He is the very model of a mad Roman emperor. The story that Caligula made his favourite horse, Incitatus, a consul has long tickled our imaginations.
- Caligula had a favourite racehorse named Incitatus (The Swift). He gave the animal regular treats and a stable made from marble. Soldiers were ordered to hush the neighbourhood when the horse was sleeping.
What was the name of Caligula’s favorite horse?
According to the ancient historian Suetonius, the Roman emperor known as Caligula loved one of his horses, Incitatus, so much that he gave the steed a marble stall, an ivory manger, a jeweled collar and even a house. Another chronicler, Cassius Dio, later wrote that servants fed the animal oats mixed with gold flakes.
Who was the horse of Caligula?
Incitatus (Latin pronunciation: [ɪŋkɪˈtaːtʊs], meaning “swift” or “at full gallop”) was the favourite horse of Roman Emperor Caligula (reigned 37–41 AD).
Did Caligula really make his horse a consul?
On the subject of Caligula’s horse, the ancient sources are unambiguous in their testimony: he was not made a consul. The biographer Suetonius does, however, report that the emperor lavished gifts upon Incitatus, equipping him with a marble stall, ivory manger, purple blankets, luxurious furniture, and his own slaves.
Did Caligula really make his horse a senator?
The most famous story about Incitatus is that Caligula made him a consul in the Roman Senate. Unfortunately, it’s not true. Records say Caligula wanted to appoint his equestrian bud to the Senate, but he was assassinated before he could make it happen. Plus, Incitatus’ political platform was too weak on the economy.
What was the name of Caesar’s horse?
They say that Julio Cesar took that foal and called him Genitor. The horse with “human fingers” would be his main mount and, in order to preserve his safety, they say that on some occasion he came to unload in the middle of the battle so as not to compromise his horse.
What color was Caligula’s horse?
According to Suetonius, an ancient historian, Caligula’s horse Incitatus had a stable made of marble and a stall made of ivory. He wore only purple blankets, the color of royalty, and had jewels hanging from around his neck.
What is Caligula best known for?
Caligula is one of the most infamous rulers in human history, best known for his violent whims, mercurial disposition and immense self aggrandizement. Gaius Caesar Germanicus—also known as the notorious emperor Caligula—only ruled Rome from 37 AD to 41 AD.
Was Caligula a good emperor?
Caligula was a good Emperor before his illness and abolished unnecessary taxes, improved infrastructure, public transportation, and gave aid to many who had been wronged by Tiberius.
Was Caligula a successful leader?
Gaius Caesar, nicknamed Caligula or “Little Boot,” succeeded Tiberius as Roman emperor in 37 A.D., and adopted the name Gaius Caesar Germanicus. Records depict him as a cruel and unpredictable leader. He restored treason trials and put people to death.
Did Caligula eat his son?
Apart from portraying Caligula as a deranged twenty-something emperor of Rome, they got just about everything else wrong.” For one thing, the film has a scene in which Caligula cuts the fetus of his child with his sister, Drusilla, out of her body. He then kills her and eats the fetus.
Does Caligula have a child?
“He [Caligula] was tall, of a pale complexion, ill-shaped, his neck and legs very slender, his eyes and temples hollow, his brows broad and knit, his hair thin, and the crown of the head bald.
Who succeeded Caligula?
How did Caligula die? In January 41, four months after his return to Rome from Gaul, Caligula was murdered at the Palatine Games by Cassius Chaerea, tribune of the Praetorian Guard, Cornelius Sabinus, and others. Caligula’s wife and daughter were also put to death. He was succeeded as emperor by his uncle Claudius.
Who married their horse?
Wilma Hurskainen – The Woman Who Married A Horse.
Incitatus – Wikipedia
Caligula’s preferred mount, Incitatus (Latin pronunciation:, meaning “fast” or “at full gallop”), was his favorite horse throughout his reign, which spanned 37–41 AD. According to mythology, Caligula intended to appoint the horse to the position of consul.
According to Suetonius’ Lives of the Twelve Caesars (121 AD), Caligula intended to appoint Incitatus as consul, and the horse would “invite” guests to eat with him in a home furnished with attendants who would be on hand to host such occasions, according to the horse. Suetonius also described the horse’s stable as being made of marble, complete with an ivory manger, purple blankets, and a collar of valuable stones around its neck. In Cassius Dio’s (155–235 AD) account, the horse was watched by attendants and given oats mixed with gold flake, and Caligula elevated the horse to the status of a priest under his command.
The reliability of the accepted history is frequently called into doubt. Anthony A. Barrett and others argue that later Roman chroniclers such as Suetonius and Dio Cassiuswere affected by the political climate of their own era, when it may have been advantageous to the present emperors to denigrate the earlier Julio-Claudian rulers. Aside from that, the gruesome nature of the story provided flavor to their storytelling and gained them extra readers. Scholars believe that Caligula’s treatment of Incitatus was an elaborate hoax designed to humiliate and irritate the senate rather than a symptom of insanity, or that it was probably a kind of satire with the idea that a horse could perform the responsibilities of a senator.
In art and metaphor
- Incitatus has been used as an allegory for political ineptitude for centuries, dating back at least to 1742
- In Act III of Anton Chekhov’sThe Cherry Orchard (1904), Pishchik claims that his family is a victim of Incitatus “In Aleister Crowley’sLiber VIIChapter 4, verses 28–30, he suggests that Incitatus had a deeper significance, saying, “Who was Thou, O Caesar, that Thou knewest God in a horse?” Incitatus is said to be descended from the nag Caligula had inducted into the Senate. The life of Incitatus is the topic of Zbigniew Herbert’s poem “Caligula,” which is set in the Roman era “PAN COGITTO (Pan Cogito, 1974)
- Incitatus is mentioned in Robert Graves’ novelI, Claudius, who writes that he was elevated to the position of senator and placed on a list to become a consul
- That later, Claudius removed Incitatus’ governmental stipend and his senatorial status because he did not meet the monetary requirements
- That Incitatus was slaughtered after injuring his leg at a race
- And that Incitatus’ mate, Penelope, She overhears a conversation between two guys in which they appear to be planning her wedding and her future spouse
- Leslie Phillips portrayed Incitatus in the 2000 BBC Radio 4 comedyMe and Small Boots, written by Shaun McKenna, which presented the narrative of Caligula (Latin for “little boots”) from the point of view of his servant Incitatus. When Incitatus talks too much, he risks giving away his fable status
- He also regularly emphasizes his former position as a Roman senator
- The progressive metal bandCaligula’s Horse is named after Incitatus
- And the comic book seriesJack of Fables (2006–2011) features Incitatus as a story.
