A charley horse is the common name for a muscle spasm or cramp. Muscle spasms can occur in any muscle in the body, but often happen in the leg. When a muscle is in spasm, it contracts without your control and does not relax.
What a charley horse feels like?
Most of the time, the feeling of intense pain in your legs is from muscle cramps or spasms. People often refer to these cramps as charley horses. The muscle contracts and often may not release for several seconds. During the contraction, the pain may escalate or intensify.
Where does a charley horse hurt?
A charley horse refers to a muscle cramp that is sudden and painful. It often occurs during exercise and at night. It commonly affects the calf muscle at the back of the lower leg but can also occur in the foot and, occasionally, the thigh.
Where is a charley horse located?
Charley horse is another name for a muscle spasm. Charley horses can occur in any muscle, but they’re most common in the legs. These spasms are marked by uncomfortable muscle contractions. If the contracting muscles don’t relax for several seconds or more, the pain can be severe.
How do you know if u have a charley horse?
Charley Horse Diagnosis
- Vomiting, diarrhea, or severe sweating (which can cause dehydration)
- Drinking too much alcohol.
What is your body lacking when you have leg cramps?
Mineral depletion. Too little potassium, calcium or magnesium in your diet can contribute to leg cramps. Diuretics — medications often prescribed for high blood pressure — also can deplete these minerals.
Why are charley horses so painful?
The extreme pain comes from the continued contraction. “The contraction goes beyond what you want to do,” said Porter. “The muscle fatigues, it starts hurting, you say, ‘all right stop,’ but it’s doing it on its own — it’s not your idea, it’s an involuntary action.”
What’s the difference between a Charlie horse and a cramp?
A sustained muscle spasm is called a muscle cramp. Leg muscles, especially the quadriceps (thigh), hamstrings (back of thigh), and gastrocnemius (calves), are most likely to cramp, but any skeletal muscle in the body can cramp. A “charley horse” is another name for a muscle cramp.
Do bananas help charley horses?
You probably know that bananas are a good source of potassium. But they’ll also give you magnesium and calcium. That’s three out of four nutrients you need to ease muscle cramps tucked under that yellow peel. No wonder bananas are a popular, quick choice for cramp relief.
What are 5 common causes of muscle cramps?
What causes muscle cramps?
- Straining or overusing a muscle.
- Compression of your nerves, from problems such as a spinal cord injury or a pinched nerve in the neck or back.
- Low levels of electrolytes such as magnesium, potassium, or calcium.
- Not enough blood getting to your muscles.
- Certain medicines.
What deficiency causes Charlie horses?
A mineral deficiency or an imbalance of electrolytes such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, and sodium is also likely to increase one’s odds of getting a charley horse. Electrolytes are certain minerals that play an important role in muscle function.
Why is cramp called charley horse?
The term appears to have its roots in the great American pastime, baseball, though its exact origin is a little murky. One theory is that sometime in the late 1880s, the grounds crew in Chicago used a lame horse called Charley. Teammates started referring to injured players as Charley the Horse.
What foods trigger leg cramps?
WHAT FOODS CAN CAUSE MUSCLE CRAMPS?
- Refined carbs like white bread are devoid of nutrients.
- Excessive red meat consumption is bad due to nitrates.
- Fast food is full of trans fats.
- Foods with refined sugar such as packaged muffins are full of artificial ingredients.
- Salty foods can wreak havoc on the body.
Why do charley horses happen while sleeping?
Experts don’t know the exact cause of nighttime leg cramps. They could happen because your nerves send the wrong signals to your muscles. For example, your brain might mistakenly tell your leg to move while you dream. That confuses your calf muscles and causes them to contract.
What do leg cramps at night mean?
In general, night leg cramps are likely to be related to muscle fatigue and nerve problems. The risk of having night leg cramps increases with age. Pregnant women also have a higher likelihood of having night leg cramps.
Why am I getting Charlie horses in my legs at night?
Leg cramps at night, or nocturnal leg cramps, are common and can occur due to inactivity during the day, tired muscles, or certain medical conditions. Leg cramps, also called charley horses, are uncontrolled spasms in the muscles of the leg that may be painful.
Charley horse : MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
A charley horse is a term used to describe a muscular spasm or cramp in general. Muscle spasms can occur in any muscle in the body, although they are most frequently experienced in the leg muscles. When a muscle is in spasm, it contracts and does not relax, despite your efforts to regulate it. Muscle spasms are common when a muscle is overworked or damaged, and they are painful. A muscular spasm can be triggered by a variety of factors, including:
- Taking part in physical activity while you haven’t had enough fluids (you’re dehydrated)
- Having low mineral concentrations, such as potassium or calcium
Some spasms arise as a result of irritation to the nerve that links a muscle to another muscle. As an illustration, consider the case of a herniated disk that produces irritation of the spinal nerves, as well as discomfort and spasm in the back muscles. Spasms in the calf are common during swimming or running and occur when the leg is kicked. They can also occur during the night while you are sleeping. Upper leg spasms are more likely when participating in sports such as running or leaping. Stress can cause spasms in the neck (cervical spine), which can be painful.
It is referred to as a knot in some circles.
- Muscle spasms are diagnosed by looking for tight or firm muscles that are painful to the touch, as indicated by your health care practitioner.
- A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan may be useful in determining whether or not the spasm is caused by nerve irritation, such as that in the back.
- At first, heat will help to relax the muscle.
- If the muscle is still uncomfortable after applying heat and ice, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) can be used to alleviate the discomfort.
- After you’ve been treated, your healthcare professional should investigate the origin of the spasm to ensure that it doesn’t recur.
