How Many Horse Breeds Are There In Total? (Correct answer)

Although there’s only one species of domestic horse, within that species there are about 400 different breeds around the world.

  • There is no agreement on the total number of horses, and no one can accurately tell you that. According to an Oklahoma State University’s The Breeds of Livestock Project, there are 217 horse breeds in the world. On Wikipedia, the total number of horse breeds is placed at 358, with ponies being around 81.

How many breeds of horses are there in numbers?

How many horse breeds are there? There are thought to well be over 350 breeds of horse in existence around the globe today.

How many horse breeds are there 2020?

Diversity Among Breeds of Horses In fact, horses are quite unique in their size, color, conformation, and manner of movement. These characteristics set each breed apart and determine its general purpose. Within the horse industry, there are over 300 different breeds of horses.

How many horse breeds are there 2021?

It is almost impossible to calculate exactly how many distinct horse breeds there are in 2021. Some estimates are as low as 150, others are around 300, and some estimate as much as 600!

What are the 3 types of horses?

All horse breeds are classified into three main groups: heavy horses, light horses, and ponies. Heavy horses are the largest horses, with large bones and thick legs. Some weigh more than 2,000 pounds. Light horses are smaller horses, with small bones and thin legs.

How many rare horse breeds are there?

The rarest horse breeds in the world are the Sorraia, Nokota Horse, Galiceño, Dales Pony, and the Choctaw Indian Pony. There are less than 250 of each of these horse breeds globally, making them critically endangered.

What horse breeds are 18 hands?

Percherons are descended from French war horses. They are18 hands and 2,600 pounds.

How many horsepower is a horse?

Over a short period of time, they calculate, a horse can exert up to 14.9 horsepower.

How many total dog breeds are there?

The AKC currently registers 197 dog breeds. The chart below lists all AKC recognized breeds and the year they first became registrable with the AKC.

Why are there so many breeds of horses?

Over thousands of years, people created different breeds by mating horses that have desirable traits. That’s why the look of a breed is often related to what it’s used for. When these traits get passed down over many generations, a new breed is produced.

What is the fastest horse breed?

Thoroughbreds are considered the fastest horses in the world and dominate the horse racing industry, while Arabian horses are known to be intelligent and excel in endurance riding.

Is a zebra a horse?

Is a zebra a horse? Zebras are closely related to horses but they’re not the same species. They’re both in the Equidae family and they can even breed with each other. The offspring (zebroids) have different names dependent on the parents.

What are the 5 types of horses?

What many people don’t know is that there are 5 main classes which all breeds fall under; draft, light, gaited, warm-blooded and pony types. Each class has its own physical traits and specialties. Draft horses are typically tall, strong and heavy horses. On average they weigh over 1,600 pounds and are 64 inches.

How Many Horse Breeds Are There?

It’s easy for people who aren’t familiar with horses to believe that the most significant distinction between horses is the color of their coats. Horses, in reality, are a diversified animal, with over 200 distinct varieties to choose from. Horses were initially tamed by humans around 4,000 years ago. In the centuries that have passed since then, we have utilized breeding to develop horses that are suited to a variety of tasks. Some breeds have evolved to be able to carry big loads with relative ease.

Another group of horses is designed to be intelligent and nimble in order to aid their riders in herding other animals.

Categories of Horses

Despite the fact that each of the hundreds of horse breeds has its own set of features, they may be divided into five major categories:

  • Ponies: The most significant distinction between a horse and a pony is their height. Ponies are defined as horses that are less than 14.2 hands high, or around 4.5 feet tall. Ponies were designed to do all of the same tasks as larger horses, such as riding, hauling carts, and carrying heavy loads of hay or grain. Ponies are becoming increasingly popular for teaching young children to ride. Because of their tiny size, they are more convenient for youngsters to care for and ride in. Horses used for pulling a sleigh: The Clydesdale horse is possibly the most well-known breed of draft horse. Aside from their immense size and power, Clydesdales and other draft horse breeds are also prized for their ability to haul big loads, thanks to their very large feet. However, they were also employed as mounts for military officials in combat, and were traditionally utilized for farm labour. A unique capacity to walk beautifully and effortlessly is what distinguishes gaited horses from other types of horses. They were highly prized as long-distance traveling horses since they possessed a great degree of stamina while still being relatively simple to ride. They are also known as saddlebreds, and they are still in demand as riding horses. Light Horses:Light horses are often modest in stature, albeit not so little as to be considered ponies by some. They are good riding horses, and cowboys in the American West utilized them for herding work, particularly Appaloosas and American Paint horses, which are both breeds of horse that are outstanding riders. Other breeds, such as Quarter Horses and Thoroughbreds, were developed for speed and are well-known for their racing abilities. Warmbloods: Also known as sports horses, warmbloods are the sort of horses that you would see competing in an Olympic equestrian event such as the Olympics. These breeds were produced by the crossbreeding of draft horses with more energetic types such as Arabians or Thoroughbreds, among others. Because of this breeding program, athletes with good temperaments have been produced.

What Kind Of Horse Should You Get?

A variety of criteria should be taken into consideration while selecting a horse for your personal use before making a final decision on breed. Which do you prefer: a horse or a pony? In terms of how old a rider must be in order to continue to ride ponies, there is no hard and fast rule. Some ponies, such as Welsh ponies and cobs, may be comfortably ridden by teenagers and adults who aren’t over 6 feet tall. A horse, on the other hand, would be preferable if you’re buying one for a young rider who might outgrow a pony sooner rather than later.

