Overuse of a muscle, dehydration, muscle strain or simply holding a position for a prolonged period can cause a muscle cramp. In many cases, however, the cause isn’t known. Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as: Inadequate blood supply.
What are home remedies for a charley horse?
- When you have sudden muscle stiffness or pain (charley horse),soak in a tub of “old faithful”-Epsom salts.
- Drink some water.
- Eat fruits with lots of potassium before an extensive event or exercise.
- Stretch the area where you have charley horse.
- This remedy is said to be particularly effective for a charley horse.
Why do charley horses happen at night?
Many people experience charley horses during sleeping hours and are awakened because of them. Muscle spasms that cause charley horses while you sleep are common. However, why these nighttime spams occur isn’t entirely understood. It’s believed that lying in bed in an awkward position for a long time plays a role.
How do you relieve a charlie horse?
Massage, a bath with Epsom salts, or a heating pad can relax the muscle. To fight pain, use an ice pack or take an over-the-counter medication like ibuprofen or naproxen. In most cases, the charley horse will stop within a few minutes. But if you get them often and for no clear reason, tell your doctor.
Why is a charley horse so painful?
The extreme pain comes from the continued contraction. “The contraction goes beyond what you want to do,” said Porter. “The muscle fatigues, it starts hurting, you say, ‘all right stop,’ but it’s doing it on its own — it’s not your idea, it’s an involuntary action.”
What deficiency causes a charley horse?
A mineral deficiency or an imbalance of electrolytes such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, and sodium is also likely to increase one’s odds of getting a charley horse. Electrolytes are certain minerals that play an important role in muscle function.
Do bananas help charley horses?
You probably know that bananas are a good source of potassium. But they’ll also give you magnesium and calcium. That’s three out of four nutrients you need to ease muscle cramps tucked under that yellow peel. No wonder bananas are a popular, quick choice for cramp relief.
What’s the difference between a Charlie horse and a cramp?
A sustained muscle spasm is called a muscle cramp. Leg muscles, especially the quadriceps (thigh), hamstrings (back of thigh), and gastrocnemius (calves), are most likely to cramp, but any skeletal muscle in the body can cramp. A “charley horse” is another name for a muscle cramp.
What foods trigger leg cramps?
WHAT FOODS CAN CAUSE MUSCLE CRAMPS?
- Refined carbs like white bread are devoid of nutrients.
- Excessive red meat consumption is bad due to nitrates.
- Fast food is full of trans fats.
- Foods with refined sugar such as packaged muffins are full of artificial ingredients.
- Salty foods can wreak havoc on the body.
What is your body lacking when you have leg cramps?
Mineral depletion. Too little potassium, calcium or magnesium in your diet can contribute to leg cramps. Diuretics — medications often prescribed for high blood pressure — also can deplete these minerals.
How do you stop a Charlie horse at night?
7 Ways to Relieve and Prevent Leg Cramps at Night
- Stretch your hamstring and calf muscles during the day and before you go to bed.
- Drink plenty of water throughout the day and watch your alcohol and caffeine consumption.
- Try mild exercises before bed, such as walking or riding the stationary bike for a few minutes.
Why do I get Charlie horses in my abs?
Muscle cramps, or “charley horses” as they are sometimes called, are extremely common and occur when muscles involuntarily contract and cannot relax. The most notorious sites for cramps are the calves, thighs and arch of the foot. Cramps in the hands, arms, abdomen and along the rib cage are also very common.
What can I drink for leg cramps?
Drink Water Dehydration often plays a part in muscle cramps, so drinking enough water throughout the day can help keep them at bay. Drinking fluids while you have a cramp helps the muscles contract and relax. When you keep hydrated, your muscle cells also stay hydrated and are less irritable or uncomfortable.
Can low vitamin D cause charley horses?
Even though it is well established that vitamin D plays a role in maintaining blood levels of calcium and phosphate, there is not enough evidence to suggest that vitamin D deficiency causes leg cramps or that vitamin D deficiency correction will eliminate them.
Charley Horse: Causes, Risks, and Treatments
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- Exercising in extreme heat or cold, overusing a specific muscle during exercise, and tension (which is most commonly felt in the neck muscles) are all possible causes of muscle injuries. not warming up before a workout session
- Using diuretics, which can cause low potassium levels
- Mineral depletion, or having too little calcium, potassium, and sodium in the blood
- Nerve compression in the spine
Numerous people report having charley horses during their sleeping hours and being roused as a result of them. Muscle spasms that create charley horses as you sleep are a typical occurrence in the population. However, the exact reason for the occurrence of these evening spams is still a mystery. It is considered that laying in an uncomfortable position in bed for an extended period of time contributes to this condition. Muscle spasms can occur at any age and in any situation. As well as occurring at any time of day or night, a charley horse can occur at any location.
- Athletes, newborns, elderly persons, those who are obese, people who are taking certain medications such as diuretics, raloxifene (Evista), orstatin treatments, and people who smoke are just a few examples of who should avoid smoking.
Because of poor circulation in their legs, people who are fat are more prone to develop charley horses than other people. Athletesoften suffers from charley horses as a result of muscular exhaustion or excessive usage. The occurrence of the odd charley horse does not necessitate a formal medical diagnosis. Your doctor, on the other hand, should look into the frequency and recurrence of muscular spasms. This would apply if a charley horse appeared more than once a week without a satisfactory explanation for the occurrences.
