In many other nations, however, eating horse meat is no big deal – and in some cultures, it’s even considered a delicacy. Mexico, Switzerland, Kazakhstan, Belgium, Japan, Germany, Indonesia, Poland and China are among the nations where many people eat horse meat without a second thought.
- What countries in the world eat horse meat? Horse meat is eaten in many countries, including Mexico, Belgium, Canada, Chili, Spain, Iceland, France, Russia, Kazakhstan and many Eastern European, South American, South East Asian, and Eastern countries such as China and Japan.
Is it legal to eat horse meat in the United States?
It’s taboo to eat horse in America. The three U.S. slaughterhouses that dealt in horse closed in 2007, according to the New Food Economy. Horses in the United States can be sold and shipped to other countries, where it is legal to slaughter them for food.
Can humans eat horse meat?
U.S. horse meat is unfit for human consumption because of the uncontrolled administration of hundreds of dangerous drugs and other substances to horses before slaughter. These drugs are often labeled “Not for use in animals used for food/that will be eaten by humans.”
Is horse meat good to eat?
Eating Horse Meat Is Good for You That’s right. Horse meat is not only high in protein, but a good cut has about half the fat, less cholesterol and twice as much iron and Vitamin B as beef.
Does Taco Bell use horse meat?
Taco Bell has officially joined Club Horse Meat. The fast-food chain and subsidiary of Yum Brands says it has found horse meat in some of the ground beef it sells in the United Kingdom. Sure, the mastermind behind the Double-Decker Taco Supreme is a fast-food mainstay in the US.
Do people eat zebra?
Zebra meat can also be sold in the U.S., say health officials, although it may still be hard to find. “Game meat, including zebra meat, can be sold [in the US] as long as the animal from which it is derived is not on the endangered species list,” an official with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) told TIME.
What does dog taste like?
What Does Dog Taste Like? It’s a red meat, quite fatty, and extremely fragrant. Take a cross between beef and mutton, add extra meaty flavoring, and you’ve got the taste of dog. … It was so tasty and delicious that if it wasn’t for the “psychological thought of eating dog”, everyone would probably love it.
Why do the French eat horse meat?
The French eat horse meat because it is edible, accessible, and they don’t have any taboo related to meat or horses. Some Frenchmen will chose to eat horse meat because it is arguably healthier than most meats, or simply because they like the taste.
Why do we eat cows but not horses?
Cows are just more efficient sources of food than horses. Brian Palmer of Slate explains that in terms of caloric content, 3 ounces of cows give you more bang per pound: A three-ounce serving of roast horse has 149 calories, 24 grams of protein, and five grams of fat.
Can Muslims eat horse?
Eating of horse meat is lawful. It was narrated by Imam Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Jabir who said: ‘On the Day of Khaibar, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prohibited eating the flesh of domestic asses, but permitted horse flesh. ‘
Does horse taste good?
Horse is a versatile meat that lends itself to a variety of preparations. It has more protein, and less fat than lean beef. It tastes somewhat like a mix between beef and venison. It can be a bit sweeter than other red meats, yet still possesses a dense meat flavor with a hint of gaminess.
Do people eat penguins?
Legally you cannot eat penguins in most countries because of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959. People such as explorers did used to eat them, so it is possible. If you did choose to eat a penguin or it’s eggs, they would generally taste quite fishy!
Why horse meat is not eaten?
The primary reason horse meat is taboo is because horses are considered valuable pets and culturally respected animals. Besides, people fear horse meat might be infected with harmful drugs. Some Christian schools of thought also discourage eating horses.
Is there horse meat in hot dogs?
It’s another case of horse meat being found in products that are not supposed to contain it. Furniture giant Ikea said Thursday it pulled hotdogs from its stores in Russia after tests revealed they contained rogue horse meat.
Can you eat lion meat?
It’s legal both to kill and eat lion in the United States, though it’s not legal to hunt them and then sell the meat. Practically speaking, it’s not easy to get, given that most lion is acquired from game preserve stock or retired circus animals or exotic animal businesses.
The Troubled History of Horse Meat in America
Mr. Donald Trump intends to reduce funding for wild horse management, which is provided by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). An alternative to having to pay for their feeding is for him to suggest eliminating the rules that ban the sale of American mustangs to horse meat traffickers who supply slaughterhouses in Canada and Mexico. Horse meat, orchevaline, as its proponents have dubbed it, has a similar appearance to beef, but is darker, has finer grain, and has more yellow fat. It appears to be nutritionally sound, since it has nearly as much omega-3 fatty acids as farmed salmon and twice as much iron as steak.
Its supply and demand are unpredictable, and it has limited regulatory oversight.
Horse enthusiasts are also ardent and formidable opponents of the horse breeding business.