- If you exercise and consume water or sports drinks, it might assist to alleviate cramps caused by dehydration.
- Muscle spasms will subside over time as a result of rest and relaxation.
- Spasms can be prevented from happening on a regular basis by learning how to exercise effectively with the necessary training and adequate hydration intake.
If the spasm was triggered by an inflamed nerve, you may require further therapy. The outcomes of these therapies might be unpredictable. If any of the following apply, contact your service provider:
- You’re suffering from a severe muscular spasm and terrible agony. You are experiencing weakness as a result of your muscular spasm. You are experiencing a muscular spasm that will not quit and is spreading to other places of your body
Your physician can assist you in changing your exercise regimen to lessen the likelihood of future spasms, even if they are not severe at the time. Among the things you may take to reduce your chances of getting muscular cramps are the following:
- Flexibility exercises can help you become more flexible
- Changing up your routines can help you stay within your capabilities
- Increase your potassium intake and drink lots of water when you’re working out. Fruits such as orange juice and bananas are excellent sources of potassium.
Geiderman JM, Katz D. General concepts of orthopedic injuries. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1989. Walls RM, Hockberger RS, and Gausche-Hill M (eds.). In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, and Gausche-Hill M (eds.). Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice (Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice). Elsevier, 9th edition, Philadelphia, PA, 2018:chap 42. D. Wang, C. Eliasberg, and S. A. Rodeo. The physiology and pathology of the musculoskeletal tissues are covered in detail.
Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA, 2020:chap 1 of the 5th edition.
Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, provided the most recent update.
Editorial staff examined the manuscript for accuracy.
Charley horse (also known as Acharley) is a muscle spasm, which occurs when a muscle contracts up on its own without any external stimulus. Muscle cramps can occur anywhere on your body at any time. They’re rather frequent in the legs.
Charley Horse Causes
Among the things that might set off a charley horse are:
- Excessive muscular contractions due to poor blood supply Notstretchingenough
- Involvement in physical activities in hot heat
- A deficiency in magnesium and/or potassium in your diet A spinal cord injury or a pinched nerve in your neck or back are examples of such problems. Diabetic nephropathy
Muscle cramps are also a side effect of various medications, such as those listed below:
- Diuretics (often known as “water pills”) are medications that remove fluid from your body, such as furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide), and others. It is used to treat Alzheimer’s disease. Donepezil (Aricept) is a medication. Neostigmine (Prostigmine), which is used to treat myasthenia gravis
- Nifedipine (Procardia), which is used to treat angina and excessive blood pressure
- And other medications. Raloxifene (Evista), a drug used to treat osteoporosis. Medications for asthma, include terbutaline (Brethine) and albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)
- Tolcapone (Tasmar), which is used to treat Parkinson’s disease. cholesterol-lowering statins such as atorvastatin (Lipitor), fluvastatin (Lescol), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol), rosuvastatin (Crestor), or simvastatin (Zocor)
- Statins for diabetes
- Statins for high blood pressure
Charley Horse Risk Factors
Certain persons are more prone to getting charley horses than others:
- Overweight or obese people over the age of 50
- Athletes, pregnant women, and pregnant women Those who suffer from illnesses such as diabetes, thyroid, liver, or nervous system problems
Charley Horse Diagnosis
Individuals over the age of 65; athletes; pregnant women; people who are fat diabetics, those who suffer from thyroid or liver issues, and those who have nerve illnesses
- A feeling of weakness or numbness
- Vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive perspiration (which might result in dehydration)
- Overindulging in alcoholic beverages
Your symptoms and medical history will be discussed with you by your doctor. They’ll also do a physical examination. They may conduct blood tests, muscle testing, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies to rule out a medical issue that is causing the cramping.
Charley Horse Treatment
If you get a charley horse in your calf or in the back of your thigh (hamstring), place your weight on the afflicted leg and gently bend your knees to relieve the discomfort. Alternatively, you can sit or lie down with your leg out straight and lift the top of your foot towards your head. Holding on to a chair while bending the knee of the afflicted leg will relieve a cramp in the front of your thigh (quadriceps). Pulling your foot up near your buttock will help you feel more comfortable. Massage, an Epsom salt bath, or the use of a heating pad can all help to relax the muscle.
To relieve discomfort, use an ice pack or take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Most of the time, the charley horse will come to a halt within a few minutes. However, if you are experiencing them frequently and for no apparent cause, you should consult your doctor.
Charley Horse Prevention
Preventing cramps from occurring in the first place:
- Eat more meals that are high in vitamin C and magnesium
- Drink plenty of water
- And stretch before and after exercise. Stretching before exercise can assist to prevent tense muscles throughout the workout session. Cramping caused by other factors can be alleviated by daily stretching.
- Put on a pair of comfy shoes. Limit the amount of alcoholic beverages you consume
- Increase your physical activity gradually rather than all at once. Don’t exercise straight after eating
- Don’t smoke
- Don’t drink alcohol right after eating.
Charley Horse: Causes, Risks, and Treatments
We feature goods that we believe will be of interest to our readers. If you make a purchase after clicking on one of the links on this page, we may receive a small commission. Here’s how we went about it. What is a charley horse and how does it work? Amuscle spasm is referred to as “charley horse” in some circles. Charlie horses may affect any muscle, although they are most commonly found in the legs and thighs. These spasms are characterized by uncomfortably tight muscular contractions in the affected area.
- When charley horses are severe, they can cause muscular discomfort that can last anywhere from a few hours to a day.
- Charley horses are often curable at home, especially if they occur on a regular basis and are mild.
- Your doctor can assist you in determining the source of your recurring charley horses.
- Cramping or spasming of a muscle can be caused by a variety of circumstances.
