Who Invented The Horse-Drawn Reaper? (Perfect answer)

Cyrus McCormick, in full Cyrus Hall McCormick, (born February 15, 1809, Rockbridge county, Virginia, U.S.—died May 13, 1884, Chicago, Illinois), American industrialist and inventor who is generally credited with the development (from 1831) of the mechanical reaper.5

  • Cyrus McCormick solved this problem for the wheat farmers by inventing a horse drawn, mechanical reaper. His design was pulled by horses and cut the grain to one side of the horse team. McCormick reaper for kids

When was the horse-drawn reaper invented?

The first commercially successful reaper was built in 1831 by Virginia-born inventor Cyrus Hall McCormick (1809–1884), who patented it in 1834 and first sold it in 1840 in Virginia. The McCormick reaper was horse-drawn and sharply reduced the amount of manual labor required to harvest grain.

Who invented the grain reaper?

In 1831, twenty-two-year-old Cyrus McCormick took over his father’s project of designing a mechanical reaper.

Where was the horse-drawn reaper invented?

The reaper was invented in 1831 by Cyrus Hall McCormick (1809-1884) The McCormick’s owned a farm in the Shenandoah Valley Virginia, USA.

What is the reaper by Cyrus McCormick?

The mechanical reaper was invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831. This machine was used by farmers to harvest crops mechanically. The McCormick mechanical reaper replaced the manual cutting of the crop with scythes and sickles. This new invention allowed wheat to be harvested quicker and with less labor force.

What replaced the horse-drawn reaper?

The reaper was eventually replaced by the self-propelled combine, operated by one man, which cuts, gathers, threshes, and sacks the grain mechanically.

How many reapers did McCormick sell?

When the foundry failed in the wake of the bank panic of 1837, leaving the family deeply in debt, McCormick turned to his still-unexploited reaper and improved it. He sold 2 reapers in 1841, 7 in 1842, 29 in 1843, and 50 the following year.

What did McCormick’s reaper do?

Cyrus Hall McCormick invented the mechanical reaper, which combined all the steps that earlier harvesting machines had performed separately. His time-saving invention allowed farmers to more than double their crop size and spurred innovations in farm machinery. 7

How did Cyrus McCormick treat his workers?

McCormick treated his workers great considering the fact that he considered himself one of them working on the floor among them.

Why did Robert and Cyrus McCormick develop a mechanical reaper?

Hoping to reduce the workload on his farm, Robert McCormick, Cyrus’s father, had tried to develop a mechanical harvester in the early nineteenth century. Unfortunately, all of his attempts had failed. In 1831, Cyrus succeeded in developing a horse-drawn reaper that successfully harvested six acres of oats.

Is the mechanical reaper still used today?

The Mechanical reaper helped the United states because it helped us produce crops(raw materials) to trade and it gave us food and our farmers were not as poor anymore. This invention is still used today they are just very much improved (speed and power) and called a combine.

Where did Cyrus McCormick invent the mechanical reaper?

Cyrus made several changes to his father’s design and successfully demonstrated his reaper at Steele’s Tavern, Virginia, in July 1831. After a few additional modifications, he patented the invention in 1834. During the 1840s Cyrus and his family manufactured and sold reapers out the blacksmith shop at Walnut Grove.

Who invented the first harvester?

In 1835, in the United States, Hiram Moore built and patented the first combine harvester, which was capable of reaping, threshing and winnowing cereal grain. Early versions were pulled by horse, mule or ox teams.

Who invented the steel moldboard plow?

John Deere was once widely credited with the invention of the steel plow, a revolutionary idea in those days of wooden or cast-iron moldboards and cast or wrought iron plow shares.

Cyrus McCormick

Cyrus Hall McCormick was born in the year 1809 in New York City. In his childhood, he lived on his family’s 532-acre farm, known as “Walnut Grove,” which was located north of the city of Lexington, Virginia. McCormick shown early aptitude for both agriculture and invention as a child. He created a lightweight cradle for transporting harvested grain while he was just 15 years old (1824). During this time, Robert McCormick, McCormick’s father, was hard at work in the farm’s smithy, perfecting an invention of his own: a horse-drawn reaping machine.

At the time, grain was gathered using the same manual method that had been in use since the beginning of agriculture.

Because reaping was a far more time-consuming procedure than planting, even farmers who had plenty of land and seed were obliged to restrict their crop to what they could harvest in a given season due to the high labor demands.

By the end of the harvest season in 1831, he had constructed, field-tested, remodeled, and successfully displayed to the general public what would become known as the world’s first mechanical reaper.

  1. To their surprise, they remained uninterested or, at the very least, undecided.
  2. Farmers were wary of change, and a machine that would later be characterized as “a contraption that appeared to be a cross between a wheelbarrow, a chariot, and a flying machine” did not inspire confidence.
  3. Aside from that, he employed unique business tactics such as liberal credit terms for purchases, written performance guarantees (“15 acres a day”), readily accessible replacement parts, and advertising that taught rural communities about the advantages of technological advancement.
  4. Because to McCormick’s machine, the grasslands of the Midwest might potentially be transformed into the “breadbasket” of the United States.
  5. He received the Gold Medal at the Crystal Palace Exposition in London that year, and he went on to wow audiences in Hamburg, Vienna, and Paris the following year as well.
  6. For many years, he was compelled to defend his patent rights in the courts of justice.
  7. However, at the time of his death in 1884, he had established both his reputation and his business.
  8. In 1831, farming was the primary source of income for 90 percent of the people of the United States.
  9. International Harvester Co., which was founded by McCormick’s firm, today harvests hundreds of acres every day with equipment built by the company and its successor.