Horse meat has a long history of producing difficulties for politicians in the United States.
- They went for Eurasia during the Pleistocene ice age, only to return thousands of years later with the conquistadors, a sign of the changing environment.
- Horse is forbidden in the Book of Leviticus, and in 732 Pope Gregory III issued an edict ordering his citizens to abstain from eating horse since it was a “impure and repulsive” heathen delicacy.
- By the 16th century, hippophagy (the habit of eating horse meat) had been elevated to the level of a criminal felony in the country.
- The taboo was gradually lifted.
- Britain was the only country to reject hippophagy, probably because it could obtain sufficient red meat from its empire.
- The Pilgrims had carried with them, among other things, the European taboo against eating horse meat, which had been passed down from pre-Christian tradition.
- The Civil War itself led beef prices to plummet, owing to a wartime surplus and improved access to cattle pastures in the Western United States.
The periodic increases in the price of beef were never enough to convince the American public to eat horse.
In the nineteenth century, newspapers were awash with gruesome stories of the spread of hippophagy in Europe and the Middle East.
In Russia, nihilists share horse corpses; in besieged Paris, pitiful Frenchmen nibble on taxi horses; and in Berlin, starving Berliners slurp horse soup.
It was during this time that the horse as a mode of transportation was being phased out, thanks to the invention of the electric street vehicle and the battery-powered automobile.
Europe, on the other hand, had stricter standards and did not appreciate the introduction of American beef into its own market.
As a result of the visit by the French and German consuls to a Chicago slaughterhouse that was suspected of shipping ill horses to Europe, opponents attempted to discredit the United States Agriculture Secretary, who had interfered earlier.
horse meat, Chicagoans were rumored to be eating chevaline unintentionally, and the price of horses had fallen so precipitously that their flesh had been fed to chickens because it was cheaper than corn.
Many people were under the impression that the tainted beef was actually horse meat.
The new laws put in place as a result of the 1906Pure Food Actwould not be able to undo this in a single day.
By 1919, Congress had been persuaded to authorize the Department of Agriculture to provide official inspections and stamps for American horse meat.
Because of the end of the war, demand for range-bred horses, which were no longer required on the Western Front, decreased yet again.
Because of his success, a coal miner named Frank Litts attempted to dynamite his Rockford, Illinois packing plant twice, which may have been the world’s first direct action in the name of animal liberation.
“Horse meat” became a political insult.
President Truman was nicknamed “Horse meat Harry” by Republicans during food shortages in the run up to the 1948 “Beefsteak Election.” In 1951, reporters asked if there would be a “Horse meat Congress,” one “ that put the old gray mare on the family dinner table.” When Adlai Stevenson ran for president in 1952, he was also taunted as “ Horse meat Adlai ” thanks to a Mafia scam uncovered in Illinois when he was governor.
- Although work horses vanished by the 1970s and mustangs were finally underfederal protection, the growing number of leisure horses led to another surge in horse slaughter.
- Protestors picketed stores on horseback, and Pennsylvania Senator Paul S.
- But once again the bubble burst.
- Even poor Americans didn’t need to buy the “poor man’s beef,” so U.S.
- Politicians began to apply pressure.
- The few remaining horse-packing plants dwindled during a market squeeze that also drove down welfare standards.
- In 1997, theLos Angeles Timesbroke the newsthat 90 percent of the mustangs removed from the range by the Bureau of Land Management had been sold on for meat by their supposed adopters.
It burned down that July, in an attack claimed by the Animal Liberation Front on behalf of the mustangs.
Nonviolent activists also applied pressure to the horse meat business, with California banning thetransport and sale of horses for meat.
In early September 2006, theHorse Slaughter Prevention Actpassed the U.S.
Meanwhile, the town of Kaufman, Texas, mobilized against theBelgian-owned abattoiron their outskirts that paid little tax but spilled blood into the sewage system.
In DeKalb, Illinois, the only remaining American horse meat plant burned down in unexplained circumstances.
Horse slaughter ceased on U.S.
Even so, American horses were still being transported long distance to Mexican and Canadian abattoirs.
The pro-slaughter lobby, backed by a2011 GAO study, suggested that American horses had suffered, as owners no longer receiving meat money would not pay to dispose of them.
Opponents pointed out that poor paperwork meant many slaughter-bound horses had beentreated by drugsthat should have ruled them out of the food chain.
New abattoirs were proposed, but town after town blocked the measures.
Meanwhile, the horses continued to be shipped to Mexico and Canada.
Ranges are filled with mustangs.
And yet, without appropriate money for rigorous inspections in a resurrected U.S.
The European Union is already wary of Mexican and Canadian exports originating in the United States, making horse meat less viable in any event.