  1. In order to make an informed decision about what sort of horse to purchase, you need be completely honest about your riding experience and riding abilities.
  2. If you are just starting out, seek for a breed that has a calm disposition, such as an American Quarter Horse or a Tennessee Walker, to begin with.
  3. What kind of horseback riding do you intend to perform?
  4. The American Saddlebred is a horse that is more pleasant to ride than a quarter horse.
  5. Choosing a horse is a huge choice, and there are many horses to pick from when making this decision.
  6. Consult with your riding teacher or your veterinarian for assistance in determining the appropriate horse breed for you.

How Many Horse Breeds Are There?

Horse breeds and kinds have evolved in response to the requirements and desires of humans and other animals.

Despite the fact that we no longer rely on horses for transportation or employment as much as we previously did, we continue to love them for their sporting and friendship qualities. As has been done for millennia, we are continuing to refine horse breeds.

The Original Domestic Horses

According to a 2012 research, the wild progenitor of the contemporary domestic horse most likely evolved in Eurasia some 160,000 years ago. Horses were domesticated for the first time around 6,000 years ago, somewhere in the Eurasian Steppe, according to the experts. The Arabian horse and the Turkoman horse, both of which are now extinct, were discovered to have descended from two independent lineages, according to a research released in 2017. (which was similar to theAkhal-Tekebreed). Horses spread around the world as a result of commerce, conflict, giving, theft, and other means.

While individuals have been keeping track of their horses’ genealogy and characteristics for hundreds of years, it wasn’t until the 1700s that studbooks were established to keep an official pedigree record.

The Main Types of Horses

Horses and ponies are the two most common sorts of animals. horses are 14.2 hands (56.8 inches) or taller; ponies are less than 14.2 hands (56.99 inches). It is possible to further categorize them as follows: draft and pony breeds; driving kinds; stock horses used for working animals; gaited horses; hunters; light horses for riding and racing; and horses bred for meat production and companionship. A large number of horse breeds may be classified into one (or more) of these fundamental kinds.

The Development of Horse Breeds

The majority of breeds evolved during a period in which horses were the primary method of transportation and power. Heavy-duty horses such as the ponderous yet powerful Clydesdale, Belgian, or Percheron are used for this purpose. And when it comes to horse racing, we have the American standardbred and the thoroughbred to choose from. Carriage horses such as Cleveland bays and Hackney horses were bred to draw carriages and buggies, while Arabian horses were designed to transport riders quickly over the desert.

In addition, many horse breeds, such as the Lipizzaner and the Andalusian, were designed specifically for the purpose of transporting men into war.

In addition, we have the little Falabella and the miniature horse for fun and friendship.

This is one of the primary reasons why there are so many different horse breeds.

Color Breeds

The hue of certain horses makes them eligible for registration solely because they are a specified shade of brown (and often regardless of their actual breed). These hues, such as the palomino, buckskin, and pinto, are often eye-catching and much sought for. Certain color breeds put a strong emphasis on lineage, whilst others are simply concerned with the color of the horse’s coat.

In addition, certain horses with verifiable pedigree are eligible to register with both their breed registry and a color breed registry at the same time. This has the effect of increasing their market worth.

The Number of Horse Breeds

It’s impossible to estimate the precise number of horse breeds that exist in existence. Many varieties of horses are either close offshoots of other breeds or have been bred into other breeds over time, depending on the circumstances. There are 217 different horse breeds listed on the Breeds of Livestockresource from Oklahoma State University. The breeds include anything from the Abyssinian to the Zhemaichu. Meanwhile, Elwyn Hartley Edwards’ ” The Encyclopedia of the Horse” contains slightly over 150 different varieties of horses, including several old types that are no longer in existence but are the forebears of many modern breeds.

The majority of the breeds included in “The Encyclopedia of the Horse” are horses that are already registered and whose lineages can be traced to verify purity.

The information shown here does not offer a final number of horse breeds, but it does demonstrate how humans all around the globe have modified the genetics of horses in a variety of ways to develop a wide range of distinct characteristics.

Do You Know? How Many Different Horse Breeds *Are* There?

Answer our Just-for-Fun trivia question below, and then scroll down to discover if you got it right or wrong. Adobe Stock Images courtesy of kwadrat70 What is the approximate number of various horse breeds that are now in existence around the world? A) Approximately 100. B) Approximately 400. C) Approximately 850. Please continue reading for the solution. Continue to scroll. Just a smidgeon more. We’re almost there. (Be sincere, and keep going.) ANSWER:B is the right answer. Despite the fact that there is only one species of domestic horse, there are over 400 distinct breeds across the world that belong to that species.

As a result, there is a vast variety of body types and temperaments among hundreds of distinct breeds.


How Many Horse Breeds are There?

A breed is a group of horses that have a common ancestry and have a similar appearance. Some qualities distinguish that specific horse breed from others, and these characteristics are listed below. Each of these breeds produces kids that exhibit the same features as their parents. It is on the basis of these traits that horse breeds are registered, which provides an indication of the number of horse breeds that exist around the world. HORSES differ from one another in a variety of factors such as their physical traits such as size, structure, flexibility, and color.

This might be one of the reasons why there is so much misunderstanding regarding the real number of horse breeds available. Therefore, we will go through the entire number of horse breeds and how they are differentiated in this essay in great detail.

How Many Total Horse Breeds Are There?

Several horse breeds are now recognized by numerous registries located across the world. It has been estimated that there are 217 different horse breeds in the world, according to a research by Oklahoma State University known as The Breeds of Livestock Project. It is estimated that there are more than 150 distinct varieties of horse breeds included in Elwyn Hartley Jones’ Encyclopedia of the Horse. Although Wikipedia does not provide the exact number of horse breeds, I personally counted them and discovered that there were 358 different types.

