What Does Post Time Mean In Horse Racing? (Solution found)

post position: Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts the race. post time: Designated time for a race to start. preferred list: Horses with prior rights to starting, usually because they have previously been entered in races that have not filled with the minimum number of starters.

  • Post time in horse racing is simply the designated starting time of a horse race. Whenever someone refers to the post time, they just mean that that is the time that the race is slated to start. The post in horse racing is simply the starting position of all horses.

What post time means?

Post time is defined as the specific time when a race begins and when racers, like runners or horses, must be at the starting line. An example of post time is when the bell sounds to signify that runners need to begin running.

What is a post time for a horse race?

: the designated starting time of a horse race.

Can you bet after post time?

Late betting or past posting is making a bet after the time when no more bets are to be taken. It is considered cheating; information may have become available, including the outcome of the event, that was not available to those making earlier bets.

What is first post in horse racing?

The first thing post time can refer to is simply the scheduled starting time of a race. This is self-explanatory and bettors will have no problem finding out the post times for races either through the public address system or boards that appear around the track.

What is post vs Pre?

As prepositions the difference between post and pre is that post is after; especially after a significant event that has long-term ramifications while pre is before (something significant).

What does post event mean?

post-event [the ~] noun – An asynchronous event whose handler runs only after the action that raised the event is complete. the after event; the post-event.

What is a track in horse racing?

A race track (racetrack, racing track or racing circuit) is a facility built for racing of vehicles, athletes, or animals (e.g. horse racing or greyhound racing). A race track also may feature grandstands or concourses. Race tracks are also used in the study of animal locomotion.

What is a track horse?

Track ponies, also called lead ponies, aren’t actual ponies, but full-sized horses. As a verb, the term “pony” describes leading one horse while riding another. Racehorses are ponied as part of their training and when being brought to and from the track.

What does Roarer mean in horses?

Quick facts. Roaring refers to a condition that greatly reduces a horse’s airflow during exercise. Partial blocking of the airway causes a “roar” sound, low tolerance for exercise and difficulty breathing after exercise. Surgery may improve the performance of roaring horses.

Do casinos cheat?

The bottom-line being, yes, in fact, casinos do cheat. Some use little tricks; some pull out big guns. Some of the tricks are sly but not something that the casinos don’t encourage, but some are just plain evil; if caught, the casinos have to pay a high price.

Why are horses scratched from races?

Racehorses get scratched from races because of injuries or sickness, change of track conditions, and even starting position. Additionally, trainers or owners might scratch a horse because they don’t like the competition or feel their horse may get claimed.

Do you get your money back on a scratched horse?

When you bet on a horse and it ends up being scratched, you will receive your money back in cash on all bookmakers and at the tote. If you are betting on an all in futures market, most online bookmakers will not give you your money back as they are not the final fields, meaning you are getting overinflated odds.

How is post position determined?

Post position in horse racing refers to which numbered stall a horse is drawn in for a race. The post position is determined by a draw that is normally carried out by the racing authorities in which all horses are randomly drawn out and matched with a numbered stall.

Where is the post in horse racing?

Post position are the position at the starting gate a horse will start at in a race. They are randomly picked, they pick the horses name first then which post position they will start from. Some horses do better starting from certain post positions.

How do you tell if a horse is a closer?

In my analysis, a closer is a horse that comes from between about five and seven lengths off the lead. A deep closer is anything more than that, like Breeders’ Cup Marathon and Brooklyn Handicap winner, Calidoscopio.

What does post time mean in horse racing – Step by step guide – HowToBet

In horse racing, the word “post-time” refers to a number of different things, all of which are connected to one another. You etymologists out there should know that the phrase post time derives from the Latin wordponere, which meaning to set a date or time. The posting (or placement) of the entries at the starting position of the race is therefore defined as follows in horse racing terminology: Rick Fortenbaugh is a sportscaster and author. The first thing that post time might relate to is simply the scheduled start time of a race, which is the most basic of all.

A second meaning of the term “post-time” relates to the precise moment at which all of the entrants must be in the starting gate and prepared to run.

A third use of the term post time has to do with betting.

Knowing the post time is critical for bettors who are still trying to make up their minds on which team to back.

  • As a result, when it comes to calculating rewards, it is the post-time odds that are taken into consideration.
  • If you are horse betting online, you may want to start even sooner than usual because you never know when the website or app will stop accepting wagers and reject your bet.
  • This includes past posting, often known as late betting, which is a type of gambling.
  • If you remember back in the “olden days,” when race results were given in a more leisurely way, it was possible to cheat by placing a wager on the outcome of a race that had already taken place.
  • Any wagers placed after that time will be considered past the post.
  • A post-parade is when the horses leave their stables and go along the track to the starting gate for the competition.

