How Many Soldiers Were In The Trojan Horse?

Forty warriors hid inside the Horse, including Odysseus.

  • Currently voted the best answer. If you are referring to the Trojan Horse the answer is generally stated as 30 soldiers plus two spies in the Horse’s mouth. Later, however, the number was said to be 40.

Is the Trojan Horse story true?

Turns out the epic wooden horse that gave the Greeks their victory was all a myth. Actually, historians are pretty much unanimous: the Trojan Horse was just a myth, but Troy was certainly a real place.

How long were the soldiers inside the Trojan Horse?

The story of the Trojan Horse is well-known. First mentioned in the Odyssey, it describes how Greek soldiers were able to take the city of Troy after a fruitless ten-year siege by hiding in a giant horse supposedly left as an offering to the goddess Athena.

How many people died from the Trojan Horse?

Battlefield Losses in Homer’s Trojan War The Iliad, the Greek poet Homer’s 8th century B.C.E. epic about the last few weeks of the Trojan War, is full of death. Two hundred forty battlefield deaths are described in The Iliad, 188 Trojans, and 52 Greeks.

Who Killed Achilles?

According to legend, the Trojan prince Paris killed Achilles by shooting him in the heel with an arrow. Paris was avenging his brother, Hector, whom Achilles had slain. Though the death of Achilles is not described in the Iliad, his funeral is mentioned in Homer’s Odyssey.

What’s the story of Helen of Troy?

Helen of Troy, Greek Helene, in Greek legend, the most beautiful woman of Greece and the indirect cause of the Trojan War. She was daughter of Zeus, either by Leda or by Nemesis, and sister of the Dioscuri. When Paris was slain, Helen married his brother Deiphobus, whom she betrayed to Menelaus once Troy was captured.

Is Achilles a Spartan?

No. Achilles was a Myrmidon. He was the demigod son of Peleus, the king of the Myrmidons and his wife, Thetis, a sea goddess who was either an Oceanid, daughters of the immortal personification of the encircling waters of the Earth, Oceanus or a Nereid, daughters to Nereus an ancient god of the sea.

Why is it called Trojan Horse?

Trojans take their name from the hollow wooden horse that the Greeks hid inside of during the Trojan War. The Trojans, thinking the horse was a gift, opened their walled city to accept it, allowing the Greeks to come out of hiding at night to attack the sleeping Trojans.

What city is Troy now?

The ancient city of Troy was located along the northwest coast of Asia Minor, in what is now Turkey. It occupied a strategic position on the Dardanelles, a narrow water channel that connects the Aegean Sea to the Black Sea, via the Sea of Marmara.

Who waged the Trojan War?

In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta.

Did Helen of Troy exist?

There are many conflicting elements to the mythology that surround the figure of Helen, some interpretations of the myth even suggest that she was abducted by Paris. But ultimately, there was no real Helen in Ancient Greece, she is purely a mythological character.

Who won in Trojan War?

The Greeks finally win the war by an ingenious piece of deception dreamed up by the hero and king of Ithaca, Odysseus – famous for his cunning. They build a huge wooden horse and leave it outside the gates of Troy, as an offering to the gods, while they pretend to give up battle and sail away.

Did Agamemnon sacrifice his daughter?

To appease the wrath of Artemis, Agamemnon was forced to sacrifice his own daughter Iphigeneia. In Agamemnon, by the Greek poet and dramatist Aeschylus, however, Clytemnestra was made to do the killing. The murder was avenged by Orestes, who returned to slay both his mother and her paramour.

What ended the Trojan War?

The Greeks won the Trojan War. According to the Roman epic poet Virgil, the Trojans were defeated after the Greeks left behind a large wooden horse and pretended to sail for home. They sacked Troy after the Trojans brought the horse inside the city walls.

How much of Troy is true?

Most historians now agree that ancient Troy was to be found at Hisarlik. Troy was real. Evidence of fire, and the discovery of a small number of arrowheads in the archaeological layer of Hisarlik that corresponds in date to the period of Homer’s Trojan War, may even hint at warfare.

Trojan Horse Facts for Kids (All You Need to Know!)

At the conclusion of the Trojan War, the Greeks constructed the Trojan horse. They pretended to be a wooden horse in order to deceive the citizens and troops of Troy and gain entry into the city. Helen, the wife of a Spartan king who had fled to Troy with the prince of Troy, was the object of the troops’ rescue mission.

The Legend of the Trojan horse

Toward the conclusion of the Trojan War, the Greeks constructed the Trojan horse. In order to gain entry into Troy, they utilized the wooden horse to deceive the city’s inhabitants and guards. Helen, the wife of a Spartan king who had fled to Troy with the prince of Troy, was the object of the troops’ efforts.

The Two Sides Were At a Standstill

The two sides were at a standstill since the Greek warriors had attempted to enter the city of Troy for ten years without success. The Greeks were unable to gain entry and were unwilling to depart without Helen. The warriors of Troy were unable to dislodge the Greek army from their position.