- Caligula is mentioned in Suetonius’ De vita Caesarum, Caligula, 55:consulatum, quoque traditur destinasse, which means “he meant to make him consul”
- Cassius Dio,Roman HistoryLIX.14
- Cassius Dio,Roman HistoryLIX.28
- Did Caligula actually make his horse a consul? abBarrett, Anthony A., History Channel, June 21, 2016
- Elizabeth Nix, History Channel, June 21, 2016
- (1990). Caligula, or the Corruption of Power, is a historical figure. ISBN 9780300046533 from Yale University Press
- AbMythbusting Ancient Rome – Caligula’s Horse, Shushma Malik and Caillan Davenport, The Conversation, May 4, 2017
- English translation of “Caligula Speaks,” by Zbigniew Herbert, translated by Oriana Ivy
- Radio Times listing for Me and Little Boots from March 2000
- Jack of Fables 22–24 from Jack of Fables 22–24
- Jack of F
Mythbusting Ancient Rome – Caligula’s Horse
If there is one thing that springs to mind when thinking of the emperor Caligula, it is John Hurt’s magnificently manic performance in the BBC television series I, Claudius. Horrified passersby watch as Hurt parades his favorite horse around the streets of Rome, decked out in the toga of a consul, while wearing a gold bikini and sporting a beard stained with the blood of his children. He embodies the precise definition of a deranged Roman ruler. The legend that Caligula elevated his favorite horse, Incitatus, to the position of consul has always piqued our interest.
Caligula’s horse, Incitatus, is mentioned in the Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, which defines the name as “the name of Caligula’s horse, who was appointed a consul by the emperor.” The fact that Incitatus has his own Wikipedia page, on the other hand, is perhaps the most compelling evidence of his immortality.
The emperor’s favourite ass
The consulship was the highest magistracy in the Roman Republic, and it was held by the most powerful men in the land. Although it was still in existence throughout the reign of the empire, the rank was largely an honorary title, which emperors used to award loyal senators. When it comes to Caligula’s horse, the ancient sources are explicit in their testimony: he was not elevated to the position of consul. According to the writer Suetonius, the emperor showered gifts upon Incitatus, providing him with a marble stall, ivory manger, purple blankets, luxury furnishings, and servants from his own household.
The historian Cassius Dio, who lived in the first century AD, provides a slightly different version: .and he has even agreed to appoint a consul.
As a result, it is likely that the narrative was inspired by a casual comment made by Caligula, who mentioned that he would appoint Incitatus as a consul (though he never followed through with it).
It’s often assumed that the emperor was making fun of the consuls since they were such “asses” that he may as well include his horse in this exclusive club.
“Incitatus” is Latin for “rapidly moving.” A clever hypothesis advanced by historian David Woods is that the term was intended to be an insult directed at one specific consul, Asinius Celer, whose name translates as “swift ass.” A joke made by Caligula the comedian has been taken as historical fact by certain people.
A party fit for a horse
Caligula was a great cry from his imperial predecessors Augustus and Tiberius in terms of personality and character. Augustus is sometimes referred to as the “first emperor,” yet he saw himself more as a prominent Republican politician than a king throughout his time in power. His successor, the stoic Tiberius, made it a point to turn down as many royal honors as he possibly could. Caligula, on the other hand, was a raucous young man in his mid-twenties who had a reputation for being reckless.
In a nutshell, Caligula desired to be – and to be perceived as – a monarch.
Compared to the care shown to prize horses by other young nobles, Caligula’s lavish treatment of Incitatus was far more extravagant.
It is true that Caligula did throw parties for his guests in the horse’s magnificent stables, with Incitatus himself serving as the “host.” Caligula and his entourage, on the other hand, were the actual beneficiaries of all the bling, which allowed them to party in style.
Imagining the emperor Caligula and his drinking cronies ridiculing the stuck-up consuls and proclaiming that Incitatus would soon be joining their ranks is not difficult to envision.
The neighs have it
Salvador Dali’s Caligula’s Horse (also known as Dali’s Horses) was painted in 1971. A Fair Use Licence is required. As a parable of political abuse, the story of Caligula and Incitatus proved to be so compelling that it didn’t seem to matter that the horse never worn the consular toga in the end. Commentators have had a lot of fun over the ages comparing modern politicians to the emperor’s favorite horse, which has been a source of great amusement for them. On the 6th of February, 1742, the London Magazine and Monthly Chronologer published an article that is considered to be one of the most sophisticated examples of this.
Robert Walpole was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time, and he had been defeated in a vote of no confidence in Parliament on the 28th of January 1742.
must it have been to have lived under the auspicious Reign of the Emperor Caligula, who had such a great regard for Merit wherever he found it, and took such a fatherly Care in providing for the Happiness of his People, that When contrasted to Walpole, Incitatus comes out on top since the horse shows all of the characteristics of a successful Prime Minister.
It also appears in more serious contexts, such as the British response to the American Declaration of Independence in 1776, which was titled “The Rights of Great Britain Asserted Against the Claims of America.” Caligula’s horse also appears in more serious contexts, such as the American Declaration of Independence in 1776.