Definition of POST TIME

Recent Web-based illustrations While coverage of the Derby generally lasts the entire day, the official post time for the race has not yet been determined. “Maggie Maloney, TownCountry,” February 9, 2022. Hanas (who had a very early scratch on Tuesday) and Dureau’s condition was unknown at the time of publication (very late scratch on Tuesday). The following is an excerpt from Dylan Bumbarger’s article in the Oregon Live newspaper on December 29, 2021: When it’s time to post, have a stiff Johnnie Walker Black on ice on ready, or alternatively, your normal blood-pressure medicine on standby as a backup.

  1. ET and 5:40 p.m.
  2. —Jay Ginsbach, Forbes, published on October 27, 2021 Earlier in the day, Rombauer swept by the controversial Kentucky Derby winner and Midnight Bourbon, who had had his odds decrease to 5-2 – the same as Medina Spirit – before the race began.
  3. on Saturday, Sunday, and Monday, respectively, to accommodate the increased attendance (Labor Day).
  4. local time on Saturday.
  5. ET.
  6. Please provide comments.

Horse Racing Glossary of Terms « Cal Racing

An apprentice rider and a weight allowance— New jockeys begin their careers as apprentices and are awarded weight allowances until they achieve a particular number of victories within a certain period of time. In addition, when competing in a stakes race, apprentices do not earn weight allowances. Blinkers are a device that is put around a horse’s eyes to prevent him from looking to the back and side. This encourages the horse to concentrate on the race ahead of him. Blinders are another name for this item.

  • A claiming race is a race in which the horses can be purchased for a set amount after they have finished.
  • (It is possible that this will occur.) The horses in a race are referred to as the field.
  • A graded stakes race is a high-quality race that is divided into three categories: Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 3.
  • Handicap race: A race in which different horses carry varying weights in order to level the playing field of competition.
  • Consider it similar to a handicap in golf.
  • Finishing 1st, 2nd, or 3rd in a race earns you money.
  • On a long shot, the odds are in your favor, and successful bets result in large cash rewards and even louder cries from the crowd.

In the nose, a horse has the smallest margin of victory that he can have.

Post position refers to a horse’s position in the starting gate as measured from the inner rail to the outer rail.

Post time refers to the time at which a race is scheduled to begin.

The purse is the amount of money awarded to the owner(s) of a winning horse.

It is also known as the American Quarter Horse.

It’s also important to consider what you do with your brain while your horse is last.

A tote board is a computerized display board that displays betting information such as odds, post time, results of each race, and rewards for winners.

The Triple Crown consists of the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes, which are the three most renowned events in the United States. Thoroughbred— A breed of horse that is recognized for its speed and endurance while racing over long distances, such as the Kentucky Derby.

Horse Racing Terminology: An Abridged Dictionary

While horse racing is hardly rocket science, it does have its own set of idioms and terminology that distinguish it from other sports. Although it is not necessary to be familiar with every betting phrase in order to be a good gambler, there are several that are useful to understand before placing a wager. What is the best way to tell when a race is about to begin? During a race, what fractional increment do they use to express the distance between horses? What do we know about the horse’s activity on days when he is not competing?

Post Times

The start of a race is signaled at this moment. If the first pitch of a baseball game is scheduled for 7 p.m., the game can begin at any time between 7:00 p.m. and 7:05 p.m. or 7:10 p.m., depending on the time zone. The post time function is the same as the start time, in that it provides an approximate beginning time for the race. Occasionally, there is a slight delay caused by an equipment malfunction or a horse that is recalcitrant before the horses are loaded into the starting gate. While horse races will not begin prior to their scheduled post time, they may be delayed by a minute or two if the weather is bad.

Despite the fact that races do not start exactly on time every time, they normally begin relatively near to the specified finish time.

Race Distances

In most regions of the globe, measurements are made using the metric system (kilogram, meter, gram, kilogramme). In the United States, the imperial system (foot, inch, and pound) is chosen over the metric system. Some unusual imperial terminology are used on the railroad lines in the United States. As a result, there is a specialized lexicon for horse racing tracks and sportsbooks.


The term furlong, which refers to one-eighth of a mile in horse racing, is often used. Four furlongs (0.5 mile), five furlongs (0.625 mile), six furlongs (0.75 mile), and seven furlongs (1.0 mile) are the distances covered by the races (0.875 miles). Six-furlong sprint events are the most often held and also the most popular. Generally speaking, one-mile and one-quarter-mile horse races are the most popular sorts of lengthier horse races held. The Kentucky Derby and the Breeders’ Cup Classic, among other major races, are held at a distance of one and one-quarter miles.

During the course of a horse race, the announcer will frequently indicate how much distance is still to be covered by stating something along the lines of “one furlong to go.” In other words, there is one-eighth of a mile left before the leader crosses the finish line, as shown by the speaker.


Long is a phrase that is usually used to describe the distance that separates horses when they are racing.

The length of a horse is the size of a person. One length behind another horse means that a horse is running at the tail, or at the back of another horse. Secretariat set a new record in 1973 by winning the Belmont Stakes by a record margin of 31 horse lengths.


When horses are more than half-a-length apart, the phrase “neck” is commonly used to describe the situation. A horse that is “only a neck behind” is one that is placed the length of a horse’s neck behind the horse in front of him or her.

