How To Get Rid Of Charley Horse In Toe? (Question)

Massage, a bath with Epsom salts, or a heating pad can relax the muscle. To fight pain, use an ice pack or take an over-the-counter medication like ibuprofen or naproxen. In most cases, the charley horse will stop within a few minutes. But if you get them often and for no clear reason, tell your doctor.

How to get rid of Charlie horses in your feet?

  • To relieve a charlie horse or muscle spasm in your foot, stop the activity, gently massage your foot, and stretch the area as you deep breathe in deeply and slowly. Apply heat, stay hydrated, relax, and give yourself Epsom salt foot baths.

What causes Charlie horses in toes?

Electrolyte imbalances can cause the muscles to cramp and spasm. Sometimes, dehydration causes an electrolyte imbalance. In other cases, an underlying medical condition may be the culprit. Tetany, which is due to low levels of calcium, is an electrolyte imbalance that may cause muscle cramps.

How do I stop cramps in my toes?

Stretch your foot gently, but forcefully to relieve the cramp by flexing your foot and pressing down on your big toe. Walking around and jiggling your leg may also help with both foot and leg cramps. Taking a warm bath or shower, or using ice may ease any lingering pain. Deep tissue massage may help in the long term.

What is Morton’s toe?

A Morton’s toe otherwise called Morton’s foot or Greek foot or Royal toe is characterized by a longer second toe. This is because the first metatarsal, behind the big toe, is short compared to the second metatarsal, next to it.

Why do I keep getting cramp in my toes?

If you often feel cramping in your toes and feet, you likely want to know why. Common reasons include not drinking enough water, not getting enough exercise, and wearing shoes that are just not a good fit. Certain medical conditions, or drugs prescribed to treat them, may contribute to the problem as well.

Why do my toes cramp and curl up?

Curled, clenched toes or a painful cramped foot are telltale signs of dystonia. Dystonia is a sustained or repetitive muscle twisting, spasm or cramp that can occur at different times of day and in different stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD).

Is pickle juice good for cramps?

The same set of researchers also did a test on pickle juice for cramps earlier in 2010. They found that it did work to shorten cramp duration. On average, it relieved cramps in about 1.5 minutes, and 45 percent faster than when nothing was taken after exercise.

What causes toes to curl up?

Toes can curl gradually over time due to faulty mechanics, pressure from poorly-fitting shoes, diabetes, or injury. That’s when you’ve got a toe deformity that may need a doctor’s care.

Why is my toe moving on its own?

Many simply result from temporary interruptions in your circulatory system, muscles, or joints. Others may be linked to how much you exercise or what you eat. Symptoms of toe twitching are usually fleeting and don’t require any medical attention.

What is a neuroma?

A neuroma occurs after a nerve is partially or completely disrupted by an injury — either due to a cut, a crush, or an excessive stretch. The neuroma is a ball-shaped mass at the site of the injury, which can be painful or cause a tingling sensation if tapped or if pressure is applied.

What is Viking toe?

Morton’s toe. Other names. Morton’s foot, Greek foot, royal toe, Turkey toe, LaMay toe, Sheppard’s toe, Coup d’etoe, Viking toe, Morton’s syndrome, long toe, boss toe. A Morton’s toe that is so severe the second and third toe appear longer than the first toe.

How do I stop foot cramps at night?

Some simple things you might keep you from getting cramps:

  1. Stretch during the day and before bed. Focus on your calf and foot muscles.
  2. Drink plenty of water.
  3. Move around during the day to exercise your feet and legs.
  4. Wear comfortable, supportive shoes.
  5. Sleep under loose covers, especially if you sleep on your back.

What vitamin is good for foot cramps?

Targeting the Cause of Cramps Essential vitamins you need in balanced levels in your diet in order to avoid foot cramps include Vitamin B6, D, and E; potassium; calcium; and magnesium.

What causes toe pain?

The most common causes of toe pain include ingrown toenails, bunions, cuts or scrapes, other injuries, blisters, and corns and calluses. Arthritis (including rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and other types of arthritis) and infections are additional causes of toe pain.

The Best Remedies for Toe Cramps

Overview The majority of the time, muscle cramps are innocuous, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t uncomfortable. If you’ve ever experienced a “charley horse,” you know that the acute, constricting pain may be extremely uncomfortable and debilitating. Cramping occurs when a muscle contracts suddenly and does not relax thereafter. It can affect any muscle in the body, and the toes are not exempt. Muscle cramps are something that almost everyone may face at some point in their lives. Walking requires us to utilize our toes on a daily basis, which means they receive quite a workout – even if you’re not an athlete.

The at-home therapies suggested below are often effective in alleviating toe cramps in the vast majority of people.