- The biases and anxieties of the common people were the steps that ambitious leaders took to advance to a position of power, which they then used to impose tyranny on their gullible constituents.
- The narrative of Incitatus is transformed into a fable on what occurs when a state abandons its basic values at the demand of sycophants, as is the case today.
- In his memoirs, Cassius Dio claims that Caligula transformed a horse – presumed to be Incitatus – into an emperor’s priest.
- Therefore, we have been accustomed to viewing this tale as one about the misuse of governmental, as opposed to religious, authority.
However, despite the fact that Caligula’s horse was never given the opportunity to sit in the ivory chair of the Roman Senate (his ivory stable had to suffice), we still like fantasizing about the days when politicians were physically badasses.
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Caligula and Incitatus: History of Horses
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CALIGULAAND THE LEGENDARY HORSE INCINATUS
Written by John Reismiller “However, when the point of the spur’s point ever so slightly touches the flank of a thoroughbred, the horse breaks into a gallop that is wildly out of proportion to the impulse of the spur’s point. It is more accurate to describe the horse’s reaction as a release of enthusiastic inner energy than than a response to an urge. An anxious horse, with its restless head and blazing eye, is a wonderful representation of the frantic pace of modern life. As a result, we envisage the majestic horse, Incitatus, that Caligula drew his name from.” -Jose Ortega and Gassett Jr.
- Because they were biased toward the Julian/Claudian clan, the chroniclers of his imperial rule who were written years later wished to make his behavior toward Incitatus and other members of the imperial family the subject of ridicule.
- The present academic community believes that his condition deteriorated as his reign progressed.
- However, if there was anything that Caligula cherished, it was his horse Incitatus.
- Whatever the reason, Caligula’s Incitatus has earned a place in the annals of horse and human history.
- Suetonius also stated that Caligula intended to elevate Incitatus to the position of Consul.
- It has also been reported that Caligula declared his horse to be a ‘combination of all the gods,’ and that he was to be adored as a result of this declaration.
Lives of theTwelve Caesars, Suetonius, Suetonius When Caligula invited Incitatus to dinner, he would offer him golden barley and drink his health in wine from golden goblets; he pledged his life and fortune to Incitatus and even promised to appoint him consul, a promise he would almost certainly have fulfilled if he had lived for another few years.
- Incittatus, which translates as “impulsive” in Latin, was imported from Spain to be added to Caligula’s stable of racehorses.
- Apparently, before a race, Caligula would sleep beside his Incitatus to ensure that no one would interrupt his repose under the threat of death, according to mythology.
- Caligula’s family held the most of the land on which St.
- He enhanced the spectacle by erecting an obelisk in the center of the arena.
- No money was spared, however we are unsure whether Incitatus was content with his surroundings, which included a marble stall and an ivory manger to feed from.
- Incitatus was, after all, considered the best-dressed horse amongst all the horses in Rome.
Monument to Circo Massimo’s ruins Notes of Interest: All copyrights are reserved. Patricia Crane is a writer who lives in New York City. Return to Horse History Articles by clicking here: Tales of the Horse is a collection of stories about horses.
3 Horses That Changed History : HITS
Is anyone genuinely great if they do not have a fantastic horse at their disposal? Our topic today is some of the most renowned horses in history — as well as the humans who were devoted to them. Known as the “Great King and Conqueror of Antiquity,” Alexander the Great was also a brilliant horseman. Although Bucephalus, the king’s horse, is almost as famous as the monarch himself. It is in the public domain. A thirteen-year-old Alexander, according to the writings of Plutarch, an ancient historian, conquered the horse when no one else could by diverting the beast away from its shadow.
- Some literature stated that the horse was descended from Greek gods, while others asserted that whomever rode the horse was destined to dominate the whole planet.
- As the years went by, the tale of the horse developed with the legend of the monarch.
- The legendary Alexander the Great outlived his horse and was commemorated by the naming of an ancient city in his honor, Bucephala.
- You may not have realized it, but one of his most valued advisors happens to be a horse.
- According to Suetonius, an ancient historian, Caligula’s horse Incitatus was housed in a marble stable with an ivory stall, according to Suetonius.
- His own attendants were assigned to him, and his oats were infused with gold flakes; he even had his own residence.
- According to legend, the emperor intended to elevate the horse to the status of an official member of the Roman government.
Following the publication of Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species, the general public became increasingly interested in animal intelligence.
The horse made his way throughout Germany, entertaining and delighting audiences with his various abilities.
In order to interact with the horse, audience members may either ask it a question or allow it to read the inquiry on a piece of paper.
In 1904, a panel of 13 persons, largely schoolteachers, led by psychologist Carl Stump, found that the horse was not deceiving them, and that the answers given by the horse were indeed right, and that they changed depending on the subject asked.
Despite the fact that he withdrew the horse from its vast viewers, the solution was true.
At long last, he attempted to ask the horse a question for which he had no knowledge of the answer.
Although Clever Hans was unable to read German or handle math problems, Pfungst discovered that the horse was in reality an extremely intelligent creature.
Clever Hans would halt them if their body language altered as a result of the horse arriving at the correct answer on the first try.
Since then, the Clever Hans Effect, which refers to comparable behavior in people, has been coined. You may find out more about our favorite fictional horses by reading Our 5 Favorite Horse-related Books.
Caligula the Mad Emperor: The Horse That Almost Became a Senator and Other Strange Tales
Stories The 27th of September, 2019 In the summer of my adolescent years, I worked construction for a heinous party animal named Caligula. It was a great experience for me. He went by the name of Phil, just for fun. The majority of the work consisted of sanding and plugging bung holes (google it up, it’s a real thing). I don’t recall much about the actual work. What I do remember, though, is the day Phil told me he’d done enough cocaine in his life to fill a tool shed, which I thought was pretty cool.
- What do you think?
- No way in hell.
- Gaius Caesar Germanicus, better known as the infamous emperor Caligula, was only in power at Rome for a brief period of time, from 37 AD to 41 AD.