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Before they are tied together, the closest that two horses can come to each other is one head apart. As soon as a horse gets within a “head” of another horse, he is on the verge of overtaking or tying up with the horse in front of him; he is only a “bob” or “stride” away from overtaking or tying the horse in front of him.

Horse Racing Betting Basics

Whilst gambling on horse racing may appear hard due to the use of unfamiliar language or the large number of different sorts of bets offered, the process is actually rather easy. While we go over horse racing betting kinds and principles thoroughly in our how to bet series, here’s a brief review on the essentials to get you started.

Straight Bets

Betting on horses to win is the foundation of horse racing. Unlike other types of wagers, a win bet does not require several events to occur throughout a race or set of races in order for you to be successful in winning money. Straight bets are divided into three categories. Straight bets are usually limited to a minimum of $2 at most tracks.


If you pick the horse that crosses the finish line first, you will be declared the winner. This is the most popular and straightforward wager at the track.


A place bet, which is more risk-averse and suitable for those who are hesitant about a particular horse, implies that you win your bet if the horse finishes first or second in a race. In order to account for the possibility that the horse will finish in any position, the rewards will be lower than on a win bet. When someone says that a horse “placed,” it signifies that the horse finished in second place.


Betting on the show is not especially rewarding, but it is the safest method to have fun without risking a significant amount of money. To make a tiny profit on a horse you select for a show, all it has to do to earn your money is place first, second, or third in a race. In many cases, show bets yield $3 or less in total on a $2 investment. When a horse is referred to as “showed,” it means that the horse finished third in a race.

Exotic Bets

There are a plethora of different forms of exotic bets, but they always boil down to one of two concepts: horizontal wagers or vertical wagers, respectively. Vertical wagers are those in which you place a bet on the order in which the horses will finish a race. Horizontal wagers are made while attempting to predict the winners of many races in a row.

Vertical Betting

If you place a vertical bet, the “vertical” in the name suggests that you will be building your wager from the top down. In horse racing, this means that you will be placing bets on the order in which the horses will complete a race. In an exacta wager, you must correctly predict who will win the race and who will finish second in the order in which they will be announced.

A trifecta is a wager in which you must correctly predict the exact finishing order of the top three finishers in a single race. In order to pay your ticket, you must correctly predict the winner, the runner-up, the show horse, and the fourth-place finisher in the proper sequence.

Horizontal Betting

The term “horizontal” refers to anything that is straight across, and in horse racing, this indicates that you will have to choose the winner of multiple different races. In essence, horizontal wagers imply that you are placing a wager in which you must select winners over a number of races. Daily Doubles, Pick 3s, Pick 4s, Pick 5s, and Pick 6s are all types of wagers in which you must correctly predict the winner of many races in a succession. As you might expect, the Daily Double requires you to select the winner in two consecutive races, the Pick 3 requires you to select the winner in three consecutive races, and so on up to the almighty Pick 6, which is essentially a six-race parlay in which you must select the winner in each of the six consecutive races.

Racing Classifications

Horse racing is, at its heart, a competitive sport, but it is also an equally competitive sport. If the greatest horses were to defeat younger or just slower horses, it would be considered unfair. Of course, there are many different sorts of races, so you’ll need to be familiar with the terminology used to describe them before you begin betting.


A maiden horse is a horse that has never been successful in a race. Once a horse breaks their maiden, wins a race in which they are very certainly competing against other horses who have never won, they are no longer considered a maiden and are no longer eligible to run in races that are specifically created for winless horses.


A claiming race is one in which each horse in the event is offered for purchase before the race even begins. There may also be maiden claimers (horses who have never won a race) available for purchase. There are also optional claiming races, in which each owner determines whether or not he wants his horse to be put up for sale on the same day the race takes place.


A horse who competes in allowance races is not for sale, and nearly always has at least one win to his or her credit. Allowance races may be subject to limitations, such as being only open to older horses or female horses, depending on the circumstances.

Stakes Races

Stakes races are reserved for the best-quality allowance races. There is a substantial payout offered, which undoubtedly draws the top horses to compete against one another. Horse racing is a sport with several levels of competition. Stakes races are held for horses who have never won a race before, whereas maiden races are held for horses that are vying for a purse but are not for sale on the day they race. Maiden races are held for horses that are not for sale but are racing for a significant amount of money.

Therefore, if a horse wins a stakes race, you can be assured that the horse is an extremely talented competitor.

Races for graded stakes are reserved for the finest and brightest, with the most prestigious events, such as the Kentucky Derby and Breeders’ Cup Classic, labeled as Grade 1 attractions.

Grade 2 races are immediately below Grade 1 races, while Grade 3 competitions are immediately below Grade 2 contests. Almost all graded stakes races are held at the most prestigious courses and feature the fastest horses available at that particular track.