Greek General Odysseus Came Up With a Crafty Plan

Despite the fact that the Greek warriors had attempted to approach the city of Troy for a decade, the two sides were at a complete halt. Neither the Greeks nor the British could get in, and neither did they want to leave Helen behind. Although the Troyan warriors attempted to drive the Greek army away, their efforts were unsuccessful.

The People of Troy Fell for the Trick

The people of Troy were duped since the horse had been lavishly ornamented and appeared to be a work of art. This was something that the inhabitants of Troy were unaware of: the horse was hollow! Thirty Greek warriors were concealed within the horse’s body. The city’s gates were opened, and the horse was carried through them into the city. The inhabitants of Troy rejoiced because they believed the Greeks had surrendered and returned home. They were under the impression that they had won the war.

When the night fell, the inhabitants of Troy went to sleep, and the warriors who had been hiding inside the hollow horse emerged silently.

The Greek forces surprised the soldiers and citizens of Troy asleep in their trenches and slaughtered them, therefore winning the battle.

Facts about Trojan Horse

  • Today, there is a type of computer infection known as a Trojan horse. It earned this moniker because it deceives users into installing it on their computers, allowing the virus to inflict damage. The Trojan horse was carved with the words “For their return home, the Greeks dedicate this sacrifice to Athena” on the side of the horse. A few individuals think that Troy’s Trojan horse was actually a battering ram that was used to knock down the city’s gates, rather than a horse with troops hidden within
  • Considering that the massive woodenhorse, which contained 30 soldiers, would have weighed several tons, maybe as much as four tons, it is exceedingly implausible that it could have been drawn through the gates by hand. On the other hand, it has been stated that the Trojan horse was around 10 feet broad and 25 feet tall. Today, the word “Trojan horse” refers to anything that appears to be nice on the surface but is actually being exploited for nefarious purposes or deceit. The Greeks won the Trojan War not through their military abilities, but by their intelligence. It took 10 years before the Greeks deceived and duped the inhabitants of Troy, ending the battle.

In this section, you’ll find questions and answers. Answer to Question 1 – Who was it that came up with the concept of making the Trojan horse? The answer is a Greek general by the name of Odysseus. Question 2 – Who was responsible for the construction of the Trojan horse? Epeius, a carpenter, was the person who provided the answer. Question 3 – What did the Trojan horse have that was different from the rest? Answer – It was hollow on the inside, allowing troops to conceal themselves within it.

Ancient Greece is the answer to question 4–30.

Trojan horse

Answers to the following questions and answers to the following questions and answers to the following Question 1: Who came up with the concept of constructing the Trojan horse in the first place? A Greek general with the name of Odysseus, to be specific. Question 2 – Who was responsible for the construction of the Trojan horse. Epeius, a carpenter, was the person who provided the solution.

Question 3 – What did the Trojan horse have that was different from the norm? In order for soldiers to be able to hide within, it was hollow on the inside. How many Greek warriors were hidden inside the Trojan horse, according to question 4? Greece in the 4th century BCE (answer 4–30).

Did the Trojan Horse exist? Classicist tests Greek ‘myths’

We are all familiar with the story of the Trojan Horse. First stated in Homer’s Odyssey, the Trojan Horse relates how Greek troops were able to capture the city of Troy after a failed ten-year siege by hiding in a gigantic horse that had been left as a sacrifice to the goddess Athena by the Trojans. Was it, however, a fabrication? Archaeological evidence reveals that Troy was definitely burned down; but, the wooden horse is an imaginary myth, presumably inspired by the way ancient siege-engines were coated with damp horse-hides to prevent them from being set ablaze, according to Oxford University classicist Dr Armand D’Angour.

  1. The Iliad and Odyssey, which are known as Homer’s epics, were created orally, without the use of written manuscripts, somewhere in the 8th Century BC, according to Dr D’Angour, following a long history of oral minstrelsy that had existed for years before that time.
  2. Even though the poems were produced without writing and verbally conveyed, we can be certain that they were eventually written down in Greek because that is the only way they have survived.’ According to Dr.
  3. The story has been read by millions of people and is among the most shared on the BBC website over the previous few days.
  4. D’Angour is working on a two-year project to restore the sounds of Greek music and to determine the importance of these sounds in some of the most renowned poetry from Ancient Greece.
  5. It was poets who produced the Iliad and Odyssey, as well as the love poems of archaic Lesbos, the victory odes of the early fifth century BC, and the choral sections of Greek tragedy and comedy, who composed the words that were to be sung and accompanied by musical instruments.

The melodic structures of ancient Greek music are given even less attention, in spite of the fact that we now have enough fragments and voluminous writings by ancient authors and musical theorists (all of which have been admirably translated and compiled by Andrew Barker in Greek Musical Writings) to exercise an informed scholarly imagination on them.

It is inevitable that readers of ancient writings will lose part of the original artistic effect of these songs if they do not pay attention to the auditory dimension of them.

Tales of Destruction and Rebirth: The Trojan Horse

There are various pieces of Greek art that represent the events of the Trojan War (c. 1300-1200 BC) and its aftermath. In the end, the ploy worked: a gigantic hollow wooden horse was filled with thirty men under the command of Odysseus, and the siege was brought to an end after 10 years. After discovering that the Greeks had seemingly vanished, leaving behind this “present to Athena,” the Trojans assumed that their campaign had come to an end, and they gleefully brought the horse within their city walls to celebrate.