- Exercising in extreme heat or cold, overusing a specific muscle during exercise, and tension (which is most commonly felt in the neck muscles) are all possible causes of muscle injuries. not warming up before a workout session
- Using diuretics, which can cause low potassium levels
- Mineral depletion, or having too little calcium, potassium, and sodium in the blood
- Nerve compression in the spine
Numerous people report having charley horses during their sleeping hours and being roused as a result of them. Muscle spasms that create charley horses as you sleep are a typical occurrence in the population. However, the exact reason for the occurrence of these evening spams is still a mystery. It is considered that laying in an uncomfortable position in bed for an extended period of time contributes to this condition. Muscle spasms can occur at any age and in any situation. As well as occurring at any time of day or night, a charley horse can occur at any location.
- Athletes, newborns, elderly persons, those who are obese, people who are taking certain medications such as diuretics, raloxifene (Evista), orstatin treatments, and people who smoke are just a few examples of who should avoid smoking.
Because of poor circulation in their legs, people who are fat are more prone to develop charley horses than other people. Athletesoften suffers from charley horses as a result of muscular exhaustion or excessive usage. The occurrence of the odd charley horse does not necessitate a formal medical diagnosis. Your doctor, on the other hand, should look into the frequency and recurrence of muscular spasms. This would apply if a charley horse appeared more than once a week without a satisfactory explanation for the occurrences.
- In order to determine whether nerve compression is the source of repeated charley horses, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans may be performed.
- It may also be necessary to do laboratory tests to rule out the presence of low potassium, calcium, or magnesium levels.
- The therapy for charley horses is determined on the underlying cause of the problem.
- Heating pads can assist to speed up the process of relaxing, while an ice pack can aid to dull the discomfort.
- A more forceful approach is required for recurrent charley horses.
- In extreme circumstances, your doctor may prescribe an antispasmodic medicine to alleviate the symptoms.
- In extreme circumstances, your doctor may recommend that you have surgery performed.
- If your spasms are caused by nerve compression, this may be of assistance.
- In order to ease the discomfort associated with a charley horse, you can apply pressure to the region of the cramp with your hands during the procedure.
You may also try applying pressure to the spot of the cramp with both of your thumbs, gradually increasing the pressure until the pain subsides. If you have a charley horse in your leg, you can try the following stretches to see if they help to alleviate the discomfort:
- Standing up and lunging forward on the front leg of the leg that is not experiencing muscular cramping
- Straightening the back of the leg that is experiencing the cramp and lunging forward on the rear leg of the leg that is experiencing the cramp
For a few seconds, you can also stand on the tips of your toes in order to stretch out your calf muscles. The symptoms of the occasional charley horse are often straightforward to avoid after the underlying cause has been identified and addressed. Take the following actions to reduce your risk of future muscle spasms:
- You may also stretch your calf muscles by standing on the tips of your toes for a few seconds. The symptoms of the occasional charley horse are often straightforward to prevent after the underlying cause has been identified and addressed. Consider taking the following strategies to reduce your risk of future muscle spasms:
A frequent occurrence, Charley horses can arise in any muscle and at any moment. They’re typically curable, and in certain cases, they can even be prevented. Pain induced by a spasm is usually temporary, lasting no more than a day or two. However, if you are experiencing charley horses on a regular basis, you should consult your doctor about possible remedies.
Charley horse – Wikipedia
This page refers to the page on “dead leg” in engineering. A “dead leg” is a redundant length of pipe through which flow is impossible because one end of the pipe is shut. Cramping in the legs and/or foot caused by a charley horse can last anywhere from a few seconds to many days. It was once used to refer to bruising of the quadriceps muscle of the anterior or lateral thigh, or concussion of the femur, which usually leads in a haematoma and, in some cases, several weeks of discomfort and impairment.
Such an injury is referred to as a “dead leg” in this later sense.
A charley horse is characterized by muscular contractions that occur without notice and can continue anywhere from a few seconds to many days.
In addition to hormone imbalances and dehydration (the evidence for which has been mixed), they may also be caused by drug side effects or, more gravely, illnesses such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and neuropathy (which have been linked to low magnesium, potassium, and calcium levels). They are also a typical complaint among women who are expecting a child.
Using the opposite direction of the cramp to massage or stretch the leg and/or foot might provide relief. Standing up can also provide relief since it counteracts the signal that causes the muscles to tense.
- To find out more about the origin of the term “Charley Horse,” see Shulman D (1949), American Speech 24(2): 100–104, doi: 10.2307/486616.JSTOR486616
- Tonbridge SV (n.d). (1950). The Return of the “Charley Horse””.American Speech.25(1): 70
- Woolf HB (1973). “Mencken as Etymologist: Charley Horse and Lobster Trick.” American Speech.48(3/4): 229–238.doi: 10.2307/3087830.JSTOR3087830
- “Mencken as Etymologist: Charley Horse and Lobster Trick.”
It’s possible that you’re going to fall asleep or that you’re about to wake up. Your calf muscle goes into spasm and won’t let go — it contracts into a rock-hard mass, and you’re trapped in the grip of intense pain. This happens without any apparent reason. Experiencing a muscle cramp, often known as a Charley horse, can be terrifying and devastating for those who have never had one before.
What Is a Charley Horse?
The term “charley horse” refers to an involuntary muscular cramp, spasm, or contraction that occurs without the use of voluntary muscles. Although the word is typically used to refer to a muscular spasm in the back of the calf at night, it can occur in any muscle in your body at any time of day. It is possible to have a Charley horse because neurons from your spinal cord encourage the muscle to continue contracting. After all, who exactly is Charley, and what exactly is the big deal about his horse?