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No matter how thorough your study is, there is no way to determine for certain how many different horse breeds there are.

Another factor contributing to the wide range of these figures is the fact that certain breeds are being introduced into registries for the first time, while others are being distinguished from previously existing breeds.

Main Types of Horses

Although there are three primary sorts of horses, namely light horses, heavy horses, and ponies, some people consider wild horses to be a fourth variety, which they refer to as “wild horses.” These horses are referred to as feral horses, and they will be addressed in further detail later in this text. Horses are classified mostly based on their size and weight, which serve as the key distinguishing characteristics. Their stockiness and skeletal structure, on the other hand, are occasionally taken into consideration as well.

Heavy Horses

Heavy horses, as the name indicates, are large and bulky in terms of their size, structure, and general build. They are physically quite robust, and they have a broad, flat back. Because of their short and thick legs, these horses are mostly employed for pulling carts and plowing fields, which allows them to operate more efficiently in the field. As a result, hefty horses are utilized to do heavy labor tasks. The choppy movement and small stride of these horses are responsible for the final traction that they achieve.

The Draft horse is one of the most well-known heavy horses in the world.

Light Horses

Horses that are lightweight, as the name implies, and are primarily employed for riding are referred to as light horses. They have longer legs and bodies that are more linear and angular in shape. The saddle is readily adjusted to the horse’s back, resulting in a somewhat pleasant ride. Because they have longer torsos and barely ever bend their knees when they walk, these horses have a smooth and easy stride. Furthermore, the fact that light horses have both true and fake ribs contributes to the perfection of saddle placement on these horses.

Light horses’ final ten ribs are referred to as “false ribs” because they are rounded rather than flat like the rest of their ribs. Thoroughbreds and Quarterhorses are two of the most prevalent horse breeds in this family.


The structure of ponies is often tiny; therefore, they are frequently mistaken with Miniature horses, who are another heavy horse type. This group of horses is also mistakenly referred to as “baby horses” or “foals.” Ponies are distinguished by a number of traits, including their thicker coats and tails. They also have larger and shorter necks than the average person. Ponies look to be little even when they are fully grown. Among kid riders, ponies are especially popular because of their kind nature.

Ponies are also suitable for adults to ride since they are able to carry a significant amount of weight on their backs.

Feral Horses

Feral horses are sometimes referred to as “wild horses” since they are non-domesticated horses that live in the wild rather than in a stable. However, just because they dwell in the wilderness does not imply that they are savage creatures. Some wild horses are highly charming, although the number of such horses is minimal compared to the overall population. These horses were truly tamed in the past, but they strayed, fled, or were released into the wild with the intent of causing harm. After that, they reproduced and learnt how to survive in the wild.

A population of at least 150 to 200 horses is required to ensure that their genetic variety is maintained.

Horse Breeds Based on Color

Riders frequently place a high value on the appearance of horses, and when it comes to appearance, the first thing that comes to mind is the color of the horse. Horse color is now seen as more valuable than its function in today’s society. Breeders are able to generate a wide range of equestrian colors thanks to scientific advancements, and as a result, they command a high premium. As a result, it was deemed important to divide horse breeds into categories based on their coat color as well as their breed.

Some horses are only registered in certain color breeds if they have certain pedigree characteristics, but others are simply registered in color breeds based merely on their equestrian color.

Colors observed in horse breeds range from the most frequent to the least common, as seen in the table below.

Grey Color

In all horse breeds, grey is the hue that is most commonly found on a horse’s coat.

This specific horse has a black coat with grey hair and a black skin. Even though the horse’s hair is white, the color of the horse is regarded grey until the skin color changes to pink.

Bay Color

Horses belonging to this color group have brown bodies with black lower limbs and tails, and their lower limbs and tails are black. A horse is referred to as light bay if its skin is light brown, while it is referred to as dark bay if the color of its body is dark brown. Blood bay and other variations are also found when the skin tone is dark reddish-brown in appearance.

Black Color

A horse may only be termed black if it has no brown hair at all, yet it can have white markings on its body if it is completely black. The liver-chestnut hue in horses is the deepest of the horse’s colors. Horses with this coloration might have a blonde mane and tail that is the same hue as their skin tone. The horse is known as a Sorrel if the color of its tail is darker than the color of the horse’s body hair.

Dun Color

Thedunhorse has black skin and yellowish hair, and he is built like a tank. When it comes to dun color horses, zebra stripes on the rear of the legs are rather typical. Another hue that is comparable to dun is the roan color that may be observed on some horses as well. It is made out of white hair that has been blended into a solid coat.

Paint or Pinto Color

The paint horse’s body is covered with areas of white, black, and occasionally brown. It is perplexing since paint or pinto horses are not just color breeds, but they are also a breed that is found in the United States. In other parts of the world, the name “Piebald” refers to horses with white or black patches, and the term “Skewbald” refers to horses with white and any other color patch other than black.

How Did So Many Horse Breeds Come Into Being?

Horse breeds are the outcome of several crossbreedings that have occurred over the course of centuries. A new breed was created when such breeds mixed with other breeds, although others, such as Morgans, were created as a consequence of a single cross from which all of its members descended. More than 350 breeds have been registered in various countries throughout the world as of today. In order to function more efficiently, modern horses have been designed. As a result, powerful riding horses such as Andalusians were bred to compete in dressage contests, while draft horses such as the Shire were bred to perform farm work and heavy lifting duties.

Later in the twentieth century, though, ponies were mixed with Arabians in order for them to be suitable for riding as well as for work.

A hybrid animal such as the mule, which is a cross between a female horse and a male donkey, is an example of this.