Most of the time, frequent stretching and strengthening exercises will aid in the prevention of cramps.

  • Raise your toes. Raise your heel off the ground so that just your toes and the ball of your foot are in contact with the ground (see illustration). Continue to hold for 5 seconds before lowering and repeating 10 times
  • Flexing or pointing the toes. Make your big toe appear to be pointed in one way by flexing your foot in that direction. Ten times, hold for 5 seconds, and then release. Toe and towel curls are optional. Make a tucking motion with your toes, as if you’re attempting to tuck them all beneath one foot. Hold for 5 seconds and then repeat the process 10 times. Alternatively, you may place a towel on the ground and pick it up with only your toes
  • Marbles are picked up. 20 marbles should be placed on the floor. Use only your toes to pick up each one and deposit it in a bowl
  • Repeat with the remaining. Walking on the sand. In the event that you are fortunate enough to be near a beach, strolling barefoot in the sand may be beneficial in massaging and strengthening the muscles in your feet and toes.


Heat can aid in the relaxation of stiff muscles. Apply a warm cloth or heating pad to the cramping toe to relieve the discomfort. Alternatively, you might soak your foot in warm water.


Ice might be beneficial for pain alleviation. Gently massage your toe with a cold pack or ice wrapped in a towel to relieve the discomfort. Ice should never be applied straight to the skin. It is via sweating that salt and minerals are released from the body. These are particularly important minerals for bone health. Medications that cause your body to lose minerals, such as diuretics, are among the most common. You can receive a boost from these meals if you’re not obtaining the daily required amounts of calcium (1,000 mg), potassium (4,700 mg), and magnesium (400 mg).

  • A high supply of calcium is found in dairy products such as yogurt, low-fat milk, or cheese, while potassium and magnesium may be found in spinach and broccoli. Almonds are high in magnesium, while bananas are strong in potassium, making them excellent pre-workout snacks.

Toe cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, including the shoes you wear. For example, wearing high heels all day might raise your chances of getting toe cramps. High-heeled shoes can cause toes to crush together and pressure to be applied to the ball of the foot. Toe cramps can occur in athletes such as dancers, runners, and other sportspeople who wear the incorrect sort of shoe for their foot form. Look for shoes with a bigger toe box, and if the heels are giving you difficulty, consider removing them.

Physical activity

Cramping is a typical occurrence during exercise due to dehydration and overexertion. When you’re dehydrated, the electrolyte levels in your body drop, which can result in muscular cramps and other symptoms.


It is natural for people to lose muscle mass as they age. It is necessary for the remaining muscle to work harder. Starting in your early 40s, if you don’t engage in regular physical activity, your muscles might become more strained, which can result in cramping.

Medical conditions

Muscle cramps can be more prevalent in those who have medical diseases such as diabetes or liver disease, among other things. People who have diabetes are at risk for peripheral neuropathy, which is a disorder that causes nerve loss in the fingers and toes of the affected limb.

It is possible to have discomfort and cramps when these nerves are not functioning properly. If your liver is not functioning properly, it will be unable to filter poisons from your blood. Muscle cramps and spasms can occur as a result of the accumulation of toxins in the body.


Some drugs, such as aspirin, might cause muscular cramps in some individuals. Diuretics and cholesterol-lowering drugs, such as statins and nicotinic acid, are examples of such pharmaceuticals.

Mineral deficiency

It is possible that you have too little sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium in your body, which is causing your cramps. All of these minerals are necessary for proper muscle and nerve function, as well as for maintaining normal blood pressure. Cramping in your toes can occur for a variety of causes, the great majority of which are not significant. Toe cramps are a common problem, and there are simple methods that you may do at home to alleviate the discomfort.

8 Causes of Foot Cramps at Night and How to Stop Them

The onset of a foot cramp might come out of nowhere, jolting you up from a deep slumber. From a few seconds to a few minutes at a time, you may notice your muscles tightening or knotting up unexpectedly. Adults have reported experiencing nocturnal foot cramps in up to 60% of cases. Spasms might occur only once throughout the night or they can occur repeatedly, resulting in sleeplessness and persistent pain the next day. The good news is that these cramps are typically not a cause for alarm and should not be ignored.

Continue reading to find out more about the possible reasons of midnight foot cramps and how to obtain relief from them.

Sitting with bad posture can also impair blood flow to your feet and cause nerve compression, all of which are risk factors for experiencing cramps when you stand or sit.

Take into consideration the following:

  • Examine your sleeping habits to determine if they might be a contributing factor to your overnight cramps. When you sleep with your feet pointed downwards, you may experience impaired circulation. Try sleeping on your back or side with a pillow under your knees to relieve pressure on your joints.