Grade 1 Stakes Races

Grand-slam events, also known as Grade 1 races, are held just once a year and attract the greatest horses and provide the biggest prizes, which may frequently exceed $1 million. All of the most prestigious races, including as the Kentucky Derby and the Breeders’ Cup, are classified as Grade 1. A horse that wins a Grade 1 race is comparable to a player who is named Most Valuable Player. It is an outstanding honor and accomplishment that should not be overlooked.

Grade 2 Stakes Races

Grade 2 races are just a notch or two below Grade 1 events. They nearly never have interests in excess of $1 million, but almost always have stakes in excess of $100,000. On important race days, it is common for the undercard races to be Grade 2 events. The Alysheba Stakes, the Eight Belles Stakes, the Turf Sprint, the American Turf, and the Distaff Turf Mile are all Grade 2 races that take place during Kentucky Derby Weekend.

Grace 3 Stakes Races

Grade 3 events are of excellent quality and do not occur on a daily basis, yet they are ranked below Grade 1 and 2 events. These races, like as the San Francisco Mile at Golden Gate Fields or the Longacres Mile at Emerald Downs, can be the major attraction at a tiny track on a busy day, as they are at Emerald Downs. Grade 3 events can also serve as subsidiary races on major race days, like as the Brooklyn Invitational and Jaipur Invitational on Belmont Stakes Day in New York, which are also Grade 3 races.

Listed Stake

Following graded races are listed stakes races, which are significant because they are not of the same caliber as a graded event, but they are a step above a standard stakes race in terms of quality. A regular stakes race is the highlight race of the day, the best race at a strong race track on a number of days, or a major event during a large weekend at a lesser track.

Steeplechase Races

Strictly speaking, steeplechase races are events in which horses must leap over hurdles many times over the course of a race, however they are rarely seen on television. These races are virtually always held on grass, and they are typically held over long distances, sometimes exceeding two or three miles. Jumpers almost never compete in flat races, and thoroughbreds almost never switch from a race without hurdles to a race with hurdles on the course.

Get Educated

These are only a few of the characteristics that distinguish horse racing from other sports. Although terminology and vocabulary might be scary at first, once you grow familiar with them, they become second nature. Horse betting 101 and our guide to horse racing odds are both excellent resources for those interested in learning more about horse betting. Keep in mind that the more you comprehend, the higher your chances of winning become.

Horse Racing Dictionary

A wager on a horse to win, place, and show is placed across the board. If the horse wins, the player collects three ways; if it comes in second, the player gets two ways; and if it comes in third, the player collects one way, forfeiting the win and place bets. All in: A horse who is doing everything he has to achieve his goals. A horse that has been entered in the race but will not be able to start until another horse is scratched is also eligible. Also-ran: a horse that does not place in the money at the end of the race.

  • The act of failing to maintain a straight track and swerving to the left or right is known as bearing in (or out).
  • Blanket finish: When the horses are so close to each other at the finish line, it is theoretically possible to put a single blanket over them.
  • Blowout: A brief, high-intensity training, generally performed a day or two before a race, with the goal of improving a horse’s speed.
  • Board: Also known as the tote board.
  • Bolt: A sudden detour from a previously established course.
  • Broken up money is usually divided between the track and the state, as well as, in certain situations, breeding or other funding, in varied percentages.
  • When working out at a track, bullet work refers to the best exercise time for the distance on any particular day.

Bute: Phenylbutazone is a popular analgesic for horses that is used to relieve pain.

A chalk horse is a favorite or a top option who has a good chance of succeeding.

Closer: A horse who performs best in the latter stages of a race after starting from the rear of the field.

Racing silks, as well as the jacket and cap used by jockeys, are colored in this scheme.

Colt refers to a male horse under the age of five.

Cuppy is a track surface that breaks away when a horse’s hoof strikes it.

Dead heat: When two or more horses finish in a dead heat at the finish line, the race is declared a dead heat.

Distanced: Finished a significant distance behind the winner, having been badly beaten.

The rider is adamant in his desire to drive.

Easy: Running or winning without being pressured by the jockey or the opposition is the definition of easy.

Exacta (also known as perfecta): A wager in which the first two finishers in a race must be selected in the precise order in which they finished.

It is more extreme than weakening, but less drastic than ceasing to exist completely.

When there are more entries than there are available slots on the totalisator board, a field horse (also known as a mutuel field) is used to form a single betting unit.

Firm: A grass course’s ideal state, which corresponds to a fast dirt track’s ideal condition.

In the case of a horse, this occurs when the horse’s head is virtually in a straight line with the body, usually as a result of weariness.

You can be either a man or a woman.

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660 feet in one furlong, or one-eighth of a mile and 220 yards.

A gelding is a male horse that has been castrated.

Graduate: Taking home the victory for the first time.

Grandsire: A horse’s great-grandfather, and the sire of the horse’s dam.

Working or racing with moderate effort, but more effort than breezing, is a practical option.

Head of the stretch: The start of the last stretch that leads to the finish line.

Homebred: A horse that has been bred by the owner.

Weight carried or allocated is referred to as an imposition.

Finishing first, second, or third place will earn you money.

Officials will flash a sign across the board when such an event takes place.