Most Famous Horse Breeds

By now, we all know that there are so many different horse breeds that it’s nearly hard to keep track of the precise number of them. Despite the intense competition, several of the breeds continue to be popular among equestrian riders year after year.

While I am unable to provide you with a comprehensive list of horse breeds, I have compiled a list of some of the most well-known horses that are now in existence. The following horses are included in the list, regardless of whether they are lightweight, heavyweight, ponies, or ferals:

  • Clydesdales, Belgians, Percherons, American Standardbreds, Thoroughbreds, Cleveland bays, Hackney horses, Arabian Horses, Lipizzaners, Andalusian horses, Shetland Ponies, Welsh Ponies, Miniature horses, and other small horses

FAQs About How Many Horse Breeds There Are

That’s all there is to it. In this page, we attempted to compile a comprehensive list of all of the horse breeds that exist across the world. Despite the fact that we attempted to be as detailed as possible, our readers continue to have a lot of questions about this subject. Listed below are some of the most often asked questions concerning this subject, which I have collated for your convenience:

What is the most famous horse breed?

The American Quarter Horse is the most well-known horse breed in the world. Because of its quickness and athleticism, this species is ideal for riders of practically all skill levels and abilities. Aside from their amazing beauty, American Quarter Horses are also great for competing in county fairs and other events. This is one of the reasons why it has the longest recorded history of any breed.

What are the three types of horses?

Lightweight horses, heavyweight horses, and ponies are the three most common varieties of horses in the world. Despite the fact that wild horses are classified as the fourth kind of horse in certain countries, they can be accommodated in the core three categories. A horse’s size and weight are the most important factors in distinguishing it from another. They are, nevertheless, occasionally taken into consideration for their stockiness and structure.

How many horse breeds are in the United States?

To be more specific, there are around 48 horse breeds that originated in the United States, although we are unsure of the actual number of horse breeds that exist in this region of the world. The issue is simple: we do not have the necessary demographic information to determine the answer with certainty. There are several ambiguities in the names of horse breeds and the characteristics that distinguish them from one another. As a result, the answer to this specific question is a bit ambiguous.

How Many Horse Breeds Are There in 2022?

There are numerous different predictions of how many horse breeds will be formally recognized in 2021, with some putting the number as low as 150 and others putting it as high as over 300. One thing is certain: the number of horse breeds is expanding every year, with new breeds being produced and admitted to registries on a regular basis. For thousands of years, since horses were originally domesticated, they have been deliberately bred for a number of objectives in order to generate a horse that is the best fit for the job at hand.

Body kinds, temperaments, and physical looks have resulted as a result of this, which is still being refined today.

Let’s get this party started!

The origin of the domestic horse

In accordance with archeological data, horses are believed to have been domesticated for the first time at least 6,000 years ago in the grasslands of Ukraine, which lie between southwest Russia and western Kazakhstan. They subsequently made their way across Europe and Asia, where they interbred with other wild horses along the route. In the early stages of their domestication, they were most likely utilized for both riding and as a source of meat and milk. According to a research released in 2017, all current horse genetics can be traced down to only two bloodlines: the Arabian horse and the Turkoman horse, both of which are now extinct.

Because they were deliberately bred for good features, they gave rise to all of the breeds that we are familiar with today.

Types of horses

Image courtesy of Alexas Fotos and Pixabay. Heavier horses, lighter horses, and ponies are the three varieties of horses that are available for purchase. Having said that, many people believe that there is a fourth sort of horse: wild horses. These many varieties are all classified primarily based on their size, while bone structure and mass, as well as height, are taken into consideration as part of the classification process. Heavy horses are the largest and heaviest of all the horse breeds, in terms of size, structure, and build.

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Riding and racing light horses are suitable for those who want a horse that is nimble, athletic, and swift.

In addition to being “hot-bloods,” which are far quicker and more nimble than heavy horses but are not as powerful and have significantly less endurance, these sorts of horses are also “warm-bloods,” a hybrid of the two.

There are approximately 80 different pony breeds, with the Shetland Pony being one of the most popular and well-known of them all.

The number of horse breeds

Featured Image Credit: Pixabay / Alexas Fotos Heavier horses, lighter horses, and ponies are the three different sorts of horses available. Although many believe there is a fourth type of horse, known as wild horses, many others believe there is none. These many varieties are all classified primarily based on their size, while bone structure and mass, as well as height, are taken into consideration as part of this classification. Heavy horses are the biggest and heaviest breeds available, both in terms of size and weight.

In the horse world, these animals are sometimes referred to as “cold-blooded.” Transportation and driving horses are examples of this since their stamina and power allow them to carry huge loads over great distances and transport people.

A longer and more angular body allows saddles to be securely fastened to them.

Pponies, being the smallest of the three, have thicker coats and necks that are shorter and more muscular than the other two.

Hot Bloods

Image courtesy of Pikist Hot bloods are horse breeds that are capable of great speed and endurance that are frequently employed in horse racing in the Western world. They are characterized as horses that are capable of high speed and endurance. The Arabian and the Thoroughbred are the only two hot blood horse breeds that are officially recognized by the United Nations. There are, however, other breeds that are usually thought to be hot bloods as well. Arabians have a lengthy history of domestication, despite the fact that they did not arrive on the European continent until the late 16th century.

They were subsequently crossed with English horses to produce the Thoroughbred, which has since become widely employed in sports events throughout the world, including the Olympics. The following are the most well-known hot blood breeds:

  • Arabian, Akhi-Teke, Anglo Arabian, Moroccan Barb, Spanish Barb, Thoroughbred, and more breeds are available.

