What Is A Mare Horse? (Solved)

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Is a mare a male or female horse?

  • In most cases, a mare is a female horse over the age of three, and a filly is a female horse three and younger. A horse’s female parent is known as its dam. An uncastrated adult male horse is called a stallion and a castrated male is a gelding.

What is the difference between a horse and a mare?

A mare is an adult female horse or other equine. In most cases, a mare is a female horse over the age of three, and a filly is a female horse three and younger. In Thoroughbred horse racing, a mare is defined as a female horse more than four years old.

Is a mare horse a boy or girl?

…male horse is called a stallion, the female a mare. A stallion used for breeding is known as a stud. A castrated stallion is commonly called a gelding. Formerly, stallions were employed as riding horses, while mares were kept for breeding purposes only.

How do you tell if a horse is a mare or stallion?

Mare – A mare is a female horse aged over five. Stallion – A stallion is a male horse who is kept for breeding purposes. Stallions will usually have had a successful racing career in their younger days and it can cost extraordinary amounts to get a top stallion to breed with your broodmare.

Is a mare a good horse?

Mares. While mares are less aggressive than stallions, they can have their difficult moments as well. Moodiness aside, many mares make great beginner horses. Although their heat cycles can be inconvenient, it’s rarely dangerous, especially if there is no stallion around.

Is a mare or a gelding better?

Indeed, it has been the general rule that geldings are preferred over mares in most situations – they don’t come into heat, they don’t have those “stallion qualities”, and they tend to be more laid back in general.

How much is a mare horse?

To buy a horse, you can expect to pay between $100 – $10,000, depending on the horse breed’s pedigree, how you are planning to use the horse, and your location. The average cost of a hobby-horse is about $3,000.

Do horses have periods?

A female horse undergoes the same cycle over a slightly different time period. But instead of menstruating, a mare will reabsorb the uterine lining as it breaks down. You’ve probably heard of estrogen and progesterone. These are two of the hormones that control a woman’s – or mare’s – reproductive cycle.

What animal is mare?

A mare is an adult female horse. If your new horse is a filly, a female baby horse, she’ll grow up to be a mare. Horse experts have many words to distinguish the age and sex of their animals, from foal, for any newborn horse, to stallion, a full grown male, to colt, a young male horse.

What is a bronco horse?

A bronco is a type of horse, not a species or a breed. American cowboys borrowed the lingo from their Mexican counterparts to describe untrained or partially trained horses. Originally, cowboys probably used the term to refer to breaking wild horses, but today’s broncos are not feral.

What’s the difference between geldings and mares?

There are essentially three types of “genders” of horses – mares, stallions, and geldings. It is important to know these differences especially when deciding what gender of horse you need. Mares are female horses, and geldings are castrated male horses.

Can a gelded horse still get hard?

These geldings may mount mares, act possessive of mares in a band, achieve an erection, or pursue mares even while being ridden.

Is a gelding a stallion?

A gelding is a castrated male horse, donkey, or mule. Unless a horse is to be used for breeding purposes, it should be castrated. Gelding can make horses more even-tempered and easier to handle. A stallion who is gelded later in life may retain more aggressive stallion-like behavior.

Do mares get periods?

Mares normally have 3 or 4 prolonged periods (7–14 days) of sexual receptivity during the vernal transition before the first ovulation of the breeding season occurs. Similar long periods of sexual receptivity normally occur during the autumnal transition between the breeding season and winter anestrus.

Are mares as fast as stallions?

Are male horses faster than female horses? Generally speaking, male horses are faster, taller, and stronger than their female counterparts. They also outnumber females on the racetrack and hold almost every relevant speed record.

Can mares be spayed?

Spaying of female horses, called mares, is very rarely done. To neuter a horse is to geld it and the result is a horse called a gelding. This is the most common surgical procedure done on the farm and most male horses are gelded before they reach the age of three.

Mare – Wikipedia

A broodmare is a female stallion. Take note of the modest distension in the abdomen, which indicates either early pregnancy or recent foaling. Amare is a female horse or other equine that is above the age of one. In most circumstances, a mare is a female horse older than three years old, while an afilly is a female horse younger than three years old. A mare is described as a female horse that is more than four years old in thoroughbred horse racing. The term “jenny” can also be applied to other female equine species, such as mules and zebras, although a female donkey is most commonly referred to as a “jenny.” A broodmare is a mare that is utilized for breeding purposes.

Reproductive cycle

A foal that is breastfeeding. It is common for domesticated mares to nurse their foals for an average of four to six months, with some mares nursing for longer periods of time depending on human management decisions and the temperament of the particular mare. The mare’s reproductive organs are called ovaries. (advantageous vantage point) Mares carry their young (known as foals) for roughly 11 months from the time of conception to the time of delivery. (The average period is 320–370 days.) Twins are extremely unusual and usually just one child is born.

It is believed that a mare’s estrous cycle, often known as “season” or “heat,” occurs approximately every 19–22 days and occurs from early spring through fall.

  • The photoperiod (the duration of the day) regulates the reproductive cycle in mares, with the cycle being initiated as the days begin to become longer.
  • Due to the fact that she would foal during the hardest portion of the year, anestrus prevents the mare from becoming pregnant during the winter months.
  • Many breeders want foals to be born as early in the year as feasible, as the majority of competitive objectives need foals to have an official “birthday” on January 1 (August 1 in the Southern hemisphere).
  • The area of endurance riding is an exception to this general norm, since horses must be 60 genuine calendar months old (5 years) before they may compete over greater distances in this sport.
  • However, they should not be bred until they have reached the point when they have stopped growing, which is normally by the age of four or five.
  • Many mares are retained for riding and so are not bred on an annual basis.
  • Aside from that, some mares grow worried when separated from their foals, even for a short period of time, and are therefore difficult to handle under saddle until their foals are weaned.