Exerting too much force on the muscles in your feet may make them more susceptible to cramping. The muscle fibers in your feet contract and expand on a continuous basis to allow you to move. If you engage in too much physical activity too quickly, or if you push your feet too hard, you may develop muscular fatigue. It is possible to become fatigued during the day, which depletes your body of oxygen and permits waste products to build up. Cramping and spasms might occur as a result of this accumulation during the night.

  • Concrete floors and other hard surfaces can have a comparable effect on the body as standing or working on them.
  • It is also possible that improper footwear will hinder the circulation of the foot, cutting off blood and oxygen and causing painful spasms even when you are not on your feet.
  • It is possible that you are not drinking enough water during the day, or that you are suffering from diarrhea or another sickness that is causing you to become dehydrated.
  • As a result of dehydration and electrolyte depletion, your muscles become more prone to cramping and spasming.
  • It is for this reason that you may get foot cramps at night.
  • Leg and foot cramps can be caused by a deficiency in magnesium and potassium.
  • Using a simple blood test, your doctor can determine your levels and determine whether you require any supplements or other therapy for underlying issues.
  • Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol may result in nerve damage and the development of a disease known as alcoholic neuropathy.
  • Heavy alcohol use may also result in dehydration and nutritional deficiencies, particularly in the B vitamins, which are essential for health.

When a woman is pregnant, she is more sensitive to leg and foot cramps at night, especially during the second and third trimesters. Researchers are baffled as to why this is happening. Among the possible explanations are:

  • Dehydration, dietary inadequacies, notably magnesium deficiency, and increased weight on the foot as the child develops

There are a number of medical diseases that are connected with midnight foot cramps. These include:

  • Structure-related problems, such as spinal stenosis and peripheral arterial disease
  • Metabolic-related problems, such as renal disease, anemia, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • And other disorders, such as nerve damage, osteoarthritis, and Parkinson’s disease
  • And

Taking some drugs may also increase your risk of experiencing cramps. These are some examples:

  • Blood pressure drugs, statins, diuretics, and birth control pills are all examples of prescription pharmaceuticals.

If you’re undergoing dialysis, you may find that you’re more prone to cramping. Treatment for nocturnal foot cramps is not recommended by physicians in any particular manner. Instead, it is preferable to treat the underlying source of the problem. If you are a regular exerciser, keep up the good work! Leg and foot cramps are common throughout the day and at night, and regular movement may help prevent them. Are you new to exercise? Consult with a doctor or other medical expert for advice on a treatment plan that may be suitable for you.

After a 2012 research, anecdotal evidence shows that spending a few minutes on an exercise bike or treadmill before bed may be beneficial in the treatment of nocturnal leg and foot cramps.

Stretch and soothe your muscles

Make it a point to stretch your feet every day to keep your foot muscles fluid, especially before and after you work up a sweat. What if you’re suffering a cramp in the middle of the night? Stretching your foot softly but firmly to release the cramp by flexing your foot and pressing down on your big toe can help to relieve the cramp. Walking about and jiggling your leg may also be beneficial in relieving foot and leg cramps at the same time. Taking a warm bath or shower, or using ice, may help to alleviate any remaining discomfort.

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Examine your shoes

Wearing supportive shoes that are also comfortable is important, especially if you are walking on hard terrain for long periods of time. The heel counter is the portion of your shoes that helps to keep your heel in place when you walk. The support provided by shoes with a solid heel counter may be superior in terms of giving support throughout the day. Footwear that is well suited and well-supported may also help you prevent nighttime foot cramps. Depending on your situation, your doctor may recommend that you see a podiatrist for custom inserts if you’re having difficulty finding shoes that are comfortable.

Drink more water

Generally speaking, experts recommend that males drink 15.5 cups of fluids such as water per day and that women drink 11.5 cups. Maintaining enough hydration in your muscles might help avoid cramping. It is recommended that your urine be light yellow to clear as a general rule of thumb. You should try drinking another glass of water if the color is darker than that. People who are pregnant or nursing may require an increased amount of liquids each day to satisfy their hydration requirements. If you have any worries about properly hydrating your body, see your doctor.

Eat well and supplement

Consume a well-balanced diet that contains adequate amounts of calcium, potassium, and magnesium, among other nutrients. If you have a deficit that has been diagnosed, you should treat it under the supervision of your doctor. There have been a number of studies that have shown that magnesium supplementation can be effective in alleviating cramps.

Inquire with your doctor about appropriate dose and brand recommendations. The supplements you need may be found in your local grocery shop, health food store, or on the internet. Magnesium-rich foods include the following:

  • Whole grains, legumes, nuts, seeds, and unsweetened dried fruits are all good choices.