They have made it possible for the great majority of Americans to put their talents and energies to use in sectors such as engineering, medicine, and the arts, among others.

Biography of Cyrus McCormick, Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper

Mechanical reapers were designed in 1831 by Cyrus McCormick (February 15, 1809–May 13, 1884), a Virginia blacksmith who was born on February 15th, 1809 and died on May 13th, 1884. In its most basic form, it was a horse-drawn harvesting machine for wheat, and it was one of the most significant innovations in the history of farm innovation. With the reaper, which one witness described as “something in the middle of between a wheelbarrow and a chariot,” a farmer could chop up to six acres of oats in one afternoon, which was the equivalent of 12 workers using scythes.

Fast Facts: Cyrus McCormick

  • Known For: Inventing the mechanical reaper
  • Known As: “The Father of Modern Agriculture”
  • Born: February 15, 1809 in Rockbridge County, Virginia
  • Died: February 15, 1809 in Rockbridge County, Virginia
  • Robert McCormick and Mary Ann Hall were his parents
  • He died on May 13, 1884, in Chicago, Illinois. Children: Cyrus McCormick Jr. and Harold Fowler McCormick
  • Spouse: Nancy “Nettie” Fowler
  • Children: Important Quote: “In a business, indomitable endurance correctly understood usually secures ultimate success.”

Early Life

McCormick was born in 1809 in Rockbridge County, Virginia, to Robert McCormick and Mary Ann Hall McCormick, who had emigrated from Great Britain. McCormick was the son of Robert McCormick and Mary Ann Hall McCormick. A prominent family in the neighborhood, he was the oldest of eight children and the eldest of eight brothers and sisters. His father was a farmer, as well as a blacksmith and an inventor, among other things. Young McCormick received little formal schooling, preferring to spend his time in his father’s workshop instead.

Cyrus made the decision to accept the challenge.

Seeds of the Reaper

However, despite the fact that McCormick’s invention would make him wealthy and renowned, he was a pious young man who thought his duty was to contribute to the world’s food supply. Harvesting necessitated a high number of employees for farmers throughout the early nineteenth century. He started out on a mission to lower the number of hands required for harvesting. Many other people’s work, including that of his father and Jo Anderson, a man whose father enslaved, was included into the development of the reaper, but he ultimately decided to base his work on concepts that were diametrically opposed to those adopted by Robert McCormick.

His equipment was equipped with a vibrating cutting blade, a reel to bring the grain within the blade’s reach, and a platform to gather the grain that fell from the machine.

The initial version was crude—it produced such a clatter that persons enslaved by his family were ordered to walk beside the scared horses in order to keep them calm—but it was evidently effective.

Contrary to popular belief, McCormick put his invention on hold after receiving the patent in order to concentrate on his family’s iron foundry, which failed as a result of the financial crisis of 1837 and left the McCormicks heavily in debt.

As a result, he returned to his reaper, establishing a production facility in a shop adjacent to his father’s home and concentrating on improvements. In 1840 or 1841, he finally sold his first machine, and the business began to take off slowly.

Moves to Chicago

An excursion to the Midwest persuaded McCormick that the future of his reaper lay in that broad, rich country rather than the stony soil of the Eastern United States. Following further advancements, he and his brother Leander established a factory in Chicago in 1847, selling 800 machines in its first year of operation. The new company, the McCormick Harvesting Machine Co., grew to become the leading manufacturer of farm equipment in the United States of America. After his reaper was awarded the Gold Medal at the historic Great Exhibition in London’s Crystal Palace in 1851, McCormick achieved international recognition for his work.

The Great Chicago Fire devastated McCormick’s firm in 1871, but the company was rebuilt by the McCormick family, and McCormick continued to develop.

The binder he developed eight years later was tied together with twine, thanks to a knotting mechanism designed by Wisconsin pastor John F.

Although the firm faced strong competition and legal fights over patents, it was able to maintain its profitability.

Death and Tragedy

In 1884, Cyrus McCormick Sr. died, and his eldest son, Cyrus Jr., took over as president at the age of only 25 years old. A tragic event occurred two years later, however, that changed the course of the company. After a workers’ strike at the McCormick Harvesting Machine Co. in 1886 developed into one of the deadliest labor-related riots in American history, the company was finally liquidated. By the time the Haymarket Riot reached its climax, seven police officers and four civilians had been killed.

Cyrus McCormick Jr.

Morgan purchased it, along with five other companies, to establish the International Harvester Co.

served as president of the company until 1902.


Cyrus McCormick is referred to as “The Father of Modern Agriculture” because he made it feasible for farmers to grow their modest, personal farms into much bigger commercial enterprises via the use of machinery. With the creation of his reaping machine, he put an end to hours of arduous fieldwork and paved the way for the development and production of additional labor-saving farm equipment and machines. Throughout the twentieth century, McCormick and his competitors improved their goods, resulting in such inventions as self-raking reapers, which had a continuously moving canvas belt that conveyed the chopped grain to two workers riding on the end of the platform, who bundled it together.