One legend is that the grounds crew in Chicago utilized a lame horse named Charley at some point in the late 1880s or early 1900s.
Another legend has it that a pitcher called Charles was given the nickname “Old Hoss” because of his age. He had a leg cramp one day as he was jogging the bases at the ballpark. A fellow player approached him as he staggered near home plate and said, “What’s up with you, Charley Hoss?”
What Causes a Charley Horse?
The actual reason for a Charley horse’s appearance is not always known. However, muscular damage and overuse are two of the most prevalent causes – for example, you may not have stretched correctly before working out or you may not be adequately hydrated. Leg cramps can also be caused by low blood levels of important minerals such as potassium, calcium, or magnesium, and somediuretic drugs that deplete the body of potassium might make you more prone. An inflamed nerve anywhere in your body may be the source of your Charley horse in some circumstances.
Additionally, as you grow older, you are more prone to experience cramps since your muscles are no longer accustomed to working as hard or as quickly as they once did.
Treating a Charley Horse
It is not always possible to determine the specific reason for a Charley horse. However, muscular damage and overuse are two of the most prevalent causes — for example, you may not have stretched correctly before working out or you may not have been adequately hydrated — Leg cramps can be caused by low blood levels of important minerals such as potassium, calcium, or magnesium, and somediuretic drugs that deplete the body of potassium might make you more prone. An inflamed nerve anywhere in your body may be the source of your Charley horse in certain instances.
Apart from that, as we age, our muscles get less accustomed to functioning as hard or as responsively as they once did.
Muscle cramp – Symptoms and causes
When you have a muscle cramp, one or more of your muscles tighten in an unexpected and involuntary manner. If you’ve ever woken up in the middle of the night or been stopped in your tracks by a sudden charley horse, you know that muscular cramps may be excruciatingly painful to deal with. Muscle cramps, though normally innocuous, can make it hard to utilize the afflicted muscle for a short period of time. Muscle cramps can occur after prolonged durations of physical activity or manual labor, particularly in hot temperatures.
The majority of the time, self-care procedures may be used to cure muscular cramps at home.
The majority of muscular cramps occur in the leg muscles, notably in the calf muscles. Besides feeling or seeing a mass of muscle tissue beneath your skin, you may also experience or notice a quick, acute discomfort.
When to see a doctor
Muscle cramps normally go away on their own and are not acute enough to necessitate medical attention in most cases. Consult your doctor if your cramps include any of the following symptoms:
- Result in extreme discomfort
- Are connected with leg edema, redness, or changes in the appearance of the skin
- These conditions are connected with muscular weakness. This occurs on a regular basis
- Self-care does not help
- Instead, it makes things worse. Don’t appear to be related with a clearly identifiable cause, such as severe exercise
Muscle cramps can be caused by overuse of a muscle, dehydration, muscle tension, or just being in one posture for an extended amount of time.
In many situations, however, the exact reason for the condition is unknown. Although the vast majority of muscular cramps are innocuous, some may be associated with a medical condition such as one of the following:
- There is insufficient blood supply. When the arteries that supply blood to your legs become narrowed (a condition known as arteriosclerosis of the extremities), it might cause cramp-like pain in your legs and feet when you’re exercising. These pains normally subside after a few minutes of ceasing exercise. Compression of the nerves. Compression of nerves in your spine (lumbar stenosis) can cause cramp-like pain in your legs as well as other symptoms. The discomfort normally intensifies as you walk for a longer period of time. If you walk in a slightly flexed stance, such as you would if you were pulling a shopping cart in front of you, you may find that your symptoms improve or are delayed in onset.
- Mineral depletion is a problem. Leg cramps might be exacerbated if you consume too little potassium, calcium, or magnesium. Diuretics, which are commonly taken to treat high blood pressure, can also deplete these minerals in the body.
Muscle cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, some of which are as follows:
- Age. Because older persons lose muscular mass, the residual muscle is more susceptible to being overstressed
- Dehydration. Cramping is common in athletes who become weary and dehydrated when participating in warm-weather activities. Cramping is also common in pregnant women. Muscle cramps are also prevalent during pregnancy
- However, they are less severe. Medical conditions are listed below. It is possible that you will be more susceptible to muscular cramps if you have diabetes, or if you have nerve, liver, or thyroid diseases.
Cramping may be avoided by following these steps:
- Dehydration should be avoided. Drink enough of fluids on a daily basis. This varies depending on your diet, your gender, your level of exercise, the weather, your physical and mental well-being, your age, and the drugs you take. Fluids aid in the contraction and relaxation of your muscles, as well as keeping muscle cells hydrated and less irritable. Replace fluids at regular intervals while your exercise, and continue to drink water or other fluids after you’ve stopped
- Make sure to stretch your muscles. Stretching should be done before and after using any muscle for a lengthy amount of time. Stretching before bedtime might help if you suffer from leg cramps at night. Light activity, such as riding a stationary bicycle for a few minutes before night, may also be beneficial in preventing cramps while you’re sleeping
- For example,
3rd of March, 2021
- Muscle cramps are a painful condition. An acronym for the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Winkelman JW (accessed November 18, 2015)
- Winkelman JW. Leg cramps that occur during night. Muscle spasms, last accessed on November 18, 2015. Professional Edition of the Merck Manual. On November 18, 2015, I was able to access
Causes of Charley Horses: Symptoms and Treatment
15th of January, 2020 (updated) Charley horses, a painful muscle spasm in the leg or foot, can occur in people of all ages and walks of life, and they can be quite severe. Even worse, they can occur at any time of day or night, but it is usual to have muscular cramps when sleeping. There are specific habits and situations that have been associated with charley horses, and there are actions you may take to avoid them, despite the fact that they appear to develop randomly.
