What Are Horse Races Called? (Solution)

There are four primary kinds of horse races, flat racing, steeplechasing, harness racing, and endurance racing. Flat racing competes over a course without obstacles, while steeplechasing includes jumps over obstacles, horses pull a cart in harness races, and endurance races cover extreme distances.

What kind of horse never wins a race?

  • New York Times – May 19,1990
  • New York Times – Nov. 22,1983
  • New York Times – Jan. 15,1978

What is another name for horse racing?

In this page you can discover 7 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for horse-race, like: race, sport of kings, kentucky derby, derby, Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes and grand-national.

What is horse racing place called?

In most English-speaking countries they are called ” racecourses “; the United States and some parts of Canada use “racetracks” (some parts of Canada also use “raceway”). In many non-English speaking countries the term used is “hippodrome”.

What is the famous horse race called?

Derby (horse race)

What horse has this race?

to be personally involved in or affected by something: It’s probably going to bring a lot of people out to the election because everyone will have a horse in the race.

What is horse racing called in Australia?

The two forms of Thoroughbred horseracing in Australia are flat racing, and races over fences or hurdles in Victoria and South Australia.

What starts a horse race?

On race days, an assistant starter is assigned to each horse and enters the starting gate with them to make sure that the jockey is secure, the horse’s feet are planted, and the horse’s head is pointed straight when the gates open. Horses may also be blanketed, blindfolded, or led in with the front gates open.

What is flat horse racing called?

National Hunt Flat races – commonly known as bumpers, these are for horses bred for jump racing. No obstacles are jumped and the races are seen as a building block to a future career over hurdles or fences.

What is a sulky race?

Horse racing with a two-wheeled cart (a “sulky”) is called harness racing. The racing horses are either trotters or pacers, depending on their gait. Harness racing is a global sport but is most prevalent in New Zealand, Australia, North America, and Europe.

What are the 3 horse races called?

Triple Crown, in American horse racing, championship attributed to a three-year-old Thoroughbred that in a single season wins the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes.

What are the 5 Classic horse races?

English Classics, in horse racing, five of the oldest and most important English horse races. They are the Derby, the Oaks, the One Thousand Guineas, the Saint Leger, and the Two Thousand Guineas (qq. v.).

How many races are in a horse race?

Today’s racehorses run an average of seven races per year. The chart at the top of this post is from the Jockey club, the governing body of Thoroughbred racing.

Where are the 3 major horse races?

United States Triple Crowns. In the United States, the three races that make up the Triple Crown are: Kentucky Derby, run over the 11⁄4-mile (2.0 km) dirt track at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. Preakness Stakes, run over the 13⁄16-mile (1.9 km) dirt track at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland.

What is secretariat bloodline?

Secretariat is outcrossed through five generations. He is a full brother to 1967 Selima Stakes winner Syrian Sea, dam of Grade 2 winner Alada (by Riva Ridge) and third dam of 1992 American champion 3-year-old filly Saratoga Dew.

Are there international horse races?

Indulge in long-standing traditions, and place your bets at these legendary horse races around the world, including the Triple Crown races and international favorites like the Dubai World Cup and the Royal Ascot.

Derby (horse race) – Wikipedia

Aderby (pronounced DAR -bee, DUR -bee) is a type of horse race named after the Derby Stakes, which is held at Epsom Downs Racecourse in England every year in April. The Derby was named after Edward Smith-Stanley, the 12th Earl of Derby, who was responsible for the race’s inception in 1780. The Kentucky Derby in the United States is perhaps the most well-known example of this after the original. Traditionally, the term “derby” has been used to describe to events that are only open to three-year-old horses, such as the English and United States Triple Crown races.

The Hong Kong Derby and Singapore Derby are also notable exceptions to this rule.

The Finnhorse Derby, on the other hand, is only open to horses under the age of five.