However, the first reaper marked the beginning of the transition from hand labor to the mechanical farming that we know and love today. It resulted in the beginning of the Industrial Revolution as well as a significant shift in agricultural practices.


  • American National Biography
  • ” Cyrus McCormick: American Industrialist and Inventor.” InventionWare.com
  • ” McCormick, Cyrus Hall.” InventionWare.com
  • ” McCormick, Cyrus Hall.” American National Biography
  • ” Cyrus McCormick: American Industrialist and Inventor.” Encyclopedia Brittanica’s entry for Nancy Fowler McCormick. Revolvy’s entry for Cyrus McCormick’s biography. TheFamousPeople.com’s entry for Cyrus McCormick’s biography.
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A Mechanical Harvesting Machine Revolutionized Life on the Farm

The first effective mechanical reaper to harvest grain was invented by Cyrus McCormick, a blacksmith from Virginia, when he was just 22 years old. He was a blacksmith by trade. His contraption, which was once considered a local oddity, turned out to be extremely valuable. In the decades that followed McCormick’s earliest attempts to bring mechanical help to agricultural work, his innovation would revolutionize farming in the United States and across the world, changing the way people lived and worked.

Early Experiments

McCormick’s father had previously attempted to develop a mechanical harvesting system but had given up after failing miserably. However, in the summer of 1831, the son took up the job and worked for around six weeks at the family blacksmith business before quitting. McCormick displayed the gadget at Steele’s Tavern, a local meeting spot, once he was confident he had figured out the complicated physics of the apparatus. The machine was equipped with certain cutting-edge characteristics that would allow a farmer to harvest grain much more quickly than he could ever do by hand in the past.

There was a cutting blade as well as rotating pieces that were used to hold grain heads in place while the stalks were being chopped.

When the apparatus began to move, it became immediately evident that the horse hauling the gadget was performing all of the physical labor.

The machine performed well, and McCormick was able to put it to service for the autumn harvest that year.

Business Success

McCormick expanded his production of the machines, and at first, he only sold them to farmers in the surrounding area. However, when word of the machine’s incredible functioning spread, he was able to sell more of them. In the end, he established a manufacturing facility in Chicago. Farming was transformed by the invention of the McCormick Reaper, which allowed farmers to harvest enormous tracts of grain much more quickly than they could have done previously using scythes. Farmers were able to grow more because they were able to collect more.

  • Farmers used to struggle to chop enough grain during the autumn harvest to sustain them until the next harvest before McCormick’s machinery transformed the face of agriculture forever.
  • Harvesting huge fields might be completed in a single day by a single man and his horse equipped with a reaper Farms of hundreds or even thousands of acres were thus feasible on a considerably bigger scale than previously.
  • Later versions were continually improved in terms of functionality, and McCormick’s agricultural machinery industry continued to expand.
  • McCormick’s newest model was on display during the Great Exhibition of 1851, which took place in London.
  • During a tournament conducted on an English farm in July 1851, McCormick’s reaper surpassed a British-made reaper, which was won by McCormick.
  • The machine from the United States quickly became a popular attraction among the large people who flocked to the show.
  • The introduction of reapers coincided with an increase in grain output in the United States.
  • Because of this, the influence of farmhands who left for war on grain output was reduced.

Despite the Civil War, the corporation formed by McCormick continued to flourish in the years after its founding. When workers at McCormick’s plant went on strike in 1886, the events that followed resulted in the Haymarket Riot, which is considered a watershed moment in American labor history.

Mccormick Reaper

Galeviews was last updated on May 18, 2018. Reapers were agricultural tools that were invented in the early 1800s to assist farmers in harvesting grain. Cyrus Hall McCormick(1809–1884), a Virginia-born inventor, constructed the first commercially successful reaper in 1831, which he patented in 1834 and then sold for the first time in 1840 in his home state of Virginia. The McCormick reaper, which was drawn by horses, significantly decreased the amount of physical work necessary for grain harvesting.

Production grew from two or three acres per day to 10 acres per day as a result of the invention.

When he relocated his firm toChicago, the burgeoning Midwestern farm market was at its peak, and he took advantage of the opportunity to ship his machinery over the Great Lakes and link with waterways to the East and the South.

As production increased, consumption increased in tandem: in 1850, for example, wheat flour consumption in the United States reached 205 pounds per capita, an increase from 170 pounds in 1830.

Several historians believe that the reaper, which could replace up to ten workers, was crucial in the outcome of the American Civil War (1861–1865): farmers in the northern states had more widely adopted the machinery, allowing more farmhands to go into battle while wheat production continued in the southern states.

  • Cyrus McCormick’s firm was renamed the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in 1879, with the inventor himself serving as president of the company (until 1884, when he was succeeded by his son).
  • It wasn’t until the late 1800s that the reaper (also known as harvester) was joined by another invention, the thresher, which separates grain from stalks.
  • The fundamental characteristics of McCormick’s innovative 1831 innovation are still evident in today’s combines.
  • See also: John Deere, Cyrus McCormick, and the Agriculture Equipment Industry.
  • A REAPER BY THE NAME OF McCORMICK Several inventors contributed to the machine with which the name of Cyrus Hall McCormick has always been linked, including Obed Hussey, who received a patent for his machine in 1833, a year before the first McCormick patent.
  • The McCormick reaper, on the other hand, was the one that made its way into the Midwest, where prairie farmers were eager to get their hands on a productive harvester that would allow them to grow large quantities of wheat.
  • Perhaps, as his biographer asserts, McCormick (or his father, Robert McCormick) was the one who combined the pieces necessary for a mechanical grain cutter in the most efficient manner.
  • Self-rakers were originally offered in 1854, seven years before McCormick introduced their own version of the machine.
  • The McCormick reaper was able to achieve dominance in the field as a result of efficient organization.