Cold Bloods

Image courtesy of Alexia Khruscheva/ Horses with cold blood are draught horses, and they have traditionally been used for farm labor, cart and carriage hauling, and agricultural work. Cold blood horses have long been admired for their calm and easy-going temperament, and they are so today. There are hundreds of distinct breeds of dogs classified as cold bloods, the most well-known of which are as follows:

  • American Cream Draft, Belgian Heavy Draft, Black Forest Chestnut, Clydesdale, Friesian, Haflinger, Noriker, Percheron, Shire, Suffolk Punch, and other varieties are available.

Warm Bloods

Breweries that specialize in American Cream Draft, Belgian Heavy Draft, Black Forest Chestnut, Clydesdale, Frisian, Haflinger, Noriker, Percheron, Shire, and Suffolk Punch

  • American Cream Draft, Belgian Heavy Draft, Black Forest Chestnut, Clydesdale, Friesian, Haflinger, Noriker, Percheron, Shire, and Suffolk Punch are all varieties of the breed.

Final thoughts

American Cream Draft; Belgian Heavy Draft; Black Forest Chestnut; Clydesdale; Friesian; Haflinger; Noriker; Percheron; Shire; Suffolk Punch;

How Many Horse Breeds Are There In The World?

American Cream Draft, Belgian Heavy Draft, Black Forest Chestnut, Clydesdale, Friesian, Haflinger, Noriker, Percheron, Shire, Suffolk Punch, and other varieties are available.

Horse Breeds From Around The World What’s The Count?

So, how many different horse breeds are there in the world? After doing comprehensive study utilizing a variety of national resources, we discovered that there are around 350 nationally recognized horses and 100 ponybreeds on average in the United States. Horses Grazing on a Grazing Field As a result, we discovered over 1,400 distinct horse breeds that do not appear to be duplicates but are not recognized by national registries, which is one of the reasons why it is so difficult to cut down the list.

  1. Breeding is not strictly controlled in the United States, and it is difficult to keep track of records when people cross lineages or breeds, and new horses are generated on an almost daily basis in the United States.
  2. There can be negative implications and side effects when dogs are cross-bred to achieve a specific size, just as there can be with humans.
  3. You can find the whole list at the bottom of this post, and we also looked into other related topics that came to our minds, such as what is the oldest horse breed.
  4. Light horses, heavy horses, ponies, and feral horses are the four primary categories of horses, which are divided into four subcategories.
  5. It is common for them to have thinner legs and smaller bones as a result of their height.
  6. 2,000-pound heavy horses — These are more of a workhorse size, with weights of up to 2,000 pounds.
  7. Clydesdales and other Drafts, Percherons, Belgians, and Shires are just a few examples.

Mustang and Brumby are only a couple of examples of this. Generally, ponies measure 14.2 hands or less when measured (58 inches tall). As a result, they are smaller than a typical horse. American Shetland, Dales, Bosnian, and Dartmoor are just a few of the varieties available.


