785 points overall, basic gaits minimum of 6
2006 and later 80 points
Through 1994 Minimum 90 points 2
1995 and later more than 80 points but less than 85 1
85 points or more (all scores minimum of 8) 2
³ Sport(Dressage tests 2003 and later only!)
Z1 dressage = L3T1; Z2 dressage = L3T2
M jumping (1.20m) = (3’11”) Jumper: Level 5 or Hunter: Second year Green
Z jumping ((1.30m) = (4’3”) Jumper Level 6 or Hunter: Regular Working Hunter
M eventing (CC 1.20m) = Training level (3’11”); Z eventing (CC 1.30m) = Preliminary level (4’3”)

The Dutch Warmblood (KWPN-NA) Breed Profile

Dutch Warmblood (KWPN-NA) horses compete at some of the world’s most prestigious equestrian contests, including the Grand Prix of the Netherlands. Dutch Warmbloods are exceptionally flexible athletes that have been bred for charm and a willingness to put their best foot forward. Equitrekking speaks with Willy Arts and Silvia Monas, as well as representatives from KWPN North America, about the Dutch Warmblood horse. Find out if the Dutch Warmblood is the appropriate breed for you by watching the video below.

  • Raina Paucar’s contribution to Equitrekking is as follows: I’d want to know some interesting facts about the Dutch Warmblood.
  • Uraeus is a son of Polaris and Karika by Ramzes II.
  • There have been reports of many Dutch Warmblood horses being “kept prisoner” at Angola, the Louisiana State Prison, where they are a part of the vast horse program.
  • In the dressage, jumping, hunter, and driving arenas, the Dutch Warmblood has shown to be a formidable competitor.
  • In eventing, KWPN horses are making gains as well, finishing in fifth position this year after placing in eleventh place the previous year.
  • Jazz) was in first place, while BMC van Grunsven Simen (s.
  • Blue) was in first place in the FEI individual jumping rankings.

Equestrian Expedition: Where do you think the Dutch Warmblood (KWPN-NA) came from and how did it get its name?

A greater number of Groninger type horses were employed and were well-known for their strength, which was attributed to the thick clay in which they were required to labor.

Through the years, these two sorts of horses came together to form the WPN organization.

That is why it is referred to as KWPN.

There are four breeding directions in the KWPN at current time: jumping, dressage, fine harness, and the geldings or “basic type.” In North America, we also have the hunter’s orientation to consider.

The practice of registered Warmblood breeding in the Netherlands dates back more than a century.

Several regional and municipal studbook associations developed bigger horses expressly for working the clay soil in the northern United States throughout the nineteenth century (Groningen).

WPN (Warmbloed Paarden-stamboek Nederland) was formed in 1969 when these two organizations merged to become the national studbook organization WPN (Warmbloed Paarden-stamboek Nederland), which was given the royal designation (Koninklijk) in 1988 by Queen Beatrix.

Silvia Monas (Silvia Monas): In addition to its athletic abilities and soundness, the Dutch Warmblood is noted for its willingness to work as well as its ability to compete at the highest levels of sport.

In general, the horse is built upward and has straight, clean legs with well spaced feet and hooves.

It has a well-muscled back and hindquarters, and it has a powerful back.

Susanne Trickey photographed a Dutch Warmblood mare and her foal.

Silvia Monas (Silvia Monas): Because of the widespread use of agricultural technology in the fields and on farms, the horse’s original function has been replaced by a new one.

Of course, it took a few years for this to happen.

The Dutch currently have specialist breeding directions to meet the demands of riders competing in international competitions.

Equitrekking: What kind of temperament is the Dutch Warmblood bred for, and why is it so?

Photograph by My Weber of Chester Weber and his Dutch Warmbloods competing in Aachen, Germany.

As Silvia Monas points out, Dutch Warmblood breeders create horses for a wide range of riding styles and reasons.

The horse is well-known for its willingness and drive to put in long hours of work.

With its breeding program, the KWPN hopes to develop performance horses who:Perform at the Grand Prix level;Have a constitution that allows them to be useful for a long period of time; It is important to have a character that promotes the desire to accomplish while still being amiable and good-natured toward others.

It has a visually appealing façade that is associated with elegance, nobility, and high quality.

Silvia Monas: The Dutch Warmblood has evolved throughout the course of history.

It has been decades since the KWPN horses were divided into three distinct breeding directions: the Riding type (RP), the Gelders type (GP), and the Harness type (TP).

In North America, there is also a third variety, which is known as the Hunter (HP).

Photograph by Kenneth Braddick of the International Space Station (ISF) in Aachen.

Silvia Monas (Silvia Monas): In addition to competing at the 2000 Olympics, where he won a team Silver medal, Ferro(by Ulft) also competed at two World Cups.

He came out on top in his performance evaluation.

A considerable number of Ferro descendants have competed at both the national and international levels in dressage, and many more continue to do so.

It was Nimmerdor(by Farn) who had the greatest impact on jumper breeding in the globe, not just in Holland, but also in nations all over the world.

He was also a very successful international jumper who sired more than fifty approved stallions all over the world.

Nimmerdor was awarded the title of “KWPN Stallion of the Century” at the conclusion of 1999.

The KWPN has a ‘open’ studbook, which means that stallions from outside the KWPN are frequently utilized for breeding in order to develop the KWPN horse.

Two of these ‘outsider’ stallions made an impression in both North America and Holland, although being from different countries.

Four KWPN certified sons and five grandchildren were born to Roemer (Westf by G Pilatus) during his time in Holland.

Contango (Old by Contender) is the other stallion, and he has three authorized sons and two grandchildren, one of them is Ravel, who has consistently placed at the top of the dressage standings in the United States.

Cocktail has six authorized sons and nine approved grandkids, making him one of the most recent stallions.

Ferro with son Rousseau and grandson Ampere, or son Metall with grandson Special D and great grandson Andretti, or Ferro with son Rousseau and grandson Ampere Among those present were Vincent and his son Cabochon Flemmingh, as well as his son Krack C and grandson Vivaldi, and his son Lingh.

Contango) with Steffen Peters and Totilas (s.

Ravel (s.

Injumping:Judgement ISF (s.

Hamlet by Nimmerdor by Farn) with Eric Lamaze are two of the most well-known actors in the world.

Not only did he leave a legacy in breeding, but he also left a legacy in competition.

He lived to be 25 years old and was the father of 17 boys who were all accepted.

Equitrekking: What distinguishes the Dutch Warmblood as a breed from other horse breeds?

Breeders have a wealth of information at their disposal when it comes to selecting the right stallion or mare.

Its capacity to execute at the greatest level, as well as its desire to put in the effort, distinguish it from the competition. For further information on the Dutch Warmblood, please see theKWPN-NAwebsite andFacebookpage.

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