Name Place Distance Restrictions First race Day Notes
American Derby Arlington Park,Arlington Heights, Illinois,USA 1 +3 ⁄ 16miles (1900 m) 1884
Australian Derby(also known as AJC Derby) Randwick Racecourse,Sydney 2400 metres (1.5 miles) 3 yr olds 1861 Late March or early April
Bangalore Derby 2,400 metres 4 yr oldsup
Epsom Derby(also known asThe Derby,Derby Stakesand theEnglish Derby) Epsom Downs Racecourse, England 1 mile, 4furlongsand 10 yards (2423 metres) 3 yr olds colts and fillies 1780 1st Saturday in June
French Derby(more often known asPrix du Jockey Club) Chantilly Racecourse 2100 metres (1.30 miles; 10.44 furlongs) 3 yr olds colts and fillies 1836 Early June
German Derby(Deutsches Derby) Horner Rennbahn,Hamburg 2,400 metres (1.5 miles) 3 yr olds colts and fillies 1869 Early July
Hong Kong Derby Sha Tin Racecourse 2,000 metres 4 yr olds 1873 mid March
Hungarian Derby(Magyar Derby) Kincsem Park,Budapest 2,400 metres 3 yr olds 1921 Early July
Italian Derby(Derby Italiano) Capannelle Racecourse 2200 1884
Indian Derby Mahalaxmi Racecourse,Mumbai,Maharashtra,India 2,400 metres 4 yr olds 1943 1st Sunday in Feb.
Irish Derby The Curragh,County Kildare,Ireland 1 +1 ⁄ 2miles (2.4 km) 3 yr olds 1866 Last Sunday in June
Kentucky Derby Churchill Downs,Louisville, Kentucky,USA 1 +1 ⁄ 4miles (2 km) 3 yr olds 1875 1st Saturday in May
New Zealand Derby Ellerslie Racecourse,Auckland 2400 metres (1.5 miles; 12 furlongs) 3yr olds 1860 1st Saturday in March
Queensland Derby Eagle Farm Racecourse, Brisbane 2400 metres (1.5 miles; 12 furlongs) 3yr olds 1868 June
Singapore Derby Kranji Racecourse 1,800 metres 4 yr olds 1880 Mid July
Swedish Trotting Derby(Svenskt Travderby) JägersroRacetrack,Malmö 2640 metres (1.64 mi; 13.12 furlongs) 4yr olds 1928 1st Sunday in September
Tokyo YushunJapanese Derby Tokyo Racecourse 2,400 metres 3 yr olds colts and fillies 1932 late May or Early June Currently the richest Derby.
Victoria Derby Flemington Racecourse 2,500 metres 3 yr olds 1855
WATC Derby Ascot Racecourse, Perth 2,400 metres 3yr olds 1888 New Years Day or nearby Saturday
  1. The location has changed
  2. The distance has changed
  3. The time has changed. Prior to 1995, the first Wednesday in June
  4. The current date of the race. Despite the fact that the dates have changed over time, they have always been in late June or early July.
  • Classic races in the United States
  • Classic races in the United Kingdom
  • Classic races in France
  • Thoroughbred horse racing
  • Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing


  • “Derby getting bigger and better”, The Hindu (11 July 2010)
  • Freeman, Morton S. (1997),”A new dictionary of eponyms” (Illustrated ed.), Oxford University Press US, ISBN0-19-509354-2
  • Reeves, Richard Stone (1997),”Crown jewels of thoroughbred racing: original paintings” (Illustrated ed.), Eclipse Press, ISBN0-939049-90-2
  • Schreifer, Kirk
  • S

horse racing

Horse racing is a sport in which horses are driven at high speeds, usually by thoroughbreds with a rider astride or by Standardbreds pulling a conveyance with a driver. Racing on the flat and harness racing are the terms used to describe these two types of competitions. Jumping is required in several flat events, such as the steeplechase, the point-to-point, and the hurdle races. The scope of this article is limited to Thoroughbred horse racing on the flat without the use of jumping. Races on the flat involving horses other than Thoroughbreds are covered in detail under the article quarter-horse racing (in English).

  1. From the documentaryHorse Power: The National Museum of Racing, a debate about the museum at the racecourse in Saratoga Springs, New York, is shown.
  2. Horse racing is one of the most ancient of all sports, and its fundamental principle has remained essentially unchanged over the years in its various forms.
  3. Horse racing has evolved from a pastime for the leisure class to a massive public-entertainment industry in the contemporary period.
  4. Quiz on the Encyclopedia Britannica Throughout history, there have been several sporting firsts.

Quiz When was the first Boston Marathon held, and what year was it? What about the year in which the first Super Bowl was held, in which case This quiz will evaluate your abilities in relation to sports first throughout history. To begin, press “start.”