- In order to determine whether nerve compression is the source of repeated charley horses, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans may be performed.
- It may also be necessary to do laboratory tests to rule out the presence of low potassium, calcium, or magnesium levels.
- The therapy for charley horses is determined on the underlying cause of the problem.
- Heating pads can assist to speed up the process of relaxing, while an ice pack can aid to dull the discomfort.
- A more forceful approach is required for recurrent charley horses.
- In extreme circumstances, your doctor may prescribe an antispasmodic medicine to alleviate the symptoms.
- In extreme circumstances, your doctor may recommend that you have surgery performed.
- If your spasms are caused by nerve compression, this may be of assistance.
- In order to ease the discomfort associated with a charley horse, you can apply pressure to the region of the cramp with your hands during the procedure.
You may also try applying pressure to the spot of the cramp with both of your thumbs, gradually increasing the pressure until the pain subsides. If you have a charley horse in your leg, you can try the following stretches to see if they help to alleviate the discomfort:
- Standing up and lunging forward on the front leg of the leg that is not experiencing muscular cramping
- Straightening the back of the leg that is experiencing the cramp and lunging forward on the rear leg of the leg that is experiencing the cramp
For a few seconds, you can also stand on the tips of your toes in order to stretch out your calf muscles. The symptoms of the occasional charley horse are often straightforward to avoid after the underlying cause has been identified and addressed. Take the following actions to reduce your risk of future muscle spasms:
- You may also stretch your calf muscles by standing on the tips of your toes for a few seconds. The symptoms of the occasional charley horse are often straightforward to prevent after the underlying cause has been identified and addressed. Consider taking the following strategies to reduce your risk of future muscle spasms:
A frequent occurrence, Charley horses can arise in any muscle and at any moment. They’re typically curable, and in certain cases, they can even be prevented. Pain induced by a spasm is usually temporary, lasting no more than a day or two. However, if you are experiencing charley horses on a regular basis, you should consult your doctor about possible remedies.
Charley horse: Causes, symptoms, remedies, and more
A charley horse is a muscular spasm that occurs suddenly and is extremely painful. It is more common after physical activity and at night. A calf muscle strain is most usually associated with lower leg pain, although it can also manifest itself in the foot and, on rare occasions, the thigh. These muscular spasms may also be experienced by pregnant women and persons suffering from certain medical disorders. Leg cramps afflict around a third of the population over the age of 50. According to a paper published in 2021, experts are unsure about the actual cause of muscular cramping.
Muscle cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, including the following:
- Nocturnal leg cramps may be caused by vigorous daily exercise, electrolyte imbalances, or the use of certain drugs
- Nevertheless, there is no definitive cause for them. Muscle cramps during pregnancy can be caused by a variety of factors, including weight growth, blood flow disturbance, and peripheral nerve compression. Cramping can occur during or after exercise due to a variety of factors including neurological changes, dehydration, and electrolyte imbalances, particularly in the arms and legs.
Crampings, particularly those that afflict the leg, are referred to as “charley horses.” Despite the fact that some individuals use the term “charley horse” to describe muscular spasms or twitches, these are two very distinct events. In general, clinicians understand the need of distinguishing between cramps and other disorders that appear to be the same as cramps, such as the following:
- Dystonia is a movement condition characterized by involuntary movements
- Myotonia is the process of muscles tensing, which includes both voluntarily flexing and involuntarily contracting
- And dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary movements. Tetany, which is an electrolyte imbalance caused by low calcium levels
- Myalgia, which is muscular soreness
Scientists have determined that a charley horse arises when muscles abruptly spasm or constrict, resulting in pain and discomfort. The ailment most commonly affects the calf muscle, which is located towards the rear of the lower leg. The abrupt and uncontrolled spasm is usually short, but it can linger for up to ten minutes in certain cases. The majority of people have unpleasant muscular contractions that do not result in long-term difficulties. Others, on the other hand, may have excruciating agony and suffering that lasts for several days.
Painful leg cramps, for example, might make it more difficult to move about and get around.
Additionally, the timing of a cramp might have an impact on its significance.
According to an analysis published in 2021, there are various risk factors for leg cramps:
- Being above the age of 60: A total of 37 percent of Americans over the age of 60 suffer from nocturnal leg cramps
- Being pregnant entails a number of changes. Cramping of the muscles occurs in around 50% of pregnant women, especially at night. If you have chronic renal failure, you may have the following symptoms: People suffering from chronic renal failure account for around 50% of the population. Muscle cramps, particularly in the legs, are experienced
- Having amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) means you have the following symptoms: Muscle cramps are common in people with ALS, with a 95 percent risk of having them. Having diabetes is a medical condition. Muscle cramps are experienced by around 60% of persons with type 1 diabetes. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is around 80% in the general population.
Acute calf discomfort can occur for a variety of reasons that are unrelated to cramping. These are some examples:
- Trauma, deep vein thrombosis, a burst Baker’s cyst, to name a few conditions.
Following a review of publications published in 2017, researchers discovered that the following categories of sickness are frequently associated with leg cramps:
- A number of diseases and treatments are available for cardiovascular diseases, including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and uremia
- Neurological conditions such as motor neuron disease and polio
- And musculoskeletal problems such as arthritis. Metabolic conditions such as type 2 diabetes, liver disease, and thyroid dysfunction are also available.