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There has been some suggestion that the “wooden horse of Troy” may have actually been a siege mechanism of some sort.

Apart from that, the Trojan horse has evolved into a popular metaphor for political infiltration methods and has even been given the name of a damaging computer tool.

Opera Virgiliana. Lyon: Crespin, 1529.The two hundred images in this edition were designed in Strasbourg in 1502, and then reprinted and imitated for almost a century. It seems that publishers like Crespin were mostly concerned with the pedagogical value and narrative quality of the images.
. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1664.The fame of the Elsevier family of Dutch booksellers, publishers, and printers, rests chiefly on their pocket-sized editions of the classics, including Virgil. These handy volumes would enter the houses of many middle-class families, just as the wooden horse depicted in this “commercial” frontispiece image entered the city of Troy.
Poster for the American Version ofLa Guerra di Troia,1961.Directed by Giorgio Ferroni (1908-1981),La Guerra di Troiais a highly regarded example of the sword and sandal or “peplum” genre that flourished in the 1950s and 1960s. Released in the USA with the title “The Trojan Horse,” this masterwork of epic fantasy and kitsch was well funded, which permitted the construction of a full size wooden horse.
Archibald MacLeish.The Trojan Horse: A Play.Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1952.This verse drama was first presented on the BBC in 1952. Paul Brooks, in a note accompanying the first edition, tied the play to the McCarthy era, with its irrational fear of communist infiltration. In 1939, when President Roosevelt decided to appoint MacLeish as Librarian of Congress, right-wing politicians protested that he was an undercover “red” intellectual. The same accusation was made against him when he was appointed Assistant Secretary of State for cultural and public affairs in November 1944, though MacLeish publicly said that the US government should protect the American people from the fascistandthe communist threats alike. This limited edition is inscribed to Cornell English Professor Arthur Mizener.
Barrie G. James.The Trojan Horse: the Ultimate Japanese Challenge to Western Industry. London: Mercury Business Books, 1990.The author of the best-sellingBusiness Wargames(1984), Barrie James worried about the growing numbers of Japanese automated assembly plants in Western Europe and America in the 1980s. To make his point, he used the alarmist metaphor of the Trojan horse: “Japanese assembly plants are likely to become powerful Trojan Horses� Subsidized with Western taxpayers’ money, using Japanese-made equipment to assemble components created, designed and developed in Japan,� A time bombticking away at the heart of the West’s industrial competitiveness, and time is running out.” The cover’s design reinforces the sense of menace and urgency.

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What Is a Trojan Horse?

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Have You Ever Wondered.

  • What is a Trojan horse and how does it work? Identify which epic poetry contains the narrative of The Trojan Horse. What may the appearance of a modern-day Trojan horse be like

When we look at today’s Wonder of the Day, we are transported back in time to the time of the Trojan War. In Virgil’sAeneid, a famous epic poem, it is stated that the Greeks attempted to seize the ancient city of Troy and theTrojanpeople who had lived there for more than ten centuries. They were finally successful as a result of a creative bit of ruse. It was under Odysseus’ instruction that the Greeks created the enormous wood horses that served as symbols of Troy and stationed them at the city’s entrance gates for the rest of their lives.

A big wooden horse, according to the Trojans, was a peace sacrifice to their gods and, as such, a sign of their victory following a longsiege They dragged the massive wooden horse through the streets of the city center.

That night, when the Trojans had retired to their beds, the Greek troops trapped within the horse were able to break free and unlock the city’s gates, allowing the remainder of the Greek army to enter, which had returned under cover of darkness from its nighttime voyage.

The word “Trojanhorse” is still in use today “Even today, the phrase “deception” or “trick” refers to any type of deception or trick that includes convincing a target to allow an adversary to enter a secure location.

In this way, they are able to persuade people to install and use them without them recognizing the danger they are putting themselves in.

Wonder What’s Next?

An apple a day will not keep the Wonder of the Day away from you tomorrow!

Try It Out

Would you fall for the traditional Trojan horse ruse if it was presented to you today? Maybe not.especially if you were accompanied by a group of supportive friends and family members! Gather a group of people to assist you in participating in one or more of the following activities:

  • Would you fall for the traditional Trojan horse ruse if it was presented to you now? Maybe not.especially if you were accompanied by a group of supportive friends and relatives! To assist you in participating in one or more of the following activities, gather a group of friends.

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Trojan War

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The Narrative of the Trojan War

It was the abduction (or elopement), according to ancient traditions, of Queen Helen of Sparta by the Trojan prince Paris that triggered the outbreak of battle. Her betrayed husband Menelaus persuaded his brother Agamemnon, the king of Mycenae, to launch an expedition to reclaim Helen from exile in Spartia. Among those who followed Agamemnon on his expedition were the Greek heroes Achilles, Odysseus, Nestor, and Ajax, as well as an army of more than a thousand ships from all across the Hellenic world.