Then Trump may find himself with a new political moniker: Horse-Meat Donny, if the situation continues. Object Lessons has provided permission for this material to be published.
3 Primary Reasons Why We Don’t Eat Horse Meat?
Any links on this page that direct you to things on Amazon are affiliate links, which means that if you make a purchase, I will receive a compensation. Thank you in advance for your assistance — I much appreciate it! Even though I’ve grown up in a horse-friendly environment, the thought of eating horse flesh never occurred to me as a child. Now that I think about it, what is it that prevents us from eating horse flesh, given that the vast majority of Americans are not vegans? We don’t consume horse meat because horses have had a long-standing cultural and historical importance in our society.
Horses are also considered pets by most people, and eating them is considered taboo.
For example, can you legally butcher and eat your own horse in the United States?
Also, is it ethical to consume horse flesh, and if so, why did Americans cease eating horses?
The law and horse meat for human consumption in the U.S.
Whether it’s permissible or legal to consume horse flesh in the United States is something you might have asked about. Growing up in the United States, I’ve eaten and know others who have eaten a wide variety of animals, including rabbits, squirrels, and even raccoons, among others. Horse flesh, on the other hand, is something I’ve never heard of before. In the United States, it is not against the law to consume horse flesh. It is, on the other hand, unlawful to sell a horse for the purpose of commercial human consumption.
Horse flesh was not always prohibited in the United States.
(The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an arm of the United States Department of Agriculture) (USDA).
The battle over horse meat inspection.
As a result of animal rights activists’ worries over the selling of horse meat in 2005, the government made the inspection of horses a fee-for-service operation. However, it didn’t stop there, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was eventually barred from spending monies to check horses meant for human consumption. Since it is unlawful to sell meat that has not been inspected and approved by the FSIS/USDA because it may be contaminated, there is no market for horse meat in the United States, and therefore no means to make money selling horses for consumption.
Horse meat is, nevertheless, a lucrative industry in Canada and Mexico, where it is available for purchase. As a matter of fact, many horses in the United States are routinely exported overseas for slaughter.
States have their own laws governing horse meat.
While the sale of horse meat is prohibited in most states, the killing of horses for their meat is not technically prohibited in many of them. In California, any activity that has anything to do with horse slaughter is prohibited by law. Other states, such as New York, New Jersey, Florida, and Oklahoma, have laws prohibiting the killing of horses as well. Under this context, it is important to note that “horse slaughter” is not the same as “euthanizing horses,” which is usually recognized to be a compassionate and lawful method in certain situations.
The shutdown of the last remaining horse slaughterhouses.
By 2007, the remaining three horse slaughterhouses in the United States had closed their doors. The locations of two of them were in Texas, while the location of one was in Illinois. A result of these restrictions, purchasing and/or selling horse meat in a public restaurant has become nearly impossible. In horse communities, the question of whether or not the government should make horse meat lawful is frequently raised. A number of legislation to limit the sale and slaughter of horses have been introduced in Congress, but so yet there aren’t enough votes in the chamber to enact them.
Animal rights advocates, on the other hand, have waged a never-ending campaign to prevent the export of horses that may be meant for slaughter from being permitted.
Regardless of whether horse slaughter becomes lawful in the United States in the future, you are legally permitted to kill and consume horse flesh for personal consumption.
3 primary reasons we don’t eat horse meat
Almost every horse owner I’ve spoken to believes that eating horse flesh is a taboo subject to discussion. Even outside of the horse community, the general population is unprepared to consume meals that contain horse meat, according to a recent survey. So, what was it that caused the American people to have such strong feelings? It is generally accepted that horses are valuable pets and culturally cherished creatures, which is the fundamental reason why horse flesh is prohibited. Furthermore, they are concerned that horse meat may be contaminated with hazardous medications.
Horses are part of our heritage in the US
Horses are an important part of our history in the United States, and we owe them a debt of gratitude. Throughout history, they have been employed for a variety of purposes including the expansion of the West, the operation of farms, entertainment, and companionship. It is difficult to slaughter a horse for food because of the emotional attachment that exists between man and horse. The relationship between horses and their owners is similar to that between dogs and their owners; you may be able to give up your closest buddy to a nice home, but you will never sell him or her to be turned into hamburger.
Horses have been a part of our everyday life in the United States for more than two centuries, and they are the cornerstone of Western riding.
Horses have an important role in popular culture, contributing to themes of amusement, fiction, and education.
As a result, it is very impossible to imagine that people would consider horses to be something to eat to satisfy their desire. Eating horses is regarded as horribly wrong by the majority of people, just like eating a dog or a cat would be regarded.