- Despite this, Caligula has a chariot-load of outrageous stories to his credit, which you can read about here.
- In the spirit of his legacy, I’m not going to hold back: the man was a true sick f*ck who did a lot of weird sh*t during his time on this planet.
- But, well, that’s pretty much how most of history has gone.
Caligula’s Best Friend was a Horse
Except for the fact that Caligula adored his horse almost as much as he despised other people, this appears to be a quite charming description (more on that later). Incitatus was Caligula’s favored racehorse, and as a result, he received preferential treatment. If you lived near his stable, your entire neighborhood was required to remain silent the day before each race in order to allow Incitatus to concentrate on his work. Count Caligula was so taken with Incitatus that he would call him to supper, toast his well-being with golden cups, and feed him oats cut with gold flakes—Oatschläger, if you will—to keep him well.
2 The most well-known narrative concerning Incitatus is that he was elevated to the position of consul in the Roman Senate by Caligula.
Unfortunately, this is not the case. According to historical records, Caligula wished to nominate his equestrian friends to the Senate, but he was slain before he could complete the appointment process. Incitatus’ political program was also lacking in terms of economic policy. 3
Caligula Drank Pearls and Swam in Gold
Caligula was supposed to have possessed a legendary thirst for jewels. His favorite thing to do was to swim in gold. It wasn’t molten gold, mind you, because it would have saved his assassins a lot of time and energy. Additionally, he wasn’t swimming in Oatschläger (which had been designated as Incitatus’ particular reserve). Instead, he went about it in the manner of Scrooge McDuck, spilling money on the ground and letting them soak in them for hours at a time. Furthermore, he like to go barefoot over them.
While he did consume pearls, he did not gargle them like a gumball hopper, which would have been insane in his opinion.
Caligula Decided He Was Jupiter, Talked to the Gods, and Tried to F*ck the Moon
Okay, this one will require some deciphering. For starters, Caligula didn’t care for his given name, Gaius. He also disliked his nickname, Caligula, which was given to him by troops he encountered while he was a child, during his father’s battles in Germania, and which he later came to regret. Caligula is Latin for “little boots,” and the name was a play on the adorable tiny soldier’s attire that he wore. It stayed with him throughout adulthood, and he naturally despised the s**t that happened to him.
- As you can see, the new term didn’t stay because this page is about Caligula, not “Jupiter,” as the title suggests.
- He attempted to make it work, though.
- He also ordered the relocation of the huge statue of Zeus (Jupiter’s counterpart in Greece) from Olympia to Rome so that he may have his own head replaced with that of the statue.
- Caligula also felt that he had a direct line of communication with the gods and considered himself to be one of their number.
- Aside from talking to the moon at night, he’d also try to persuade her (the moon is a lady, by the way) into descending down to his bed for a little celestial-meets-terrestrial liaison.
Caligula Once Made the Senate Watch Him Dance
Let’s pretend for a second that you’re a Roman consular, a high-ranking politician who, though he or she has little actual authority under an emperor, has significant influence. Consider the possibility that your ruler is mad and ruthlessly cruel. In the middle of the night, you get a summons: the emperor has requested your presence. It appears as though you are about to be tortured and executed. That’s undoubtedly what Caligula’s consulars were thinking when something like this occurred to them.
I’m not sure about you, but the opening Buffalo Bill sequence fromSilence of the Lambs is playing in my head right now. Caligula ended his speech and then departed. Strange, isn’t it? 6
Caligula Passed Laws to Prevent People from Seeing His Bald Spot
Caligula was, according to legend, a hideous man. Even though he didn’t survive much past the age of 28, he was affected by some hereditary male pattern baldness, which he never fully recovered from. Rather than just adopting the role of hat guy, he enacted legislation prohibiting Romans from standing above him or otherwise staring down at him as he walked through the streets. Is there a bald spot if no one can see it? Is it actually there? And, like so many other men before and after him, he was plagued by a frustrating paradox: while his pate lost hair, his body began to grow it again.
As a result, Caligula declared it unlawful to discuss goats in his presence, which was only natural.
Caligula Was an Asshole, Generally Speaking
Even if items one through five depict Caligula’s narcissism rather effectively, they don’t really give you a sense of how evil the man was on an emotional and psychological level. Caligula had great pleasure in seeing other people suffer for his own gain. Of course, there’s the standard interest with torturing and murdering individuals in this category. However, he was also a troubled, antisocial trickster who played with others. In order to prevent people from reading the new laws, he would have them inscribed in tiny letters and then hung them up extremely high.
On particularly hot days in the arena, he’d order the awnings to be drawn back and spectators barred from leaving, all so he could watch them sweat in front of him.
As you can see, Caligula enjoyed punching people in the face, most likely to conceal his bald area from his victims.
What Was Caligula’s Problem?
It’s difficult to say, although he may have lost his mind as a result of an illness. During the first six months of Caligula’s rule, everything appeared to be quite stable, or at the very least, status quo. He even released political prisoners who had been wrongfully imprisoned, which was in stark contrast to his subsequent policy. Caligula fell terminally ill after just six months in power, signaling the beginning of the end of his reign. He was on the verge of death for a month, yet he was able to recover physically.
- It appears that he has experienced some type of brain damage as a result of his protracted illness—possibly as a result of a prolonged high temperature, but that is just a conjecture.
- 9 That he had changed so drastically was unpleasant for Caligula, as well as for everyone else in his immediate vicinity.
- Instead, he was insensitive to human emotion and tormented his people until they banded together to assassinate him.
- Chaerea was a notable warrior and a member of the Praetorian guard who served under Emperor Hadrian.
- According to the historian Suetonius, when Caligula wanted Chaerea to kiss his ring, he would move his hand about in a “obscene manner” and force him to say demeaning watch-words, such as “priapus,” which means “erection,” according to the chronicler.