  1. After more than a decade of fights and skirmishes, including the legendary deaths of the Trojan prince Hector and the supposedly invincible Achilles, the Greek soldiers finally withdrew from their camp, leaving a massive wooden horse outside the city’s gates.
  2. When night fell, the horse’s mouth opened and a party of Greek warriors, headed by Odysseus, crawled out and sacked the city of Troy from the inside out.
  3. Odysseus’ long and sometimes interrupted journey home to Ithaca, as recorded in Homer’s “Odyssey,” took him a total of ten years.
  4. Following his death, some reports claim she was deported to the Greek island of Rhodes, where she was executed by hanging by a spiteful war widow.

The Trojan War Epics

There is very little information available regarding the historical Homer. Historians believe that the “Iliad” was completed about 750 B.C., and that the “Odyssey” was completed around 725 B.C. Both have their origins in the oral tradition and were first recorded decades or centuries after they were written, respectively. Many of the most well-known episodes of the war, from the abduction of Helen to the Trojan Horse and the sack of Troy, can be traced back to the so-called “Epic Cycle,” a collection of narratives compiled in the sixth century B.C.

The “Aeneid,” the third major classical epic inspired by the Trojan War, was written in the first century B.C.

It tells the story of a group of Trojans headed by the hero Aeneas who flee their ruined homeland and go to Carthage before settling in Rome and creating the city.

It was part of Virgil’s goal to tell the narrative of Rome’s first imperial dynasty in a way that was equally as magnificent as the Greeks’.

Is the Trojan War a Real War?

Many passages of Homer’s epic of the Trojan War are difficult to comprehend historically. Helen was fathered by Zeus, who disguised himself as a swan and raped her mother Leda), and much of the action is led (or interfered with) by the many rival Greek gods. For example, according to legend, Paris won Helen’s heart after bestowing the golden apple upon the goddess Aphrodite in recognition of her beauty (“The Judgment of Paris” tells the story of how Paris was asked to choose the most beautiful goddess among Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite by bestowing the apple upon the winner).

  1. In 1870, under the guidance of German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann, extensive excavations at the site of Troy uncovered a tiny citadel mound and layers of rubble that were 25 meters thick.
  2. until its eventual abandonment in A.D.
  3. Following recent digs, it was discovered that Troy had an occupied area ten times the size of the citadel, establishing it as a large Bronze Age metropolis.
  4. At the time of Homer’s writing, 400 years later, the ruins would still have been evident.

Inside The True Story Behind The Legendary Trojan Horse

Photograph by Adam Jones / Wikimedia Commons In Turkey’s Dardanelles, there is a facsimile of the Trojan Horse. Ancient Greek legend has it that it was the Trojan horse that enabled the war-weary Greeks to eventually invade the city of Troy and claim victory in the Trojan War. In accordance with legend, the horse was erected at Odysseus’s request and he then concealed himself within its framework with several other warriors in order to eventually lay siege to the city of Troy. Its architecture — as well as its function — was so monumental that it was immortalized in classical masterpieces for all time.

Historical scholars have recently questioned if the over-the-top exhibition of Grecian military strength was nothing more than a fiction, created to make the Greek army appear more like a heavenly force and less like the simple mortals that they actually were.

Irrespective of whether or not the Trojan horse actually existed, its significance in history cannot be overstated.

The Trojan Horse in theAeneid

When the Trojan horse appears in antiquity, it’s in Virgil’s epic poem The Aeneid, written in 29 B.C. by a Roman poet from the Augustan era, who was inspired by the story of Achilles and his horse. According to Virgil’s version of the story, a Greek soldier by the name of Sinon tricked the Trojans into believing that he had been abandoned by his men and that the Greeks had returned home. However, he claimed that one of his troops had left behind a horse as a homage to the Greek goddess Athena.

The Trojan priest Laocoön, on the other hand, soon sensed that something was awry.

Sadly, it was too late — “the horse had already reached Troy,” and thus was created the legend of the Trojan horse.

It is said that they should “pull the statue to her dwelling” and “give prayers to the goddess’s divinity.” We were successful in breaching the wall and allowing the city’s defenses to be penetrated.

An Early Skeptic Of The Trojan Horse Story

A drama by Euripides called The Trojan Women, which was written before the Aeneid, also makes allusion to a “Trojan horse.” Throughout the play, which was initially composed in 415 B.C., Poseidon (the Greek deity of the sea) addresses the audience as the play opens. For from his home beneath Parnassus, Phocian Epeus, assisted by Pallas’ craft, framed a horse to bear within its womb an armed host, and sent it within the battlements, fraught with death; wherefrom in days to come men will tell of “the wooden horse,” with its hidden load of warriors, said Poseidon in the opening scene.