Horse meat may be infected with harmful drugs
Over the course of a horse’s life, several medications are supplied that are not permitted to be administered to animals reared for human consumption. Horses are given dewormer medicine, antibiotics, and diuretics, which makes their flesh unsafe for humans to ingest in large quantities. Even though ex-racehorses are more likely than other horses to have dangerous medicines in their systems, many other horses are routinely exposed to hazardous substances in order to improve their performance for sports events or working objectives.
Horse meat that has not been certified by a reputable organization (such as the USDA) may be tainted by any number of pharmaceuticals that the horse’s owner administered to it during its lifespan.
Because there is currently no nationally recognized system of regulating horse meat, there is a strong probability that any horse meat you come across in the United States will be harmful to your health.
Horses’ spiritual role in society
Horses are among of the most immensely symbolic creatures in human history and culture, and they are no exception. For more than five thousand years, they have played critical roles in our social evolution, as well as in art, literature, and athletics. They also hold a special role in the majority of faiths and spiritual traditions. Furthermore, eating horses is regarded sacrilegious in many religious traditions, including Christianity and Islam. For example, in 732 ACE, Pope Gregory III pronounced horse-eating to be an irredeemable heathen habit that should be abolished.
Could wild horses be a food source?
To offer an example of the taboo against eating horse flesh, overcrowding is the greatest threat to wild horses, which is why eating horse meat is not recommended. The horses are frequently subjected to harsh and violent confinement and management tactics. Despite this, no one wishes to exploit these creatures as a source of food. People have proposed legalizing euthanasia and including horsemeat on the American menu, but the general population is adamantly opposed to both proposals. Is the solution to educate the public on the advantages of eating horse meat, or is it that the negative connotations connected with eating horse meat are too deeply embedded in our culture?
What horse meat tastes like.
A mix between venison and beef, horse meat is commonly considered as a delicacy. It has a somewhat sweet flavor with a lovely hint of gaminess in the background. It’s leaner and more tender than beef, yet it’s also less expensive. Horse flesh is light pink in color, similar to that of most other animals, however meat from older horses is deeper and reddish in color. Horse flesh is a nutritious source of nutrients such as proteins, as well as certain minerals and vitamins. When compared to beef, it contains a similar amount of protein, but lesser amounts of fat, cholesterol, and calories, as well as a higher concentration of omega-3 fatty acids.
In the midst of World Wars I and II, when beef prices skyrocketed, many resorted to horse meat as a more affordable substitute. However, the technique was widely despised, and horse flesh was frequently fraudulently blended with other items to disguise its origin.
Does McDonald’s use horse meat?
Purchasing fast food always carries a certain amount of danger. McDonald’s is a place where I usually dine, and I was just informed that they utilize horse meat in their hamburgers. Is it safe to put your faith in McDonald’s in light of recent controversies in the food industry? There is no horse meat used in any of the items sold by McDonald’s, according to the company. In the United States, McDonald’s ingredients have been authorized by the Cuisine and Drug Administration, and there have been no documented cases of horse flesh being detected in McDonald’s food.
Despite the fact that consumers have become increasingly skeptical of what the food business promotes, McDonald’s has never been confirmed to have used horse meat in any of its products.
Furthermore, being the world’s largest fast-food corporation, its criteria for efficacy and food quality are rigorously checked on a regular basis.
What country eats horse meat, which one eats the most?
Horse meat may not be consumed in the United States, but it is highly regarded in many other nations throughout the world. In reality, the earliest domesticated horses were thought to have been used as a source of food by the indigenous people more than 5,000 years ago. Horse meat is popular in many countries, including Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Japan, China, Germany, Mexico, Indonesia, Tonga, and Iceland. Horse meat is popular in many countries, including Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Japan, China, and Iceland.
In many nations, raising horses for slaughter is a common form of commercial enterprise.
Asia accounts for about half of all worldwide horse meat production, with the Americas accounting for around a quarter of total production (mostly from Mexico) China is the country that produces and consumes the most horse meat in the world.
In contrast, although horse recipes are well-known in some parts of China, a large number of subcultures consider horse meat to be unhealthy and unappealing food to consume.
Aside from that, it is regarded as a delicacy and is frequently consumed as a staple dish in other parts of the world.
What are dead horses used for?
Growing up, I was constantly hearing the expression “dead horses are taken to the glue factory.” Is this a true statement or is it simply a rumor? What is it that dead horses are used for now? Because horses’ tendons, hooves, and bones have a high concentration of collagen, dead horses are commercially utilized to make glue. Despite the fact that animal glue is still used in some parts of the world, synthetic adhesives have mostly replaced animal glue in recent years. Collagen, which is a simple version of gelatin, is a critical component of glues and adhesives.
- Given the fact that horses and other livestock may produce significant amounts of collagen, they are the most apparent choice for raw material in the production of animal glue.