Bananas and leafy greens may also be beneficial in maintaining electrolyte balance.

Lower your alcohol intake

Limit your consumption of alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, and mixed drinks. These beverages have the potential to dehydrate you. If you have alcohol-related nerve damage and are having difficulty quitting drinking, you should seek professional assistance. Contacting your doctor, a friend, or a local support program are all options to consider. Conditions such as alcoholic neuropathy can cause nerve damage that is irreversible and progresses over time. Early detection and treatment are essential in preventing this.

Practice self-care

Some easy self-care measures may be able to help you avoid nocturnal foot cramps. These include:

  • Prevent your feet from being trapped by untucking the bed’s blankets from the foot of your bed before you go to sleep. To relax your muscles before night, take a bath in warm water. Light stretching should be done throughout the day to ensure that your muscles are not tense before bedtime
  • And

Essential oils

Try rubbing some topicalessential oils into your feet before going to bed as a relaxing alternative to bathing. Anti-spasmodic qualities may be found in oils such as geranium, chamomile, coriander, and ylang-ylang oils, among others. Aromatherapy using lavender or mint fragrances may also help to create a peaceful sleep environment, which may help to reduce cramping and discomfort.

During pregnancy

In the event that you experience nightly foot cramps (or other significant muscular cramping) during your pregnancy, notify your doctor immediately. While many of the same self-care techniques that helped you may be beneficial to you, your doctor can make additional recommendations. When you have a cramp, stretch your foot and raise your legs to keep them from coming back again. Physical activity, massage, and a warm (but not hot) shower or bath may all be beneficial in the treatment of insomnia.

If the cramping is preventing you from sleeping, your doctor may prescribe that you take a magnesium supplement.

Foot cramps usually go on their own after a few days of home therapy, such as stretching or a change in lifestyle, such as drinking more water.

If you are experiencing cramps on a regular basis and they are not improving after making adjustments to your routine, you should schedule an appointment with your doctor.

Toe cramps: 12 causes and home remedies

Toe cramps can be caused by a variety of factors including:

1. Tight or weak muscles

The movement of the foot and toes is assisted by a slew of little muscles. Muscle spasms and discomfort can occur if any of these muscles are too contracted. In certain cases, the discomfort is caused by another muscle. An example of this would be stress in the ankle or Achilles tendon, which would result in muscular spasms in the foot or toes, for example. Some of the most prevalent causes of muscular tension or weakness are as follows:

  • Activity routine changes, improperly fitted shoes are worn, a sedentary lifestyle is maintained, and stretching before exercise is neglected.

2. Muscle injuries

Injury to the muscles and other tissues of the feet, toes, or calves can result in cramping or pain in the feet and toes.

Sprains, which are ligament injuries, can produce weakness and discomfort in the toes as a result of the injury. Strains, which are damage to the muscles or tendons, can also be painful if they are severe. Muscle injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, some of which are as follows:

  • A fall or a blow to the foot or leg as a result of excessive effort overstretching a muscle, tendon, or ligament is an injury.

3. Poorly fitting shoes

Pressure can be applied to the toes and surrounding areas when wearing high heels, shoes that are excessively tight or too loose, or pointy-toed shoes. Toe cramps can occur as a result of this pressure, especially if the shoes push the toes into an uncomfortable posture. Muscle injuries might also be caused by shoes that are not correctly fitted.

4. Dehydration

Muscle cramping and tension can occur as a result of dehydration in rare cases. Dehydration is more likely to result in toe cramps when the muscles are already damaged or overexercised, or when the toes are irritated by the tightness of the shoes.

5. Electrolyte imbalances

Muscle cramping and spasming can occur as a result of electrolyte abnormalities. An electrolyte imbalance can occur as a result of dehydration in some cases. Sometimes the cause is due to a medical issue that has developed over time. Tetany, which is caused by low calcium levels in the blood, is an electrolyte imbalance that can result in muscular cramps.

6. Restless leg syndrome

Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a condition that causes nightly foot and leg cramps, as well as strange feelings in the legs, and makes it difficult to fall asleep. RLS affects around one-third of the population over the age of 50. When women are pregnant, they are more likely to have nighttime foot and leg cramps. RLS is a condition that is not well understood, and specialists are unsure of what causes it.

7. Nerve damage

When a person’s nerves are injured, this condition is known as neuropathy. Pain, cramping, tingling, and numbness are all symptoms of the illness. Diabetes that is not managed is a common cause of nerve injury. Diabetic neuropathy is characterized by discomfort, muscular spasms, numbness, and ulcers on the feet and toes in the majority of patients. Besides Parkinson’s disease, there are a variety of other illnesses that can result in nerve damage.