Furosemide is the generic name for Lasix.

Lock is slang for a winner who is a “sure thing.” Loosening of the reins by a tired horse, which causes the horse to lug in or out instead of maintaining its straight path Mare: A female horse that is at least 5 years old.

One type of mutuel pool that occurs when one horse is so extensively played that, after deductions for state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally mandated minimum on each winning bet is referred to as a minus pool.

Early morning glory is a horse who performs well in early exercises but does not perform well when it comes to racing.

Muddy: The state of the racecourse after it has been saturated with water is really poor.

Neck: A unit of measurement that is about the length of a horse’s neck; one-quarter of a length.

In England, this is referred to as a short head.

An investigation is referred to as such if it is initiated by a government authority.

In England, it is simply referred to as “on,” which means that a horse that is “5-4 on” is actually at odds of 4-5.

In addition, he is a racing official.

On the nose: Putting all of your money on a horse to win.

Horses are capable of carrying excess weight if their rider is unable to maintain the allocated weight.

Pasteboard track: A racing strip that is lightning quick.

At the final line, I was in second place.

Poles are markers placed at predetermined intervals around the track to indicate the distance remaining till the finish.

Starting point or location in the starting gate is indicated by the post.

Horses making their way from the paddock to the starting gate, past the grandstand, after the parade.

Post time refers to the time set aside for a race to begin.

Quinella: A wager in which the first two finishers must be selected, but the payout is provided regardless of which of the two wins and which comes in second place.

Saddle cloth: A piece of fabric that is placed under the saddle and on which a number indicating the post location is displayed.

To be scratched from a race means to be removed from the competition.

Show: Third place at the end of the race.

Silks: Take a look at the hues.

Sloppy: A track that is damp on the surface yet has a sturdy undercarriage.

A three-year-old horse belongs to a sophomore.

Steadied: A horse that has been taken into the rider’s possession, mainly due to the fact that they are in close quarters.

Stickers are calks on the bottom of a horse’s shoes that provide better traction in mud or on soft tracks.

Stretch: The last straightaway section of the racetrack leading up to the finish line.

Stretch turn: A bend in the track leading towards the homestretch.

In addition, there is a breeding farm.

Ties or tongue straps are used to restrain a horse’s tongue during a race or workout in order to avoid the animal from choking on its own tongue.

Track record: The fastest time over a specific distance on a specific track.

Turf course (also known as grass course): When a horse is restrained during a race or training, it is called “under wraps.” Underlay: A horse that is racing at a greater distance than he should be.

Washy: A horse who breaks out in anxious perspiration before a race, sometimes to the point where sweat is streaming from his rump and tail.

To win, you must be the first to cross the finish line. Win bet: Place a wager on which horse will finish first. Yearling: A thoroughbred born between the first New Year’s Day after being foaled and the first of January the following year.