- Horse glue is out of date – it takes longer to set and is only used by a few enterprises in specialized fields like as carpentry, bookbinding, fixing ancient antiques, and pipe organs, among other things.
- Biological composting is a naturally occurring process in which microorganisms decompose animal corpses in order to produce a soil amendment.
- Hiring a professional to guide you on how to compost a dead horse might make the process much simpler.
- In most cases, composting takes more than three months, depending on the soil, the size of the horse, the temperature, and other conditions, among others.
- Composted organic matter can help to increase the soil fertility of your gardens and agricultural areas significantly.
Horse meat for human consumption is not available in the United States because it is against the law to sell meat that has not been examined before it is sold. However, the possibility of permitting foreign corporations to sell horse meat into the United States is being considered. You may soon have the option to sample horse meat that has been prepared in other nations instead!
Why you really should (but really can’t) eat horsemeat
Following the horsemeat crisis that engulfed Europe in 2013, a handful of high-end restaurants with a penchant for pushing the boundaries decided to experiment with introducing horsemeat to the modern American taste. In the end, it was a disaster. In response to his announcement that he would be serving horsemeat in his dining room, Philadelphia chef Peter McAndrews, proprietor of the luxury Italian restaurant Monsu, was sent horrific photographs of horses being murdered and even got bomb threats in the mail.
However, a visit by the Food and Drug Administration to all five of his eateries did the trick.
“I had the distinct impression that I was being watched by the FBI of the culinary business.” If you’re like the vast majority of people in the United States, the prospect of eating horsemeat at a restaurant would make you cringe, if not gag.
But Americans can’t seem to get their minds around the idea, despite the fact that many areas of arable public lands are currently overrun with approximately 50,000 feral horses – and that bringing them to the dinner table might be one of the best possible solutions to the overcrowding.
(Per the Wild Horse and Burro Act of 1971, which was signed into law by President Richard Nixon, the Bureau of Land Management is required to conserve the feral horse population in perpetuity.) Equine populations have thrived since the introduction of horses to North America in the 16th century, and the 1971 law was successful in reviving wild horse populations to the point where the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is now facing significant legal and local pressure to prevent them from running rampant across western rangeland, destroying habitat and sucking the land dry of water and forage.
An additional 50,000 wild horses are being held in holding facilities throughout 10 states – from Texas to Wyoming – in addition to the 50,000 wild horses now on the loose.
Horses were authorized to be killed under the original statute in circumstances of overpopulation and when adoptive owners could not be located.
According to Robert Garrott of Montana State University, who contributed in a two-year study by the National Research Council that questioned present wild horse management approaches, “people have a strong attachment to horses.” “They have the ability to be rational in their care of other companion animals such as dogs and cats.” Horses, on the other hand, seem to defy logic more than any other animal I can think of.”
Not your grandfather’s American mustang
Garrott believes that when the legislation was established in 1971, legislators and horse enthusiasts had a different vision in mind than what is now in place. “In the 1970s, scientists believed wild horse populations expanded at a pace of 1 percent to 3 percent each year,” says Garrot, who worked on studies in the 1980s that revealed wild horse populations grew at a rate around ten times faster than scientists had previously believed. Because the BLM is unable to kill the animals and because the number of people interested in adopting wild horses is too low to keep up with demand, the agency collects up thousands of horses every year and puts them wherever it can.
- In these short-term institutions, these animals are sometimes kept for years at a time because of the current scenario,” says the veterinarian.
- Faced with a population that is doubling every four years, Congress upped the budget for the wild horse and burro program to $80 million last year, an increase from $17 million in 1990.
- Photograph courtesy of Reuters’ Jim Urquhart The Utah Bureau of Land Management (BLM) was forced to cancel two of its collaborations with wild horse conservation initiatives this past summer.
- According to Warr, the expense of transporting those horses amounted to “hundreds of thousands of dollars.” “The Bureau of Land Management is caught between a rock and a hard place,” Garrott adds.
In fact, Garrott points out that “not even other animals that people are enthusiastic about — wolves in the west – are protected in this way.” “Horses are the only species that I am aware of where society has not accepted the concept that if there is an excess of an animal and no one wants it, it should be put down.” The impact of wild horses on their environment has been likened to that of invasive pythons or feral pigs, both of which have been subjected to bounty hunts by state authorities in an attempt to maintain control.
Garrott, on the other hand, believes it is quite improbable that Americans would argue for a comparable treatment of horses.
Moreover, there is no tradition of consuming them.” The US Humane Society has expressed strong opposition to the Bureau of Land Management’s management method, describing the helicopter-assisted roundups as “cruel and hazardous.” They support for more active measures to reduce the population through the use of contraception, which the BLM and National Research Council believe is insufficient given that the population is already 50% greater than what wildlife authorities deem to be appropriate.