8. Poor blood flow

When there is insufficient blood flow to the feet or toes, the feet or toes may hurt or spasm. Sitting for an extended period of time, having diabetes, and crossing one’s legs for an extended period of time can all reduce blood flow to the toes and feet. Peripheral artery disease is characterized by the narrowing of arteries throughout the body, resulting in decreased blood flow. Toe cramps are another symptom of this illness.

9. Arthritis

Arthritis is a collection of disorders that affect the joints and cause pain and inflammation in them. Some people describe the discomfort associated with arthritis as being similar to muscular cramps. Having joint discomfort and/or additional joints that hurt, such as those in the hands, might indicate that a person has arthritis.

10. Dystonia

Dystonia is a symptom, not a medical condition. Dystonia is a persistent involuntary contraction or spasm of a muscle or set of muscles that occurs on a regular basis. Multiple medical diseases, such as Wilson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, brain traumas, and even stroke, can cause dystonia to manifest itself.

11. Organ failure

Different organ problems can cause electrolyte imbalances, make it harder for the body to absorb nutrients, and cause damage to muscles and nerves.

Pain, cramps, and spasms can occur throughout the body as a result of organ failure. If you get muscular cramps and you are at danger of kidney or liver failure, you should visit your doctor right once.

12. Rare infections

Muscle cramps can be caused by an illness that has damaged the muscles or the neurological system in a way that is extremely unusual. In the case of tetanus, for example, muscular spasms might occur, however the spasms normally originate in the stomach or jaw. Minor muscular strains and other causes of brief toe cramping can frequently be treated at home by the patient. The following are examples of possibly useful home remedies:

  • When it comes to stretching, try flexing your toes and then extending them 5–10 times. After that, extend the ankles and feet by twisting the feet and ankles 5–10 times in a clockwise and counterclockwise direction. Light exercise, such as walking, can assist to develop the muscles in the legs, feet, and toes, which are important for walking. Exercises that focus on the foot and toes may also be beneficial. Place things on the floor and then pick them up with your toes to see how it feels. RICE stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. A mild injury should be rested for approximately 20 minutes at a time, wrapped and elevated, and ice packs used for about 20 minutes at a time to help lessen symptoms. Heat: When it comes to injuries and muscular cramps, heat may be really beneficial. If you want to get even more relief, alternate hot and cold packs. The use of massage to the feet, legs, and ankles may be beneficial in relieving muscular spasms. The pressure should be increased gradually at first, starting with light massage. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) are medications that are used to treat inflammation. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as ibuprofen and aspirin, can alleviate discomfort caused by muscular injuries, arthritis, and other frequent causes of cramps.

When toe cramps are caused by a significant underlying ailment, home treatments might sometimes provide temporary respite from the pain. However, they will not cure the problem, and depending solely on home cures may cause the disorder to worsen and proceed farther into the future. In the case of toe cramps that continue more than a few days, it is preferable to contact your doctor. It is possible to lessen the likelihood of toe cramps by using a few straightforward measures. The following are some preventative suggestions:

  • Keeping physically active: People who work at desk occupations should take regular walking breaks
  • People who work in factories should do the same. Wearing supportive shoes that are well fitted: Toe injuries can be prevented with the use of orthotic shoes and customized shoes designed for certain activities. Regularly stretching the muscles in the toes and feet is recommended: Participating in a yoga or Pilates class might help you achieve greater continuous stretching. Treating any underlying medical issues, which may entail adopting any recommended lifestyle modifications and taking medication exactly as prescribed by a doctor.

The following situations necessitate a visit to the doctor:

  • Cramps are extremely painful and make it difficult to walk or do basic tasks. It is common for cramps to be accompanied with indications of an infection, such as fever or a visible injury to the foot. Cramps occur when a person has a medical condition such as diabetes or renal failure
  • Nevertheless, they can occur in anybody. In the absence of medication, cramps do not disappear within a week. It seems like the feet are bloated or discolored. The soles of the feet are numb.

The most appropriate medical therapy for toe cramping is determined on the underlying cause. A doctor may order X-rays or other imaging tests to determine whether or not there has been an injury. If a doctor suspects the presence of an underlying disease, he or she may conduct blood testing or other diagnostics. Depending on the underlying reason, the doctor may suggest:

  • Drugs used to treat chronic conditions, such as diabetes or arthritis
  • Dietary adjustments, such as adopting a low glycemic index diet for diabetics
  • Surgery to repair injuries
  • Orthotic shoe inserts
  • Physical therapy

Toe cramps can be uncomfortable, but they are a frequent occurrence in the human body. They are frequently self-resolving and do not require treatment. It is advised to contact a doctor if your toe cramps are becoming worse or are not getting better with time. A doctor can assist in diagnosing the underlying reason and recommending medical treatment as well as lifestyle adjustments that may be beneficial.