Abaco Barb
Albanian horse
Altai horse
Altèr Real
American Albino
American Cream Draft
American Indian Horse
American Paint Horse
American Quarter Horse
American Saddlebred
American Warmblood
Andalusian horse
Andravida horse
Arabian horse
Ardennes horse
Argentine Criollo
Asian wild horse
Assateague horse
Australian Brumby
Australian Draught Horse
Australian Stock Horse
Austrian Warmblood
Auvergne horse
Azerbaijan horse
Azteca horse
Baise horse
Balearic horse
Balikun horse
Baluchi horse
Banker horse
Barb horse
Bashkir Curly
Basque mountain horse
Bavarian Warmblood
Belgian horse
Belgian Warmblood (includes Belgian Half-blood)
Bhutia Horse
Black Forest Horse
Blazer horse
Bosnian Mountain Horse
Boulonnais horse
Brazilian Sport Horse (Brasileiro de Hipismo)
Breton horse
Budyonny horse or Budenny
Burguete horse
Burmese Horse
Byelorussian Harness horse
Calabrese horse
Camargue horse
Camarillo White Horse
Canadian horse
Canadian Pacer
Carolina Marsh Tacky
Carthusian horse
Caspian horse
Castilian horse
Catria horse
Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
Cerbat Mustang
Chickasaw Horse
Chilean horse also known as Chilean Corralero
Choctaw horse
Cleveland Bay
Clydesdale horse
Colonial Spanish Horse
Colorado Ranger
Coldblood trotter
Comtois horse
Corsican horse
Costa RicanSaddle Horse
Cretan horse
Criollo horse
Croatian Coldblood
Cuban Criollo
Cumberland Island horse
Curly Horse
Czech Warmblood
Danish Warmblood
Danube Delta horse
Dole Gudbrandsdal
or Dølahest
Dongola horse
Draft Trotter
Dutch harness horse
Dutch Heavy Draft
Dutch Warmblood
Dzungarian horse
East Bulgarian
East Friesian horse
Estonian Draft
Estonian horse
Faroese or Faroe horse
Fjord horse also called Norwegian Fjord Horse
Florida Cracker Horse
Foutanké or Fouta
Frederiksborg horse
French Trotter
Friesian cross (includes Friesian Sport Horses)
Friesian horse
Friesian Sporthorse (a type of Friesian cross)
Furioso-North Star
Galiceno or Galiceño
Galician Pony (Caballo de pura raza Gallega)
Gelderland horse
Georgian Grande Horse
German Warmblood or ZfDP
Giara Horse
Groningen Horse
Gypsy horse
Hackney horse
Hanoverian horse
Heck horse
Heihe horse
Henson horse
Hequ horse
Hispano-Árabe also known as Hispano or Spanish Anglo-Arab
Holsteiner horse
Hungarian Warmblood
Icelandic horse
Irish Draught
Irish Sport Horse sometimes called Irish Hunter
Italian Heavy Draft
Italian Trotter
Jaca Navarra
Jeju horse
Jutland horse
Kabarda horse
Kaimanawa horses
Kalmyk horse
Karabakh horse also known as Azer At
Karossier see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
Karachai horse
Kazakh Horse
Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse
Kiger Mustang
Kinsky horse
Kyrgyz Horse
Kisber Felver
Kiso Horse
Latvian horse
Lipizzan or Lipizzaner
Lithuanian Heavy Draught
Losino horse
Mangalarga Marchador
Marismeño horse
Marsh Tacky
Marwari horse
Međimurje horse
Mérens horse
Messara horse
Mezőhegyesi sport-horse (sportló)
Mezőhegyes felver
Metis Trotter
Miniature horse
Misaki horse
Missouri Fox Trotter
Mongolian Horse
Mongolian Wild Horse
Morgan horse
Mountain Pleasure Horse
Moyle horse
Mustang horse
Namib Desert Horse
Nangchen horse
National Show Horse
Nez Perce Horse
Nivernais horse
Nokota horse
Nonius horse
Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
Noriker horse
Norman Cob
Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian coldblood trotter)
North American Single-Footer horse
North Swedish Horse
Norwegian Fjord
Oberlander Horse
Oldenburg horse
Orlov trotter
Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
Pampa horse
Paso Fino
Pentro horse
Persano horse
Peruvian Paso
Pleven horse
Poitevin horse also called Mulassier
Posavac horse
Pryor Mountain Mustang
Przewalski’s horse
Pura Raza Española or PRE
Purosangue Orientale
Quarter Horse
Racking horse
Retuerta horse
Rhenish German Coldblood also known as Rhineland Heavy Draft
Rhinelander horse
Riwoche horse
Rocky Mountain Horse
Romanian Sporthorse
Russian Don
Russian Heavy Draft
Russian Trotter
Salerno horse
Samolaco horse
San Fratello horse
Santa Cruz Island horse
Sarcidano horse
Sardinian Anglo-Arab
Schleswig Coldblood
Schwarzwälder Kaltblut
Sella Italiano
Selle Français
Shagya Arabian
Shan Horse or Shan Myinn
Shire horse
Siciliano indigeno
Silesian horse
Sokolsky horse
South German Coldblood also known as Süddeutsches Kaltblut
Soviet Heavy Draft
Spanish Barb see Barb horse
Spanish Jennet Horse
Spanish Mustang
Spanish-Norman horse
Spanish Tarpan
Spiti Horse
Spotted Saddle horse
Standardbred horse
Suffolk Punch
Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish coldblood trotter)
Swedish Ardennes
Swedish Warmblood
Swiss Warmblood
Taishū horse
Tennessee Walking Horse
Tersk horse
Tinker horse
Tiger Horse
Tori horse
Trait Du Nord
UkrainianRiding Horse
Unmol Horse
Ventasso horse (Cavallo Del Ventasso)
Virginia highlander
Vladimir Heavy Draft
Waler horse
individual warmblood breed articles
Welsh Cob (Section D)
Westphalian horse
Württemberger or Württemberg
Xilingol horse
Yakutian horse
Yili horse
Yonaguni horse


American Shetland
American Walking Pony
Anadolu pony
Ariegeois Pony
Assateague Pony
Asturian pony
Australian Pony
Australian Riding Pony
Bali Pony
Bashkir Pony
Basque Pony
Basuto pony
Batak Pony
Bhutia Pony
Bosnian Pony
British Riding Pony
British Spotted Pony
Burmese Pony
Carpathian Pony
Canadian rustic pony
Caspian pony
Chincoteague Pony
Chinese Guoxia
Coffin Bay Pony
Connemara pony
Czechoslovakian Small Riding Pony
Dales Pony
Danish Sport Pony
Dartmoor pony
Deli pony
Deutsches Reitpony
Dülmen Pony
Eriskay pony
Esperia Pony
Exmoor pony
Faroe pony
Fell Pony
Flores pony
French Saddle Pony
Galician Pony
German Riding Pony
or Weser-Ems Pony
German Classic Pony
Gotland Pony
Guizhou pony
Gǔo-xìa pony
Hackney pony
Highland Pony
Hokkaido Pony
Hucul Pony
Hunter Pony
Icelandic pony
Indian Country Bred
Java Pony
Kerry bog pony
Landais Pony
Lijiang pony
Lundy Pony
Manipuri Pony
Merens Pony
Miniature horse
Miyako Pony
Narym Pony
New Forest Pony
Newfoundland pony
Noma pony
Northlands Pony
Ob pony also called Priob pony
Peneia Pony
Petiso Argentino
Pindos Pony
Poney Mousseye
Pony of the Americas
Quarter pony
Riding Pony
horses” section
Sable Island Pony
Sandalwood Pony
Sardinian Pony
Shetland pony
Skyros Pony
Spiti Pony
Sumba and Sumbawa Pony
Tibetan Pony
Timor Pony
Tokara Pony
Virginia highlander
Vyatka horse
Welsh pony
Western Sudan pony
Yakut Pony

How Many Horse Breeds are There?

Horse breeds were developed in order to meet the desires and needs of people. You might be interested in knowing how many different horse breeds there are. Horses were used for both work and transportation in the past. In a similar vein, we now enjoy their company as well as their sporting pursuits. However, we continue to enhance horse breeds in the same way that we have for hundreds of years.