Horse Racing Terms

Racing Term Description
Abandoned The status of a race or racecourse described as closed, usually as a result of bad weather.
Age The age of a horse.
All-weather A synthetic racing surface usually made from sand, which generally is not affected by the weather.
Allowance The deduction in the weight a horse must carry. This can be a result of the age or the gender of the horse or the type of jockey (amateur).
Ante-post A bet placed in advance of the final declarations of a race. Bookmakers usually offer better odds, but no refunds are given in the event of a non-runner.
Backward A horse not fit or fully developed.
Banker A supposedly certain bet.
Betting ring The on-course bookmakers, often close to the running rail, who compete against one another for trade. Traditionally an integral part of the racing experience, bookmakers with names like Jolly Joe, loud check jackets, and voices like foghorns used to shout the odds and hand our colourful cards as receipts. While their clerks entered the bets in their ledgers and tic tac men, standing on orange boxes, waved their white gloved hands in signals of the trade, communicating changes in the horses’ prices.
Bit A bar (usually made of stainless steel) that sits in the horse’s mouth and is attached to the bridle.
Black type A race which is of Listed or Group class.
Blinkers A type of headgear fitted to a horse that limits its field of vision, mainly from each side. Blinkers are designed to help horses concentrate in races.
Bloodstock A term used to describe the part of the racing industry which deals with racehorse breeding, be it at the sales, stud farms or elsewhere.
Boxed in When a horse cannot obtain a clear run during a race due to other horses being in close proximiity.
Breeze-up A sale in which unraced two-year-olds are ridden, galloped or ‘breezed’ along the racecourse. Most of the horses have been purchased as yearlings, and are then broken in and ridden in preparation for them galloping at the sale.
Bridle A piece of tack that fits over a horse’s head and to which the bit and reins are attached.
Broodmare A mare (female horse) at stud who is kept with the aim of producing a foal.
Brought down Used to describe a horse who falls because of another horse, rather than falling independently.
Bumper Also known as a National Hunt Flat race, and usually run over two miles without any obstacles. Commonly used as a way to give horses race experience before tackling hurdles and fences.
Chase A race run over fences.
Cheekpieces A form of headgear which consists of pieces of sheepskin placed on either side of the bridle and performs a similar job as blinkers in helping the horse to concentrate.
Claimer A jockey who takes weight off a horse to compensate for their relative inexperience as a rider. Their claim is reduced the more winners they have.
Classic Grade 1 contests confined to three-year-olds only in Britain. There are five Classics in Britain: 2,000 Guineas, 1,000 Guineas, Oaks, Derby, St Leger.
Clerk of the course The person responsible for the overall management of a racecourse on a raceday.
Colt An uncastrated male horse aged four years old or younger. A colt older than four is referred to as an entire or horse (if still racing) or stallion (if at stud).
Connections A term often used in place of a horse’s owners and trainer.
Dam Mother of a horse.
Dead-heat When the raceday judge cannot split two or more horses at the finishing-line, the prize is split between the horses and a dead-heat is called.
Declared A formal notification from a trainer that notifies the racing authorities they intend to run a horse in a certain race. Horses are commonly declared at either the 24-hour or 48-hour stage prior to a race.
Draw A term in Flat racing denoting a horse’s position in the starting stalls.
Fences The type of obstacle jumped during chase races. There are different types of fence, including an open-ditch, the water jump and a plain fence.
Filly A female horse aged four or younger.
Foal A horse aged younger than one.
Form A horse’s race record which is denoted by figures next to its name in a racecard. The form may also include some letters, for example F denoting a fall.
Furlong An imperial unit of distance measurement in horseracing. A furlong is an eighth of a mile or a little more than 201 metres.
Gallop A training strip used to exercise horses. Trainers have access to either their own private gallops or public gallops.
Gelding A horse who has been castrated, often to improve its temperament.
Going The underfoot conditions at the racecourse.
GoingStick A device used to measure the underfoot conditions at the racecourse.
Graded race The highest quality of race. Grade or Group 1 races are the highest quality, with Grade 2 and Grade 3 races a slightly lower quality.
Hacked up A phrase used to describe a horse who has won comfortably.
Handicap A type of race in which horses carry different weights depending on their overall rating, which is determined by the handicapper.
Handicapper An official who assesses how horses should be rated, based on their previous performances.
Hood Another type of headgear fitted over the horse’s head to cover its ears and muffle the noise of a raceday.
Hurdles The obstacles jumped during a hurdle race. They are smaller than fences and therefore take less jumping. Sometimes referred to as flights.
In-running Refers to anything that happens during a race, and could refer to in-running betting markets or in-running race comments.
Juvenile A two-year-old horse.
Length The length of a horse from its nose to the start of its tail, and a measurement used to describe the distances between horses at the finish line.
Listed race A race type one step below Grade 3/Group 3 contests.
Maiden A horse who has yet to win a race.
Mare A female horse aged five or older.
Nap A bet considered to be the most likely winner of all bets during the day.
National Hunt Known as jumps racing. One of two racing codes, the other being Flat. National Hunt racing is best known in Britain and Ireland.
Neck A measurement used to describe a winning margin in a close finish. A short head is the smallest winning margin.
Non-runner A horse withdrawn from a race for which it had been declared.
Noseband A strap that goes over a horse’s nose to secure the birdle. They can help prevent the horse from getting its tongue over the bit which can obstruct its breathing.
Novice A race for horses who are in their first season in that code of racing. Can have age specific conditions, particularly on the Flat.
Nursery A handicap race for two-year-old horses.
Odds The chance offered for a selection to win. Also known as price.
Off the bridle A term to describe a horse not travelling well.
On the bridle A term to describe a horse travelling well.
One-paced A term used to describe a horse who cannot quicken when the tempo of the race increases.
Open ditch A fence with a ditch on the take-off side, forcing the horse to make a longer jump than at a plain fence.
Outsider A horse whose chance of winning is considered unlikely by the market.
Pacemaker A horse who races with the aim of ensuring the even tempo of race, thus helping a stablemate who would benefit.
Paddock The area of a racecourse where horses are paraded before each race. Often referred to as the parade ring.
Parade ring The area of a racecourse where horses are paraded before each race. Also referred to as the paddock.
Photo finish A close race finish, requiring the raceday judge to consult a photo before declaring the winner or a dead-heat. A photo can also help determine the placings behind the winner.
Pulled up A horse who is brought to a halt during a race by its jockey.
Pulling A horse who is keen during a race and wants to go faster than its jockey is allowing. Often described as pulling for its head.
Punter Someone who has had a bet on the outcome of a race.
Pushed out A term to describe a horse who has gone clear of its rivals in a race after minimal urging from its jockey.
Racecard A programme giving information about the races scheduled during a race meeting and the horses set to run in them.
Schooling A term to describe a horse being trained and getting practice over obstacles.
Silks An owner’s colours.
Sire Father of a horse.
Sprinter A horse who competes in races run over a short distance, usually over six furlongs or less.
Stallion A male horse used for breeding.
Stalls The box from which horses begin Flat races.
Staying on A phrase frequently used by race commentators or in post-race comments referring to a horse who finished strongly during the closing stages.
Stewards’ inquiry An inquiry held at the racecourse on a raceday after any given race. The panel is advised by the stewards.
Stud An establishment set up for breeding of horses. Stallions are based at studs and are sent mares to breed with.
Tattersalls The main auctioneer of racehorses in Britain and Ireland.
Thoroughbred The breed of horse best known for its use in horseracing.
Tongue-tie A strap or piece of stocking used to tie down a horse’s tongue to prevent the tongue getting over the bit which affects a horse’s breathing.
Triple Crown To win the Flat Triple Crown in Britain, a horse must win either the 2,000 or 1,000 Guineas, either the Derby or the Oaks, and the St Leger. There is a staying chasers Triple Crown for jumps horses consisting of the Betfair Chase, the King George VI Chase and the Gold Cup.
Turn of foot A term to describe marked exceleration during a race.
Under starter’s orders Before a race, the starter brings the field of horses into order to prepare them for the start of the race.
Undulating A track that does not have a flat terrain. Cheltenham is often referred to as an undulating track.
Visor A type of headgear, much the same as blinkers, which limits a horse’s rearward vision to aid concentration. A visor differs from blinkers as it has a small slit in the eye cups.
Weighed in Every horse in a race has to carry a certain amount of weight. To ensure it does, all jockeys must weight out both before and after a race. The ‘weighed in’ announcement made after the race means the result stands.
Whip An instrument used by jockeys to help keep horses under control and to encourage them.
Yard A term that refers to a trainer and their horses. Also referred to as a stable.
Yearling A young horse between the age of one and two.
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Horse Racing Terminology