What Is a Charley Horse?
A charley horse is another name for a muscular spasm, which is a condition in which a muscle contracts and refuses to release. The muscles of the leg and foot are the most commonly affected by muscle spasms, which can occur in any muscle in the body. During a muscle spasm, the muscle becomes rigid and tight to the touch, and it may be sensitive to the touch after it has occurred. After the spasm has subsided, the muscle may be painful for several hours or even several days thereafter.
Charley Horse Causes
While there is no definitive reason for charley horses, there are various conditions that increase the likelihood of their occurrence, including:
- Overuse of the muscle: This is the most typical reason for muscular pain. Cramping or spasming can occur when a muscle is overworked, putting an additional demand on it. The loss of more water than your body is taking in, such as during exercise, might lead your body to become ill-equipped to perform its functions. It’s important to avoid exercising in extreme heat or cold conditions. Exercising in heat might make you more susceptible to dehydration, while exercising in cold weather may impair your body’s ability to warm up properly. Stress: When you are stressed, your muscles might get stiff, which can result in spasms. Cramping can be caused by poor blood flow or circulation. If not enough blood is getting to your muscles, this can result in cramping. Getting insufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals: Muscle spasms can be caused by a shortage of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium). Standing or sitting for an extended period of time without moving can cause blood flow to the muscles to be reduced or stopped entirely. This can also happen when you’re sleeping
- Nerves that are not working properly: Issues such as a spinal cord injury or a pinched nerve in the neck or back can cause signal interruption to the muscles. Among the drugs are: Diuretics (used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, and kidney disease), nicotinic acid and statins (used to treat high cholesterol), raloxifene (used to prevent osteoporosis), and nifedipine (used to treat angina and Raynaud’s phenomenon) are all examples of medications that can cause cramps. In pregnancy, the added weight of the mother-to-be can place an additional pressure on the leg muscles. As a result of liver illness, toxic substances might build up in your system, causing muscular spasms. Muscle cramps can be caused by bacterial illnesses such as tetanus.
Who Is at Risk?
The following groups are at risk for muscular cramps and spasms:
- Participants in athletic competitions
- Those who are overweight or obese
- Senior citizens
- Expectant mothers
- Individuals who have thyroid or nerve issues
How to Treat Charley Horses
Muscle spasms are usually self-resolving and do not require medical intervention. When they occur, you can attempt one of the following methods to assist alleviate the discomfort:
- Heat should be applied throughout the cramping period and ice should be applied when it has passed. Lie down with your leg straight, elevate your foot, and bend your ankle so that your toes point toward your shin if you have a calf cramp. As a result, the damaged muscles move in the opposite direction of the constricted muscles, therefore relieving the tension
- The muscle should be massaged
- Drink plenty of fluids. If the discomfort persists after applying heat and ice, anti-inflammatory medications should be used.
Prevention is the most effective therapy for charley horses. You may take efforts to avoid them by doing the following:
- Making sure you drink lots of water
- Stretching before and after exercise, as well as before bed if you get cramps at night Consuming meals that are high in magnesium, potassium, and calcium Putting on shoes that are comfy and supportive
- Changing the way you do your workouts
Stretches to avoid charley horses are recommended by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).
- Stretch your calf muscles by leaning forward with one leg in front of the other while holding both hands on a wall. Straighten your rear leg and press your heel firmly into the ground. Repeat on the other side. Your front knee will be bent at this point. Continue to hold for 15 to 30 seconds before switching to the other leg. Stretch your hamstrings by sitting tall and extending both legs straight in front of you while on the ground. Make a flat surface for your palms on the ground and glide them toward your ankles. Come to a complete stop when you feel the strain
- In order to maintain balance and support, hang onto the wall or the back of a chair for support and stability. Grab the bottom of your foot and bend your leg backward, bringing your heel toward your buttocks. Maintain this position for 30 seconds by pulling your heel closer to your mid-section. Repeat the process with the opposite leg.
When to See a Doctor
Charley horses can be the consequence of nerve abnormalities in some people, which can be detected with an MRI scan in others. In the event that you have regular muscle spasms, they might be a sign of an underlying health issue such as:
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease)
- Nerve damage
- Hardening of the arteries
- And other symptoms. Stenosis of the spine
- Thyroiditis is a disease of the thyroid gland. Infections
- Liver disease
Consult your doctor if your cramps include any of the following symptoms:
- They occur often
- Are really harsh
- Don’t expect home therapy to solve your problem. Last for a lengthy period of time
- Increase the likelihood that you may suffer edema, redness, or warmth in the affected region Muscle weakness is caused by this medication. The disease has spread to another portion of the body.
Shaun Eikenberry, MD, a primary care physician at Greater Pittsburgh Medical Associates-UPMC, advises patients who are suffering charley horses after taking a new drug to consult their doctor. “Charley horses can occasionally occur as a side effect of certain drugs that cause your electrolyte balance to shift. The most often prescribed drugs are diuretics (“water pills”), blood pressure meds, and heart medications.”
The National Library of Medicine of the United States Muscle cramps are a painful condition. Kevin C. Miller, PhD, ATC, CSCS, Marcus S. Stone, PhD, ATC, and Jeffrey E. Edwards, PhD, are the authors of this paper. Kevin C. Miller, PhD, ATC, CSCS Muscle cramps that occur as a result of exercise. Sports Medicine and Fitness. Muscle spasms, you’ve been defeated! The Harvard Health Publishing Company An acronym for the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Muscle cramps are a painful condition.