An illustration of a cross-section of the birthing process, albeit the foal in the womb has one leg back, which illustrates a difficult birthing situation.


It’s a foal that’s breastfeeding. Domesticated mares may nurse their offspring for an average of four to six months, with some mares nursing for up to a year, depending on human management decisions and the temperament of a particular mare in question. Fetal and ovarian tissue of the mare. The view from above (advantageous perspective) During the 11-month period between conception and delivery, mares carry their young (called foals). (120% of the average range of 320–370 days). Twins are extremely unusual; most births are of a single young child.

  1. It is believed that a mare’s estrous cycle, commonly known as her “season” or “heat,” occurs approximately every 19–22 days from early spring to late fall.
  2. Photoperiod (day length) regulates the reproductive cycle in mares, with the cycle beginning to be initiated as the days begin to become longer.
  3. Due to the fact that she would foal during the hardest period of the year, anestrus prohibits the mare from conceiving during the winter months.
  4. Many breeders want foals to be born as early in the year as feasible, as the majority of competitive objectives need foals to have an official “birthday” on January 1 (August 1 in the Southern Hemisphere).
  5. The sport of endurance riding is an exception to this general norm, since horses must be 60 genuine calendar months old (5 years) before they may compete over longer distances in that discipline.
  6. However, they should not be bred until they have reached the point of no more growth, which is normally around the age of four to five.
  7. Many mares are retained for riding and therefore are not bred on an annual basis.
  8. Some mares also get frightened when separated from their offspring, even for a short period of time, and are difficult to handle under saddle until their foals are weaned.

An illustration of a cross-section of the birthing process, with the foal in the womb having one leg back, to illustrate a difficult delivery situation.


Horse mares are used in almost every type of equestrian sport, and they compete on an equal footing with stallions and geldings in the vast majority of competitions. However, some competitions may offer classes that are only open to one sexe of horse or another, particularly inbred or “in-hand” conformation classes. Unlike in other sports, mares and fillies compete in their own races and only a tiny fraction of them compete against male horses in racing. However, a few fillies and mares have taken first place in classic horse races against colts, including the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, the Belmont Stakes, the Melbourne Cup, and the Breeders’ Cup Classic (in the United Kingdom).

Known as askumis in Kyrgyzstan, fermented mare’s milk is the country’s national beverage.

In the hormonal medication Premarin (derived from Pre gnant mares’ urine), the active component is extracted from the urine of pregnant mares.

Due to the fact that stallions would nicker at the horses of opposing camps, the Bedouin nomads of the Arabian peninsula preferred mares on their raids in the past, mares were favored on their raids today.


Before the year 900, the wordmare, which meant “female horse,” acquired on a number of other meanings. InOld English, the masculine forms weremere andmereormre, and the feminine forms wereearh (horse). The wordMähre was originally written in Old German. In a similar vein, the term wasmarc in Irish and Gaelic, the word march in Welsh, the word margh in Cornish, and the word marc’h in Breton. The term is “said to be of Gaulish origin,” according to the dictionary. A number of writers claim that it derives from the Proto-Germanic* word marhij (which means “female horse”), from the Proto-Germanic word marhaz (which means “horse”), and from the Proto-Indo-European* word markos (“horse”).

An intriguing suggestion, on the other hand, connects these Indo-European terms to the Mongolian word моp (mori, horse).

An example of a derived phrase is amare’s nest, which may be defined as “excitement about something that does not exist.” No clear etymological connection exists between the phrase nightmare and the word for female horse, but rather between the name and homophones that signified “incubus” or “goblin.”

See also

  • Stallion (horse), Gelding (horse), Filly, Foal (horse), Colt (horse)
  • Horse breeding


  1. It is written as “Oxford Dictionaries | The World’s Most Trusted Dictionary Provider.” Oxford Dictionaries is the world’s most trusted dictionary provider. The original version of this article was archived on September 29, 2007. 156
  2. Ensminger, M. E.Horses and Horsemanship: Animal Agriculture Series.Sixth Edition. Interstate Publishers, 1990.ISBN0-8134-2883-1p. 150
  3. Ensminger, M. E.Horses and Horsemanship: Animal Agriculture Series.Sixth Edition. Interstate Publishers, 1990.ISBN0-8134-2883-1p. 149-150
  4. (2002). “The establishment and disintegration of the mare–foal relationship.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science.78(2–4): 319–328.doi: 10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00111-9
  5. “Archived copy.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science.78(2–4): 319–328.doi: 10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00111-9
  6. “Archived copy.” The original version of this article was published on September 5, 2009. Archived copy as title (CS1 maint: archived copy as title) retrieved on 2009-09-30. (link) Mare has a variety of meanings, as well as etymological roots. abcdefEtymology OnLine is a website that was viewed on September 30, 2009. Archived 2007-12-14 at the Wayback Machine, accessed November 25, 2007
  7. Vries, Jan de
  8. Archived 2007-12-14 at the Wayback Machine (April 28, 1977). This book is called “Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch.” Through Google Books, I discovered Brewer, Warren A. (1984), who wrote on Latin equa’mare’ and its resistance to replacement. JSTOR40848753
  9. AbWiktionary entry for Mongolian моp (mori, horse)
  10. AbArticle”Of horse riding and Old Sinitic reconstructions”on Language Log at the University of Pennsylvania
  11. AbArticle”Mare, m, and other words”on Language Log at the University of Pennsylvania
  12. AbWiktionary entry for Mongolian