The Humane Society is also a staunch opponent of any form of horse slaughter, regardless of the method used.
According to Stephanie Boyles Griffin, senior director of the Humane Society’s Wildlife Protection Program, “We regard them differently because they are an animal on which the West was created and because they are an iconic species.” “They exemplify the rugged independence that is emblematic of the American West.” “People want them to be free,” says the author.
In Carson City, Nevada, wild horses may be seen walking around a corral inside the Warm Springs Correctional Facility. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has had difficulty in recent years locating facilities that will accommodate the animals. Photograph courtesy of LISA J. TOLDA/Associated Press
Ah, horses – we ate them once
So, why not consume them? The same thing is done with other wild ungulates, such as deer, elk, and bison, to name a few examples. In addition, horsemeat is more nutritious than beef since it has less fat, more protein, and a higher amount of omega-3 fatty acids than beef. Connoisseurs describe it as sweet with a delightful gamey undercurrent. Consumption of horses wasn’t always considered prohibited. It was a main food throughout the Paleolithic period. Horse chops temporarily returned to popularity at the time of World War II, owing partly to the inexpensive cost of the meat at the time.
- If horse owners believe they will be able to sell their animals for meat in the future, Princess Anne suggests that they will take better care of their animals.
- In 2013, the movement expanded its reach to the United States.
- However, horse conservationists and government officials reacted quickly and harshly to the news.
- Because there aren’t enough slaughterhouses in the United States, around 160,000 domestic American horses are sent to slaughterhouses in Canada and Mexico each year for sale in overseas markets.
- The European Council rejected horsemeat from Mexican slaughterhouses earlier this month, citing fears that medications used in American racehorses might contaminate the food supply chain in the process.
Wild horses, according to Dan Barber, author of The Third Plate: Field Notes on the Future of Food and co-owner of the farm-to-table restaurant Blue Hill at Stone Barns in New York’s Westchester County and its sister restaurant Blue Hill in New York City, could find a place on the American menu in the not-too-distant future.
- For each animal – or crop, for that matter – we must consider the following questions: what is its worth in our environment and in our agriculture, and how can we optimize that value via culinary technique?
- Something like wild horsemeat, for example, is an excellent example (as long as you can ensure honest labeling and humane treatment).
- But what if you’re cooking on or near rangeland and you’re allergic to certain foods?
- The willingness to modify regulations around wild horse numbers – and maybe even their image in the public’s consciousness in the United States – would be required (as well as a market).
- He is concerned that wild horses in the United States will be permitted to roam free until they run up against the realities of scarce resources.
The situation, according to Garrott, is “absolutely and completely unsustainable.” “And if society chooses to do so, that is their prerogative. Horses and those who appreciate our western rangelands will suffer greatly as a result of this decision.”
- On the 4th of February, 2015, this article was updated. A accompanying shot of wild horses in Sabucedo, Spain, was originally included in the narrative as a result of a production error during production. It has been deleted from the system.
Why Don’t Americans Eat Horse?
When Top Chef Canada premiered six years ago, one of the episodes featured a scene that would never, ever be repeated on its American equivalent under any circumstances. For the most part, there was nothing particularly noteworthy about the episode: Each contender had to prepare a dish using a different protein popular in French cuisine for the elimination task, which featured a French theme thanks to the appearance of New York-based chef Daniel Boulud as a guest judge on the show. The proteins were chosen at random by the candidates, who included sweetbreads, frogs’ legs, and horse.
- Although it was just 45 seconds, the incident sparked widespread indignation.
- Food Network, which produces the Canadian edition of Top Chef, justified the use of horses as part of “a genuinely authentic, traditional French dish,” according to a statement from the network.
- While eating horse may not be to the liking of those protesters, it is a prevalent practice in Europe and Asia, and has a long history of tradition.
- A horse sausage known as kazy is particularly popular in Central Asia.
- Because the horse’s hooves are not kosher, it has never been served to Jews, and while Muslims can consume it, they have occasionally been discouraged from doing so.
- As for the flavor, it’s as follows: With a hint of minerality and sweetness, it’s a red meat that’s commonly believed to be in the same family as both beef and venison.
According to McMillan, “I appreciate the richness of taste, and I genuinely think of it as a healthy alternative.” “If someone comes to me looking for a wonderful steak, I’m not going to guide them down the horse road.” A huge green salad and a horse tenderloin may be my recommendation if I see a guy who’s really toned or someone who appears to be pretty serious about the gym – no cream, no butter, no nothing.
- “It’s a fairly healthy dinner.” Top Chef has made quite a commotion.