Drugs and muscle cramps
Leg cramps are a common side effect of several medications. Staminoids, which assist decrease cholesterol levels, and diuretics, which help lower blood pressure levels, are examples of such medications. Some stimulants, such as amphetamines and caffeine, may also cause a charley horse or a leg cramp if taken in large quantities. Anyone who experiences leg cramps after taking prescription medications should consult with a doctor or pharmacist, who can provide advice on whether or not the medicine should be changed.
When the frequency or severity of muscular cramping increases, it is important to see a doctor since it might indicate an underlying condition that needs to be addressed.
- It is important to know what the cramping feels like and where it occurs
- When and how often the cramps occur
- How severe the cramps are
- Whether they have started recently
- The person’s exercise habits
- Whether the person has any other symptoms, medical problems, or is taking any medications
- And whether the person is pregnant.
According to the 2021 study, a doctor may also instruct the patient to conduct stretches around the area afflicted by cramps or to move muscles in the surrounding area. This information can assist the doctor in determining the likely reason. In accordance with current research, quinine appears to be the only medicine that can help lower the intensity and frequency of leg cramps. Doctors, on the other hand, are reluctant to suggest this medication since its usefulness is questionable, despite the possibility of major adverse effects.
- Standing or moving the leg or foot will help to gently stretch out the muscle. Pulling the toes and the foot up and to the front of the leg should be firm but not harsh. Continue to perform these exercises until the cramping subsides and disappears.
A massage of the tight muscle has been shown to be effective by some persons. Depending on whether there are evidence of an underlying disease that may be causing the cramping, a doctor may recommend more tests. If a person is taking a medication that increases the likelihood of cramping, a doctor may decide to modify the medication or the dosage. A person may want to attempt the following methods to avoid getting a charley horse or a muscular cramp:
- Leaving enough time between eating and exercising
- Warming up before and after exercise by gently stretching muscles
- Drinking fluids and eating a small amount of food after exercise to replace fluid and minerals lost during exercise
- Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water at all times
- Avoiding caffeine and other stimulants Keeping an eye out for any potential adverse effects of prescription medicines
A number of individuals take magnesium supplements to try to ease muscle cramps. However, evidence shows that magnesium supplements are ineffective in alleviating either pregnancy-related leg cramps or nocturnal leg cramps in women. Changes that may be beneficial, despite the lack of scientific evidence to support them, include the following:
- The use of relaxation techniques such as massage and heat treatment, as well as the use of alternative footwear, are all recommended. for people who lead a physically inactive existence, physical activity
Although the exact origin of the phrase is unknown, sources claim that the term charley horse, which is used to describe a muscular cramp, dates back to casual American athletic discourse that began in the 1880s and continues today. One explanation holds that the name originated from a baseball player who was referring to a lame horse. Horses were formerly employed to assist with groundskeeping duties in baseball. The name was allegedly derived from a baseball player named Charley, who had muscular cramps while pitching during a game in 1880, according to a tale that published in the Washington Post in 1907.
A charley horse, often known as a leg cramp, is a frequent ailment that does not generally signal the presence of a major medical condition.
Charley horse can be difficult to cure or avoid, with the exception of warming up before physical activity and staying hydrated throughout the process.
It is recommended that a person get medical attention if their cramps are severe and they are experiencing additional symptoms such as altered level of awareness or fever.
According to reports, although its exact origin remains a mystery, using charley horse to describe a muscle cramp dates back to casual American athletic discourse from the 1880s, when it was first used to describe a muscle cramp. According to one account, the name originated from a baseball player who was referring to a lame horse during a game of baseball. Traditionally in baseball, horses were utilized to assist with groundskeeping duties. The name was allegedly derived from a baseball pitcher named Charley, who had muscular cramps while pitching during a game in 1880, according to a tale that first appeared in the Washington Post in 1907.
It is typical to have a charley horse, or leg cramp, but it does not always signal the presence of a major health concern.
Charley horse can be difficult to cure or avoid, with the exception of warming up before physical activity and staying hydrated throughout the day.
Charley Horse Causes
Among the things that might set off a charley horse are:
- Excessive muscular contractions due to poor blood supply Notstretchingenough
- Involvement in physical activities in hot heat
- A deficiency in magnesium and/or potassium in your diet A spinal cord injury or a pinched nerve in your neck or back are examples of such problems. Diabetic nephropathy
Muscle cramps are also a side effect of various medications, such as those listed below:
- The following medications can cause muscle cramps as an adverse effect:
Charley Horse Risk Factors
Certain persons are more prone to getting charley horses than others:
- Overweight or obese people over the age of 50
- Athletes, pregnant women, and pregnant women Those who suffer from illnesses such as diabetes, thyroid, liver, or nervous system problems
Charley Horse Diagnosis
There is no need to visit your doctor unless you have a charley horse in addition to one of the following conditions:
- A feeling of weakness or numbness
- Vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive perspiration (which might result in dehydration)
- Overindulging in alcoholic beverages
Your symptoms and medical history will be discussed with you by your doctor. They’ll also do a physical examination. They may conduct blood tests, muscle testing, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies to rule out a medical issue that is causing the cramping.
Charley Horse Treatment
If you get a charley horse in your calf or in the back of your thigh (hamstring), place your weight on the afflicted leg and gently bend your knees to relieve the discomfort. Alternatively, you can sit or lie down with your leg out straight and lift the top of your foot towards your head. Holding on to a chair while bending the knee of the afflicted leg will relieve a cramp in the front of your thigh (quadriceps). Pulling your foot up near your buttock will help you feel more comfortable. Massage, an Epsom salt bath, or the use of a heating pad can all help to relax the muscle.