  • Even though the wooden horse was appropriately represented in The Trojan Womenplay as a metaphor, the Aeneid’s representation caused historians to believe that the wooden horse was more literal, as well as really existing in the real world.
  • Pausanias, a Greek explorer and geographer who lived in the second century A.D.
  • Pausanias depicts a horse made of metal, rather than wood, that was used to transport Greek warriors in his book,Description of Greece.
  • But tradition has it that the horse was ridden by one of the most heroic of the Greeks, and the design of the bronze figure corresponds to this account rather well.” Menestheus and Teucer may be seen peering out of the opening, as well as the sons of Theseus.
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Historians Think The Trojan Horse May Have Been A Metaphor — Or Siege Engine

Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Trojans are seen celebrating as the horse is driven into town in this image from 2004’s Troy. Image from the film Troy. Dr. Armand D’Angour of the University of Oxford clarified the situation more recently, in 2014. In the University’s newsletter, he said that “archaeological evidence suggests that Troy was certainly burned down; but, the wooden horse is an imaginative myth, presumably inspired by the way ancient siege-engines were coated with wet horse-hides to prevent them from being set alight.” However, as recently as August 2021, researchers in Turkey discovered dozens of wooden planks going back thousands of years in the hills of Hisarlik — which is widely thought to be the historical location of the city of Troy — which they claim to represent the site of the ancient metropolis.

  1. The archaeologists were pretty confident they had discovered the remnants of the very genuine Trojan Horse itself, despite the fact that many historians expressed skepticism.
  2. Regardless of whose version of the narrative you choose to believe, the phrase “Trojan horse” is still in common usage today.
  3. The term “Trojan horse” — more generally referred to as merelya trojan— is now more widely employed in the context of computer malware that deceives users about the real nature of the infection.
  4. Perhaps, in the same manner that we regard Virgil and Pausanias now, historians of the future will regard computer scientist Ken Thompson, who initially invented the phrase in the 1980s.
  5. ‘Perhaps it’s more necessary to put your faith in the individuals who built the program,’ he suggests.

Read everything about the old Trojan city, which was unearthed in Greece not long ago, now that you’ve heard all about the Trojan horse’s history, both reality and fiction. Followed by a story of an old Greek jar that was used to curse more than 55 persons in Athens, Greece.

Diary of the Guy Who Drove the Trojan Horse Back from Troy

The good news is that the generals have requested me to return the Horse to Greece! I had anticipated that we would leave it in Troy because it had become somewhat filthy, but it appears that the higher-ups want to keep it. As Eurydamas pointed out, now that this great victory has been recorded in poetry, it is certain that I—Alexandros the Big Horse Driver—will be mentioned. I wish I could be sailing home with the rest of the crew, but, as Eurydamas pointed out, I’ll be sure to mention myself—Alexandros the Big Horse Driver—when the poets sing of this great victory.

  1. In terms of my experience, this is the first section of the Trojan War that hasn’t been a complete disaster.
  2. And the only time I saw a deity was when Hephaestus was attempting to repair a shield.
  3. Even though the Horse is light and easy to maneuver when there are no soldiers inside, it is ungainly when there are soldiers within.
  4. This vehicle becomes entangled in trees and trapped in mud, and I have to run after it when it begins to travel too quickly down hills.
  5. The Horse is too large to be kept indoors, and I don’t have enough rope to secure it to something.
  6. Most people have avoided it, but it appears to be attracting teenagers and demigods.
  7. Last night, I was unable to sleep.

I believe these kinds of representations are referred to as “horsies.” Obviously, after the artist was done, the whole affair devolved into an orgy, to which I was not only not invited, but I was also ejected from my own Horse until they were through!

The Horse’s wheels were making a lot of noise, so I pulled over to grab some oil.

It’s very weird.

The bad news is that the horse became trapped between two large trees.

It’s the first time I’ve ever seen a centaur consume a sack of uncooked oats, and it’s rather sad.

I had the pleasure of meeting the poet Homer!

He informed me that he intends to incorporate me in his poetry!

I also pitched Homer on a new demigod I’d created called Horseniax, which he liked.

Fingers crossed that Horseniax is included in the poem as well.

A large number of them were even converted into pigs!

Update: I wrote that before I rolled the Horse over roadkill, causing the enormous wheels to fling corpse chunks all over the ground.

At the very least, that’s as terrible as it gets.

I suppose that only the gods are aware of what is going on within those equine heads.

But I did it!

The Horse and I were greeted with astonishment by the general in the city.

Despite the fact that he gave me a troubled look, I was too exhausted to make a big deal out of it.

People will say things like “We can count on him—an he’s authentic Trojan Horse” in the future, I’m sure of it. .and it’s all because of me, Alexandros the Big Horse Driver, the legendary Trojan War hero whom history will never forget. Thanks, Alexandros!

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Archaeologists Claim They’ve Discovered the Trojan Horse in Turkey

In Turkey, there is a recreation of the Trojan Horse. Photograph by Jorge Láscar, CC BY 2.0. Archaeologists claim to have discovered what they believe to be fragments of the legendary Trojan Horse. It has been revealed that a big wooden structure has been discovered on the location of the historical city of Troy on the hills of Hisarlik, according to a report by the Greek news websiteNaftika Chronika. Their claims are based on an essay published in which they claim that what they have uncovered is the famous Trojan Horse.