Early history

The first horse race was lost to history, and no one knows when it took place. Racing in four-hitch chariots and on horses (bareback) were both featured events in the Greek Olympic Games during the period 700–40bce. Horse racing, both of chariots and mounted riders, was a popular form of public entertainment in the Roman Empire, and it was well-organized. Although the history of organized racing in other ancient civilizations is not well documented, it is believed to have existed. It is likely that organized racing originated in nations like as China, Persia, Arabia, and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa, where horsemanship had already grown to a high level.

Europeans were familiar with these horses during the Crusades (11th–13th centuries CE), and they carried those horses back with them after their return.

Richard the Lionheart’s reign (1189–99), the first documented racing purse of £40 was awarded for a race ran over a 3-mile (4.8-kilometer) track with knights as riders during the reign of Richard the Lionheart.

In the 17th century, King James I of England sponsored assemblies around the country.

Organized racing

Charles II (reigned 1660–85) was known as “the father of the English turf” since he was the one who established the King’s Plates, horse races in which rewards were presented to the victorious horses. His papers for these races were the first national racing regulations to be published in the United States. The horses in the event were six years old and weighed 168 pounds (76 kg), and the winner was determined by being the first to win two 4-mile (6.4-kilometer) heats in the same day. The sponsorship of Charles II helped to establish Newmarket as the center of English horseracing history.

It was common during the reign of Louis XIV (1643–1715) to see horse racing centered on gambling.

The British takeover of New Amsterdam (now New York City) in 1664 marked the beginning of organized racing in North America.

For much of its history, and up to the Civil War, the American Thoroughbred was characterized by stamina rather than speed as the hallmark of greatness. Following the Civil War, speed became the ultimate aim, with the British system serving as the model.

Match races

The first races were match races between two or at most three horses, with the prize, or a simple wager, being provided by the owners. An owner who withdrew frequently forfeited half of his or her purse, and eventually the whole purse, and bets were subject to the same “play or pay” regulation as well. Agreements were recorded by impartial third parties, who were known as the keepers of the match book since they were the only ones who knew what was going on. TheRacing Calendar was first published in 1729 by John Cheny, a keeper at Newmarket in England, as a compilation of match books from various racing centers.

Open field racing

Because of the increased desire for more public racing, open races with larger fields of runners began to emerge by the mid-18th century. The age, gender, birthplace, and prior performance of horses, as well as the credentials of riders, were taken into consideration while developing eligibility standards. Races were formed in which the horses’ owners served as the riders (gentlemen riders), in which the field was geographically confined to a township or county, and in which only horses who had not won more than a specific amount of money were allowed to compete.

Riders (in England, jockeys—if they were professionals—from the second half of the 17th century and later in French racing) were named in contemporary records, although their identities were not initially formally recorded.

Because races were divided into four-mile heats, with just the winning of two heats necessary for victory, the individual rider’s judgment and talent were not as important as they were in other types of races.

Bloodlines and studbooks

Thoroughbred horses compete in all types of horse racing on the flat, with the exception of quarter horse racing. A mixing of Arab, Turk, and Barb horses, as well as local English blood, resulted in the development of Thoroughbreds. Despite the fact that private studbooks had existed since the early 17th century, they were not always dependable. Weatherby publishedAn Introduction to a General Stud Book in 1791, with the pedigrees based on earlierRacing Calendars and sales documents, and the book was a success.

It is said that all Thoroughbreds are descended from three “Oriental” stallions (theDarley Arabian, theGodolphin Barb, and theByerly Turk, all of whom were imported to Great Britain between 1690 and 1730) and 43 “royal” mares (those imported by Charles II).

In France, the Stud Book Française (which first appeared in 1838) initially included two classifications:Orientale (Arab, Turk, and Barb) andAnglais (mixtures based on the English pattern), but these were later reduced to a single class,chevaux de pur sang Anglais (literally, “horses of pure English blood”), which was later reduced to one class,chevaux de pur sang Anglais.

When the Jersey Act, approved by the English Jockey Club in 1913, was passed, it effectively disqualified many Thoroughbred horses that were bred outside of England or Ireland, the long-standing reciprocity between studbooks of various countries came to an end.

After a series of victories in prominent English races by French horses with “tainted” American ancestry in the 1940s, the Jersey Act was repealed in 1949, effectively ending the practice.