Most of the time, the charley horse will come to a halt within a few minutes.
Charley Horse Prevention
Preventing cramps from occurring in the first place:
- Eat more meals that are high in vitamin C and magnesium
- Drink plenty of water
- And stretch before and after exercise. Stretching before exercise can assist to prevent tense muscles throughout the workout session. Cramping caused by other factors can be alleviated by daily stretching.
- Put on a pair of comfy shoes. Limit the amount of alcoholic beverages you consume
- Increase your physical activity gradually rather than all at once. Don’t exercise straight after eating
- Don’t smoke
- Don’t drink alcohol right after eating.
Muscle cramp – Symptoms and causes
When you have a muscle cramp, one or more of your muscles tighten in an unexpected and involuntary manner. If you’ve ever woken up in the middle of the night or been stopped in your tracks by a sudden charley horse, you know that muscular cramps may be excruciatingly painful to deal with. Muscle cramps, though normally innocuous, can make it hard to utilize the afflicted muscle for a short period of time. Muscle cramps can occur after prolonged durations of physical activity or manual labor, particularly in hot temperatures.
Muscle cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, including drugs and medical problems. The majority of the time, self-care procedures may be used to cure muscular cramps at home.
The contraction of one or more of your muscles occurs suddenly and without your consent. A charley horse may cause tremendous agony, and if you’ve ever been woken up in the middle of the night or stopped in your tracks by one, you know how painful muscular cramps can be. Cramping can make it momentarily unable to utilize the muscle that is cramping, even though it is normally non-lethal. Muscle cramps can occur after prolonged durations of physical activity or labor, particularly in hot temperatures.
When you get muscular cramps at home, self-care procedures are generally sufficient to alleviate the discomfort.
When to see a doctor
Muscle cramps normally go away on their own and are not acute enough to necessitate medical attention in most cases. Consult your doctor if your cramps include any of the following symptoms:
- Result in extreme discomfort
- Are connected with leg edema, redness, or changes in the appearance of the skin
- These conditions are connected with muscular weakness. This occurs on a regular basis
- Self-care does not help
- Instead, it makes things worse. Don’t appear to be related with a clearly identifiable cause, such as severe exercise
Muscle cramps can be caused by overuse of a muscle, dehydration, muscle tension, or just being in one posture for an extended amount of time. In many situations, however, the exact reason for the condition is unknown. Although the vast majority of muscular cramps are innocuous, some may be associated with a medical condition such as one of the following:
- There is insufficient blood supply. When the arteries that supply blood to your legs become narrowed (a condition known as arteriosclerosis of the extremities), it might cause cramp-like pain in your legs and feet when you’re exercising. These pains normally subside after a few minutes of ceasing exercise. Compression of the nerves. Compression of nerves in your spine (lumbar stenosis) can cause cramp-like pain in your legs as well as other symptoms. The discomfort normally intensifies as you walk for a longer period of time. If you walk in a slightly flexed stance, such as you would if you were pulling a shopping cart in front of you, you may find that your symptoms improve or are delayed in onset.
- Mineral depletion is a problem. Leg cramps might be exacerbated if you consume too little potassium, calcium, or magnesium. Diuretics, which are commonly taken to treat high blood pressure, can also deplete these minerals in the body.
Muscle cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, some of which are as follows:
- Age. Because older persons lose muscular mass, the residual muscle is more susceptible to being overstressed
- Dehydration. Cramping is common in athletes who become weary and dehydrated when participating in warm-weather activities. Cramping is also common in pregnant women. Muscle cramps are also prevalent during pregnancy
- However, they are less severe. Medical conditions are listed below. It is possible that you will be more susceptible to muscular cramps if you have diabetes, or if you have nerve, liver, or thyroid diseases.
Cramping may be avoided by following these steps:
- Dehydration should be avoided. Drink enough of fluids on a daily basis. This varies depending on your diet, your gender, your level of exercise, the weather, your physical and mental well-being, your age, and the drugs you take. Fluids aid in the contraction and relaxation of your muscles, as well as keeping muscle cells hydrated and less irritable. Replace fluids at regular intervals while your exercise, and continue to drink water or other fluids after you’ve stopped
- Make sure to stretch your muscles. Stretching should be done before and after using any muscle for a lengthy amount of time. Stretching before bedtime might help if you suffer from leg cramps at night. Light activity, such as riding a stationary bicycle for a few minutes before night, may also be beneficial in preventing cramps while you’re sleeping
- For example,
Dehydration should be prevented. Every day, make sure you drink lots of fluids! The quantity you consume is determined by your diet, your gender, your degree of exercise, the weather, your health, your age, and any medications you are taking. Fluids aid in the contraction and relaxation of your muscles, as well as the preservation of muscle cells’ hydration and ability to function more efficiently. Replace fluids at regular intervals while your exercise, and continue to drink water or other fluids after you have stopped; Extend your muscles as much as you can!
Exercising before bedtime can help prevent leg cramps during the night.