The Original Domestic Horses

The origin of the progenitor of the modern domestic horse may be traced back to Eurasia. The events of that day occurred hundreds of years ago. As a result, the Eurasian Steppe was the site of the first domestication of horses, which occurred roughly sixty centuries ago. According to a research conducted in 2017, contemporary horses are descended from two different kinds of horses. That is, the Turkoman horse, which is related to both the Akhal-Teke breed and the Arabian horse in appearance and temperament.

As a result, individuals began breeding in order to get desired characteristics that would allow them to satisfy the demands of their jobs.

As a result, horse breeders would keep track of the characteristics and ancestry of their animals.

As a consequence, a plethora of horse varieties and breeds that we see today came into being.

What are the Main Horse Types?

Originating in Eurasia, the domestic horse’s progenitor was the first horse to be domesticated. A thousand years had passed since then. Because of this, horse domestication began on the Eurasian Steppe some sixty centuries ago, approximately. According to a research conducted in 2017, contemporary horses are descended from two different breeds of horse. That is, the Turkoman horse, which is related to the Akhal-Teke breed as well as the Arabian horse in appearance and temperament. Around history, horses have spread throughout the world as a result of theft, giving, conflict, and commerce.

In this way, breeding was used to identify characteristics like as endurance, strength, and quickness in the animals.

Horse owners began to keep studbooks in the 1700s, in which they recorded the official history of their horses’ ancestors and descendants.

Horse Breeds Development

The formation of most horse breeds occurred during a time when horses were primarily employed as a method of transportation and power. Strong horse breeds such as the Percheron, Belgian, and Clydesdale, for example, were used to draw huge carts and other heavy loads. The evolution of other horse breeds was primarily for racing purposes. Thoroughbreds and American Standardbreds are examples of such breeds. The genesis of Arabian horses was primarily for the purpose of providing fast rides over the desert.

When riding through steep terrain, riders rely on Kentucky mountain saddle horses to provide them with the comfort and efficiency they require.

Furthermore, varieties such as the Welsh pony and the Shetland pony were used on farms and in mines to help out.

All of these horse breeds have descended from a variety of geographic places across the world. As a result, each epoch includes individuals working on the development of species that will meet certain demands. It is for this reason that there are various horse breeds.

Color Breeds

Some horses are eligible for registration solely on the basis of their color, regardless of their breed of origin. They come in the most sought-after and eye-catching hues, such as pinto, buckskin, and palomino. Color breeds with a strong pedigree component exist, although some people are more concerned with the color of the horse’s coat. It is true that certain horses with verifiable pedigree can be registered with a color breed registration as well as a breed registry. As a result, their monetary worth increases.

Number of Horse Breeds

What is the total number of horse breeds? It is impossible to determine the precise number of horse breeds that exist. The majority of horse breeds have either been bred into other breeds multiple times or have been developed from other animals. Known as the Breeds of Livestock, this resource is maintained by Oklahoma State University. Their website has information on 217 different horse breeds, ranging from Zhemaichu to Abyssinian. Elwyn Hartley Edwards possessed a horse encyclopedia, which contained a list of more than 150 horse breeds, according to the author.

The majority of horse breeds listed in the Wikipedia are horses that are registered with a registrar.

In general, the number of horse breeds continues to grow in number.

Breeds of The World

There is no precise count of the number of horse breeds in existence in the world. It implies that people have modified horse DNA in order to produce horses with a variety of characteristics. However, the following is a list of the most prevalent horse breeds found around the world.

1. Asia

These horses are admired for their intellect, speed, tenderness, attractiveness and stamina, among other characteristics. Its origins may be traced back to the 7th century in Arabia.

Marwari Horse

The Marwari horse is one of the world’s most endangered horse breeds. Its roots may be traced back to the Marwar region of Rajasthan, India.


Bali horses are self-sufficient and extremely resilient animals that thrive in the wild. They are capable of surviving on their own. Because they are hardy animals, it is not possible to shoe them.


Despite their docile nature, Bali horses are quite resilient. Their ability to survive on their own is unquestionable. Because they are hardy animals, you cannot shoe them.

Przewalski horse

Mongolian wild horses, such as this one, may be seen in large herds. Their predecessors are said to have been the domestic horse.

Japanese Native Horses

The Yururi island horse and the Kandachi horse are the two most well-known horses in the area.


The Yili is a small horse from the Chinese province of Xinjiang.

Vietnamese Hmong horses

They are said to have descended from the Timorean, Sichuan, and Mongolian horses, among others. They are little horses with a height ranging between 10 and 11 hands, and they are native to Vietnam.

Manipuri Pony

The Manipuri pony is a small horse that is descended from a historic Indian breed of horse.

They are indigenous to the Indian states of Manipur and Assam in north-eastern India.

2. North America

These horses have a variety of body shapes, hues, and sizes, yet they all share one gene for curly hair. They are thought to have originated in the state of Nevada.

American Cream Draft Horse

Lowa was the site of the creation of the Cream Draft horses throughout the twentieth century. They traced their lineage down to a cream-colored mare.

American Miniature Horse

Miniature horses are attractive and petite equines that are bred for show.

American Morgan Horse

They are well-known for their adaptability, and they may be found in both Western and English academic subjects. Their origins may be traced back to the United States.

American Mustang

Mustangs are free to wander the open ranges of the American West. They are descended from the horses that were brought to America by the Spanish conquistadors. The Mustang is frequently referred to as a “wild horse.” However, due to the fact that they are descended from a domesticated horse, they are referred to as wild horses.