  1. (during the epic conflict documented by Homer) were also discovered in the same place.
  2. The fragments were arranged in an unusual manner, which prompted the experts to believe they were part of the Trojan Horse’s construction.
  3. A vase unearthed on the Greek island of Mykonos depicts the Trojan Horse, complete with troops within.
  4. Credit: Traveling Runes/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0

Why the discovery is unlikely to be the Trojan Horse

The majority of archeologists, on the other hand, feel that the discoveries have nothing to do with the famous Trojan Horse. For starters, wood would not be able to withstand the test of time. But, perhaps more crucially, the narrative of the Trojan Horse is more of a myth than a historical truth, according to some scholars. The Trojan Horse is widely regarded as a legendary building by the majority of people. The horse is frequently connected with Homer’s epic works, theIliad and the Odyssey, and for good reason.

In fact, the Iliad comes to a close just as the war is about to come to an end.

The deed that that powerful man constructed and endured in the carven horse, on which all of us chiefs of the Argives were seated, delivering death and doom to the Trojans, was truly amazing!

Following a long period of time, the Greek commanders, who are resented by the Fates and harmed by the battle, construct a mountainous horse using Pallas’s divine craftsmanship, and weave planks of pine around the horse’s ribs, giving the impression that it is a votive sacrifice; this rumor spreads.

The Trojan War was as ancient to him as the Crusades are to us now, and he knew everything about it. This image of the Trojan horse was found in an aryballos unearthed in Italy, courtesy of the Kaiserlich Deutsches Archäologisches Institut/Public Domain

What was the Trojan Horse

The majority of archaeologists, on the other hand, feel that the discoveries have nothing to do with the legendary Trojan Horse. As a matter of fact, wood would not have survived thousands of years in the wild. The narrative of the Trojan Horse is a myth, not a historical reality, which is arguably the most vital point to remember. The Trojan Horse is widely regarded as a legendary building by the majority of historians. With Homer’s epic works, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the horse is a symbol that is well recognized today.

To be more precise, it concludes just as the conflict is coming to an end.

That powerful man had wrought and endured in the carven horse, on which all of us Argives commanders were seated, delivering death and doom to the Trojans, and it was a terrible thing to witness.” But now, alter thy topic and speak of the construction of the horse of wood, which Epeius built with the assistance of Athena, the horse which Odysseus once led up into the castle as a ruse, after he had loaded it with the troops who sacked Ilios.” In Homer’s Odyssey, he writes: Virgil, in Book II of the Aeneid, would provide a more thorough description of the event, more than 1000 years after it occurred.

Following a long period of time, the Greek commanders, who are resented by the Fates and harmed by the battle, construct a mountainous horse using Pallas’s divine craftsmanship, and weave planks of pine around the horse’s ribs, giving the impression that it is a votive gift.

In the black body, they covertly conceal a body of men who have been chosen by lot and who have been equipped to the teeth, filling the stomach and the vast cavernous interiors with fighting men.” Book II of the Aeneid, by Virgil Approximately 1200 years passed between the events he’s describing and the Aeneid itself, which was composed between 19BC and 29BC, according to this article.

It was discovered in Italy, and it depicts the Trojan horse.

Was the Trojan Horse a true story?

  • 10:17 a.m. ET on June 9, 2021
  • Updated at 9:37 a.m. ET on June 11, 2021

On June 9, 2021, at 10:17 a.m. Eastern Time; on June 11, 2021, at 9:37 a.m. Eastern Time.

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10:17 a.m. ET, June 9, 2021; updated at 9:37 a.m. ET, June 11, 2021

Trojan War

At some point during the late Bronze Age, a battle erupted between Greeks and the defenders of the city of Troy in Anatolia, known as the Trojan War. Although the narrative has captivated the imagination for millennia, a fight between the Mycenaeans and the Hittites may have actually occurred, even though its depiction in epicliterature like as Homer’sIliadis probably definitely more myth than truth. The Trojan War has defined and molded the way ancient Greek culture has been seen throughout history, and this has continued until the twenty-first century CE.

With its tales of gods and heroic warriors, Greek mythology is one of the most valuable single surviving texts from antiquity, providing insights into the war and religion of the ancient Greeks, as well as their traditions and attitudes.

ParisHelen

It was Homer’sIliad (written somewhere in the 8th century BCE) that provided us with the majority of our knowledge of The Trojan War, in which he chronicles 52 days during the last year of the ten-year struggle. The Greeks believed that the conflict took place somewhere during the 13th century BCE. It is also worth noting that, previous to Homer’s writing, the conflict was the topic of a long oral tradition, which, together with other sources like as the fragmentaryEpic Cyclepoems, allows us to get a more full picture of what the Greeks felt the Trojan War was all about.

Helen was kidnapped by the Trojan prince Paris (also known as Alexandros) and taken as a prize for choosing Aphroditeas as the most beautiful goddess in a competition with Athena and Hera at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, where she was the most beautiful goddess in the competition with Athena and Helen.

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The Greek Army

It was King Agamemnon of Mycenae who was in charge of the coalition of Greek warriors (or Archaians, as Homer refers to them). Boiotia, Phocia, Euboea, Athens, Argos, Corinth, Arcadia, Sparta, Kephalonia, Crete, Rhodes, Magnesia, and the Cyclades were among the cities or areas that were represented at the exhibition. It is unknown how many males were involved in all of this. It is stated that there is an army numbering in the “tens of thousands,” or even better, in the poetic sense, “[as numerous as]the leaves and flowers that bloom in the springtime.” Do you enjoy history?