- Keep from being dehydrated. Drink lots of fluids throughout the day. The quantity you consume is determined by your diet, your gender, your degree of exercise, the weather, your health, your age, and any medications you are taking. Fluids aid in the contraction and relaxation of your muscles, as well as the preservation of muscle cells’ hydration and reduction of irritability. Replace fluids at regular intervals throughout your exercise, and continue to drink water or other fluids after you’ve stopped. Extend your muscles. Stretching should be done before and after any muscle is used for a lengthy amount of time. Stretching before bedtime can help prevent leg cramps in the evening. Light activity, such as riding a stationary bicycle for a few minutes before night, may also be beneficial in preventing cramps while you sleep.
Quirky Questions: What causes a charley horse?
This page was last updated on January 25, 2019. Q: What causes a “charley horse,” and how can I avoid having one happen to me? A: It’s unknown where the phrase came from, but it has a well-known meaning: a rapid, involuntary spasm or cramp of a big muscle, usually in the calf (gastrocnemius), thigh (quadriceps), or hamstring (hamstring). In certain cases, a charley horse is produced by a direct strike to the muscle or by a rapid stretch of the muscle, but the majority of the time, they are caused by strain or tiredness when exercising.
This might result in cramping in the muscles.
Mineral depletion can be caused by a variety of factors, including a poor diet, dehydration, and the use of drugs such as diuretics.
A moderate massage or keeping the muscle in a stretched posture would, on the other hand, aid in the resolution of the cramp more swiftly.
Heat is also known to have a relaxing effect on tight muscles. It is beneficial to apply a warm water bottle or heating pad to the cramping muscle at intervals of 20 minutes to assist improve blood flow. Try the following strategies to avoid muscular cramps:
- Stretching consistently before and after exercising can help you become more flexible. Choose routines that are appropriate for your current level of physical fitness. Instead of overusing and straining your muscles, progressively increase the difficulty and intensity of your workouts. Drink lots of water and eat plenty of potassium-rich fruits and vegetables to maintain a healthy diet. Oranges and bananas, in particular, are excellent suppliers of potassium. Maintain enough hydration prior to, during, and after activity.
If you are experiencing persistent cramps that are interfering with your sleep, schedule an appointment with your health-care professional. Medication may be beneficial in some situations. Do you have a health question that is out of the ordinary? Send us an email, and we may publish our response on the blog!
Causes of Charley Horses: Symptoms and Treatment
You should see your doctor if you are experiencing persistent cramps that are interfering with your sleeping patterns. Medication may be beneficial in some circumstances. Have a health question that is out of the ordinary? Send it to us by email, and we may publish our response on our blog.
What Is a Charley Horse?
A charley horse is another name for a muscular spasm, which is a condition in which a muscle contracts and refuses to release. The muscles of the leg and foot are the most commonly affected by muscle spasms, which can occur in any muscle in the body. During a muscle spasm, the muscle becomes rigid and tight to the touch, and it may be sensitive to the touch after it has occurred. After the spasm has subsided, the muscle may be painful for several hours or even several days thereafter.
Charley Horse Causes
While there is no definitive reason for charley horses, there are various conditions that increase the likelihood of their occurrence, including:
- Overuse of the muscle: This is the most typical reason for muscular pain. Cramping or spasming can occur when a muscle is overworked, putting an additional demand on it. The loss of more water than your body is taking in, such as during exercise, might lead your body to become ill-equipped to perform its functions. It’s important to avoid exercising in extreme heat or cold conditions. Exercising in heat might make you more susceptible to dehydration, while exercising in cold weather may impair your body’s ability to warm up properly. Stress: When you are stressed, your muscles might get stiff, which can result in spasms. Cramping can be caused by poor blood flow or circulation. If not enough blood is getting to your muscles, this can result in cramping. Getting insufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals: Muscle spasms can be caused by a shortage of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium). Standing or sitting for an extended period of time without moving can cause blood flow to the muscles to be reduced or stopped entirely. This can also happen when you’re sleeping
- Nerves that are not working properly: Issues such as a spinal cord injury or a pinched nerve in the neck or back can cause signal interruption to the muscles. Among the drugs are: Diuretics (used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, and kidney disease), nicotinic acid and statins (used to treat high cholesterol), raloxifene (used to prevent osteoporosis), and nifedipine (used to treat angina and Raynaud’s phenomenon) are all examples of medications that can cause cramps. In pregnancy, the added weight of the mother-to-be can place an additional pressure on the leg muscles. As a result of liver illness, toxic substances might build up in your system, causing muscular spasms. Muscle cramps can be caused by bacterial illnesses such as tetanus.
Who Is at Risk?
The following groups are at risk for muscular cramps and spasms:
- Participants in athletic competitions
- Those who are overweight or obese
- Senior citizens
- Expectant mothers
- Individuals who have thyroid or nerve issues
How to Treat Charley Horses
Muscle spasms are usually self-resolving and do not require medical intervention. When they occur, you can attempt one of the following methods to assist alleviate the discomfort:
- Heat should be applied throughout the cramping period and ice should be applied when it has passed. Lie down with your leg straight, elevate your foot, and bend your ankle so that your toes point toward your shin if you have a calf cramp. As a result, the damaged muscles move in the opposite direction of the constricted muscles, therefore relieving the tension
- The muscle should be massaged
- Drink plenty of fluids. If the discomfort persists after applying heat and ice, anti-inflammatory medications should be used.