Leg cramps are a painful condition. This society is known as the North American Spine Society. Muscle spasms are a common problem. The National Library of Medicine of the United States Charley Horse is a fictional character created by author Charles Dickens. AARP. Pain Relief for the Charley Horse.
What is a Charley Horse and How Can I Ease My Muscle Cramp? – New England Baptist Hospital
A “Charley Horse” is another term for a muscular spasm, which is characterized by painful contractions of your muscles that last several seconds. Although they can occur in any muscle, they are most frequently seen in the legs. It is possible to develop a Charley horse due to a variety of factors such as muscular injury or tension, misuse or not stretching sufficiently, or even dehydration. Anyone can suffer a Charley horse, although the elderly and athletes are the ones who are most likely to do so.
Several variables, including not drinking enough water, having poor muscular fitness, and taking certain drugs, increase the likelihood of developing a Charley horse as individuals become older, according to the National Institute on Aging (NIA).
There are a few things you may do to alleviate the discomfort caused by your Charley horse.
It is also possible to reduce muscular tension by using an ice pack for 10-15 minutes after a vigorous workout session.
- To relieve the cramp, try walking about and keeping your legs moving for a few minutes or until the tightness subsides. While seated, maintain your constricted leg straight and extended in front of you, with your knee bent at 90 degrees. Point your toes upwards and reach towards that toe until you feel a gentle stretch in the back of your leg
- Point your toes upwards and reach towards that toe until you feel a gentle stretch in the back of your leg
- Ice packs should be applied to the cramping muscle for 10-15 minutes after being wrapped in a t-shirt or pillow case.
If you are suffering from muscular cramps on a frequent basis, consult your doctor for more information and treatment recommendations.
Skip to the main content How to get rid of a charley horse in the following ways: This is a condition that affects both athletic and inactive people. Amuscle cramps are excruciatingly painful, and if you’ve ever been awakened out of sleep by a searing ache in your leg that left you gasping for air, you understand how awful they can be. If you’ve never had the pleasure of riding a charley horse (also known as a Charlie Horse, depending on who you ask), consider yourself fortunate. In this post, we’ll go over four of the most effective strategies for dealing with or preventing muscular cramps.
What is a charley horse?
It is most commonly referred to as a “charley horse” because it is an involuntary reflex in which the neurons controlling a muscle (typically the calf muscle) misfire, causing the muscle to freeze and lock into a contracted posture. A charley horse can be quite painful, and it can leave you limping around for many days after it occurs. In addition to the calf muscles, the muscles in the soles of the feet can also cramp, which can be quite painful as well.
Cramps can develop in any region of the body if muscles are overworked and fatigued. For example, a drummer who performs outside during a summer event may get hand cramps after the performance. Here’s a fun piece on the subject: The Origins of the Expression “Charley Horse”
What causes muscle cramps?
There is substantial controversy in the scientific community regarding what causes a charley horse because they frequently occur in healthy persons and can strike at any time of day or night, seemingly for no discernible reason. Muscle cramps, for example, can occur in middle-aged and older adults, but they are also prevalent in athletes (such as long-distance runners and cyclists) and those who lead physically active lifestyles. Certain populations are known to be more susceptible than others, and certain circumstances are known to enhance the likelihood of contracting the disease.
People at Risk to Get a Charley Horse
Here is a brief list of the people who are most at risk of getting muscular cramps:
- Intense exercisers, those who are dehydrated, or people who utilize muscle power in hot conditions People who have specific medical diseases, such as nerve abnormalities, cirrhosis, an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), or who take certain drugs
- People who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant
- Women who walk around in high heels
- Those who are elderly
- Women who are pregnant
Significant hazards of low magnesium levels during pregnancy are discussed in another article. Cramping is common among long-distance runners and cyclists, as well as other persons who engage in frequent physical activity. Although it is possible that this is due to overuse, it is also possible that these individuals have electrolyte shortages or imbalances as a result of losing vital electrolytes through perspiration. Another risk related with acquiring a charley horse is dehydration, which, as you can expect, has an impact on athletes.
Women who wear high heels may develop muscular cramps as a result of the posture of their feet and legs in high heel shoes, which puts them in a cramp-prone position.
1. How to Get Rid of a Charley Horse – Maintain Electrolyte Balance
Mineral deficiencies or electrolyte imbalances, such as those resulting from lack or excess of magnesium, potassium, calcium, or sodium, are also known to increase the likelihood of contracting charley horse. Natural electrolytes are essential for life, health, and peak performance, according to a related article. A class of minerals known as electrolytes play a crucial role in the function of the muscles. Mineral imbalance, according to some studies, can impair blood flow to the muscles by allowing them to contract but not relax.
So, if you want to get rid of a charley horse or avoid getting one in the future, try adding electrolytes to your diet.
- The mineral potassium can impair the muscles’ capacity to utilise glycogen, a sugar that serves as the muscles’ primary source of energy when they are deficient in potassium. SODIUM: This is a vital electrolyte
- Nevertheless, the majority of individuals obtain adequate of it from their daily diet. Sodium should only be a dietary issue if your intake is insufficient or if you perspire excessively when working or participating in physical activity. If any of these two scenarios applies to you, replacing sodium should be considered
- Otherwise, it should not. Magnesium: Magnesium is a necessary element for muscular function, since it aids in the contraction and relaxation of muscles. Chloride is an electrolyte that helps your body balance the amount of fluid that is present in your system. Since of chloride’s involvement in maintaining fluid balance, it is particularly significant because dehydration can be a contributing reason to muscular cramps.
Visit this page to learn more about the elete electrolyte add-in, which contains all four of the electrolytes listed above and more.