Because of the innovation, rural Midwest economies grew at a rapid pace, and the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company’s vast facilities in Chicago contributed to the transformation of the city into an industrial behemoth.


Cyrus Hall McCormick, William T. Hutchinson, William T. Originally published in 1968 by Da Capo Press in New York. Cyrus McCormick is the author of this work. The Reaper’s Century is a century in which the Reaper reigns supreme. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1931. Ozanne, Robert W., ed., A Century of Labor-Management Relations at McCormick and International Harvester (McCormick and International Harvester). The University of Wisconsin Press published this book in 1967. Theodore S. Osgood/ a.

Ernest S.

Ernest S.

A Brief Biography of Cyrus Hall McCormick, (1809-1884)

Enlarge Cyrus Hall McCormick was an American politician and businessman who was born in Cyrus Hall McCormick’s hometown of Cyrus, New York. Take a look at the original source document here: WHI 8499 is a WHI 8499 is a WHI 8499 is a Cyrus H. McCormick (1809-1884) was an American manufacturer and inventor who is credited with developing the first commercially effective reaper, a horse-drawn machine for harvesting grain. On February 15, 1809, he was born on his family’s farm in Rockbridge County, Virginia, in a place known as Walnut Grove.

  • In 1831, he gave up on the concept and delegated the project to his son.
  • In 1834, he received a patent for his invention after making a few minor improvements.
  • Cyrus also traveled to the Midwest on multiple occasions, exhibiting his reaper and tried to get contracts with local manufacturers.
  • In 1847, he relocated to Chicago and founded the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, which would later become known as the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company.
  • His success was further aided by the expansion of Chicago as an industrial center and rail hub, which he benefitted from.
  • McCormick married Nettie Fowler in January 1858, and he began to spend more time away from Chicago after their marriage.
  • McCormickBros.

McCormick & Sons corporation.

The Great Chicago Fire, which occurred in 1871, severely destroyed the company’s manufacturing facility.

It had reached markets as far afield as Russia and New Zealand by the early 1880s, and the firm was growing rapidly.

After his father’s death, his son, Cyrus Jr., rose through the ranks to become president of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company.

The Deering Harvester Company was the company’s most significant competitor.

The International Harvester Company was formed in 1902 when the two firms joined to form one entity.

During the first 40 years of the company’s existence, Cyrus McCormick, Jr. and Harold Fowler McCormick reigned over it as its president and CEO, respectively. Please read the specified bibliography for further information about the McCormick family.

Have Questions?

Contact the McCormick Reference Line by phone at 608-264-6410 or by email at [email protected] to learn more about Wisconsin history.

Cyrus McCormick – Ohio History Central

According to Ohio History Central Cyrus McCormick was an American inventor who is credited with inventing the motorized reaper. Cyrus McCormick was born on February 15, 1809, near Lexington, Virginia, to Cyrus McCormick and his wife, Mary. Cyrus McCormick’s father, Robert McCormick, attempted to construct a mechanical harvester in the early nineteenth century in order to lessen the burden on his farm. He had tried everything, but it had all failed miserably. Cyrus was successful in inventing a horse-drawn reaper in 1831, which he used to harvest six acres of oats with great success.

  • One hundred and fifty acres of wheat were harvested in 1832 using a new version of his reaper.
  • However, farmers in the eastern United States were unable to purchase the machine for several years because of poor financial conditions throughout the middle 1830s that culminated in the Panic of 1837.
  • Obed Hussey, a native of Ohio, was the first to patent his version of the reaper, thanks to McCormick’s ambition to develop his machine.
  • Hussey’s idea contributed to the reduction of the labor shortage.
  • McCormick made the decision to extend his business into the Midwest in the early 1840s.
  • McCormick was selling fifty reapers per year by 1844, according to records.
  • In 1846, McCormick relocated his headquarters from Virginia to Chicago, Illinois, where he built a plant that would produce his reapers in large quantities starting in 1848.
  • The frontier was located in the American West, and most people who migrated there hoped to acquire land in order to become farmers.
  • McCormick was absolutely correct in his assumption.
  • McCormick had also begun to sell his reaper in Europe at this point.

Cyrus McCormick, Sr. died in 1884, at the age of 76. By the time of McCormick’s death, his company had produced approximately six million reapers, had lessened the amount of work for farmers, and had dramatically increased farm production.

See Also

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers is assessing this page to ensure that it reflects current historical knowledge on the subject. Please return soon to see if there has been any progress. “Seek your fortune in the West, young man, and learn to live with the people of the nation.” Cyrus McCormick, the pioneer of modern agriculture, was one of the few Americans who could have benefited from that wise piece of editorial guidance. Some of the earliest functional mechanical reaping machines were designed and marketed by McCormick; they helped to alleviate the back-breaking strain that agricultural labourers faced in the early nineteenth century.