It is possible to put and show bets on horses throughout the board. A player wins three ways if the horse wins; if the horse finishes second, they win two ways; and if the horse finishes third, they win one way and lose both of their bets on the horse. Horse who is giving everything he has to achieve success in the most difficult of circumstances. If a horse has been entered in the race but is unable to start unless another horse is scratched, the horse is considered to be “also eligible.” When a horse finishes in the money, it is referred to as a “also-ran.” The backstretch is the straightaway on the opposite side of the track from the starting line and halfway through the race.

  1. Finish with a blanket: When the horses are so close to each other at the finish line, it is possible to put a single blanket across them.
  2. Blowout: A brief, high-intensity workout, usually performed a day or two before a race, with the goal of improving a horse’s speed and performance.
  3. Board: Also known as the betting board.
  4. Unpredictable detour from a predetermined path.
  5. Breeding or other funds may receive a portion of breakage, which is divided between the track and the state in various proportions.
  6. Roundabout less than one mile in circumference, known as the bullring.
  7. On wet tracks, the caulk is used to improve the traction of the horse’s shoe by protruding it from the bottom.

a horse that has been checked by his jockey for a brief period of time because he is cut off or in close quarters To allow for a longer straight run at the start of the race, the backstretch or homestretch are lengthened.

In most cases, the clubhouse turn is the turn that occurs immediately following the finish line and is closest to the clubhouse.

Custom-made silks can be purchased from a track or made specifically for a particular owner.

When two or more horses are entered in a single betting unit, they are referred to as a coupled entry.

Choosing the winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second, is the object of a daily double wager, which is defined as Thoroughbred mare’s dam is the mother of the horse.

Racing surface that has lost its resiliency (also known as “dead track”).

dogs: A wooden barrier (or rubber traffic cones) erected a specific distance out from the inner rail to protect the inner portion of the track (typically the turf course) from traffic during training in order to save it for racing purposes The rider is adamant about driving.

Easy: Running or winning without being pressured by the jockey or the competition is the definition of easily.

When you race evenly, you are neither gaining nor losing position or distance.

Forced to run at maximum pace over an extended period of time In this phrase, we mean a horse who was in contention early on and then slides back to last place in the latter stages.

It is the best condition for a dirt track to be quick and even when the conditions are dry.

Up to and including the age of 4, a filly is a female horse.

1st Turn: A slight detour away from where you started off on the circuit; In the case of a horse, this occurs when the horse’s head is virtually in a straight line with the body, usually as a result of weariness or discomfort.

In racing, a front-runner is a horse that normally leads (or attempts to lead) the race for as long as he can.

Losik is a drug that contains furosemide, which is used to treat people who bleed easily.

Generally wet and in good condition, this track is a good compromise between speed and slowness (good track).

a horse’s granddam (also known as the second dam) Horse’s grandfather, also known as the horse’s dam’s father.

Hitherto unrelated horses from the same dam but sired by two separate sires are referred to as half-brothers and half-sisters, respectively.

Ahead comes a long straight stretch that will lead to the finish line.

a horse that has been born and raised by its owner Unable to make up ground on the winner, a horse known as “hung” maintains its current place.

Running under moderate control and at a tempo that is less than optimal is on the agenda today.

A review of the race is being conducted to see whether any rules violations occurred.

A two-year-old horse is referred to as a juvenile horse.

A horse’s length is approximately 8 feet from snout to tail.

Mare: A female horse that is at least five years old.