  • The gods had their favorites among the men engaged in battle on the fields of Troy, and they frequently shielded them by diverting spears in their direction.
  • These were the leaders of the Peloponnesian War.
  • Achilles, Odysseus, Ajax, Diomedes, Patroclus, Antilokus, Menestheus, and Idomenus were among the most famous of the Greek heroes.
  • In Homer’s version of the conflict, Athena, Poseidon, Hera, Hephaistos, Hermes, and Thetis all assisted the Greeks in some way, either directly or indirectly.

Men battling on the fields of Troy were particularly prized by the gods; they frequently shielded them by deflecting spears and even spiriting them away in the midst of combat to a secure location away from danger.

The Trojan Army

The Trojan army, headed by their king Priam, defended the enormous city of Troy with the support of a large number of allies, including the Greeks. The Carians, Halizones, Kaukones, Kikones, Lycians, Maionians, Mysians, Paionians, Paphlagonians, Pelasgians, Phrygians, and Thracians were among the peoples that lived in this area. AchillesPenthesileia Marie-Lan Nguyen’s full name is Marie-Lan Nguyen (CC BY) They, like the Trojans, had their semi-divine heroes, among whom were Hector (son of Priam), Aeneas, Sarpedon, Glaucus, Phorkys, Poulydamas, and Rhesos, among many more.

Key Battles

The majority of the Trojan War was in reality a lengthy siege, and the city’s defenses were largely responsible for the city’s ability to hold out against the invaders for such a long period of time. Indeed, according to Greek mythology, the walls of Troy were erected by Poseidon and Apollo, who were obliged by Zeus to serve the Trojan King Laomedon for a year after committing an act of impiety. But there were wars outside the city where armies battled, occasionally with chariots, but primarily with spears and swords, protected by a shield, helmet, and armour for the chest and legs, and sometimes with chariots.

Paris v Menelaus

Menelaus, weary of losing battle after battle, volunteered to confront Paris in a single combat and thereby put an end to the war’s stalemate. Following their agreement, the two warriors drew lots to determine who would be the first to throw their spear. Paris had won and hurled first, but his spear lodged harmlessly in Menelaus’ shield, preventing him from being killed. The Greek king then launched his weapon with incredible power, and the spear pierced Paris’ shield and continued through his armour to puncture his chest armor.

Menelaus, on the other hand, was not done, and with his sword he dealt a terrifying blow on the helmet of the Trojan prince.

With his own hands, Menelaus snatched Paris’ helmet from his shoulders and dragged him away from the field.

Achilles and Ajax are two of the most famous Greek heroes.

Hector v Ajax

The meeting of the two great heroes is reminiscent of the meeting of Menelaus and Paris in Greek mythology. Each throws their spears, but none of them have any effect. Afterwards, Hector launched a massive boulder at the Greek, only for him to deflect it away with his shield. Ajax then repaid the favor by stomping on Hector’s shield with an even larger boulder, destroying it. They then grabbed their swords and prepared to engage in mortal battle, but were each stopped by their companions, who pleaded with them to bring a halt to the fighting because it was getting dark.

With the assistance of Apollo, an invigorating Hector, in his best hour, defeated the Greeks once more and returned them to their ships.

The Greek Ships Attacked

Following a grueling day of combat, Hector led the Trojans in an attack on the Greeks’ camp’s outer walls, which was ultimately successful. Following their successful break-in, the Trojans fled to their ships, sending the Greeks running in terror. However, while Zeus was temporarily distracted by the allure of Hera, Poseidon stepped in to encourage the Greeks, who rallied and drove the Trojans to flee the battlefield in defeat. And then it happened again: with the help of Apollo, an indomitable Hector, in his best hour, once more defeated the Greeks and drove them back to their ships, where he attempted to set them fire.

Patroclus Falls

Invincible Achilles was, without a doubt, the best warrior in all of Greece, if not all of the world at the time. He sulked throughout the most of the last act of the battle, much to the displeasure of the Greeks and the rest of the world. Agamemnon had kidnapped his female war prize Briseis, and as a result, the hero declined to engage in combat with the villain. While Agamemnon initially doesn’t appear to be concerned about losing his temperamental talisman, as the Trojans gained an advantage in the war, it became increasingly clear that Achilles would be required if the Achaians were to actually win the protracted conflict.

  • As a result, an increasingly frantic Agamemnon issued a plea to Achilles, promising him a plethora of riches if he would just return to the fray.
  • When Achilles refused, Patroclus requested for permission to put on Achilles’ armor and take command of the feared Myrmidons himself.
  • Achilles grudgingly agreed after observing one of the Greek ships already engulfed in flames.
  • Around 1200 BCE, the Iliad’s world appeared.
  • He even managed to murder the famous Trojan hero Sarpedon as a result of his efforts.
  • However, at this time, the mighty Apollo intervened on behalf of the Trojans and hit Patroclus in the helmet and armour, fractured his spear, and knocked his shield from his arm, thereby ending his reign.