Prevention is the most effective therapy for charley horses. You may take efforts to avoid them by doing the following:
- Making sure you drink lots of water
- Stretching before and after exercise, as well as before bed if you get cramps at night Consuming meals that are high in magnesium, potassium, and calcium Putting on shoes that are comfy and supportive
- Changing the way you do your workouts
Stretches to avoid charley horses are recommended by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).
- Stretch your calf muscles by leaning forward with one leg in front of the other while holding both hands on a wall. Straighten your rear leg and press your heel firmly into the ground. Repeat on the other side. Your front knee will be bent at this point. Continue to hold for 15 to 30 seconds before switching to the other leg. Stretch your hamstrings by sitting tall and extending both legs straight in front of you while on the ground. Make a flat surface for your palms on the ground and glide them toward your ankles. Come to a complete stop when you feel the strain
- In order to maintain balance and support, hang onto the wall or the back of a chair for support and stability. Grab the bottom of your foot and bend your leg backward, bringing your heel toward your buttocks. Maintain this position for 30 seconds by pulling your heel closer to your mid-section. Repeat the process with the opposite leg.
When to See a Doctor
Charley horses can be the consequence of nerve abnormalities in some people, which can be detected with an MRI scan in others. In the event that you have regular muscle spasms, they might be a sign of an underlying health issue such as:
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, often known as Lou Gehrig’s illness)
- Nerve loss
- Hardening of the arteries
- And other symptoms. Stenosis of the spine
- Thyroiditis is a disorder of the thyroid gland. Infections
- Liver disease
The condition known as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, often known as Lou Gehrig’s disease); nerve damage; hardening of the arteries; stenosis of the spine Thyrotoxicosis (Thyroiditis) Infections; Chronic hepatitis
- They occur often
- Are really harsh
- Don’t expect home therapy to solve your problem. Last for a lengthy period of time
- Increase the likelihood that you may suffer edema, redness, or warmth in the affected region Muscle weakness is caused by this medication. The disease has spread to another portion of the body.
Shaun Eikenberry, MD, a primary care physician at Greater Pittsburgh Medical Associates-UPMC, advises patients who are suffering charley horses after taking a new drug to consult their doctor. “Charley horses can occasionally occur as a side effect of certain drugs that cause your electrolyte balance to shift. The most often prescribed drugs are diuretics (“water pills”), blood pressure meds, and heart medications.”
The National Library of Medicine of the United States Muscle cramps are a painful condition. Kevin C. Miller, PhD, ATC, CSCS, Marcus S. Stone, PhD, ATC, and Jeffrey E. Edwards, PhD, are the authors of this paper. Kevin C. Miller, PhD, ATC, CSCS Muscle cramps that occur as a result of exercise. Sports Medicine and Fitness. Muscle spasms, you’ve been defeated! The Harvard Health Publishing Company An acronym for the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Muscle cramps are a painful condition.
Leg cramps are a painful condition. This society is known as the North American Spine Society. Muscle spasms are a common problem. The National Library of Medicine of the United States Charley Horse is a fictional character created by author Charles Dickens. AARP. Pain Relief for the Charley Horse.
Don’t Let Foot Cramps and Charley Horses Slow You Down
Have you ever had a paralyzing tightness in your leg or foot when you first woke up? Cleveland Clinic is a not-for-profit academic medical facility located in Cleveland, Ohio. Advertising on our website contributes to the success of our mission. We do not recommend or promote any items or services that are not provided by the Cleveland Clinic. Policy Cramping of the foot or the leg (also known as “charley horse”) is a frequent and rather unexplained type of discomfort that occurs when a muscle becomes reflexively rigid and can’t be allowed to relax.
7 common causes for cramps
Spasming or cramping of the foot and calf muscles can occur at any time of day or night. Likewise, a variety of other muscles in your body might be affected. Why? The following are the most typical causes of muscular cramps:
- Cramping due to dehydration: “If you’re feeling cramping, it’s vital to check your hydration first,” Dr. Lewis advises patients. Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your body hydrated. Complications arising from poor nutrition: While a proper electrolyte balance (a balance of calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium) is necessary for the contraction and relaxation of a muscle, it is not recommended that you self-treat with supplements. As an alternative, Dr. Lewis recommends consuming a range of meals, including lots of colorful fruits and vegetables, such as leafy greens and bananas, in order to ensure that your diet has a balanced amount of electrolytes. Leg cramps are a side effect of several drugs, including statins and diuretics, which can be quite uncomfortable. When cramps appear unexpectedly after you begin taking a new drug, this is a red flag to look out for. If this occurs, notify your healthcare practitioner immediately. Not putting up enough effort: Taking some time each day to stretch might be beneficial. Physicist Dr. Lewis explains that you want your muscles to be as powerful and supple as possible. In order to do this, adequate stretching following a brief warm-up time or after a shower is essential.
- Exercise too hard: If you exercise too hard or have muscular exhaustion, this might result in cramping. Poor circulation: If you are experiencing cramps that grows worse as you walk, it is possible that you have a circulation problem. “Cramping discomfort is a symptom of several circulatory disorders.” According to Dr. Lewis, “If the pain grows worse as you walk, or if you get cramps that won’t go away, you should visit your primary care physician immediately.” The incorrect footwear: Muscle cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, including your footwear. Doctor Lewis advises checking your shoes, especially if you’ve switched from flats to heels, because this can also induce cramping.