The stabbing was carried out by Chaerea. Interestingly, Chaerea was joined by a number of other groups of conspirators who had a desire to see Caligula killed as well. As a result, you don’t treat people any worse than you treat racehorses. 10
- TheFamousPeople.com. (Retrieved on May 18, 2018). Caligula’s Life and Times. Lewis provided the information. (On the 17th of December, 2016). 10 Weird Things Caligula Did That You Didn’t Know About. Buffed was used to obtain this information. (3rd of June, 2017). Incitatus was Caligula’s horse, and he wanted to be a senator. Lewis provided the information. (On the 17th of December, 2016). 10 Weird Things Caligula Did That You Didn’t Know About. Lewis provided the information. (On the 17th of December, 2016). 10 Weird Things Caligula Did That You Didn’t Know About. Lewis provided the information. (On the 17th of December, 2016). 10 Weird Things Caligula Did That You Didn’t Know About. Lewis provided the information. (On the 17th of December, 2016). 10 Weird Things Caligula Did That You Didn’t Know About. Lewis provided the information. (On the 17th of December, 2016). 10 Weird Things Caligula Did That You Didn’t Know About. It was retrieved from (Accessed May 18, 2018). Caligula’s Life and Times. It was retrieved from (Accessed May 18, 2018). Cassius Chaerea is a fictional character created by author Cassius Chaerea. This information was obtained from
Historical Oddities: Incitatus, the Horse Caligula Made Senator
More than their activities as rulers, many Roman Emperors are today remembered for the more unusual episodes that occurred throughout the course of their reign. Caligula, consul and Emperor of Rome from 37 to 41 AD, is undoubtedly the most well-known and eccentric of the Roman emperors, having reigned from 37 to 41 AD. In addition to a dispute between himself and the Roman Senate, Caligula’s brief reign was marked by his attempts to consolidate his own personal authority inside the empire throughout his short rule.
- On the other hand, the reports of his lunacy have remained in the public consciousness for far longer, and one of the most well-known parts of this is the story of his horse, Incitatus.
- During his reign, the emperor lavished him with attention.
- When the Romans reigned, purple dye was an extremely scarce commodity, and it was used to denote royalty and the highest social standing.
- Another chronicler, Cassius Dio, claims that Incitatus was served meals made of oats mixed with gold leaf during his imprisonment.
- The first occurred in the year 39 AD.
- On the barges, a bridge was built over the two-mile-wide expanse of water, connecting the two cities.
- In order to disprove a prophecy made by Thrasyllus of Mendes, soothsayer for Caligula’s great uncle and predecessor Tiberius, the act was carried out.
- The second event with Incitatus has also become the episode for which Caligula is most famous; the horse was named to the Senate and probably appointed as a consul with Caligula during this time.
- The intention to designate Incitatus as consul was presented as evidence of Caligula’s lunacy, according to historians.
- With the appointment of Incitatus as a senator and consul, Caligula might have implied that the Senate was no more competent than an animal, or that Incitatus was truly more competent than the senators in their respective roles.
- Caligula, on the other hand, was unable to elevate Incitatus to the position of consul since the emperor was slain in 41 AD, only four years into his reign.
This entry was posted inAll Posts,Historical Oddities,History and tagged caligula, consul,emperor,historical oddities,history,horse,incitatus,italy,roman empire,rome on November 30, 2013 by calgaryhistory. This entry was posted in Uncategorized.
The Horse Who Would Be Senator: Caligula and His Unconventional Appointee
Caligula was a Roman Emperor who reigned from 12 A.D. Bust. The following is the source: (gettyimages.com) The politicians of ancient Rome were well-known for their outlandish conduct, but Caligula had them all beat. Emperor Augustus IV of Rome participated in aberrant sexual activity, severe cruelty, uncontrolled spending, and attempted to have his beloved horse, Incitatus, elevated to the position of Roman senator, among other things. What is this guy’s point of view? Power has corrupted you?
After hearing about the life of Caligula, the son of Emperor Tiberius, you will be able to make up your decision.
The following is the source: (digitalsculpture.com)
A Tragic, Twisted Childhood
Caligula’s given name was Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus when he was born in the year 12 AD. Growing up, he was given the nickname Caligula, which literally translates to “little boots,” since his parents used to dress him up in miniature military costumes. Caligula was the eldest son of General Germanicus and his wife, Agrippina the Elder, and the youngest son of General Germanicus and his wife, Agrippina the Elder. Caligula was just a few months shy of his fifth birthday when his father died.
- Upon being suspected of treason, Agrippina and her two oldest boys were arrested and imprisoned.
- Caligula’s grandmother shielded him from Tiberius’s fury throughout his reign.
- Caligula’s terrible life choices and nasty behavior were made possible by Tiberius.
- The following is the source: (biography.com)
Caligula’s Reign of Terror
Emperor Tiberius formally adopted Caligula and declared him and his cousin, Gemellus, to be equal heirs to the empire, a move that drew much criticism. Tiberius’ most trusted supporters, Marco, advocated for Caligula to be the one to take over as ruler of the empire when Tiberius died. Caligula was ultimately chosen. Caligula killed both Marco, who was a follower of his, and Gemellus, who was a rival of his, as soon as he was appointed emperor. Emperor Caligula as a young man. The following is the source: (history.com)
A Promising Start
It was soon before his 25th birthday that Caligula was elevated to the position of emperor in 37 AD. Caligula’s reign appeared to be off to a bright start at this point. He was instrumental in instituting several political reforms that garnered him some early recognition. By permitting banished individuals to return to Rome, he was able to gain even more popularity among the populace. After contracting a critical illness in October of his first year as monarch, however, according to mythology, everything began to change.