  • While his competitors concentrated on farmers laboring the rugged, steep farmlands of established eastern states, McCormick left his home state of Virginia and started a business in the growing metropolis that is now known as Chicago.
  • McCormick was born in 1809 on a plantation in Rock County, Virginia, and raised there.
  • After that, he worked in vain for the next 30 years to perfect and market it.
  • He received a patent for the device in 1834, but his design proved inadequate for the region’s varied topography.
  • Over the following five years, McCormick would devote most of his time to other family company operations while also making minor adjustments to his reaper design when time permitted.
  • In order to keep up with the growing demand for his reapers, he recruited factories in cities all throughout the Northeast to manufacture them.
  • Mr.
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McCormick was reputed to be an even better salesman than he was a mechanic, and his marketing instincts assisted him in selecting Chicago as the location for his new plant.

McCormick decided to expand his business into these areas.

Having access to rail and water transportation lines in the city was just what McCormick required to reach his enthusiastic clients throughout the heartland of the United States.

However, the California gold rush of 1849 resulted in a further reduction in the number of possible agricultural workers in the West, resulting in a greater feeling of urgency in McCormick’s reaper advertising.

By 1856, his company had grown to become one of the largest manufacturing companies in the country, selling around 4,000 reapers each year.

A decade later, more than 50 independent producers were competing with one another — and inspiring one another to develop new products.

He marketed his equipment at a fixed price and offered clients the option to pay in installments if they so desired.

The power of advertising was harnessed by him, and he began selling his devices across Europe.

Crops could be harvested far more quickly than in the past, and with fewer farm workers to pay.

Farmers who were displaced from their farms joined America’s westward expansion and contributed to the industrialization of the United States’ economic landscape.

McCormick, a native of Virginia, was a staunch supporter of the Confederacy during the American Civil War.

When the reaper made it feasible for the North to have an abundance of lower-priced food, it eventually helped to prolong their battle vigor while still generating vital earnings from sales to the old world.

He delegated responsibility for production to his younger brother Leander, while another younger brother, William, was in charge of the accounts and acted as president when Cyrus was absent from the company.

joined the corporation, which was founded by his father.

Cyrus McCormick died in 1884, at the age of 76.

Because of this, more than 3 million people visit Chicago every year, many of them to do business at the city’s massive McCormick Place Convention Center, which was named for one of the city’s original industrial titans.

Michael McRae is a writer who works on his own terms. McCormick was not the first person to design and build a mechanical reaper, though. Although he was among the first to recognize the tremendous potential of the growing American Midwest, his enterprise. altered the face of agriculture forever.

Cyrus McCormick (1809-1884)

In order to reflect current historical study on the issue, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is evaluating this article. For the latest information, please check back shortly. “Seek your fortune in the West, young man, and learn to live with the people of this land.” In fact, Cyrus McCormick, the inventor of modern agriculture, was one of the many Americans who benefited from that wise editorial counsel. Some of the earliest functional mechanical reaping machines were designed and marketed by McCormick; they helped to alleviate the back-breaking strain that agricultural labourers faced in the early 19th century.

  • In contrast to his competitors who concentrated on farmers laboring the rough, steep farmlands of established eastern states, McCormick left his home state of Virginia and set up shop in the growing metropolis that is Chicago.
  • He was born in Rock County, Virginia, in 1809, on a farm owned by his father.
  • His efforts to develop and market it over the following 30 years were fruitless.
  • He received a patent for the device in 1834, but his design was unable to withstand the terrain’s extreme variations in the area at the time.
  • After that, McCormick would devote most of his efforts to other family business operations, with occasional tweaks to his reaper design to make it more efficient.
  • In order to keep up with the growing demand for his reapers, he recruited manufacturers in cities all throughout the Northeast to produce them.
  • A pioneer in the field of mechanical reaping machines, Cyrus McCormick designed and manufactured some of the first effective mechanical reaping machines.

As time went on, McCormick noticed that an increasing number of his orders were coming from large farms in Illinois and neighboring states such as Indiana, Ohio and Missouri, where three factors would make conditions ideal for mechanicalfarming equipment: flat terrain, inexpensive farmland, and a small labor pool.

  1. In order to reach his enthusiastic clients throughout America’s heartland, the city’s rail and water transportation connections proved to be the perfect solution.
  2. However, the California gold rush of 1849 resulted in a further reduction in the number of possible agricultural workers in the West, resulting in a greater feeling of urgency in McCormick’s reaper advertisements.
  3. By 1856, he had grown into one of the nation’s greatest manufacturing businesses, selling over 4,000 reapers each year.
  4. In less than a decade, more than 50 independent producers were vying with one another — and propelling one another on to greater creativity.
  5. In addition to selling his equipment at a fixed price, he also offered clients the option of paying in installments.
  6. He used the power of advertising and began selling his devices to European countries in the early 1990s.
  7. With fewer agricultural laborers to pay, crops could be harvested much more quickly than they were in the past.

Farmers who were displaced from their farms joined America’s westward expansion and contributed to the industrialization of the United States’ economic infrastructure.

While serving as a Confederate soldier during the Civil War, McCormick was born and raised in Virginia.

As a result of the reaper’s ability to produce an abundance of lower-priced food, the North’s fighting vigor was extended, while important income from sales to the old world continued to flow.