Evolution of races

A horse had to win two heats to be declared the winner of the first King’s Plate, which was held in standardized conditions for six-year-old horses weighing 168 pounds over four miles. Five-year-olds weighing 140 pounds (63.5 kg) and four-year-olds weighing 126 pounds (57 kg) were permitted to the King’s Plates beginning in 1751, and heats were lowered to two miles starting in 1752. (3.2 km). It was thus well established by then that other races for four-year-olds were held, and a race for three-year-olds carrying 112 pounds (51 kg) in one 3-mile (4.8-kilometer) heat was held in 1731.

By that time, heat racing had long ago been supplanted in Europe by dash racing, which is defined as any race decided by only one heat, regardless of the distance traveled.

Horse Racing Terminology

A wager on a single horse to win, place, and show is placed across the board. a non-claiming race in which the racing secretary sets weight allowances based on prior purse earnings and/or the sorts of victories obtained by the horses. Also Eligible horses, sometimes known as “AE” horses, are horses who have been entered into the field but will not race until other horses are scratched. Apprentice jockey: A student jockey who will be given a weight allowance of varied degrees based on his or her level of experience in the horse racing industry.

  • Race for two-year-old horses, especially early in the season, known as a “baby race.” A horse’s eyesight is limited with blinkers, which are typically used to assist the horse concentrate on running and to eliminate distractions when out in the field.
  • Breeze: A word that is commonly used to describe a session in which a horse is readily running under a hold without the need for encouragement from the rider or trainer.
  • A broodmare is a female thoroughbred who is bred for the purpose of producing offspring.
  • A broodmare sire is a male horse that produces female offspring that are utilized for breeding purposes.
  • Bull Ring: A short circuit with an oval that is often less than one mile in length and, as a result, features very tight corners.
  • Consider the following scenario: A player purchases a Daily Double ticket for the 1 stand 2ndrace that is 8 with ALL.
  • Carryover: Usually refers to money remaining in the parimutuel pool for a Pick Six wager when a sequence fails to produce a single player who selects all of the wins.

Pick Six pools can become quite big as a result of several carryovers.

Clocker: A person who keeps track of the time and/or rating of exercises.

To condition a horse for training purposes a description of the conditions under which a race will be held, such as the surface, distance, purse, and eligibility requirements.

For example, a player who wins five out of six races in the Pick 6 would often get a small consolation prize for their efforts.

With a single ticket, the player attempts to predict the winner of two consecutive races, which is known as a Daily Double.

Dark: A day on which a racetrack does not host any live racing action.

A route race or a race run around two turns is a race that covers a significant amount of ground.

A horse that has been hauled up or halted before to finishing the race is known as an eased horse.

Fast Track: A dirt track that is dry and firm is given a high rating.

Fire Sale: A horse’s claiming price is drastically reduced in the event of a fire.

Form: The present physical condition of a horse; it may also apply to the newspaper The Daily Racing Form.

Front Runner: A horse that prefers to run on or near the leading edge of the field.

A gelding is a male horse that has been castrated.

Dirt courses are often graded as Fast, Good, Muddy, or Sloppy according on their speed.

a stakes event that has been awarded a grade (I, II, or III) by the American Graded Stakes Committee based on its relative strength when compared to all other races in the same division This is the most prestigious type of racing.

Horses that are half sisters or brothers but have different dams are not considered half sisters or brothers under the breed standard.

A moderately intense exercise in which the jockey drives the horse on but does not use the whip is conveniently described as follows: Handle: The total amount of money wagered on a single race or over the course of an entire day.

The jockey did not lash a horse that was merely being ridden by the hand.

Horse:In technical terms, a “horse” is a male horse that is five years old or older.

In my possession: a horse that is being restrained.

When it comes to winning money, finishing in the top four often qualifies the owner to a portion of the prize money.

Irons:Stirrups A jockey agent is a person who arranges rides for a rider’s benefit.

The appearance of Eagles: A horse with a self-assured expression.

When a horse bears (drifts) in during a stretch run, it is typically an indication that the horse is fatigued and has to be restrained.

A marathon is a race that is more than 1 14 miles in length.

A race that is longer than seven furlongs but shorter than 1 1/8 mile is referred to as a middle distance race.

Minus The pool becomes insufficient when the track take to pay the holders of the winning tickets the required minimum odds when a large amount of money is bet on a single horse and the pool becomes insufficient.

The odds established by the track prior to the beginning of the pools are referred to as the morning line odds.