2. Supplement with Magnesium
Researchers in the United Kingdom discovered a few years ago that supplementing with 300 mg of magnesium (in the form of magnesium citrate) decreased overnight or nocturnal leg cramps in people who suffered from chronic leg cramps. Potassium, like magnesium, is an electrolyte that may be found in your muscles. As a matter of fact, when your muscles contract, they cause potassium to be released into the surrounding tissue. A class of minerals known as electrolytes play a crucial role in the function of the muscles.
As previously said, muscle cramps are common among pregnant women, and it’s not surprising considering that expecting moms have a high requirement for magnesium, and a lack of magnesium is one of the most compelling explanations about why pregnant women have muscle cramps.
Both are necessary.
Given this, as well as the importance of magnesium in muscular function, it seems sense to begin by addressing the underlying cause of a charley horse by addressing magnesium deficiencies.
Many people have reported that when they take a magnesium supplement, their leg cramps disappear, as long as they remember to take it on a regular basis. Although it is possible that a deficit is not the root problem, this simple remedy may make all the difference.
3. Correct Dehydration
Maintaining enough fluid intake is a third preventative approach, which is particularly important if you sweat a lot in hot weather, exercise for lengthy periods of time, or work in hot settings. Dehydration can be life-threatening, but did you know that even slight dehydration can cause your blood volume to decrease, which, in turn, can lower the amount of oxygen delivered to your muscles? It is possible for muscles to go into spasm when the oxygen supply to the muscles is restricted. Make sure to drink lots of water throughout the day, with electrolytes thrown in for good measure.
However, you should not rely on traditional sports drinks to keep muscular cramps at bay.
By clicking here, you can purchase the elete Electrolyte add-in.
4. Stretch Properly
If a cramp does arise, try extending the muscles that are being cramped. Calves may be stretched by bringing your toes towards your knees while keeping the afflicted leg extended straight, for example, to alleviate calf cramps. After that, soak in a warm bath or take a hot shower (allowing the water to reach the afflicted area) to aid in the relaxation of the muscle. Third, gently massage the afflicted region, taking care not to apply too much pressure to the skin or muscles. Use an ice pack on the injured muscle to minimize the discomfort and swelling associated with the injury.
Finally, if you are experiencing persistent or severe leg cramps, you should consult your doctor.
Related article: Liquid trace minerals – How to Determine the Quality of a Mineral Supplement.
- Leg cramps in the middle of the night. Prevention Magazine has an electronic edition that may be accessed online. The Complete Book of Vitamins and Minerals is a reference book that has a comprehensive list of vitamins and minerals. New York, New York: Rodale Press, 1998, pp. 319-325
- C. Roffe, S. Sills, P. Crome, and P. Jones. It was determined that magnesium citrate was effective in treating chronic leg cramps in a randomized, cross-over, placebo controlled experiment. Med Sci Monit. 2002
- 8(5): CR326-30
- Med Sci Monit.
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Treatment Options for a Charley Horse Injury
When you have a muscular spasm in your leg that causes agonizing agony, you are experiencing a Charley horse syndrome. The muscle is stimulated by nerves from the spinal cord, which allows it to continue contracting. While you are in its grip, it might harden to the point where you are utterly incapacitated. It appears that there is nothing that can be done to encourage the muscle to relax until it makes the decision to do so on its own. The origins of the word Charley horse are obscure, however it appears to have originated in baseball.
In the event of an injury to a player, his teammates would refer to him as Charley the Horse.
An old baseball legend has it that one day, while jogging the bases, Old Hoss suffered a leg cramp. As the player hobbled near home plate, another player said, “What’s the matter, Charley Hoss?” another player questioned.
Causes of a Charley Horse
A Charley horse can arise as a result of a muscular injury or misuse of the muscles. As a result, it is critical to properly warm up and cool down before exercising. It is critical to stretch before and after a training session. It is also critical to keep hydrated during the process, including before, during, and after. Muscle spasms can occur as a result of a lack of essential minerals in the body. Potassium, calcium, and magnesium are essential minerals for the body’s function and health. Muscle cramps can occur when one of these substances is insufficiently present in the bloodstream.
Be aware of this if you are on diuretic medications.
Leg cramps might occur while you are wearing high heels.
As you grow older, your muscles become less accustomed to working as hard as they did when you were younger, and they do not respond as well as they did before.
Charley Horse Treatment
In the majority of cases, you can simply wait it out. After a few minutes, the discomfort disappears on its own. If you see that your muscle is beginning to spasm, stop whatever you are doing and massage the muscle. Slowly extend it and hold it stretched until the spasm begins to subside or disappear. You may also use heat to loosen up stiff muscles. A cold pack might help to alleviate the discomfort of a strained muscle. It is recommended that you consult a doctor if you experience regular muscular spasms or if they do not improve with self-care.
The presence of this symptom might indicate the presence of a dangerous medical problem.
Please contact us to book an appointment and let us to assist you in feeling better as soon as possible.
Muscle Cramp (Charley Horse) Treatment and Symptoms – Kansas Medical Center
- Anyone who has ever suffered from a muscle cramp (charley horse) will relate to the fact that it is a very uncomfortable sensation. Muscle cramps or spasms are caused by muscles contracting involuntarily and being unable to relax. Charlie horse is a word used to describe severe muscular cramps that occur in the legs, especially when they occur in the lower leg
- Cramping occurs most frequently in the skeletal muscles (those over which we have voluntary control). The skeletal muscles of the calf, thigh, and arch of the foot are the most commonly affected by cramps
- Nevertheless, cramps can occur everywhere in the body. Cramps can be regarded as little twitches or as painfully painful squeezing sensations. Cramping is often characterized by an instantaneous, acute discomfort in the implicated muscle. When a muscle cramps, it often feels harder to the touch than it should, and it may even exhibit obvious symptoms of twitching. The majority of cramps go on their own within a few seconds to minutes.