He delegated responsibility for manufacturing to his younger brother Leander, while another younger brother, William, was in charge of the accounts and acted as president when Cyrus was absent from the company.

joined the firm.

It was then that he realized that the city of Chicago had grown to be around 60 times larger than it had been when he first found it as a place to do business.

The author, Michael McRae, works on his own.

No, McCormick did not develop a mechanical reaper as the first person to do so. Although he was among the first to exploit the large markets of the burgeoning American Midwest, his enterprise. altered the face of agricultural production forever as a result.

Cyrus McCormick (1809-1884)

Cyrus McCormick is a police officer. Prior to Cyrus McCormick’s horse-drawn reaper, a hand-held scythe had been in use for 5000 years, with little modification from one generation to the next. Planting was simpler than reaping, and the amount of grain a farmer could harvest during the brief period of time when the grain was ripe, before it began to decay, controlled how much he could fairly sow in the first place in the first place. It also affected the amount of money he made. It was for this reason that Virginia farmer Robert McCormick spent more than two decades trying to develop a reaping machine.

  • When Cyrus’ machine was patented in 1834, he began making and selling duplicates from the Virginia plantation where he was born.
  • By 1846, less than 100 copies had been distributed.
  • Douglas and an excursion to the enormous grain fields of the Midwest, McCormick made the decision to transfer his enterprise to Chicago in 1847.
  • McCormick was also a pioneer in the development of commercial procedures.
  • He set a fixed price of $120 (“take it or leave it!”) and eliminated the need to haggle over more money by doing so.
  • He educated personnel in the mechanics of his machine as well as the ins and outs of his business before dispatching them as the company’s first traveling salesman.
  • McCormick’s machine was awarded the Gold Medal at the Crystal Palace at the 1851 London World’s Fair, which was the first of its kind.
  • By 1860, he was selling more than 4000 reapers per year on the market.
  • They, in turn, contributed to the development of Chicago as the world’s largest grain port.
  • When Cyrus learned of the loss of his factory, he spoke with his wife about the situation, and they agreed to sell their home in New York and return to Chicago, where they would rebuild the plant to be even greater than before.
  • He was a businessman who was concerned with his profession, and his final words were “work, work!” As a result of McCormick’s death in 1884, his son inherited the family business.

The McCormick Harvesting Machine Company later amalgamated with a competitor to become the International Harvester Company, which is now known as Navistar International.

Reaper – Wikipedia

A tractor-drawn reaper, typical of the twentieth century Fahrmachine Farm implementors are those who reap (cut and frequently also gather) crops when they are ripe and harvest them when the time is right. Acerealgrass is the most common type of crop engaged. The first known reaping machines were the Gallic reapers, which were utilized in modern-day France during the Roman era and were discovered in Italy. The Gallic reaper consisted of a comb that gathered the heads, and an operator who knocked the grain into a box for later threshing and threshing.

Combine harvesters, or simply combines, are modern machines that not only cut and gather grass, but also thresh seeds (the grain), winnow the grain, and transport it to a truck or wagon.

A haymoweror, or a mower-conditioner if it is connected with a conditioner, is a machine that cuts the grass in contemporary haymaking; a grain harvester is a machine that harvests grain.

A distinction between reaping of grain grasses and mowing of hay grasses has long been recognized; it was only after a decade of unsuccessful attempts to design combined grain reaper/hay mower machines (in the 1830s to 1840s) that mechanical implement designers began separating them into distinct classes.

These machines were known by a variety of names, including self-raking reaper, harvester, reaper-binder, grain binder, and binder, among others.

Hand reaping

In 1949, a reaper cuttingry was established in Germany. Hand reaping can be accomplished in a variety of ways, including plucking grain ears straight off the stalks with a pick, cutting grain stalks with an asickle, cutting them with an ascythe, or a scythe fitted with a grain cradle. Reaping is commonly separated from mowing, which utilizes similar instruments, but is the traditional name for cutting grass for hay rather than reaping cereals, as opposed to reaping grains for grain. The stiffer, dryer straw of cereal plants, as well as the greener grasses for hay, necessitate the use of various blades on the harvesting equipment.

  • To dry the sheaves, many of them are leaning against each other with their ears raised above the ground, producing an astook structure.
  • To distinguish it from ahay rick, rick of sheaves is usually known as acorn rick in the British Isles (British Columbia) (“corn” inBritish Englishretains its oldersenseof ” grain ” generally, not ” maize “).
  • Later, the corn-rick is cut down and the sheaves are threshed to separate the grain from the straw, and the process is repeated.
  • It is historically done by hand or by herding animals such as hens or pigs into the field.

Many Western traditions and cultures associate the personification of death with a skeleton reaper wielding a scythe, known as the “Grim Reaper,” who is more or less skeletal in appearance. Death harvests the living, much like a farmer harvests his crops, according to this metaphor.

Mechanical reaping

A mechanical reaper, often known as a reaping machine, is a mechanical device that harvests crops in a semi-automated fashion. Mechanical reapers and its descendent devices have played an essential role in the development of mechanized agriculture and have been a key factor in the increase in agricultural production.

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Mechanical reapers in the U.S.