The Oaks is a stakes event for three-year-old fillies that takes place on the first Saturday in November.

Odds: The likelihood of a horse winning a certain race depending on the amount of money wagered on it by the general public through pari-mutuel gambling. The following are the rewards for a $2 bet with the associated odds for each bet:

Odds $2 Payout Odds $2 Payout Odds $2 Payout
1-9 $2.10 3-2 $5.00 5-1 $12.00
1-5 $2.40 8-5 $5.20 6-1 $14.00
2-5 $2.80 9-5 $5.60 8-1 $18.00
1-2 $3.00 2-1 $6.00 10-1 $22.00
3-5 $3.20 5-2 $7.00 12-1 $26.00
4-5 $3.60 3-1 $8.00 15-1 $32.00
Even $4.00 7-2 $9.00 20-1 $42.00
6-5 $4.40 4-1 $10.00 30-1 $62.00
7-5 $4.80 9-2 $11.00 50-1 $102.00

The tote board, which is normally located in the infield, is known as the odds board. A horse that does not finish in the money gets taken off the board. A horse that is lagging behind the leaders in the early stages of a race is known as an off the pace horse. In contrast to fast (dirt) and firm (turf/grass), an off-track racing surface is any surface other than fast (dirt). a race in which the horses in the field may or may not be entered for a claiming price is known as an optional claiming race.

  • A horse would be termed a “overlay” if, for example, a player determines that horse A has 4/1 chances of winning while the current odds at the track have the horse at 10/1 odds of winning.
  • Pace refers to the speed at which the leaders are moving at each stage of the race.
  • Choose 3 (or 4, 5, 6, etc.): An unusual wager in which the gambler is required to pick the winner of three consecutive horse races.
  • A quarter crack is an injury to a horse’s foot that occurs in the quarters.
  • Rank:A horse who refuses to be rated early in the race is given this designation.
  • School: To train a horse in a controlled environment, such as a starting gate or a paddock.
  • To prevent a horse from leaping shadows, it is necessary to wrap a roll of fabric around his snout in order to limit his vision of the ground.

A horse that has traveled from one track to another in order to compete in a race is known as a shipper.

Sprint: A short race lasting little more than seven furlongs.

A wager in which the player attempts to predict the order in which the first four finishers in a race will cross the finish line.

Claim a price with this tag.

Each pool has money taken out for track revenue and taxes, which is removed from the total amount.

Trip: The path traveled by a horse and rider during the running of a race, as well as the “trouble” that they meet along the way There were no unexpected difficulties for a horse that had a “nice voyage.” Racing wide or getting boxed in by other horses are examples of what is referred to as a “poor trip.” Turf course: A course with grass as its surface.

Under wraps: A horse in which the rider is purposely slowing it down and preventing it from reaching peak speed. A frightened horse that is sweating is described as “washed out.”

Glossary of Horse Racing Terms



A Thoroughbred racing saddle, which weighs less than two pounds, is the lightest type of saddle that may be utilized. Saddle cloth: A cotton fabric that is placed beneath the saddle to absorb sweat. It normally has the horse’s program number on it, and in significant races, it may also have her name on it. A saddle pad is a piece of felt, sheepskin, or, more often, foam rubber that serves as the foundation for the saddle. Seeheel crack is a kind of sand fracture. a saucer fracture (also known as a stress fracture) is a stress fracture of the front of the cannon bone that may be straight or curved.

  1. Scale of weights: A set of fixed weights that must be carried by horses based on their age, gender, race distance, and time of year, among other factors.
  2. In addition, a horse can be educated in the paddock.
  3. A list of horses eligible to be schooled at the starting gate before being allowed to run is known as a “schooling list.” Scintigraphy is a procedure in which radiolabeled technetium is administered intravenously into a horse, allowing it to be imaged.
  4. It is particularly effective for diagnosing inflammation in the musculoskeletal system since it may be used to pinpoint the location of the inflammation.
  5. To be scratched from a race before it has even begun is to be disqualified.
  6. An animal’s skin can be scratched by a veterinarian at any moment.
  7. In the case that a jockey’s first ride is scratched from a race, a second call is used to describe his alternative mount.

Agranddam is a term used to refer to a grandmother.

The portion of the hoof that includes nerves and blood vessels is referred to as the sensitive laminae.