- However, there is another important reason why such an episode would never be broadcast: Horse meat is just not accessible in the United States.
- Although the USDA was denied funds to examine horse meat in 2007, the Appropriations Committee was successful in banning the practice in 2007.
- According to a spokeswoman for the USDA, “If there is no mark of inspection, then horse meat is not authorized to travel in our national commerce.” As a result, America’s three horse slaughterhouses, which were closed more than a decade ago, were no longer in operation.
- However, the USDA is not yet free to resume its examination of horse corpses.
- Horse meat will not be appearing on American restaurants anytime soon, to put it bluntly.
- However, even if horse patties were widely accessible, it is doubtful that they would appear on grocery shelves in large quantities.
- It is also available on the menus of a lot of eateries.
- Although Toronto is home to a horse meat butcher, horse meat restaurants are few and far between in the city.
Animal welfare organizations such as the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) have expressed concern about the killing process: Nancy Perry, senior vice president of government relations at the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, expresses concern that slaughterhouses are designed with cows rather than horses in mind.
“Cattle are flighty, but they’ve been tamed for the most part over time, and the equipment and setup are really designed to accommodate cattle.” Many horse enthusiasts are more interested with what’s going on beneath the animals’ skin: Former racing horses are frequently sold into the meat supply stream, according to Dr.
- It would be necessary to cross the border into Canada or Mexico in order for American racehorses to do so.
- In Dodman’s words, “they’re virtually walking pharmacies; the racing industry is absolutely crooked and self-policing.” If you are caught, it’s a little like Wall Street: a slap on the wrist is the most you’ll get.
- No matter how you look at it, not all horse slaughterhouses are created equal.
- The wine must be natural, if not entirely organic.
- Whenever you ask the ordinary American why they don’t eat horse, you’ll find that they don’t know too much about bute or the slaughtering process.
In addition, Perry points out that Americans have a long history with horses that Europeans do not: “They played a significant role in the founding of the United States.” “Without the horse, we would not have been able to establish this country, and they undoubtedly had a role in every major conflict in which we have been involved up until recently,” says the author.
When it comes to serving horses, “I think it’s culturally fitting in this province, which is one of the last French-speaking areas in North America, if there was one darn pace to serve horse without penalties,” he adds.
Joe Beef would remain in Montreal, even if I created a Joe Beef restaurant there.
In the words of Sinikka Crosland, executive director of the Canadian Horse Defense Coalition and horse owner, they are “a buddy for the horse.” “I just felt a strong connection to horses,” she adds.
The more I got to know them, the more I discovered how sensitive and clever they are, and how you can form a link with them in the same way that you do with other animals who are kept as pets.” However, it is possible that the vision of the American frontiersman and his beloved horse is not so durable that it prevents Americans from diving into horse tartare even two centuries after it was first served.
A recent study by Stanford economics professor Alvin Roth found that the famous Harvard Faculty Club used to indulge in this delicacy even throughout World War II.
In his words, “repugnance has everything to do with not just what I want to eat, but also with what I believe you should not be permitted to consume.” “There are no laws prohibiting people from eating worms because there is no need for a law prohibiting something that no one wants to do.” He goes on to say that laws, such as the state of California’s 1998 ban on horse meat, have helped to signal the meat’s cultural significance.
The cultural argument is one that James Serpell, a researcher who specializes in human-animal relationships, is well acquainted with.
In Asia right now, he adds, “there are some intriguing things happening with a lot of local resistance to the concept of eating dogs and eating cats.
“And it’s because of the increase in pet ownership in these nations, as well as the experience of having those animals as family members, that they are becoming less interested in eating them.” Serpell believes that if you take away the emotion from the situation, there isn’t a really rational reason for his unwillingness to consume horse.
- The question has been on Melanie Joy’s mind for a long time.
- “We’re taught to classify a small number of creatures as edible, and we’re educated to essentially detach from our own ideas and emotions.
- The majority of people would have a difficult time believing that it was manufactured from a Golden Retriever or kittens if they learned that it was made from them.
- With horse meat virtually extinct in the United States, persuading people to bring it back is a difficult sell, and debates over its reintroduction are highly emotional for what is essentially an appropriations bill.
- However, it takes the perfect cultural moment, as well as possibly a splash of catastrophic shortage, to bring about such a change.
Eater Montreal is edited by Tim Forster, who also serves as its publisher. As an artist located in Portland, Oregon, Subin Yang is interested in the themes of home, culture (which means plenty of food), and identity, which she explores in her work. Daniela Galarza is the editor of this publication.