Caligula, according to mythology, moved from being a spoilt, self-indulgent young man to an insane, disturbed, and menacing leader once he recovered from his ordeal. The following is the source: (rome.net)
Caligula was a young guy who had grown up in a society where he was in charge. His manipulation skills were well-honed, and he frequently intimidated others to comply with his demands by declaring, “I have the authority to do anything to anyone.” When he was angry with senators, he would compel them to run for hours and miles as he followed closely behind them in his chariot. This was one of his favorite methods of punishing them. His idea that he was immune to cultural conventions carried over into his personal connections as well as his professional ties.
No woman could say no to his approaches, and no man could say no to Caligula if he had a thing for his wife.
Aqueducts built by the Romans.
With his obsessive spending, Caligula imposed a strain on the finances of the city of Rome. He did spend large sums of money on worthwhile building projects like as theatres, aqueducts, ports, and temples, but he also spent a lot of money on things that were unnecessary and frivolous. Thousands of his men, for example, were instructed to fabricate fictitious conflicts for theatrical purposes, most of which took place along the Rhine and the English Channel. A few years ago, he ordered the construction of a floating bridge across the Bay of Bauli, spanning two miles in length, merely so that he could ride his horse across the sea.
It was said that he consumed pearls dissolved in vinegar on a daily basis.
The following is the source: (celsus.blog)
Caligula, the Cross-Dresser
Caligula enjoyed a variety of pastimes, one of which was dressing up. He mostly dressed in women’s clothing and shoes, but he also donned a variety of strange outfits, wigs, shoes, and other accessories to stand out. Caligula was not a particularly attractive individual, prompting historians to speculate that he donned bizarre clothes in order to conceal his actual look. He was rumored to be so unsightly and hairy, in fact, that he established legislation making it a deadly penalty to mention the term “goat” in his company, according to legend.
The following is the source: (brewminate.com)
A Boy and His Horse
Caligula had a deep affection for horses since he was a child. This was a love that he carried with him for the rest of his life. Caligula was a fan of the horse Incitatus, which he rode while emperor.
Incitatus was housed in an exquisite stable erected by Caligula, complete with marble walls and an ivory manger. In addition to being saddled with a diamond bridle, the horse was fed an oats diet that included gold flakes. The following is the source: (reddit.com)
Incitatus, the Senator
Incitatus the horse was never elected as a senator in the traditional sense. It looked as though Caligula’s opponents had reached their breaking point when he stated that he would transform his horse into a stately horse. For a long time, people had been becoming angry at Caligula because of his harshness and his out-of-control spending habits. A party of conspirators was created in order to overthrow Caligula. They were successful in assassinating Caligula, his wife, and daughter in January or February of 41 AD, just before Incitatus was to be sworn in as a Roman senator.
According to a witness, “Caligula learnt the hard way that he was not a deity via genuine experience.” Caligula’s assassination was carried out.
Is it possible that Caligula suffered from a mental illness? Was he a narcissistic egomaniacal egomaniac? Is he a survivor of a painful childhood experience? Was he a textbook illustration of how absolute power corrupts absolute power, as some have suggested? Could it have been because he was unusual, weird, and misunderstood? We may never know the answer, but we may marvel at the antics of the emperor and his horse, a would-be senator, as they go about their business.
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Karen, a writer, departed the realm of academia, abandoning her position as a college lecturer to devote her time solely to writing. During the day, she lives on a hobby farm with her fireman husband and four kids, where they have a variety of animals, including a goat named Atticus, a turkey named Gravy, and a chicken named Chickaletta, among others.
Did Caligula really make his horse a consul? – Rampfesthudson.com
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Did Caligula really make his horse a consul?
The most well-known narrative concerning Incitatus is that he was elevated to the position of consul in the Roman Senate by Caligula. Unfortunately, this is not the case. Recorded history indicates that Caligula desired to promote his equestrian protégé into the Senate, but he was slain before he could accomplish his goal.
Which Roman emperor slept with a horse?
Caligula is often considered to be the most infamous Roman Emperor in history. Rumors have persisted for generations that he was a sexual deviant and a violent madman, and that he made his horse a senator and slept with or killed every member of his own family, among other things.
Was a horse made pope?
Pope was a Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1809 Epsom Derby and was a prominent sire in Ireland. He died on August 29, 1831, and was also known as Waxy Pope and The Sligo Waxy. . The Pope is a religious leader who is revered around the world (horse)
What was Caligula’s horse called?
IncitatusIncitatus. Caligula, the Roman emperor, is most remembered today for his hedonistic, cruel – and scandalous – way of life. You may not have realized it, but one of his most valued advisors happens to be a horse. According to Suetonius, an ancient historian, Caligula’s horse Incitatus was housed in a marble stable with an ivory stall, according to Suetonius.
Who made his horse a Roman consul?
Emperor Caligula was a Roman emperor who reigned from 25 to 27 BCE.
Incitatus (Latin pronunciation:, meaning “fast” or “at full speed”) was the favorite horse of Roman Emperor Caligula (reigned 37–41 AD), who rode him to victory on several occasions. According to mythology, Caligula had hoped to appoint the horse as consul to the Roman Empire.
Why did Caligula appointed his horse as consul?
As a result, while Caligula may have had an extraordinary affection for his horse, it is improbable that the emperor went so far as to appoint the stallion as his personal mount. Caligula’s goal in putting a prominent public post on his horse was to demonstrate to his subordinates that their work was so useless that even an animal could perform it.
Was Caligula a successful leader?
Gaius Caesar, also known as Caligula or “Little Boot,” succeeded Tiberius as Roman emperor in 37 A.D., and was given the name Gaius Caesar Germanicus to distinguish himself from his predecessor. His leadership style has been described as cruel and unpredictable. He reinstated treason trials and executed a number of individuals.
Who appointed his horse as consul?
Infamous Roman Emperor Caligula was known for elevating his horse to the position of senator. When the people of Rome were finally able to elect a new emperor in 37 AD, they were overjoyed.
Who was the Roman general who defeated Boudicca?
Paulinus Finally, a Roman army under the command of Paulinus was able to destroy Boudicca. Many Britons were slaughtered, and it is believed that Boudicca poisoned herself in order to avoid being captured.