What causes a muscle cramp?
It is not understood what causes muscular cramps to develop in the first place. Inadequate stretching before exercise, exercising in the heat, and muscular exhaustion are all factors that may contribute to their occurrence and progression. Muscle cramps can also be caused by an imbalance in the amounts of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, and phosphate) in the blood. The onset of cramps might occur when you are resting, sleeping, exercising, or engaging in other regular activities.
When a season begins, athletes are most likely to have muscular cramps since their bodies have not yet reached peak conditioning.
How do I stop or prevent muscle cramps?
- Getting a muscular cramp when exercising is a common occurrence. One method is to pause your activity and keep the cramped muscle in a gently stretched posture until the cramp resolves itself. A cramp that arises when lying down may need you to perform the polar opposite: put weight on the leg that is cramping and walk. A little massage may (or may not) be beneficial in relieving the discomfort. In athletics, you may also help avoid future muscle cramps by constantly warming up and stretching thoroughly (particularly the muscular regions that are prone to cramping) before exercises and by staying hydrated while working out. Sports drinks, rather drinking water, may be more effective in preventing electrolyte imbalances, such as low sodium levels, during exercise (hyponatremia). In the event that you get frequent or exceptionally severe muscular cramps that do not appear to be connected with activity or that do not improve with stretching and massage, consult your physician. Muscle cramps in the legs that occur during exercise can be a symptom of a more serious condition known as intermittent claudication, which is characterized by impaired blood circulation in the legs. This product has been medically evaluated by John A. Daller, MD, American Board of Surgery, with speciality certification in surgical critical care. Please leave a comment
The Mysterious Pain of ‘Charley Horse’
1st of April, 2008 – Almost everyone has had some sort of encounter with it. You’re delightfully going off to sleep, your body completely relaxed and comfortable. Your calf is suddenly gripped by a painful spasm, as if your leg had just been stabbed with a butcher’s knife. Nightime leg cramps, also known as charley horses, are an annoying but frequent ailment that has us and our physicians scratching our heads in bemusement as to why the hell it happens and how we may stop it happening again in the near future.
One thing is certain: these cramps are excruciating.
Boggess, who added that the discomfort of having your uterus contract so forcefully “could be akin to that.” Nancy Gatlin, 77, of Winston-Salem, North Carolina, reports that she suffers from midnight cramps on a regular basis.
Despite the fact that Gatlin can perform splits, “it’s pretty unusual; it’s impossible to stretch out unless you can do splits,” he explained.
The vast majority of patients who visit doctors’ offices admit to having had a charley horse, when asked whether they have. In that case, shouldn’t a health issue that is so pervasive and agonizing be a thing of the past?
Doctor Neil Porter of the University of Maryland Medical Center’s Department of Clinical Neurology says that even for something as simple and common as migraines, it can be difficult to comprehend. “It is not something that will need extensive medical intervention. For a cramp, the question is how much research you are willing to have done about yourself. A muscle biopsy is not something that most people want to have done. If you ask them, they will answer “no way.”” Doctors don’t have a good explanation for why nighttime cramps occur because they are short-lived and relatively harmless; instead, they have a collection of educated guesses, according to Dr.
Electrolyte imbalances and dehydration are considered to be the root causes of cramps.
Exercise and sitting in certain positions for an extended period of time can also be harmful.
Cells Gone Haywire
In the end, experts believe that the many physical triggers are all responsible for the same thing. A number of important minerals — sodium, potassium, and calcium — all contribute to the contraction of muscles. It is possible for muscular contraction to be disrupted when the levels of one or more minerals are reduced or altered, for example, as a result of dehydration or excessive perspiration. Exactly what is going on in the muscle and nerve cells is a little more difficult to determine, according to the medical community.
- Doris K.
- The intense discomfort is caused by the continuous contraction.
- “The muscle becomes fatigued, it begins to ache, and you tell it to stop, but it’s doing it on its own – it’s not your idea, it’s an involuntary activity,” says the author.
- In addition, “older folks just have fewer reserves,” according to Cope.
- Javad Parvizi, an associate professor in the department of orthopedic surgery at Thomas Jefferson University, concurred with the statement made.
- Elderly folks have a more difficult time reestablishing the regular functioning of their bodies.
According to Porter, pregnant women’s unborn children are actively “sucking up calcium,” as well as other essential minerals, causing their bodies’ natural equilibrium to go out of whack, as a result of their pregnancy.
Soothing the Spasms
In the absence of a fail-safe remedy for charley horses, medical professionals provide a variety of preventative measures, including drinking lots of water, eating plenty of potassium, and stretching before to and after physical activity in order to reduce the likelihood of cramping at night. A charley horse is a painful condition that can be treated with massages, stretching, warm baths, and ice, among other things (although none are scientifically proven to work). Vitamin B12 supplements are available for those who choose to take their medication.
Quinine was widely prescribed as a cure for cramps until the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning about its potentially fatal cardiac adverse effects.
John Spangler, professor of family medicine at Wake Forest University School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, is a “last option.” The advantages must outweigh the dangers, in my opinion, and I must be convinced of this.
It is precisely this mentality that will ensure that this physiological event remains a mystery for some time to come.
According to Parvizi, “I think it’s probably simply a result of the way we’ve been put together.” “There isn’t a solid purpose for it, and it isn’t likely to produce any long-term consequences.” Besides, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t be considered for it.” The reality is that this is something that has to be accepted as part of life and accepted as something that must be accepted as part of one’s existence.”