Don’t Let Foot Cramps and Charley Horses Slow You Down

Have you ever had a paralyzing tightness in your leg or foot when you first woke up? Cleveland Clinic is a not-for-profit academic medical facility located in Cleveland, Ohio. Advertising on our website contributes to the success of our mission. We do not recommend or promote any items or services that are not provided by the Cleveland Clinic. Policy Cramping of the foot or the leg (also known as “charley horse”) is a frequent and rather unexplained type of discomfort that occurs when a muscle becomes reflexively rigid and can’t be allowed to relax.

7 common causes for cramps

Spasming or cramping of the foot and calf muscles can occur at any time of day or night. Likewise, a variety of other muscles in your body might be affected. Why? The following are the most typical causes of muscular cramps:

  1. Cramping due to dehydration: “If you’re feeling cramping, it’s vital to check your hydration first,” Dr. Lewis advises patients. Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your body hydrated. Complications arising from poor nutrition: While a proper electrolyte balance (a balance of calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium) is necessary for the contraction and relaxation of a muscle, it is not recommended that you self-treat with supplements. As an alternative, Dr. Lewis recommends consuming a range of meals, including lots of colorful fruits and vegetables, such as leafy greens and bananas, in order to ensure that your diet has a balanced amount of electrolytes. Leg cramps are a side effect of several drugs, including statins and diuretics, which can be quite uncomfortable. When cramps appear unexpectedly after you begin taking a new drug, this is a red flag to look out for. If this occurs, notify your healthcare practitioner immediately. Not putting up enough effort: Taking some time each day to stretch might be beneficial. Physicist Dr. Lewis explains that you want your muscles to be as powerful and supple as possible. In order to do this, adequate stretching following a brief warm-up time or after a shower is essential.
  2. Exercise too hard: If you exercise too hard or have muscular exhaustion, this might result in cramping. Poor circulation: If you are experiencing cramps that grows worse as you walk, it is possible that you have a circulation problem. “Cramping discomfort is a symptom of several circulatory disorders.” According to Dr. Lewis, “If the pain grows worse as you walk, or if you get cramps that won’t go away, you should visit your primary care physician immediately.” The incorrect footwear: Muscle cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, including your footwear. Doctor Lewis advises checking your shoes, especially if you’ve switched from flats to heels, because this can also induce cramping.
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How to stop leg and foot cramps

Leg and foot cramps can be treated in a number of methods that are straightforward:

  • Try just standing up and putting some weight on the afflicted leg or foot if it occurs while you are laying down if possible. This might be sufficient to alleviate the tender stiffness in certain cases. Warmth/heating pads can be used to enhance blood circulation to the muscle and help it relax at the same time. It might also be beneficial to soak in a warm pool of Epsom salt to relieve tension. If the pain is really tenacious, you might try taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen.

Easy stretches to keep calves and feet happy

The following are some easy stretches that may be used to relieve discomfort and perhaps prevent it.

Basic calf stretch

Runners frequently utilize this calf stretch to improve their performance. Here’s how you go about it:

  1. Stand with your palms against a wall and your arms spread out in front of you
  2. Taking a step back with the leg that has been injured, lean forward on the other leg and press up against the wall You should feel a stretch in your calf muscle and the back of your leg after doing this exercise.

Towel stretch

While you’re sitting, do this stretch:

  1. Extend the length of your legs out in front of you
  2. Draw your afflicted foot’s toes upwards toward the ceiling, ensuring that the leg is engaged. To wrap your foot, use a towel or a neck tie and hold it in place with both hands
  3. You should slightly lift the leg till you feel a decent stretch

Leg or foot cramps are a common occurrence, although they are usually manageable by the individual experiencing them. However, if they occur regularly, are severe, or if you have reason to believe one of your drugs is to blame, you should consult with your doctor. They might indicate the presence of a medical concern that necessitates care.

Foot Cramps and Charley Horses

Posted at 9:39 a.m. on September 1, 2018 Foot Cramps and Charley Horses: What Causes Them and What to Do About Them Imagine falling asleep and waking up with a paralyzing tightness in your calf or foot. It happens without notice and without any warning. Foot or leg cramp (also known as “charley horse”) is a frequent and rather unexplained discomfort that occurs when a muscle becomes involuntarily rigid and is unable to relax as a result of an injury or illness. Here’s what causes these cramps, as well as some prevention strategies to keep them at bay.