Who was the Roman Emperor who loved his horses?
The 21st of June, 2016. Suetonius reports that the Roman emperor Caligula cherished one of his horses, Incitatus, to such an extent that he lavished lavish gifts on the steed, which included a marble stall, ivory manger, jewel-encrusted collar, and even a private residence.
Who was the highest magistracy in the Roman Empire?
The consulship was the highest magistracy in the Roman Republic, and it was held by the most powerful men in the land. Although it was still in existence throughout the reign of the empire, the rank was largely an honorary title, which emperors used to award loyal senators. When it comes to Caligula’s horse, the ancient sources are explicit in their testimony: he was not elevated to the position of consul.
Is it true that Incitatus was never made a consul?
The horse was never appointed to the position of consul, according to ancient accounts. Incitatus has been used as an allegory for political incompetence for generations, at least from 1742, when referring to instances of political ineptitude in general.
Who was the emperor when Marco the Praetorian died?
As a result of the emperor’s death in 37, Caligula’s Praetorian supporter Marco orchestrated the proclamation of Caligula as sole emperor. In the next year, Caligula would order the execution of both Marco and Gemellus.
As the holidays approach, we’re all focused on one thing: what will we get for our horses as gifts this year? Will the quarter sheet have his name stitched on the side, like a fresh quarter sheet? A raised figure-eight noseband with beautiful embroidery and fleece padding? Yes, please. Are you looking for an organic carrot cake with molassesy sweetness sweet feed in the icing? Would you want purple silk stall curtains and a marble feeder, for example? You’re quite aware that you’ve been thinking about it.
- (Was he the subject of the movie upon which they created a sequel?
- Horses are the only animals that I enjoy watching in movies.
- That is one of the reasons why I enjoy Brave.) The name Incitatus has been given to no fewer than thirteen registered Thoroughbreds throughout history, according to the by no means exhaustivepedigreequery.com database of registered Thoroughbreds.
- Due to the fact that I was unable to locate a photograph of him, here is Caligula: The Tetrarch owned a thoroughbred named Caligula.” data-image-caption=data-image-caption= “Those dapple-grey Tetrarchs, how I adore them!
Thank you to TBHeritage for providing the photo.” data-medium-file=” data-large-file=” data-small-file=” title=”Caligula Thoroughbred by the Tetrarch” description=”Caligula Thoroughbred by the Tetrarch” src=”alt=”” width=”300″ height=”263″ alt=”” width=”300″ height=”263″ “Those dapple-grey Tetrarchs, how I adore them!
- Thank you to TBHeritage for providing the photo.
- Anne Shelton is the author of Incitatus.
- The Romans were not known for doing anything half-heartedly, and they admired horses that did the same.
- Incitatus possessed everything, with the exception of tack.
- It’s no surprise that Caligula was smitten with Incitatus after seeing this photograph and learning about his famous speed.
- Caligula may have been a little bit obsessed with his horse, according to certain accounts.
- In the case of Incitatus, for example, Caliduga treated him as if he were royalty; it is said that Incitatus resided in a stable built of the finest marble and covered in beautiful purple blankets.
- The emperor, Caligula, had ambitions for Incitatus to advance to even higher marble halls: he first declared the stallion a Roman citizen, then promoted him to senator, and finally expressed interest in elevating the stallion to consul!
- Similarly to how modern-day politicians compare their opponents to animals, Caligula may have implied that even a horse could perform the duties of the Senate in his time period.
- Whatever the reason for Caligula’s kingly care of his horse, the emperor made certain that Incitatus had the best of everything in his life, including the greatest of everything.
Anne Shelton comes from a family of horse enthusiasts, and she considers seeing horses in action to be one of the most beautiful sights on the planet. She presently contributes to the website doubledtrailers.com, which specializes on premium horse trailers.
What’s In a Name: Incitato
12:00:05 p.m. on Wednesday, November 25, 2020 | Return to the previous page: Shared News November 25, 2020 at 12:07 p.m. (Eastern time) Goldencents, the sire of Incitato|Louise Reinagel & Associates, Inc. Andrea Branchini contributed to this article. According to tradition and the stories of perhaps biased writers Suetonius and Cassius Dio, the mad Roman Emperor Caligula attempted to make his pet horse INCITATUS a consul in order to gain power. Dante Zanelli’s wife Yolanda Del Rosario gave the colt by GOLDENCENTS out of ZABEEL SARAY (by GIROLAMO) that her husband purchased at Fasig Tipton as a yearling last October the Italian form of the name–INCITATO–clearly cognizant of this astounding milestone of executive overreach.
- Hope this determined colt with a strong closing technique goes down in history as a legendary horse.
- Kentucky’s T.
- *$7,000 Ylg’19 FTKOCT (Year of the Pig).
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8 Notable Horses Behind Some Leading Historical Figures
Horses were domesticated roughly 6,000 years ago, and the world was forever changed when their speed and might were harnessed. Horses have played an important role throughout history, from hauling wheeled carts, chariots, and wagons to their usage in herding, agriculture, communication, industry, trade, and war, because to the improved mobility they bring. Here are some prominent horses who have ridden with some of history’s most famous humans.
1. Alexander the Great – Bucephalus
Alexander the Great’s favorite stallion was named Bucephalus, who was described as a beast of a horse with an enormous head, a black coat, and a great white star on his brow. Bucephalus was the favorite stallion of Alexander the Great. Plato, the Greek philosopher and historian, said that Alexander had won the horse after he and his father, King Philip II, had placed a bet on it. Bucephalus had been offered to Philip by a horse trader for a great fee, but because he was perceived as untamable, Philip was not interested.
After realizing that Bucephalus had been terrified by its shadow, Alexander was able to control and tame him.
When Bucephalus fought alongside Alexander in several fights, the two of them earned a reputation as being unfazed by the danger they faced on the battlefield.