In most cases, the racing association makes up for the shortfall.

Approximately quoted odds before the start of the wagering session are referred to as the morning line.

The term “mudder” refers to horses that are able to run freely over sloppy tracks.

It is the smallest advantage that may be gained by an animal when it comes to winning.

Objection: A claim of foul made by a rider, a patrol judge, or another representative of the law enforcement community.

On the other hand, odds-on means odds that are less than even money.

Racing officials are also on the field of battle.

Horses are capable of carrying excess weight if their rider is unable to achieve the specified weight.

a result that is so close that it is necessary to use a finish-line camera to determine the order in which the participants finished Six (or more) of the following: It is a type of bet in which the winners of all of the races in the wagering pool must be determined in advance.

Put money down on a horse to come in first or second place.

It’s important to note that the quarter pole is located at the finish line, not at the beginning.

horses making their way from paddock to starting gate, passing through the stands, following after the parade has ended Post position refers to the location of the stall in the starting gate from which a horse begins its journey to the starting gate.

finishing a race without the encouragement of the rider to give his all.

When horses compete in a race, they must carry fixed weights that are determined by factors such as age, distance traveled, gender and time of the year.

To keep the horse from seeing his own shadow, a lamb’s wool roll is usually placed half way up the horse’s cheeks.

Silks: Take a look at the different colors available.

In this case, wet on the surface and firm on the bottom refers to sloppy.

A three-year-old horse is the property of the sophomore class.


A whip, also known as a bat, is used by jockeys.

Betting only on the outcome of a game is known as straight betting.

Runner on the stretch: A horse that finishes quickly in the stretch.

A stud horse is a male horse that is used to breed other male horses.

Tax is a commission deducted from mutuel pools that is shared by the track, as well as local and state governing bodies, in the form of take (or takeout).

Ties or tongue straps are used to restrain a horse’s tongue during a race or workout in order to prevent the horse from choking.

For a given distance on a particular track, the fastest time is called a “track record.” Bet on the first three finishers in the same order as they finish in the trifecta (also known as triple).

When a horse is restrained in a race or workout, it is called “under wraps.” a horse that is racing at a higher level of risk compared to his peers A galloping horse on the way to the post is a good way to get the blood flowing.

a whip is a piece of equipment, usually made of leather, that a rider strikes a horse with in order to increase its speed.

In order to win, you must be the first person to cross the finish line. Betting on a horse to finish first is known as a win bet. Yearling: A Thoroughbred born between the first New Year’s Day after being foaled and the first day of January following that year.

Odds $2 Payout Odds $2 Payout Odds $2 Payout
1-9 $2.10 3-2 $5.00 5-1 $12.00
1-5 $2.40 8-5 $5.20 6-1 $14.00
2-5 $2.80 9-5 $5.60 8-1 $18.00
1-2 $3.00 2-1 $6.00 10-1 $22.00
3-5 $3.20 5-2 $7.00 12-1 $26.00
4-5 $3.60 3-1 $8.00 15-1 $32.00
Even $4.00 7-2 $9.00 20-1 $42.00
6-5 $4.40 4-1 $10.00 30-1 $62.00
7-5 $4.80 9-2 $11.00 50-1 $102.00

The tote board, which is normally located in the infield, is known as the odds board. A horse that does not finish in the money gets taken off the board. A horse that is lagging behind the leaders in the early stages of a race is known as an off the pace horse. In contrast to fast (dirt) and firm (turf/grass), an off-track racing surface is any surface other than fast (dirt). a race in which the horses in the field may or may not be entered for a claiming price is known as an optional claiming race.

A horse would be termed a “overlay” if, for example, a player determines that horse A has 4/1 chances of winning while the current odds at the track have the horse at 10/1 odds of winning.

Pace refers to the speed at which the leaders are moving at each stage of the race.

Choose 3 (or 4, 5, 6, etc.): An unusual wager in which the gambler is required to pick the winner of three consecutive horse races.

A quarter crack is an injury to a horse’s foot that occurs in the quarters.

Rank:A horse who refuses to be rated early in the race is given this designation.

School: To train a horse in a controlled environment, such as a starting gate or a paddock.

To prevent a horse from leaping shadows, it is necessary to wrap a roll of fabric around his snout in order to limit his vision of the ground.

A horse that has traveled from one track to another in order to compete in a race is known as a shipper.

Sprint: A short race lasting little more than seven furlongs.

A wager in which the player attempts to predict the order in which the first four finishers in a race will cross the finish line.

Claim a price with this tag.

Each pool has money taken out for track revenue and taxes, which is removed from the total amount.

Trip: The path traveled by a horse and rider during the running of a race, as well as the “trouble” that they meet along the way There were no unexpected difficulties for a horse that had a “nice voyage.” Racing wide or getting boxed in by other horses are examples of what is referred to as a “poor trip.” Turf course: A course with grass as its surface.

Under wraps: A horse in which the rider is purposely slowing it down and preventing it from reaching peak speed. A frightened horse that is sweating is described as “washed out.”

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