  1. Dehydration is a problem. Making sure you drink enough water during the day is important
  2. Otherwise, you may become dehydrated. Nutritional issues are a concern. Though electrolytes (calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium) are necessary for the contraction and relaxation of a muscle, it is not recommended to self-treat with electrolyte supplements. The drug has a side effect. Muscle cramps can be caused by a number of drugs, including statins and furosemide (Lasix®), among others. There isn’t enough stretching. Taking the time to stretch throughout the day, particularly after a quick warm-up or after a shower, may be quite beneficial. Overexertion. It is possible to have cramps if you exercise more vigorously than usual or if you suffer muscular exhaustion. Maintain a healthy pace. Circulation is poor. You may be suffering from circulatory problems if your cramping worsens as you walk. Some circulation disorders generate pain that feels like cramping
  3. Wearing the incorrect shoes might exacerbate the condition. An uncommon cause of muscular cramping is the shoes you wear

Leg and foot cramps can be treated in a number of methods that are straightforward:

  • If it occurs when you are laying down or in bed, simply get up and put some weight on the afflicted leg or foot to see if it relieves the pain. This might be sufficient to alleviate the tender stiffness in certain cases. Warmth/heating pads can be used to enhance blood circulation to the muscle and help it relax at the same time. Soaking in a warm pool with Epsom salts can also be beneficial in relieving stress. If the pain is really tenacious, you might try taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen.

The following are some easy stretches that may be used to relieve discomfort and perhaps prevent it. Runners frequently utilize this calf stretch to improve their performance. Here’s how you go about it:

  1. Stand with your palms against a wall and your arms spread out in front of you
  2. Step back with the afflicted calf on the affected leg
  3. Push against the wall with the other leg as you lean forward.

While you’re sitting, do this towel stretch:

  1. Legs should be spread out in front of you. Draw your afflicted foot’s toes upwards toward the ceiling, ensuring that the leg is engaged. To wrap your foot, use a towel or a neck tie and hold it in place with both hands
  2. You should slightly lift the leg till you feel a decent stretch

However, if they occur frequently, are severe, or you are worried, please call our office to make an appointment with Dr. Mussett. We are able to provide same-day appointments for your convenience. « Return to the Home Page of the News

Learn the 5 Reasons Why Your Toes Cramp and How to Get Relief

We are all familiar with the situation. The sensation of a cramp-like sensation in your toes interrupts your sleep in the middle of the night after a hard day at work. Once you’ve done a few stretches, the cramp should be gone, but you may be left with doubts about why it happened. In certain cases, toe cramps are caused by a number of different factors. They can range from anything as basic as not getting enough water to more significant underlying medical conditions. Five of the most prevalent causes of toe cramping are discussed in this article.

Photograph by Prostock-Studio / Getty Images

Anatomy of the Foot and Toes

Your foot is made up of various bones, some of which are little and short, while others which are lengthy, which link your ankle joint to the tips of your toes. A large number of ligaments go from one bone to another. Your foot will be more stable as a result of them. To move your foot, tendons go from the muscles of your lower thigh all the way down to your ankle and link to numerous points around the ball of your foot. Between the longer bones of your foot are also muscles that you should be aware of.

The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that runs down the bottom of your foot and helps to build the arch of your foot.

Every one of your foot’s ligaments, tendons, and muscles work in concert to support and move your foot. They allow your feet to perform the tasks that you are accustomed to performing on a daily basis.

Causes of Toe or Foot Cramps

There are a variety of potential causes for your toe cramps. In fact, you may be suffering from more than one reason at the same time, which can make the process of determining the root cause much more stressful. Toe and foot cramps can be caused by a variety of factors. Understanding the different reasons of toe and foot cramps may enable you to choose the therapy that is most effective for you in a short period of time. Toe cramps can be caused by a variety of circumstances, some of which are listed below.


The cause of your toe cramps might be caused by a number of different things. In fact, you may be suffering from more than one reason at the same time, which can make the process of determining the root cause much more difficult and irritating. It is possible for toe and foot cramps be caused by a variety of factors. Understanding the different reasons of toe and foot cramps may enable you to choose the therapy that is most effective for you in a short amount of time. Toe cramps are caused by a variety of circumstances, some of which are listed below.

Lack of Exercise

There might be a variety of factors contributing to your toe cramping. In fact, you may be suffering from more than one reason at the same time, which can make the process of determining why much more irritating. Cramping in the toes and feet can be caused by a variety of factors. Knowing what may be causing your toe and foot cramps may help you locate the therapy that is most effective for you. Toe cramps can be caused by a variety of circumstances, the most common of which are listed below.