When Bucephalus died as a result of injuries incurred at the Battle of the Hydaspes in 326BC, Alexander erected the city of Bucephala on the site of his death as a memorial to him and his sacrifice.
2. Roman Emperor Caligula – Incitatus
Incitatus was the horse of choice for the Roman Emperor Caligula. According to the ancient writer Suetonius, Caligula cherished Incitatus to the point where he lavished him with gifts such as a marble stable, an ivory manger, and a jewelled collar. Incitatus is said to have ‘invited’ dignitaries to eat with him in a residence with staff, according to reports. Suetonius even stated that Caligula intended to elevate Incitatus to the position of consul, which was the highest elected political position in the Roman Republic.
- There is some evidence to imply that Caligula’s treatment of Incitatus was part of a hoax designed to mock and embarrass the senate.
- While Braveheart isn’t recognized for being historically accurate, there is one shocking fact about the period that the film gets horribly wrong.
- For this episode, Cat is joined by Oliver Creighton and Alan Outram from the University of Exeter, who will be discussing their fresh and exciting discoveries on the subject.
- Now is a good time to listen
3. Napoleon Bonaparte – Marengo
Marengo belonged to Napoleon Bonaparte and was called after the Battle of Marengo, which took place between France and Austria in which he was credited with rescuing Napoleon from certain death. Despite his diminutive stature (14.1 hands, or 57 inches, or 145 cm), Marengo was regarded as dependable, stable, and fearless, and was capable of riding up to 80 miles in five hours. In 1812, he also transported Napoleon from Paris to Moscow, a journey that took him 3,500 miles. Jacques-Louis David’s painting ‘Napoleon Crossing the Alps’ depicts Napoleon crossing the Alps.
(Image courtesy of the public domain.) As a result of his participation in several engagements, notably the Battle of Austerlitz and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, Marengo was wounded eight times.
His skeleton is on exhibit in the National Army Museum in London, where he died when he was 38 years old.
4. The Duke of Wellington – Copenhagen
Copenhagen was born in 1808 of a Thoroughbred and Arabian ancestry that was a combination of the two. His name was given to him in honor of the British victory at the Second Battle of Copenhagen. He had previously been used as a racehorse before being shipped to Spain and then sold to Lord Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington, who named him Wellington. After accompanying the Duke on his perilous journey to Wavre in order to communicate with Marshall Blücher, Copenhagen earned the title of “Duke’s favorite horse.” Most notably, he escorted the Duke of Wellington throughout the Battle of Waterloo, where Napoleon was defeated, and carried the Duke for a total of 17 hours.
After that, he was forced to resign and died in 1836, reportedly as a result of overindulging in sweets, but more likely as a result of old age.
On Dan Snow’s History Hit, Dan’s father, experienced broadcaster Peter Snow, will discuss the Battle of Waterloo, which was the subject of the show’s very first episode. Now is a good time to listen
5. Simón Bolívar – Palomo
Palomo followed Simón Bolvar, also known as the ‘Liberator of Latin America,’ on most of his political campaigns throughout the region. Known as Palomo, the horse was white-grey in color and stood tall with a long tail. He was given to Bolivar just before the Battle of Boyacá in 1819. On his route to Tunja in 1814, Bolivar is said to have approached the town of Santa Rosa, where he was met by his tired horse, which refused to proceed any farther. He requested that a guide accompany him on his horse and lead him into town.
When it was time to depart, Bolivar requested that the guide inform his wife to keep the horse for him.
After being given to one of Bolivar’s officers, Palomo perished after a grueling march through the desert.
6. General Robert E. Lee – Traveller
While serving as Confederate Army Commander during the American Civil War, Traveller was a grey American Saddlebred who was a favorite of General Lee, a Confederate horse. He stood 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm) tall and was well-known for his fighting quickness, strength, and bravery in battle. Traveller was tough to frighten and possessed exceptional endurance. While Lee was dismounting at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Virginia, Traveller became alarmed by enemy activity and dived, pushing Lee down onto a stump, breaking both of his hands.
Despite the fact that Traveller was buried near Lee, the campus stable where he lived continues to exist with its doors open in order to enable his ghost can roam freely.
7. Ulysses S. Grant – Cincinnati
Prior to becoming president, Grant served as the commanding general of the Union army throughout the American Civil War, leading the Union soldiers to victory. He was a lifelong horse enthusiast who had ridden bareback and trained horses since he was a youngster. During the Civil War, Grant rode a total of twelve enormous and powerful horses, but his favorite was Cincinnati, a bay horse that stood 17.2 hands (178 cm) high and was a son of Lexington, who was then believed to be the fastest thoroughbred in the United States.
Grant turned down a $10,000 offer for Cincinnati, and when he was elected president, three of his horses, including Cincinnati, were transferred to the White House stables for safekeeping.
In 1878, Cincinatti passed away. Almost all portrayals of Grant on horseback, whether in paintings, sketches, or statues, are of him riding through Cincinnati. Cincinnati, the horse of General Grant, is pictured here. (Image courtesy of the public domain.)
8. Sitting Bull – Rico
Sitting Bull became a performer in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West circus in 1885, when the latter hired him. When Bill Cody left, he gifted Sitting Bull with a horse named Rico, who had been trained to dance and tumble to the ground when the sound of gunshots was heard in the background. Rico is believed to have danced and fallen to the ground after Sitting Bull was slain outside his cabin in December 1890. People who were watching thought it was a sign that an Indian Messiah was on his way. It is the Lakota tribe’s Chief Arvol Looking-belief Horse’s that “the horse was the one who took the bullets.” Dan was joined on the program by Claudio Saunt, who spoke about the United States’ displacement of Native Americans from the eastern United States to regions west of the Mississippi River.
Although hundreds of Native Americans perished as a result of federal government policies during the following ten years, many more were forced to abandon their property and homes as a result of a web of deception, intimidation, and violence that was perpetrated by the federal government.