Areapical (along the top of the bone), abaxial (on the side of the sesamoid away from the ankle joint), mid-body (the sesamoid is fractured in half) and basilar (through the bottom) fractures are the most frequent sesamoid fractures.

Fractures can be as tiny as a chip of bone or as extensive as the complete bone.

Sesamoiditis is defined as inflammation of the sesamoid bones of the foot.

(“The jockey was suspended for five days for irresponsible riding.”) In the saddle, when a jockey lowers his or her body to encourage the horse to gain pace, this is known as a lower crouch.

Female horses (fillies and mares) are permitted to carry three to five pounds less weight when competing against male horses, depending on their age and the time of year.

A shank is a rope or strap that is fastened to a halter or bridle and is used to lead a horse.

a handicapping technique that assigns a numerical rating to each race a horse competes in that allows different horses competing at various racetracks to be objectively compared The shoe boil is a scabbed elbow.

The shoulder is a joint formed by the scapula and the humerus that is placed near the base of the neck.

The more “laid back” the shoulder is, the further out the forelegs can reach, producing an even, rhythmic motion.

show: Third position at the finish.

shut off: Unable to improve position due to being surrounded by other horses.

(e.g., yellow for post position one, blue for two, etc.).

Named for the horse, Silky Sullivan, who once made up 41 lengths to win a race.

simulcast: A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering.

2)Verb,To beget foals.

Most often seen in the third carpal bone of the knee.

sloppy (track): A racing strip that is saturated with water; with standing water visible.

snaffle bit: Seebit.

socks: Solid white markings extending from the top of the hoof to the ankles.

Horses sink very deeply into it.

sophomores: Three-year-old horses.

spavin: Seebog and bone spavin.

SeeBeyer number.

spiral (fracture): Fracture that spirals around bone.

Tests may include saliva, urine and/or blood.

Also used as a generic term for an exhausted horse.

2) The condition wherecalcificationoccurs on the splint bone causing a bump.

A common injury is apopped splint,seeperiostitis.

stakes: A race for which the owner usually must pay a fee to run a horse.

Some stakes races are by invitation and require no payment or fee.

stakes horse: A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.

stallion season: The right to breed one mare to a particular stallion during one breeding season.

stall walker: Horse who moves about its stall constantly and frets rather than rests.

star: 1) Any of a number of white markings on the forehead.

starter: 1) An official responsible for ensuring a fair start to the race, the starter supervises the loading of horses into the starting gate through a gate crew.

2) A horse who is in the starting gate when the race begins, whether s/he runs or not.

starting gate: Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the stalls’ confined front doors to begin the race.

stayer: A horse who can race long distances.

steeplechase: A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course.

step up: A horse moving up in class to meet better competition.

stick: A jockey’s whip.

stifle: The large joint above the hock which is made up by thefemur, thepatellaand thetibia.

They can be raised or lowered depending on the jockey’s preference.

stockings: Solid white markings extending from the top of the hoof to the knee or hock.

Usually seen in the front of the cannon bone as a severe form of bucked shins.

(home) stretch: Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish.

stretch runner: Horse who runs her/his fastest nearing the finish of a race.

stride: Manner ofgoing.

stripe: A white marking running down a horse’s face, starting under an imaginary line connecting the tops of the eyes.

2) A breeding farm.

Use lower case when describing a generic stud book, all words, including “The,” are capitalized when describing “The American Stud Book.” subscription: Fee paid by owner to nominate a horse for a stakes race or to maintain eligibility for a stakes race.

suckling: A foal in its first year of life, while it is still nursing.

superficial flexor tendon: Present in all four legs, but injuries most commonly affect the front legs.

The function is to flex the digit (pastern) and knee (carpus) and to extend the elbow on the front leg and extend the hock on the rear leg.

superior check ligament: Fibrous band of tissue that originates above the knee and attaches to the superficial flexor tendon.

Accessory ligament of the superficial flexor tendon.

The lower portion of the ligament attaches the lower part of the sesamoid bones to thepasternbones.

The lower ligaments that attaches the sesamoid bone to the pastern bones are the distalsesamoidean ligaments.


synchronous diaphragmatic flutter: A contraction of the diaphragm in synchrony with the heart beat after strenuous exercise.