Several inventors in the United States claimed to have invented the mechanical reaper throughout the nineteenth century. The varied designs were in direct competition with one another, and this resulted in a number of lawsuits. In 1833, Obed Hussey of Ohio received a patent for a reaper known as the Hussey Reaper. Hussey’s invention, which was manufactured in Baltimore, Maryland, resulted in a significant increase in harvesting efficiency. To operate the new reaper, just two horses were necessary to labor in a non-strenuous way, as well as a man to operate the machine and another person to drive.

Robert McCormickin of Walnut Grove, Virginia, was the designer of the McCormickin Reaper.

His son Cyrus approached him and begged for permission to attempt to finish his father’s endeavor.

There were numerous unique features to this McCormick reaper machine, including:

  • A main wheel frame
  • A platform projecting to the side with fingers through which a knife driven by a crank reciprocated
  • On the outer end of the platform was a divider projecting ahead of the platform to separate the grain to be cut from that which was to be left standing
  • A reel was positioned above the platform to hold the grain up against the reciprocating knife to throw it back onto the platform
  • The machine was drawn by a team walking along the side of the road.

Cyrus McCormick said that his reaper was originally conceived in 1831, so establishing him as the legitimate inventor of the machine’s main design. In spite of the fact that they were relatively similar, the Hussey and McCormick reapers would compete with one another in the marketplace for the following few decades. By the 1850s, both Hussey and McCormick’s initial patents had expired, and a slew of other manufacturers had introduced devices that were almost identical to theirs. The creation of the polarizing reaper design was recognized by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in a judgement given in 1861.

  1. Hussey’s enhancements, according to S.T.
  2. It was decided that the descendants of Obed Hussey would be economically paid for their father’s hard work and creativity by those who had benefited financially from the reaper’s job.
  3. Despite the fact that the McCormick reaper was a revolutionary breakthrough in crop harvesting, it did not achieve widespread popularity and acceptance until at least 20 years after Cyrus McCormick received his patent.
  4. Hussey’s reaper was equipped with a sawlike cutter bar that sliced stalks significantly more successfully than McCormick’s reaper did.

Among the other factors that contributed to the gradual adoption of mechanized reaping were natural cultural conservatism among farmers (proven tradition versus new and unknown machinery); the poor state of many new farm fields, which were often littered with rocks, stumps, and areas of uneven soil, making the lifespan and operability of a reaping machine questionable; and a certain amount of fearfulLuddismamong farmers that the machine would take away jobs, particularly among hiredmanual laborers.

Another formidable rival in the market was the Manny Reaper, which was developed by John Henry Manny and the firms that followed in his footsteps.

Reapers in the late 19th and 20th century

In 1941, a horse-drawn reaper was used in Canada. Following the development and patenting of the first reapers, a variety of other, somewhat different reapers were supplied by a variety of producers across the world. During the 1880s in the United States, the Champion (Combined) Reapers and Mowers, manufactured by theChampion Interestgroup (Champion Machine Company, laterWarder, BushnellGessner, merged inIHC1902) inSpringfield, Ohioin the second part of the nineteenth century, were extremely popular.

In general, reapers progressed until the invention of the reaper-binder in 1872, which harvested the crop and tied it into sheaves.

This was ultimately superseded by theswatherand, finally, thecombine harvester, which reaps and threshes in a single operation, respectively.


  1. Petr Chuksin’s “The History of the Gallic Reaper” is available online. History of the Gallic Reaper
  2. McCormick 1931, pages. 59–60
  3. McCormick 1931, pp. 67–72
  4. McCormick 1931
  5. Follet L. Greeno, ed., History of the Gallic Reaper, pp. 59–60
  6. McCorm (1912). Obed Hussey: Who, of all inventors, was the first to make bread inexpensively
  7. Colman, Gould P., and others (July 1968). “Innovation and Diffusion in Agriculture” is the title of this paper. The Journal of Agricultural History 42: 173–188
  8. Bowman, Jeffrey (2006). Cyrus Hall McCormick is the inventor of U.S. Patent X8277. Invented by Cyrus H. McCormick on June 21, 1834, an improvement in machines for reaping little grain
  9. Daniel, Grosseteste (August 1997). The 100 Greatest Business Stories of All Time, according to Forbes (First ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, p.27, ISBN 978-0-471-19653-2
  10. “Agricultural Machinery in the 1800s.” Scientific American.75(4): 74–76. “Agricultural Machinery in the 1800s.” On July 25, 1896, Scientific American published an article with the doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican07251896-74
  11. Canine, Craig, Dream Reaper: The Story of an Old-Fashioned Inventor in the High-Tech, High-Stakes World of Modern Agriculture published an article with the doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican07251896-74 Alfred A. Knopf & Company, New York, 1995. Pages 29-45
  12. Alan L. Olmstead, et al (June 1975). Reaping and mowing in American agriculture has become mechanized, according to the author. The Journal of Economic History.35(2): 327.doi: 10.1017/s0022050700075082
  13. Pripps, Robert N
  14. Morland, Andrew (photographer) (1993), Farmall Tractors: History of International McCormick-Deering Farmall Tractors, Farm Tractor Color History Series, Osceola, WI, USA: MBI, ISBN978-0-87938-763-1, p. 17
  15. “Jo Anderson.”
  16. “William N. Whiteley”. Ohio History Central. 2007-01-09. Retrieved 2012-08-04


  • Houghton Mifflin Company published Cyrus Hall III McCormick’s The Century of the Reaper in 1931. LCCN31009940 and OCLC559717 are both LCCN31009940 and OCLC559717.