What Is a Mare Horse? Everything You Should Know

It is written as “Oxford Dictionaries | The World’s Most Trusted Dictionary Provider”.Oxford Dictionaries. On September 29, 2007, the original version of this article was retrieved from the internet. 156; Ensminger, M. E.Horses and Horsemanship: Animal Agriculture Series.Sixth Edition. Interstate Publishers, 1990.ISBN0-8134-2883-1p. 150; Ensminger, M. E.Horses and Horsemanship: Animal Agriculture Series.Sixth Edition. Interstate Publishers, 1990.ISBN0-8134-2883-1p. 149-150; Ensminger, M. E.Hor (2002).

  1. doi: 10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00111-9; “Archived copy.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science.78(2–4): 319–328.
  2. Archived copy as title (CS1 maint: archived copy as title) retrieved on 2009-09-30 (link) Diverse etymological roots and definitions for the word Mare abcdefEtymology OnLine is a website that was visited on September 30, 2009.
  3. Vries, Jan de (April 28, 1977).
  4. Through Google Books, I discovered Brewer, Warren A.

Female Horse Terminology

If you are new to the horse world, the fact that there are so many distinct words for a horse may seem insignificant. When it comes to horse breeding, the distinction between the meanings of the names of males and females is crucial. Let’s have a look at this.


A mare is a female horse that is an adult. This term can also apply to a female mule, a zebra, and, on occasion, a donkey, as well as to other equine species as well. The word is used to describe a female horse that is three or more years old. In the United States or the United Kingdom, persons who are active in racehorse breeding never refer to a female horse less than four years old as a mare. The term mare can be used as a broad phrase to refer to any female horse that is an adult and has not been spayed, regardless of its age.

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Boss mare

It’s possible that one of your mares is behaving pushy toward the other horses, which indicates that she is the herd’s boss (lead) mare. This female is the most dominant member of the herd, and the other animals acknowledge and accept her authority. Always remember that it is not always the largest female in the herd, but it is one of the most senior members of the herd. It is, on the other hand, frequently a clever and exceedingly confident horse. During the wild, the boss mare’s function is to lead the herd as it is migrating from one location to another, while the stallion defends the herd’s rear end.

If you want to dissuade it from acting in a dominant manner, you should never try to do so.

Furthermore, you should make an effort to gain its respect and trust. Even though it won’t be easy at first, learning how to handle it and the rest of the herd will make it much more practical for you in the long run.


A broodmare is another phrase that is commonly used to refer to a female horse. It is a female horse that is bred only for the purpose of reproduction. Once she has given birth to her first foal, it is usual for a mare to be awarded this title. Female horses reach sexual maturity when they are about two years old, which is when they are most fertile. Reputable breeders, on the other hand, will often refrain from breeding such young animals. The majority of horse owners want mares to breed when their bodies are completely grown, which occurs at about four or five years of age.

In other terms, a broodmare is a mare who is between the ages of four and twenty when she becomes pregnant.


When referring to a broodmare, the term is sometimes used to refer to a dam, which is a horse that has already given birth to at least one foal. As a result, the father is referred to as a sire in this situation. These are the phrases that are most often used in the Thoroughbred horse breeding industry. In such a circumstance, it is critical to accurately identify a horse’s dam and sire as part of the horse’s genealogy. They describe the origins and characteristics of each horse. As you may expect, the higher the quality of the dam and sire, the higher the quality of the offspring.

Mare Horse Behavior

Mares are known to build deep attachments to their owners or riders. They like to have a strong relationship with a single rider rather than with a number of different riders. Dealing with these female horses is nearly always more convenient than working with stallions, which is why we recommend it. These stallions are less violent because they do not have access to testosterone, a male hormone that causes stallions to become hostile. As a result, mares are more accessible and respond more well to instruction.

Hormonal mood swings

In certain times of their estrus (reproductive cycle), you should expect your mare to exhibit mood swings and irritability. The females’ heat period (estrus) occurs every nineteen to twenty-two days from the beginning of spring until the end of fall. The mood changes are most intense in the springtime, when the flowers bloom. The fact that it is a natural season for horse reproduction means that mares are extremely hormonal at this time. Mares’ sexual impulses can be a source of distraction while they are in heat, albeit not to the same extent as stallions.

This is one of the reasons why some breeders favor geldings (castrated male horses) over mares in their breeding programs.

Horse owners, however, can limit the hormonal impact on mares’ behavior by providing them with the proper training.

While mood swings might be harmful for horse riders, they are not always the case.

There is one exception to this rule that you should be aware of. When a mare who typically behaves well begins to act aggressively or dramatically alters her behavior, it is frequently a symptom of a medical condition. In such cases, consulting with a veterinarian is the best course of action.

Mare horses as mothers

During the first few hours following the birth of her foal (baby horse), the mare (broodmare) develops compassion for the foal (baby horse). It is common for a female horse to give birth to a single foal during a single pregnancy, which only serves to strengthen the attachment formed between the mother mare and her foal. As long as they are nursing their foals, the majority of owners do not utilize their mares for riding or other tasks. Nobody can deal with an anxious mare that is suffering as a result of being separated from her foal.