American Paint Horse

The horse is well-balanced, strong-boned, and short-coupled, and he has a build that is suitable for a variety of situations. In addition, the horses’ heads and necks, particularly the heads and necks of the mares, are very beautiful and refined. Its coat pattern is the most noticeable feature of the breed, and so serves to define it.

American Quarter Horse

He is well-balanced, strong-boned, and short-coupled, and he has a build that is suitable for a variety of disciplines. Also noteworthy is that the horses’ heads and necks, in particular, are very attractive and refined. In order to define a breed, the coat pattern is the most obvious characteristic.

American Saddlebred

It is their short and muscular backs that distinguish them. They have rounder barrels than the majority of light strains. In the American Revolutionary War era, riding-type horses existed, and the Saddlebreds are descendants of such horses.

Appaloosa Horse

These are American horse breeds that were derived from Spanish horses in their previous lives. They are well-known for the pattern on their coats, which is speckled. The horse breeds throughout history have affected the body sizes of the numerous sorts of horses in the diversity.


Mexico is the country of origin for the Azteca horse. The American Azteca is a subspecies of this species that is found in the United States. They can be painted in any solid color, whilst their subtypes can be painted in any paint color. This horse is well-known for participating in a number of English disciplines as well as the majority of Western disciplines.

Canadian Horse

Horses from Canada are imported into the United States. Generally speaking, they are well-muscled and powerful, and their hue is generally dark.

Chincoteague Pony

Assateague Island is home to a large number of wild horses. They are feral animals, which means they are descended from domestic horses that have evolved into a wild condition.

Colorado Ranger

The high plains of Colorado, in the United States, are where this horse breed got its start. It is believed that they are descended from two stallions that were brought to the United States from Turkey.

Florida Cracker Horse

These tiny saddle horses are between 13.2 and 15.2 hands tall and weigh between 700 and 1000 pounds, depending on the breed.

Their origins may be traced back to Florida in the United States.

Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse

These miniature saddle horses stand between 13.2 and 15.2 hands tall and weigh between 700 and 1000 pounds. They are available in two sizes. In the United States, they trace their roots back to Florida.

Kiger Mustang

The location of this horse breed is in the state of Oregon, in the United States.

Missouri Fox Trotter

Location of this horse breed is Oregon, United States (or “Oregon”).

Palomino Horse

Gold, yellow, and cream coats, as well as a silver or white tail and mane, differentiate Palomino horses from other breeds. They are originally from the country of Spain.

Paso Fino

The Paso Fino has a stunning beauty, a smooth riding pace, and a commanding presence on the trail. Its origins may be traced back to Colombia.

Peruvian Paso

Despite the fact that they are new to North America, their origins are in South America. They were brought to Peru by Spanish immigrants more than four centuries ago.

Pinto Horse

Pinto horses have coat colors that are comprised of huge white and other color patches interspersed with other hues. They are believed to have originated in the United States.

Pony of the Americas

The earliest development took place in the Lowa region of the United States.

Rocky Mountain Horse

Rocky Mountain horses are tough, surefooted, and generally pleasant creatures to be around. The Appalachian Mountains in the United States are where they got their start.

Spanish Mustang

The Spanish Mustang is a horse breed that originated in Spain and is now found in the United States. Breeding took place throughout the conquest of America.


Spanish-Norman horses are a breed of horse that originated in France and are quite flexible.


This horse breed was established in New England during the nineteenth century. The goal of the breeding program was to produce horses who could race, pace, and trot both in harness and out of harness.

3. Europe

Their origins are in Belgium, which is in Europe. The primary goal of their breeding program was to produce knights throughout the battle.


Breton horses, whose origins may be traced back to France, are utilized for hard agricultural and draft work. A combination of Oriental and European horse breeds was used in their creation.

Don Horse

The horse is one of the most ancient riding horses in Russia. They trace their origins back more than two centuries to southern Russia.

Exmoor Pony

The Exmoor Pony is a native of the British Isles that is considered to be an endangered breed. Potok and other wild horses are thought to have affected the Exmoor ponies.

Highland Pony

Highland ponies are extremely resilient and make excellent riding horses for both adults and children. They are believed to have originated in Scotland.

Irish Draught Horse

The Irish Draught horse is a breed that originated in Ireland. It was created primarily for agricultural purposes.

Spanish Barb

The Spanish Barb horse is the product of a hybrid between the Berber horse, sometimes known as the African Barb, and the indigenous horses of the Spanish Iberian Peninsula.


The development of thoroughbreds took place in England. They are mostly used for jumping and racing purposes. The Barb and Arab horses that were transported to England in the 3rd century are the breed’s ancestors.

Welsh Ponies

Welsh Ponies are crossbred horses descended from four horse breeds that were historically closely linked.

They include the cob and pony breeds that originated in Wales, United Kingdom, among others.

4. South America

Criollo horses are recognized for their hardiness and endurance. Their origins may be traced back to the southern South American countries of Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina.

Chilean horse

The horses of this South American breed are derived from the Spanish breed.

5. Australia

The horse was bred specifically for the conditions of Australia. As a result, they are quite resilient. You will love the Australian Stock horse’s great temperament, agility, and endurance, among other qualities.

6. Africa

Turkey was the site of their initial innovation.


The United States government was responsible for the first Zebra breeding in the twentieth century. Its use was in the study of telegony and inheritance. They are not the same species as horses, despite the fact that they are related to them. They are, however, extremely swift, and can gallop at speeds of up to 65 kph.


It is nearly difficult to determine the precise number of horse breeds that exist in the globe. Some varieties, on the other hand, have stood the test of time and developed over millennia. Regardless of what you want from a horse, whether for hunting, sports, or just for pleasure riding, there is always a breed that is ideal for your requirements.

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