Further reading

  • Winder, Gordon M. (2016), The American Reaper: Harvesting Networks and Technology, 1830-1910, Routledge, ISBN 9781317045151, OCLC940862197
  • Hutchinson, William T. (1930), Cyrus Hall McCormick: Seed-Time, 1809-1856, vol. 1, Century Company,OCLC6991369
  • Hutchinson, William T. (1930), Cyrus Hall McCormick: Harvest, 1856-1884,

External links

The McCormick reaperThe McCormick reaper for kids: What is a reaper?A reaper is a person, or a farming machine, that reaps (gathers and cuts) crops at harvest, when they are ripe. The McCormick mechanical reaper replaced the manual cutting of the crop with scythes and sickles.The McCormick reaper for kids: Wheat in the NorthThe climate of the Northern states was ideal for the production of wheat. The early farmers only hadwooden plows to break the grass cover and roots of the turf.

This invention reduced the amount of labor required to prepare an acre for farming by half.However, the invention of the mechanical reaper by Cyrus McCormick, and its use in the Northern states, equaled the importance that the1793 Eli Whitney Cotton Ginand the development of theSamuel Slater cotton millshad made to the Southern States.The McCormick reaper for kids: What crops are reaped?The grain crops that are reaped include wheat, rye, oats and maize.Cyrus McCormick Mechanical Reaper for kids: WheatThesuccess of wheat growing on the agriculture industry depended upon the ability quickly to harvest the crop.

The process is as follows:● Wheat must be allowed to stand until it is fully ripened ● When ripe it had to be quickly reaped and stored away out of the reach of the wet rain which would ruin the crop ● Every year at harvest time this led to a few weeks in which there was there was a huge demand for labor on the wheat farms ● The problem was that there was little labor to be had and the cost of the labor was highCyrus McCormick solved this problem for the wheat farmers by inventing a horse drawn, mechanical reaper.

His design was pulled by horses and cut the grain to one side of the horse team.McCormick reaper for kidsThe info about the McCormick reaper provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 7th President of the United States of America.Cyrus McCormick Mechanical Reaper for kids: Facts, Biography and TimelineInteresting Cyrus McCormick Mechanical Reaper Facts and Timeline for kids are detailed below.

The history of the Cyrus McCormick Mechanical Reaper is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating thehistory of the Cyrus McCormick Mechanical Reaper.Cyrus McCormick Biography and Mechanical Reaper Timeline and Facts for kidsMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 1:The inventor of the mechanical reaper was Cyrus Hall McCormick (1809�1884)Mechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 2:1809: Cyrus McCormick was born on February 15, 1809 in Rockbridge County, Virginia.

He was the eldest of 8 children born to Robert McCormick and Mary Ann “Polly” HallMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 3:Cyrus McCormick was raised on the 1200 acre family farm in “Walnut Grove”, north of Lexington, VirginiaMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 4:Cyrus McCormick had a limited education at local schoolsMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 5:His father, Robert McCormick, had a family blacksmith shop and Cyrus worked with his father as he tried various methods to invent a mechanical reaper.Mechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 6:1824: Cyrus McCormick invented a lightweight cradle for carting harvested grain at the age of 15Mechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 7:Robert McCormick was unsuccessful in his efforts to invent an efficient mechanical reaper but Cyrus, realizing the importance of a mechanical reaper, continued the quest using his father’s basic designMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 8:1831: Cyrus McCormick invents the horse drawn, McCormick mechanical reaperMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 9:1833: Obed Hussey of Ohio patented a mechanical reaper called the Hussey ReaperMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 11:Hussey’s machine used a saw-like cutter bar which cut stalks far more effectively than McCormick’s.

It was therefore deemed of better quality than the invention of Cyrus and achieved a greater financial successMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 12:1837: ThePanic of 1837left Cyrus in considerable debt – he turned his attention to improving his harvesting machineMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 13:1843: Cyrus McCormick had increased his sales to 50 machines a year – but they were local sales.Mechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 14:1846: Cyrus McCormick moved to Chicago, a central hub for wheat growers with good transportation links that was a good location to expand his marketMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 15:1847: He opens a factory in Chicago – his goal is to sell 500 machines for the 1848 harvestMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 16:1850: Cyrus McCormick acquires the rights to Obed Hussey’s cutter-bar mechanism and improved the quality of his own machines and his business boomedMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 17:1851: The Crystal Palace Exhibition in London.

McCormick and Hussey went head to head in a competition between their machines – Cyrus wonMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 18:1855: The use of the horse reaper was adding �55 million dollars to the wealth of the country every yearMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 19:1858: Cyrus McCormick married Nancy Maria Fowler, they would have 7 children togetherMechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 20:1884: Cyrus McCormick died in Chicago on May 13, 1884Mechanical Reaper Timeline Fact 21:1902: McCormick Harvesting Machine Co.

amalgamated with other companies to form International Harvester CompanyCyrus McCormick Biography and Mechanical Reaper Timeline and Facts for kidsMcCormick reaper for kids – President Andrew Jackson VideoThe article on the McCormick reaper provides an overview of one of the Important issues of his presidential term in office.

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