Most commonly seen inelectrolyte -depleted/exhausted horses.

synovial fluid: Lubricating fluid contained within a joint, tendon sheath or bursa.

synovial sheath: The inner lining of a tendon sheath that produces synovial fluid. Allows ease of motion for the tendons as they cross joints. synovitis: Inflammation of a synovial structure, typically a synovial sheath. ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Glossary of Horse Racing Terms



P3 stands for thirdphalanx. Seecoffin bone for further information. The horse that is in the lead is referred to as the pacesetter (on the lead). Seetoe-in with your paddle. In the paddock, horses are saddled and paraded before being led onto the course. Another type of paddock is one that is enclosed on a farm and where horses may run, eat grass, and enjoy the companionship of other horses. a person in charge of the paddock and the saddling procedure Paint is a counter-irritant that is used to enhance blood supply and blood flow in the leg, as well as to aid healing.

From the knee down, the rear of the front limb is referred to as the palmer.

pari-mutuel(s): A kind of wagering that was invented in 1865 by the Frenchman Pierre Oller in which all money staked is shared among those who hold winning tickets after deductions for taxes, takeout, and other expenses are taken into consideration In his systemparier mutuel, Oller used the words “mutual stake” and “betting among ourselves” to describe it.

  1. In a multi-race bet, all gains are subsequently risked on each successive race, resulting in the term “parlay.” A horse with a severe overbite is referred to as a parrot mouth.
  2. The International Cataloguing Standards Book is published by the Jockey Club Information Systems on an annual basis.
  3. The seewheel is a pasteboard track, which provides a lightning-fast racing surface.
  4. The pasterns (bones) are: The region between the fetlock joint and the hoof is referred to as the fetlock joint area.
  5. Alternatively, it can be used to identify a specific long pastern bone or to designate a specific portion of the limb.
  6. Judge(s) for the patrol: officials who monitor the progress of a race from vantage points located throughout the track Seegroup race for more information.
  7. Seeexacta for an example of perfecta.

When it comes to periostitis of the cannon bone, it is known as bucking shins, and when it comes to periostitis of the splint bone, it is known as asplint.

phenylbutazolidan: phenylbutazone: See’bute.

Finishing with a picture finish means that the outcome was so close that it was necessary to employ the finish-line camera to establish which finishers came in first.

The growth plate at the end of long bones (such as the cannon bone) is responsible for allowing the bone to expand in length.

Pick Three (sometimes known as the “Daily Triple”), Pick Six, and Pick Nine are all popular choices.

A horse who has been pushed back owing to racing in close quarters is known as a squeezed back.

An individual who purchases a racehorse with the explicit goal of conditioning, training, and re-selling her/him at a profit is referred to as a pinhooker.

At the final line, I was in second place.

In a race, a placement judge is an official who determines the order in which competitors finish.

The plantar ligament is a big ligament that runs from below and below the hock joint to the heel bone.

Generally speaking, it is less valuable than acup.

plater: 1) A horse that is claiming to be a claimant.

When there are horses ahead of you and beside you, you are in the pocket in a race.

The sites change depending on how far the race takes you.

When it comes to the quarter pole, it is a quarter of a mile from the finish line, not from the starting line.

pony is a noun that means a horse.

It is possible to hire retired Thoroughbreds to serve as lead ponies at racetracks.

As well as that, a horse or pony that is used to accompany a starter to the starting gate.

Seemutuel pool is the name of the pool.

post: 2) Adjectival, the beginning place of a competition.

(“In 14 starts, he’s racked up a total of 10 victories.”) posterior: Located behind or toward the back of a building.

Post position refers to the location of a horse’s stall in the starting gate from where the race will begin.

Horses on the preferred list are those who have already earned the right to start in a race, generally because they have previously entered races that did not fill with the required number of starts.

When a horse suddenly stops moving by digging her or his front hooves into the ground, this is referred as as the horseprops.

One whose services are not solely retained by a single stable and who accepts horses from a variety of owners is referred to as a public trainer.

Pull up: To bring a horse to a halt or slow it down during or after a race or training.

In horse racing, the purse is the total amount of money awarded after a race to the owners of the horses who have finished in the (typically) first four or five positions. Some racing jurisdictions may disburse purse money through third-party organizations. ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Horse Racing Terms

Racing Term Description Abandoned The status of a race or racecourse described as closed, usually as a result of bad weather. Age The age of a horse. All-weather A synthetic racing surface usually made from sand, which generally is not affected by the weather. Allowance The deduction in the weight a horse must carry.