Achilles’ New Armour

He was filled with grief and wrath when he discovered the murder of his great friend Patroclus, and he resolved to exact terrible vengeance on the Trojans, and in especially on Hector and his sons, as soon as he could. Achilles ultimately made the decision to return to the battlefield after putting on a proper display of grieving. It was a decision that would ultimately determine the destiny of Troy. Achilles, still enraged, looked resplendent in his gleaming armour as he routed the Trojans in predictable fashion.

The deity created a gigantic shield out of bronze, tin, silver, and gold, on which were painted a plethora of terrestrial sceneries as well as all of the stars.

In the same way, he created a beautiful, gold-crested helmet for the protagonist. Agonizing in his gleaming armor, Achilles, still enraged, dispatched the Trojans, who fled in terror behind the protection of their city walls. Achilles was a ruthless warrior.

Hector v Achilles

At first, Hector was the only one who stayed outside the walls, but when he saw the ferocious Achilles on the prowl, even his nerve gave way and he ran for safety. Achilles, on the other hand, followed the Trojan prince three times around the city walls, eventually killing him. Achilles finally caught up with Hector and murdered him with a savage strike of his spear in the throat. In full view of Priam, who was perched on the defenses of the city, Achilles stripped the body of its beautiful armour and brought it back to the Greek camp, tying Hector’s ankles to his chariot as he pulled the body.

Achilles The British Museum Trustees are engaged in a battle against Hektor (Copyright) Achilles, having avenged the death of his comrade Patroclus, organized funeral games in his friend’s memory.

Although Achilles was initially reluctant, his heartfelt pleadings were eventually heard, and he agreed to restore the body to its owner.

The Trojan HorseVictory

In addition to Achilles’ battle with and slaying of the Ethiopian King Memnon, there were numerous other spectacular occurrences throughout the war, including the battle with and killing of the Amazon Penthesilea, who both came to the Trojans’ help. Achilles was even claimed to have fallen in love with the lovely Amazon right before he murdered her with his spear, according to Greek legend. Achilles himself met his doom and was murdered by an arrow that was shot by Paris and directed by Apollo and lodged in his single weak area, his ankle, killing him.

  • After slaughtering a flock of sheep he mistook for Greeks, he committed himself by falling on his sword in a chaotic and useless scene.
  • Finally, Odysseus was able to sneak inside the city and take the precious Palladion statue of Athena, which had been guarded by the city’s guards.
  • The concept of the wooden horse, on the other hand, was the ultimate and decisive action.
  • Before sailing away into the sunset, the Greeks left behind a curious present to the Trojans: a massive wooden horse that, in actuality, was concealing a bunch of warriors within it.
  • The Trojans were successful in bringing the horse inside the city walls, but while they were engaged in a drunken celebration of their victory, the Greeks climbed out of the horse and opened the city walls to allow the returning Greek army to enter.
  • Helen was returned to Argos, and Aeneas was the only one of the Trojan heroes to survive and eventually establish a new home in Italy.

The gods punished the Greeks for their pitiless ravaging of the city and its people, and even worse, for their outrageous sacrilegious acts such as the rape of Kassandra, by sending storms to wreck their ships, and those who did manage to return were forced to endure a long and difficult journey home.

Even then, those of the Greeks who did manage to return to their homeland did so only to find themselves in the midst of even more sorrow and calamity. Tetraktyas, or the Trojan Horse, is a type of horse that is used to deceive people (CC BY-SA)

Trojan War: ArtLiterature

Aeschylus’ Agamemnon, Euripides’TrojanWomen, and Virgil’sAenid are only a few of the many works that include Troy and the Trojan War in Classical Greek and Roman literature. Artists were intrigued by the Trojan War in a variety of mediums, including pottery ornamentation and sculpture. Some of the many moments from the epic that would recur in art again and again throughout the years were the judgment of Paris, Achilles’ battle with Hector, Achilles playing dice with Ajax, and Ajax falling on his sword, to name a few.

Troy InArchaeology

There has been much scholarly debate over whether or not the mythical city of Troy actually existed, and if it did, whether or not the archaeological site discovered in Anatolia, which revealed a city that had prospered over thousands of years of habitation, was actually the same city; however, it is now almost universally accepted that the archaeological excavations have revealed the city of Homer’sIliad; however, there has been much scholarly debate over whether or not the mythical city of Troy actually existed Troy VI (c.

1750-1300 BCE) is the most plausible candidate for the besieged city of Homer’s Trojan War, out of a number of cities that were erected on top of one another at the time.

Troy VI was largely destroyed, although the specific reason, aside from some indications of fire, is now unknown.

The timing of these events (about 1250 BCE) and the destruction of the site correspond to Herodotus’ accounts of the Trojan War.

Even if such fights were unlikely to have been on the size of Homer’s war, they may have contributed to the creation of the epic legend of the Trojan War, which has captivated audiences for ages.

Prior to publication, this paper was checked for correctness, dependability, and conformance to academic standards by two independent reviewers.

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