Mare’s Reproduction

Horse owners breed healthy and robust female horses in order to have kids with the same characteristics as their mothers. Due to the fact that a horse pregnancy lasts around eleven months, a single mare may give birth to one foal every year on average. Some owners breed their mares on a yearly basis, while others choose to do so only every few of years. In the meanwhile, they utilize these horses for riding and for pulling plows and other farm equipment. From the time a mare is six months pregnant until it quits feeding, you should refrain from riding or using her for any type of job.

It is a difficult surgical technique that is utilized to remove the ovaries from the body.

Basically, sterilizing mares is not typically necessary since it is a dangerous surgical technique that does not make a significant change in their behavior and is therefore avoided.

Mare Purpose

Mares are beneficial to humans in a variety of ways. People mostly utilize them for horseback riding because of their placid disposition, which makes them excellent riding partners. Mares are extremely useful for folks who are just starting out on their horseback riding journey. Occasionally, horse owners may maintain outstanding mares only for the sake of breeding. It is they who evaluate their own abilities and successes in races. The rule of thumb is that outstanding mothers will produce excellent offspring who will in turn produce extraordinary kids.

Furthermore, they are capable of transporting heavy loads.

Mares and stallions can participate side-by-side in the majority of disciplines, but they seldom race against one another.

Horse milk is consumed or used in the production of dairy products by several civilizations, notably nomads in Central Asia.

Kumis is a traditional dairy product prepared from fermented mare milk that has been around for centuries. Believe it or not, it has even been designated as the national drink of Kyrgyzstan.

Differences Between a Mare and Filly

Fillies are young female horses who have not yet reached their full potential. Essentially, the names filly and mare relate to the same animal, but at different phases of its life cycle. When a filly becomes a mare, the age at which she becomes a mare varies from nation to country. Most breeders consider a filly to be a mare when she reaches the age of three, four, or five years old, mostly dependent on the tradition in their respective countries of origin. Others think that a filly becomes a mare when she becomes capable of reproducing and giving birth to a foal for the first time, regardless of her age at the moment.

Difference Between a Mare and Stallion

Uncastrated adult male horses that are bred with mares are referred to as stallions. Stallions are not castrated. In contrast to animals such as lions and lionesses, where there is a clear distinction between males and females, it can be more difficult to distinguish between female and male horses. In such a circumstance, there are no distinguishing characteristics that can be instantly identified. It is true that mares are normally smaller than stallions, however this is not always the case.

Stallions, on the other hand, have a little increase in muscle mass, but not enough to provide a statistically significant physical advantage over females.

Finally, you can search for nipples under the stomachs of females as a last resort.


Gender and age distinctions between horses are extremely important in the realm of equestrian competition. The term mare refers to a female horse that has reached full maturity and is ready for breeding. Always calmer and more convenient to ride than a male horse, a female horse is a good choice.

What’s a Colt, Gelding, Mare, Filly & Stallion? – AnimalHow.com

When discussing about horses, people have a tendency to employ a lot of specialized terminology. Colts, mares, stallions, and other horse-related terms are frequently heard. The question is, what do they mean? Here are some straightforward and straightforward explanations of each of these concepts.

What’s A Colt Horse?

A colt is a young male horse that is still growing. As a result, the sole distinction between a colt horse and a foal is that a colt horse is almost invariably a male horse. This means that a colt horse is also a foal, but only half of all foals are colts, as opposed to the other half. A colt is a term that is occasionally used to refer to a castrated horse that is under the age of four years. However, when it comes to horse racing in the United Kingdom, the phrase is employed in a somewhat different way.

In addition, it must be between the ages of 2 and 4 years old to qualify.

When it comes to wild horses, the leader of the pack will normally drive the young colt (usually around the age of 2 or 3) away from the rest of the herd.

Most likely, this is done to prevent the young male from mating with its sisters. This group of young boys is referred to as “rag” or “rake” because they will frequently join other groups of young males that are in a similar circumstance to themselves.

What’s A Gelding Horse?

A gelding is a male horse that has had his genitalia removed. A donkey or a mule can also be used as a mount. “To geld” is a term that refers to the procedure of castrating a horse, which is common in the horse world. Castration is commonly performed on horses in order to manage their temperament and make them less aggressive. If you know you won’t be breeding the horse, you might as well castrate it now rather than later.

What Is A Yearling Horse

When it comes to horses, a yearling is a young horse that can be either male or female. A yearling is a horse that is between the ages of one and two, and that is pretty much all there is to know about them. They haven’t reached full maturity yet, and as a result, their bones and muscles will be weaker than those of fully grown horses. When the yearling reaches the age of three, it will be classified as either a mare or a stallion, depending on its gender. The male yearling will be referred to as a gelding unless it has been castrated, in which case he will be referred to as a gelding as mentioned above.

What’s A Mare Horse?

A mare is a female horse that has reached the age of maturity. It will have to be over the age of three to be considered a stallion; else, it will be considered a filly (see below). In Thoroughbred horse racing, on the other hand, a mare is referred to be a female horse that is more than four years old and has been trained. As a result, this may be quite perplexing. It is essential to understand which sort of mare is being discussed since there are significant variations between the two. Mares are frequently more manageable and enjoyable to ride than male horses (stallions).

What Is A Broodmare?

A broodmare is a female horse (mare) that is bred specifically for the purpose of reproducing. “Brood” is a slang term for “young,” therefore it literally translates as “young female horse.” Young people are referred to as “offspring” in this context. Consequently, a more accurate definition would be “a female horse for the purpose of producing children.” In fact, a broodmare is precisely what she sounds like. If a mare has not yet given birth to at least one foal, she will not be referred to as a “broodmare.” Until then, she can only be referred to as a “prospect broodmare,” not a legitimate broodmare.