How to stop leg and foot cramps
Leg and foot cramps can be treated in a number of methods that are straightforward:
- Try just standing up and putting some weight on the afflicted leg or foot if it occurs while you are laying down if possible. This might be sufficient to alleviate the tender stiffness in certain cases. Warmth/heating pads can be used to enhance blood circulation to the muscle and help it relax at the same time. It might also be beneficial to soak in a warm pool of Epsom salt to relieve tension. If the pain is really tenacious, you might try taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen.
Easy stretches to keep calves and feet happy
The following are some easy stretches that may be used to relieve discomfort and perhaps prevent it.
Basic calf stretch
Runners frequently utilize this calf stretch to improve their performance. Here’s how you go about it:
- A frequent stretching technique for runners is this calf stretch. How to go about it is as follows:
While you’re sitting, do this stretch:
- Extend the length of your legs out in front of you
- Draw your afflicted foot’s toes upwards toward the ceiling, ensuring that the leg is engaged. To wrap your foot, use a towel or a neck tie and hold it in place with both hands
- You should slightly lift the leg till you feel a decent stretch
Leg or foot cramps are a common occurrence, although they are usually manageable by the individual experiencing them. However, if they occur regularly, are severe, or if you have reason to believe one of your drugs is to blame, you should consult with your doctor. They might indicate the presence of a medical concern that necessitates care.
The Mysterious Pain of ‘Charley Horse’
The majority of the time, when leg or foot cramps happen on a regular basis, they may be treated at home. Speak with your doctor if the symptoms occur regularly and are severe, or if you have reason to believe that one of your drugs is to blame. A medical condition that need treatment might be indicated by these symptoms.
Leg or foot cramps are a common occurrence, although they are usually manageable on your own. However, if they occur regularly, are severe, or if you have reason to believe one of your drugs is to blame, you should consult your doctor. They might indicate the presence of a medical concern that need medical attention.
Cells Gone Haywire
In the end, experts believe that the many physical triggers are all responsible for the same thing. A number of important minerals — sodium, potassium, and calcium — all contribute to the contraction of muscles. It is possible for muscular contraction to be disrupted when the levels of one or more minerals are reduced or altered, for example, as a result of dehydration or excessive perspiration. Exactly what is going on in the muscle and nerve cells is a little more difficult to determine, according to the medical community.
- Doris K.
- The intense discomfort is caused by the continuous contraction.
- “The muscle becomes fatigued, it begins to ache, and you tell it to stop, but it’s doing it on its own – it’s not your idea, it’s an involuntary activity,” says the author.
- In addition, “older folks just have fewer reserves,” according to Cope.
- Javad Parvizi, an associate professor in the department of orthopedic surgery at Thomas Jefferson University, concurred with the statement made.
- Elderly folks have a more difficult time reestablishing the regular functioning of their bodies.
According to Porter, pregnant women’s unborn children are actively “sucking up calcium,” as well as other essential minerals, causing their bodies’ natural equilibrium to go out of whack, as a result of their pregnancy.
Soothing the Spasms
In the absence of a fail-safe remedy for charley horses, medical professionals provide a variety of preventative measures, including drinking lots of water, eating plenty of potassium, and stretching before to and after physical activity in order to reduce the likelihood of cramping at night. A charley horse is a painful condition that can be treated with massages, stretching, warm baths, and ice, among other things (although none are scientifically proven to work). Vitamin B12 supplements are available for those who choose to take their medication.
Quinine was widely prescribed as a cure for cramps until the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning about its potentially fatal cardiac adverse effects.
John Spangler, professor of family medicine at Wake Forest University School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, is a “last option.” The advantages must outweigh the dangers, in my opinion, and I must be convinced of this.
It is precisely this mentality that will ensure that this physiological event remains a mystery for some time to come.
According to Parvizi, “I think it’s probably simply a result of the way we’ve been put together.” “There isn’t a solid purpose for it, and it isn’t likely to produce any long-term consequences.” Besides, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t be considered for it.” The reality is that this is something that has to be accepted as part of life and accepted as something that must be accepted as part of one’s existence.”
What Is a Charley Horse? – Pain Management Center – Everyday Health
It’s possible that you’re going to fall asleep or that you’re about to wake up. Your calf muscle goes into spasm and won’t let go — it contracts into a rock-hard mass, and you’re trapped in the grip of intense pain. This happens without any apparent reason. Experiencing a muscle cramp, often known as a Charley horse, can be terrifying and devastating for those who have never had one before.
What Is a Charley Horse?
The term “charley horse” refers to an involuntary muscular cramp, spasm, or contraction that occurs without the use of voluntary muscles. Although the word is typically used to refer to a muscular spasm in the back of the calf at night, it can occur in any muscle in your body at any time of day. It is possible to have a Charley horse because neurons from your spinal cord encourage the muscle to continue contracting. After all, who exactly is Charley, and what exactly is the big deal about his horse?
One legend is that the grounds crew in Chicago utilized a lame horse named Charley at some point in the late 1880s or early 1900s.
Another legend has it that a pitcher called Charles was given the nickname “Old Hoss” because of his age. He had a leg cramp one day as he was jogging the bases at the ballpark. A fellow player approached him as he staggered near home plate and said, “What’s up with you, Charley Hoss?”
What Causes a Charley Horse?
The actual reason for a Charley horse’s appearance is not always known. However, muscular damage and overuse are two of the most prevalent causes – for example, you may not have stretched correctly before working out or you may not be adequately hydrated. Leg cramps can also be caused by low blood levels of important minerals such as potassium, calcium, or magnesium, and somediuretic drugs that deplete the body of potassium might make you more prone. An inflamed nerve anywhere in your body may be the source of your Charley horse in some circumstances.