Why Horse Meat is Eaten in Italy
At first, it was shocking to find butcher shops that specialized in horse meat products, publicly selling slices of meat that were obscene to me when I arrived in Italy for the first time. It is inevitable that there may be times of culture shock when it comes to cuisine when living in a foreign nation. A few things that stood out to me were the full, skinned rabbits staring out of vacuum-packed chocolates in the grocery meat department, which reminded me of a scene from theMatrix, as well as the city of Milan’s willingness to sell and consume horse meat.
Horse Meat culture
In Italy, horse meat is regarded as a nutritious and hearty meat that falls midway between beef and venison in terms of nutritional value. Horse meat is served to the elderly and the sick in Italy, where it is very nutritious. Horse meat is considered to provide health advantages since it is lean and high in iron. Horse flesh protein has the ability to bulk you up. As a result, it connotes something that is excellent for you, something that tastes well, and something that is beneficial for you.
History of eating horse meat
So what is it about horse meat that makes it acceptable in Italy and France but not in the United Kingdom, Ireland, or the rest of the English-speaking world? The aversion to eating horse is something that has just recently emerged in human history, at least in terms of chronological order. Humans have always killed wild horses and eaten their meat; they were a very essential source of nourishment for hunter-gatherers in the past, and they continue to be now. Our connection with the horse altered, however, when the horse was domesticated between 4,000 and 6,000 years ago, according to historians.
- Furthermore, wasting food was not an option.
- In the year 732, something extraordinary happened in Europe: the Pope put a ban on the consumption of horse flesh.
- To date, horse meat has been prohibited only once in the history of Christianity.
- It was vital to establish strong breeding stock and to urge horses to be bred for fighting rather than for sustenance.
- For a while, at least, until the French Revolution.
- While on campaign during the Napoleonic Wars, French troops were urged to devour the horses they were riding on.
Italian horsemeat tradition can be attributed to the French conquest of the country, but the practice predates this period and dates back as far as 1000 BC, according to what we know of, in Veneto, where the Veneti were known for their horse breeding skills and offered equine sacrifices to their goddess Reitia or their hero Diomedes.
When it came to horse breeding in Italy, Veneto established itself as the capital, supplying horses to the Roman legions and for circus racing.
Horse Meat in Italy
Horsemeat became and continues to be a significant component of Venetian food, as well as of Italian cuisine in general. It has also never gone out of style in the Italian regions of Sardinia and Sicily, where horse and donkey meat salamis and sausages can be found in plenty. Paduais another province that places a high importance on horse meat, and the town ofLegnaro hosts theFesta del Cavallo, which is devoted to everything horse-related, including horse meat. It is one of those cultural differences that you gradually get used to when you are a foreigner living in Italy.
I’ve had horse and can attest that it is a tasty, somewhat sweet, acidic meat that is surprisingly soft and delicate when cooked properly.
There are no opportunities to accomplish this in Ireland at all.
Human beings were understandably outraged that horses had ended up in their burgers and minced beef.
According to Roman accounts, the goddessEpona, who was connected with battle and horses, was worshipped in Gaul and England.
Ireland, which had been conquered and colonized by the British for hundreds of years, had grown in a state of relative isolation from the rest of Europe.
We were mostly oblivious to the Industrial Revolution.
Ireland’s Catholics were barred from owning horses by the British-imposedPenal Laws, which were the exclusive domain of their landowning British overlords.
Italy, like France, has a long-standing tradition of serving horse, and no one blinks an eye when they see it on the menu.
Horse Meat recipes
- Horsemeat (500 gr. ), 1 onion, 1 bay leaf, 1 stick celery, 1 bunch flat leaf Parsley, 12 litres of vegetable stock 1 rosemary sprig
- 1 garlic clove, smashed
- 1 sprig of thyme
- Season with pepper and chili flakes to taste 1 liter of extra-virgin olive oil
- 1 glass of white wine
- 1 kilogram of tomato passata
This recipe comes from the region of Salento, where people adore eating spicy food, therefore feel free to use a lot of chilli in this dish. Horsemeat is frequently served with polenta in the northern hemisphere, but it is more commonly served with bread in the southern hemisphere. Serve with a powerful, robust red wine from the south, such as a Primitivo, to complement the dish.
- Using a deep skillet, brown the chunks of horsemeat and set them aside. Pour a generous glug of olive oil into a large skillet and sauté until the finely chopped onion, celery, and garlic are soft and transparent
- Return the meat to the saucepan and add the glass of white wine, allowing the liquid to decrease
- Cover the meat with the stock and season with the parsley, bay leaf, and rosemary
- Cook until the meat is tender. Bring the water to a boil in a covered saucepan. Reduce the heat to a low setting and let it to simmer. Stir often for at least an hour or until the liquid has been reduced, then season with salt, pepper, and chile to taste, then stir in the passata. Make sure the beef is tender and the sugo is thick by continuing to cook for another half hour or 40 minutes.