She will generally be ridden as well, but her primary goal will be to give birth to a litter of beautiful baby foals.

What’s A Filly Horse?

A filly horse is a female horse that is less than three years old. It will be referred to as a mare after it reaches the age of three (see above). We use the phrase to indicate that we are talking about a female foal, as opposed to a male foal. It is this characteristic that separates a foal from a filly. Whenever we are talking about numerous female foals at the same time, we refer to them as fillies, which is the plural version of the word filly.

For the most part, fillies are more relaxed and easier to ride than colts. They have a lower level of will and hostility, making them excellent for training children to ride.

What’s A Stallion Horse?

Uncastrated male horses, sometimes known as stallions, are considered to be the most valuable of all. When it comes to breeding, stallions are typically employed. A magnificent stallion horse may be worth a lot, and they are frequently considered to be among the finest of the best since the owner has elected to breed from him. Because they are fully-grown males who have not been castrated, they are frequently more muscular and a little more aggressive than other horses in the same class. The presence of hormones in the stallion might make it more difficult to train and ride.

It’s important to remember that horses are herd animals, and a stallion will instinctively strive to establish dominance over the herd of horses that surrounds him.

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What’s A Foal Horse?

A foal is a young horse that has just been born. It might be either masculine or feminine in appearance. The term filly is frequently used when referring to a female foal, whereas the term colt is frequently used when referring to a male foal. The definitions of the terms colt and filly may be found at the beginning of this article, as well. We have completed our discussion of the many different names for horses, and we will now proceed to explain the labels we use to identify smaller horse-like kinds of animals.

What’s A Pony Horse?

Ponies are little horses with a height of less than 14.2 hands (58 inches or 147 cm). That is all there is to it. In comparison to the average horse, ponies will have a thicker coat and be slightly more muscular than the average horse. They also have shorter legs than horses, which explains why they are not quite as tall as horses themselves. As a result, if you understand the dimensions, you’ll see that its legs are significantly shorter when compared to a fully grown horse. A pony, except from it, is very similar in appearance to a tiny horse.

It may be be ridden by children and individuals of lesser stature.

What Is A Jenny?

Jenny, often known as a Jennet, is a female Donkey. They can be of any age, as the phrase “female donkey” just indicates that we are discussing a female donkey. The Jenny will frequently be calmer and a little less robust than the Jack in comparison (see below).

What Is A Jack?

A Jack is a Donkey who is a guy. Mules are produced from the crossbreeding of jack and female horses. That is often a sterile animal, similar to the hinny we shall discuss later. A Jack is a domesticated breed that is smaller in stature than horses, yet they are descended from the same lineage. In Australia, the Jack is referred to as a cuddy.

What Is A Hinny?

A Hinny is a horse that is a cross between a stallion (a male horse) and a Jenny (female donkey).

They are not very common, and they are usually sterile, which means that they are unable to reproduce on their own. They are also not particularly attractive. As donkeys are more useful and simpler to deal with than hinnies, people will frequently produce donkeys instead of hinnies.

What’s A Zonkey?

A Zonkey is a cross between a donkey and a zebra that can run and jump. They also go by a variety of other amusing names, and they are not widely known. Most likely because Zebras and Donkeys prefer to be alone, as do most other animals. Was this article of assistance? Was the information you received incorrect, or was anything missing? We’d love to hear your opinions on the matter! (PS: We read every piece of feedback.)

What is a Gelding? Mare? Stallion?

Mares, stallions, and geldings are the three basic sorts of horse “genders.” Stallions are the most dominant form of horse. It is critical to understand these distinctions, particularly when determining the gender of horse you want. TL;DR: Stallions are horses that are only male. Mares are female horses, and geldings are male horses who have been castrated.


Mares are rarely spayed in the same way as dogs and cats are, first and foremost because it is a difficult medical process, and second and foremost because it is not essential. Mares are often low maintenance and pleasant to ride due to their natural ability to be kind. It also provides the option for owners to breed a mare if they so want.


A stallion is nearly always kept as a stallion only for the purpose of breeding. Exceptional racing horses may choose to retire from racing early and pursue a breeding career to ensure that high performance lines continue to be produced; a champion show jumper may choose to remain in the breeding program while maintaining his or her show jumping career. Stallions, in contrast to mares, may be difficult to handle, and if not handled properly, they can endanger the lives of other horses and people.

Therefore, they will compete with other stallions and geldings for the position of dominant horse in a herd.

Keep in mind that a horse can weigh up to a thousand pounds or more in most cases.


Castrated stallions are referred to as geldings in the horse world. A stallion’s castration (or gelding), in contrast to spaying a mare, is a very uncomplicated surgery. When a male horse is between the ages of three months and one year, veterinarians suggest that the horse be gelded. After a year, testosterone levels have risen to the point where the horse’s behavior has been influenced, making it more stallion–like. When a male horse is gelded, it becomes much simpler to train, ride, and manage the animal.

Knowing the typical patterns of each “gender,” on the other hand, can tremendously assist you in determining which type of horse would best match your requirements.

What is the difference between a mare and a filly?

A filly is a female horse that is too young to be referred to as a mare because of her age. There are two particular definitions that are currently in use: A filly is a female horse that is less than four years old in the majority of situations.

In certain countries, such as the United Kingdom and the United States, the world of horse racing stipulates that fillies must be five years old before they may compete.