This can be a result of the age or the gender of the horse or the type of jockey (amateur). Ante-post A bet placed in advance of the final declarations of a race.

Traditionally an integral part of the racing experience, bookmakers with names like Jolly Joe, loud check jackets, and voices like foghorns used to shout the odds and hand our colourful cards as receipts.

Blinkers are designed to help horses concentrate in races. Bloodstock A term used to describe the part of the racing industry which deals with racehorse breeding, be it at the sales, stud farms or elsewhere. Boxed in When a horse cannot obtain a clear run during a race due to other horses being in close proximiity. Breeze-up A sale in which unraced two-year-olds are ridden, galloped or ‘breezed’ along the racecourse.

Most of the horses have been purchased as yearlings, and are then broken in and ridden in preparation for them galloping at the sale. Bridle A piece of tack that fits over a horse’s head and to which the bit and reins are attached. Broodmare A mare (female horse) at stud who is kept with the aim of producing a foal. Brought down Used to describe a horse who falls because of another horse, rather than falling independently. Bumper Also known as a National Hunt Flat race, and usually run over two miles without any obstacles.

Commonly used as a way to give horses race experience before tackling hurdles and fences. Chase A race run over fences. Cheekpieces A form of headgear which consists of pieces of sheepskin placed on either side of the bridle and performs a similar job as blinkers in helping the horse to concentrate. Claimer A jockey who takes weight off a horse to compensate for their relative inexperience as a rider.

Their claim is reduced the more winners they have. Classic Grade 1 contests confined to three-year-olds only in Britain.

A colt older than four is referred to as an entire or horse (if still racing) or stallion (if at stud). Connections A term often used in place of a horse’s owners and trainer. Dam Mother of a horse. Dead-heat When the raceday judge cannot split two or more horses at the finishing-line, the prize is split between the horses and a dead-heat is called. Declared A formal notification from a trainer that notifies the racing authorities they intend to run a horse in a certain race.

Horses are commonly declared at either the 24-hour or 48-hour stage prior to a race. Draw A term in Flat racing denoting a horse’s position in the starting stalls. Fences The type of obstacle jumped during chase races.

The form may also include some letters, for example F denoting a fall. Furlong An imperial unit of distance measurement in horseracing.

Trainers have access to either their own private gallops or public gallops. Gelding A horse who has been castrated, often to improve its temperament. Going The underfoot conditions at the racecourse. GoingStick A device used to measure the underfoot conditions at the racecourse. Graded race The highest quality of race.

Grade or Group 1 races are the highest quality, with Grade 2 and Grade 3 races a slightly lower quality. Hacked up A phrase used to describe a horse who has won comfortably. Handicap A type of race in which horses carry different weights depending on their overall rating, which is determined by the handicapper. Handicapper An official who assesses how horses should be rated, based on their previous performances. Hood Another type of headgear fitted over the horse’s head to cover its ears and muffle the noise of a raceday. Hurdles The obstacles jumped during a hurdle race.

  • They are smaller than fences and therefore take less jumping.
  • One of two racing codes, the other being Flat.
  • A short head is the smallest winning margin. Non-runner A horse withdrawn from a race for which it had been declared. Noseband A strap that goes over a horse’s nose to secure the birdle.
  • Can have age specific conditions, particularly on the Flat. Nursery A handicap race for two-year-old horses. Odds The chance offered for a selection to win.
  • Often referred to as the parade ring. Parade ring The area of a racecourse where horses are paraded before each race.
  • A photo can also help determine the placings behind the winner. Pulled up A horse who is brought to a halt during a race by its jockey. Pulling A horse who is keen during a race and wants to go faster than its jockey is allowing.
  • The panel is advised by the stewards. Stud An establishment set up for breeding of horses.

There is a staying chasers Triple Crown for jumps horses consisting of the Betfair Chase, the King George VI Chase and the Gold Cup. Turn of foot A term to describe marked exceleration during a race. Under starter’s orders Before a race, the starter brings the field of horses into order to prepare them for the start of the race. Undulating A track that does not have a flat terrain.

Cheltenham is often referred to as an undulating track. Visor A type of headgear, much the same as blinkers, which limits a horse’s rearward vision to aid concentration.

To ensure it does, all jockeys must weight out both before and after a race.

Also referred to as a stable. Yearling A young horse between the age of one and two.

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