Additionally, as you grow older, you are more prone to experience cramps since your muscles are no longer accustomed to working as hard or as quickly as they once did.
Treating a Charley Horse
Charley horse cramps normally subside on their own, without the need for medical intervention. Stop doing whatever you’re doing as soon as you notice a cramp coming on. Massage your muscle and stretch it slowly, holding the stretch for as long as it takes to relieve the cramp. In the case of calf cramping, bend your foot (with the toes directed toward you) and maintain it flexed until the spasm is relieved. Applying heat to your muscles might assist to relieve muscle tension. Your muscles will be sore for a few days after you’ve survived your adventure.
What is the best way to avoid becoming a Charley horse?
Also, remember to stay hydrated at all times, but especially when engaging in vigorous physical activity.
On rare circumstances, they may, however, be a symptom of a more serious problem that necessitates medical intervention and treatment.
What is a Charley Horse and How Can I Ease My Muscle Cramp? – New England Baptist Hospital
A “Charley Horse” is another term for a muscular spasm, which is characterized by painful contractions of your muscles that last several seconds. Although they can occur in any muscle, they are most frequently seen in the legs. It is possible to develop a Charley horse due to a variety of factors such as muscular injury or tension, misuse or not stretching sufficiently, or even dehydration. Anyone can suffer a Charley horse, although the elderly and athletes are the ones who are most likely to do so.
Several variables, including not drinking enough water, having poor muscular fitness, and taking certain drugs, increase the likelihood of developing a Charley horse as individuals become older, according to the National Institute on Aging (NIA).
There are a few things you may do to alleviate the discomfort caused by your Charley horse.
It is also possible to reduce muscular tension by using an ice pack for 10-15 minutes after a vigorous workout session. If you get a Charley horse at the back of your leg or calf, here are some methods to help you relax your muscles:
- To relieve the cramp, try walking about and keeping your legs moving for a few minutes or until the tightness subsides. While seated, maintain your constricted leg straight and extended in front of you, with your knee bent at 90 degrees. Point your toes upwards and reach towards that toe until you feel a gentle stretch in the back of your leg
- Point your toes upwards and reach towards that toe until you feel a gentle stretch in the back of your leg
- Ice packs should be applied to the cramping muscle for 10-15 minutes after being wrapped in a t-shirt or pillow case.
If you are suffering from muscular cramps on a frequent basis, consult your doctor for more information and treatment recommendations.
It happens to the best of us: we’re working out hard at the gym, finishing a walk around the block, or even sleeping like a baby when all of a sudden we’re bent over in excruciating leg agony that seems to come out of nowhere. Say hello to the discomfort of a leg cramp. A cramp, often known as a “charley horse,” happens when a muscle contracts without the person’s consent and is unable to release. Muscle cramps are most commonly experienced in the calves and thighs, although they can also occur in the hands and arms as well as the belly and feet.
Leg cramps can affect anybody, although they are most frequent in the very young and elderly, as well as in persons who are overweight or who are active in sports like running.
Continue reading to find more about some of the causes of leg cramps.
Overuse and Dehydration
Overusing or straining the muscle is the most prevalent cause of muscular pain, with inadequate stretching before to usage also being a significant factor in many cases. Being dehydrated, whether as a result of working out in the heat or for other causes, can irritate muscle cells and result in cramping and other symptoms. In most cases, self-treatment is sufficient, such as increased stretching (even before bed with or without mild exercise if leg cramps wake you) and making sure to drink enough fluids each day.
Medical Conditions and Medications
Leg cramps are more common during pregnancy, and certain medical diseases such as diabetes and nerve, thyroid, or liver problems can make them more often. Low electrolyte levels, such as potassium, magnesium, or calcium, can also make them more frequent. Aside from dialysis and certain drugs such as diuretics, painful muscular spasms can also be a side effect of dialysis. A compressed or pinched nerve in the back or neck can cause discomfort similar to that of a leg cramp, with the intensity of the agony rising as the distance walked increases.
Insufficient Blood Supply
Leg cramps are more common during pregnancy, and certain medical diseases such as diabetes and nerve, thyroid, or liver problems can make them more frequent. Low electrolyte levels, such as potassium, magnesium, or calcium, can also contribute to the problem.
Aside from dialysis and certain drugs, such as diuretics, painful muscular spasms can also occur. Leg cramps can be caused by a compressed or pinched nerve in the back or neck, with the discomfort rising as the distance traveled increases.
If you have arteriosclerosis, you may potentially experience complications. When you’re young and healthy, your arteries are elastic and flexible; but, as you become older, your arteries might become rigid, thick, and restricted. It is possible to suffer pain in your legs and feet when exercising due to the reduced ability of the blood to move through your arteries. Most of the time, the cramps subside as you stop working out. There are, fortunately, remedies available for this condition. Dr.
This screening test, which is noninvasive and requires no preparation or recovery time, uses sound-wave technology to produce pictures of the blood flow in your legs.
Banda may propose that you wear compression stockings, lose weight if necessary, and exercise to aid in the improvement of blood flow.
However, if you get leg cramps on a regular basis and find that self-care is not alleviating the problem, contact your doctor right away.
Banda, please call or click now.