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Horse Racing Glossary

Despite the fact that it is referred to be “the sport of Kings,” horse racing can be a royally perplexing experience if you are unfamiliar with the terminology, which may be particularly difficult for hospitality guests who are unfamiliar with the sport for the first time. That’s where our horse racing dictionary comes in, by filling in any knowledge gaps and allowing you to sound like an equine authority in no time.

The Horses

The horses are the most essential aspect of every race day, whether it’s the Royal Ascot or a little mid-week meeting at Pontefract. It’s only fair, therefore, that you know a little more about them than you do now. Broodmare– A broodmare is a female horse that is kept at stud solely for the purpose of reproducing. They will almost always have raced when they were younger, and the quality of a broodmare’s performance on the track will be taken into consideration when evaluating the quality of her progeny.

  • These horses normally race on the flat, and the best of them will be utilized for breeding when they have finished their racing careers on the track.
  • There are several flat races that are solely accessible to fillies because they would be at a competitive disadvantage if they were forced to compete against colts.
  • Most male national hunt horses are gelded, but flat horses can also be subjected to what is known as “the cruellest cut of all.” Mare– A mare is a female horse that is more than five years old.
  • When stallions are young, they will almost always have had a successful racing career, and it might cost a lot of money to obtain the services of a top stallion to mate with your broodmare.
  • Yearlings are too young to compete, yet they are frequently purchased and sold with the intention of competing in the future.

The Races

So, now that you’ve learned a little bit more about the horses you’ve seen strutting their stuff on the track, let’s take a look at some of the most popular forms of competitions in which they may participate. Flat Racing– One of the two main types of horse racing, flat racing does not include any obstacles and races can be held on turf, dirt, or all-weather surfaces. Flat racing is one of the two primary types of horse racing. National Hunt Racing– The other of the two major codes of horse racing, national hunt racing mainly involves horses racing over hurdles or fences on turf, with the majority of races taking place on turf.

These considerations include the horse’s age, gender, and whether or not the horse has previously won a higher-level competition.

In both the group and graded races, there are three levels of competition, with the group one and grade one races in each code being the most prestigious competitions.

The amount of weight that each horse must carry is decided by the rating that the horse receives from the approved handicappers. Equine handicapping is designed in order to provide more equal odds of victory in races amongst horses with varied ability than one another.


Apart from having a thorough understanding of the horses on display and the races in which they compete, if you want to become a true horse racing expert, you’ll also need to get familiar with the language associated with betting on horses. Known as the starting price (or odds), the starting price of a horse is the last price (or odds) at which the horse is available to bet on before the race begins. People’s bets are paid out at the opening price if they haven’t taken a specified earlier price in their wager.

  • What this implies is that any horse not specifically identified or listed by name is accessible for wagering at that price or for a longer period of time.
  • from 2/1 to 3/1 to 4/1, and so on) prior to the start of a race.
  • Favourite– In any particular race, the favorite is defined as the horse whose odds are the shortest among all of the rivals.
  • Having been familiar with the fundamentals of horse racing terminology, why not put your newly acquired knowledge to the test by attending a day at the races?

What’s Best for a Beginner? Stallion, Gelding or Mare?

When looking for your first horse, you may be wondering whether you should purchase a gelding, a stallion, or a mare. Here are some suggestions. The most important thing to look for when starting out is a horse with a reliable temperament; hormones such as testosterone are strongly associated with aggression, which is why most beginner riders are advised to avoid stallions. Mares and geldings are typically calmer than their male counterparts, but there are always exceptions. Here are some considerations to keep in mind when deciding which type of horse is best for your needs and circumstances.


Stallions, in general, do not make for suitable first-time riders’ mounts. High-end riding stables may place a newbie on a stallion under the supervision of an experienced rider. Because stallions can be too self-interested, they can become dangerous in the hands of someone who does not understand how to properly control them. Purchasing a stallion may be a terrible decision for most riders or horse owners who are just starting out on their own, even if the concept of having a stallion appears to be romantic.

Some experienced riders and horse owners are adamant about not owning a stallion since even the best-behaved and best-trained stallions may turn unpredictable and, if not handled properly, hazardous.


Despite the fact that mares are less violent than stallions, they can still be challenging to handle at times. Mares can be “moody” or “fidgety” during their heat cycles, and this is normal. This may be most noticeable in the spring, when the natural breeding season is in full swing. During this period, some mares will be extremely “hormonal,” and their attention will be diverted from their rider or handler to anything else. Mares can cycle at any time of year, and the accompanying moodiness may manifest itself to a greater or lesser extent depending on the season.

A great deal will be determined by their training and general character.

Aside from their tendency to be moody, many mares make excellent first horses.


When it comes to geldings, there is a minor preference for geldings for the rookie rider. The reason for this is because because geldings do not go through heat cycles, they tend to have fewer mood swings than mares. In some cases, a gelding may be the best option depending on the horse’s training and temperament, as well as how late in the horse’s life the horse was gelded. Gestures applied late in life to geldings might cause them to maintain certain stallion-like behaviors, even if they are no longer physiologically capable of reproducing themselves.

  1. It is likely that the most stable horse will be one that was gelded early in its life.
  2. If a horse behaves in a stallion-like manner yet seems to be a gelding, it may be what is known as a rig, or ridgling, depending on the situation.
  3. This is where the expression “proud cut” originates from.
  4. Cryptorchids are more likely to be found in this group.

Horse Genders: What is a Colt, Gelding, Mare, Filly & Stallion?

When it comes to horses, there are a variety of terms that are used to differentiate between males and females. If you deal closely with horses, it is critical that you are familiar with the many terminologies that are used. At first glance, grasping the numerous terms and the reasons for their use may appear to be a bit difficult. However, if you learn the correct terms, you will be able to determine not only the gender of a horse, but also the age of the animal. When discussing the gender of a horse, you will typically hear the phrases colt, stallion, gelding, filly, and mare used interchangeably.

In addition to gender-specific terminology, there are also generic phrases that may be used to describe both young male and female horses in their infancy and development.

Horse Genders

A colt is a male horse that has not been castrated and is under the age of four. Collies can be used for breeding as early as 12-14 months of age, however most people wait until they are at least three years old or older before doing so. Afoaltoo is a phrase that may be used to refer to any colt under the age of one year, and it is also used to refer to all baby horses. Despite the fact that all colts under a year old can be referred to as foals, not all foals are colts.

See also:  How Much Is A Friesian Horse? (Question)

What is a Stallion?

When a male horse is past the age of four and has not been castrated, he is referred to as an astallion. Due to the fact that they have not been castrated, they can still be utilized for reproduction. Due to the fact that they can be difficult to handle at times, most people will only keep stallions if they want to breed. Stallions are capable of displaying aggressive behavior, albeit they are often primarily antagonistic to other horses and not to humans in general. They have a more cresty neck and a more muscular frame than geldings and mares, and they are more powerful.

If a stallion has fathered a foal, he is referred to be a sire.

What is a Gelding horse?

A gelding is a male horse of any age who has had his ovaries removed so that he is no longer capable of reproducing. Geldings are often calmer and easier to handle than stallions, and they are also more forgiving of their handlers. Typically, a colt will be gelded between the ages of 6 and 12 months, provided that his testicles have not descened. A horse, on the other hand, can be gelded even when they are in their twenties. An uncastrated male horse, or a rig, is a male horse that has either been wrongly castrated or has never had his testicles drop.

What is a Filly Horse?

An unbroken female horse under the age of four is known as a filly. Some individuals, however, believe that female horses are still considered fillies until they are five years old. If a filly is less than one year old, she may also be referred to as a foal. Because colts and fillies can both be referred to as foals, the term filly is used to distinguish a female foal from a male. The sexual maturity of a filly can be reached by the age of 18 months, however many people do not breed horses at that age.

What is a Mare Horse?

A mare is a female horse that is four years old or older, while some may argue five years old or older is acceptable. Because mares are infrequently spayed, there is no specific phrase to characterize the procedure. The majority of the time, mares are simpler to handle than stallions. Many people, however, believe that geldings are often simpler to work with than mares, owing to the fact that mares can be temperamental. Every mare, on the other hand, is unique, and many of them have peaceful demeanors.

What is a Broodmare Horse?

A broodmare is a mare that is bred specifically for the purpose of reproducing. When a female horse gives birth to a child, she is referred to as a dam.

Breeding mares are typically between the ages of 4 and 16 years old, while certain mares can be bred at a younger age as well. An average horse’s gestation period is 11 months, which means that a broodmare will be able to produce one foal every year.

What is a Yearling Horse?

A yearling horse is defined as any horse between the ages of one and two years old. After becoming one year old, all horses are considered yearlings, regardless of whether they are male, female, or a combination of the three. During the period between their 1st and 2nd birthdays, yearlings experience substantial growth and development. Despite the fact that a yearling will grow greatly in size, they are still too young to be used for breeding or riding.

What is a Pony?

Ponies are horses with a height of less than 14.2 hands. Ponies are not miniature horses; they are just smaller versions of horses, and all of the terminology used for horses may also be applied to ponies. Ponies and horses are members of the same species. The most noticeable distinctions are that they are not as tall as men and have stockier bodies than females. Ponies are notorious for being obstinate and fiery, yet there are also many ponies with a good temperament to be found. Foal

Horse Gender-Neutral Terms

When it comes to ababy horses, there are various expressions that may be used to refer to both fillies and colts who are under the age of one year. The first year of a baby horse’s life is filled with transitions and changes, and there are terminology to describe each stage. A foal is a horse that is less than a year old, whether it be a male or a female. A suckling is a term used to describe a foal who is breastfeeding. Foals are referred to as weanlings after they are weaned from their mothers, and yearlings when they are one year of age or older.

Horses are referred to by their respective gender designations until they reach the age of two or older, depending on the breed.

Understanding the Difference

Once you understand the distinctions between the terms used to describe horse genders, it will be much easier to distinguish between them. In particular, if you are considering purchasing a horse, it is critical that you comprehend the terminology so that you are aware of what you are getting into.

15 reasons why mares are better than geldings

  • The release of our bumper mares issue on the stores tomorrow (2 February 2017) provided the perfect opportunity to give the females some attention on our radio show, The Horse Show. Here are 15 (sarcastic) reasons why you can claim that mares are preferable to geldings1. Whether it is due to evolution or natural selection, mares appear to have a stronger sense of self-preservation. The likelihood of them driving into a ditch out of sheer terror is somewhat lower than the general population. So, even if they flee from the tractor, as long as you can stay on board and avoid any low branches, you should be OK. 2. Because of the same reasons, they may be less likely to touch a pole while showjumping, and they may prefer to halt across country rather than soar over a fence that they know they won’t be able to make the distance on and risk turning when they land. Bonus Similarly, a mare will get out of the way of intruders when they approach her in the field rather than trying to befriend them or annoying them with well-intentioned, friendly, and gelding-like nagging. And we support any measure that keeps vet expenses to a minimum4. It is learned through the process of training a mare that it is far better to ask respectfully for things rather than thinking you will receive what you demand. This is a valuable lesson that can be applied to all aspects of life5. Training a mare can also increase your negotiation abilities by a factor of ten, opening the door to a whole new universe of job possibilities, ranging from mediator to United Nations peace envoy6. Not that she will never roll in the bog, or that all of her droppings will be neatly heaped up in one area of the stable, but it has been known to happen with mares, and they are likely to desire to maintain a certain level of cleanliness in their surroundings7. To state the obvious, you will not be able to produce a foal from your cherished gelding8. It is possible to dress a mare in pink bandages and glitter browbands without having to continuously correct people about her gender9. Mares are frequently sharper and more intelligent than geldings. Typical of a female of the species, as is typically the case with them. (Yes, there are 80 percent female employees in this workplace.) Unlike geldings, mares are less inclined than geldings to kiss and slobber on you when you first arrive at the stable. (This may be due to the fact that they are too preoccupied in pinning their ears back.) 11. Mares aren’t interested in pulling the toggle on your waterproof jacket and pinging it back at you for amusement either. They have a strong feeling of personal space — and would appreciate it if you could respect that12. We’ve heard it reported that only mares are capable of going vertical and horizontal at the same time. We refer to this as “balance and athleticism” in our profession. 13. Geldings are often friendly and want to be cuddled. Mares make you work harder for whatever attention you may receive from them. It’s similar to owning a cat as compared to a dog in several ways. Geldings are considered to be every man’s closest buddy, whilst mares are more choosy, which makes their owners feel more valued. How about something like this? You might also find the following articles interesting: When we hear riders remark, “If you have a nice mare, they really, really try for you,” we would quadruple our salary if we earned a pound for every time we heard them say it15. The mares do an amazing job of keeping all of the geldings on the property under control. The result would be complete anarchy if you left a gelding in control.

Don’t miss our mares special, out on 2 February, where we look at the ways to help manage your mare, and whether you have the right temperament to ride one

In Scotland, there is a Przewalski mare and foal. Woodrow Call’s gray mare was given a nasty name by Larry McMurtry when he wroteLonesome Dove, in a way that was brutally courteous, but also in a close-as-kin way. Being a gray mare myself, the moniker stayed in my head for quite some time. Some people despise mares to the point where they refuse to allow them on the property. Others extol their virtues to the skies and declare that they would never ride anything else. Some people say that if you find a man who exclusively rides mares, you should marry him since he is a gentleman.

What you should remember about mares is that they are healthy and unharmed.

In reality, mares and stallions are more similar to one another than either is to a gelding in terms of appearance.

A large number of mares slip through heat cycles without being observed, while others are nearly unrideable.

Mares have a reputation for being a little bit eccentric from time to time.

We have a tendency to assume that their actions are the result of training difficulties or bad temperament, yet horses get irritable when they are injured, and body language is the only way they can communicate this to us.

Horses don’t just become evil on their own.

Riding has an effect on the ovaries, which are located in the upper flank area, down from the sacroiliac (SI) joint, and are affected by it.

When I share this knowledge with ladies, I’ve noticed a wide range of reactions, ranging from head nodding to chins dropped and mouths gaping open.

Here’s some more anecdotal evidence: People appear to concur that heat cycles are becoming longer in duration, with some claiming they are continuing all year.

Her periods lasted six weeks, and she was so miserable that she spent the majority of her time hitting her hips against the barn or fence posts.

I’ve noticed that I’m having anthropomorphic and anecdotal ideas about being on birth control when I’m on it.

Is there any sort of “Degree in Anecdotal Science” that can be awarded to those who have dedicated their lives to the horse?

Okay, feel free to ignore the remainder of this section.

Some mares exhibit unusual behavior as a result of problems with training.

Mares appear to have a reasonable measure of self-assurance, as well as a clear understanding of what constitutes appropriate human conduct.

When it comes to conceivable behaviors, blind obedience is not even on the mare’s inventory of possibilities.

Sixty-five percent of rescue horses are mares, according to statistics.

She’ll do everything you want, and she’ll do it for hours without complaining, but she’s not going to gloat about it.

She takes herself seriously, which is something that geldings are notoriously bad at.

As a result of insufficient training, you may suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Alternatively, she may suffer from repeated lameness because she is too tough to hobble about about it.

The stoic mares will keep their feelings to themselves, while the more talkative mares will spread the word around the world.

In my experience, mares appear to be more interested in the larger picture than other horses.

Perhaps it’s because they have the mother gene, but mares are usually less playful than geldings.

The majority of it is pleasant company, but the majority of it is Boss Mare labor.

It’s generally an elderly mare with a swayback who wonders why humans believe that the horse that is the most anxious is the leader horse in the herd.

Mares are almost always correct.

Some mares might be a little Type A; they can be overbearing and insistent on their own way.

It has a direct impact on people’s lives.

You can label her as gloomy or point out that horses are tamed, but instinct is a powerful force in her.

She has to be on the lookout at all times.

Make sure you don’t get in her path.

Listening to her will demonstrate your respect for her intelligence.

Maintain consistency and allow her as much time as she requires to come to trust you.

Every mare puts out her best effort, yet the task is never completed.

If you’re deserving of her trust and she feels comfortable in your presence, she may be willing to rest and let you take the reins.

As long as you accept her independence, she will not feel the need to protect it.

Do you want to know more?

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