Poor-Fitting Footwear

With the amount of power that our feet are needed to absorb and release with each stride, our feet undergo a lot of harm on a daily basis. Toe cramps might occur as a result of wearing shoes that do not fit properly. Consider the amount of pressure placed on a foot when it is forced into a pair of high heels that are too small or into footwear that does not fit properly. When you strain your feet and toes into postures that make it more difficult to walk and maintain balance, your muscles can become cramped and painful.

Certain Medical Conditions

Changes in the way your neurological system operates may be caused by medical illnesses such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or type 2 diabetes. Muscle spasms and cramps in your feet and toes may result as a result of this condition. Medications, on the other hand, might occasionally have adverse effects that induce muscular cramps.


The function of our joints, as well as our neurological and muscular systems, may alter as we get older. Muscle spasms and stiffness in the muscles surrounding your foot and toes may result as a result of this.

When to See a Healthcare Provider

A healthcare expert should be consulted if you get toe and foot cramps on a consistent basis. In order to identify whether your symptoms are caused by a medical disease that may require treatment, such as multiple sclerosis or diabetic neuropathy, they will do a physical examination.

Even if your cramps are not caused by a major medical condition, they can provide you with guidance on what to do next.

How to Get Relief

In most cases, toe and foot pains are temporary and will subside within a few days. However, if you’re suffering from frequent or chronic cramps, there are certain things you may take to alleviate your symptoms. These may include the following:

  • Water should be consumed in large quantities. It is important to be hydrated in order to maintain the proper balance of electrolytes and water in your muscles
  • Put on shoes that are appropriately fitted: Shoes that are correctly fitted allow your feet to move and function in the manner in which they were intended. Exercise on a daily basis, and incorporate a range of strength, balance, and flexibility activities into your routine: The benefits of exercise include maintaining the appropriate function of your muscles, joints, tendons, and nerves. Consume a range of nutritious foods, including: Following a nutritious diet provides your body with the nutrients and electrolytes it requires to function properly. To ensure that your drugs are administered at the proper doses, double-check the following: If you are taking medication to treat any medical conditions, consult with your doctor or pharmacist to determine whether the drug is the source of your toe cramps. Never make changes to your medicine without consulting with a healthcare practitioner first.

According to a research published in the journal Family Practice, the majority of patients who get leg cramps at night do not seek medical attention. According to the authors, persons who suffer from leg and toe cramps experiment with a variety of medicinal and non-medical remedies to alleviate their symptoms. There is no one therapy that is effective for toe cramping.

Physical Therapy

When it comes to treating your toe cramps, your doctor may recommend that you see a physical therapist (PT). Your physical therapist is educated to diagnose the underlying cause of your illness and to establish a treatment plan that will relieve your toe cramps and help you avoid recurrence. Exercises that you may take to alleviate toe cramps include the following:

  • Stretches for the calf muscles
  • The plantar fascia toe stretch
  • Exercises for strengthening the ankles
  • Balance exercises

If you are considering beginning an exercise regimen, seek medical counsel first.


If you get cramping in your toes and feet on a regular basis, you probably want to know why. Not drinking enough water, not getting enough exercise, and wearing shoes that aren’t comfortable are all common reasons for constipation and diarrhea. Certain medical illnesses, as well as the medications recommended to treat them, may also have a role in the problem. With exercise, improved nutrition, and other minor lifestyle adjustments, many people report that toe cramping has subsided. Your healthcare expert can determine whether the problem is caused by a medical condition and can provide you with advice on how to manage the situation.

A Word From Verywell

It is possible for toe cramps to range in severity from a little irritation to a severe experience that interferes with foot movement. By collaborating with your doctor to identify the exact causes of your toe cramps and pursuing treatment options such as lifestyle modifications, physical therapy, or medicinal intervention, you may put an end to your toe cramps and improve the way your feet feel and move.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Why do I have cramps in my feet when I walk or run? Cramping in your feet might be caused by a single or a combination of factors. Drinking insufficient water, not getting enough exercise, becoming older, wearing poorly-fitting shoes, and certain medical illnesses such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease might all be contributing factors. Regular exercise, drinking lots of water, and wearing comfortable shoes can all help to alleviate foot cramps
  • But, if these modest modifications do not result in any noticeable relief, it may be necessary to see a healthcare practitioner for an official diagnosis. What is the source of foot spasms? It’s not always apparent what causes foot spasms to happen. Dehydration, polyneuropathy (nerve damage), a thyroid disorder, an electrolyte imbalance, pregnancy (usually during the third trimester), chronic kidney disease, low vitamin D levels, certain medications, Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, multiple sclerosis, and Huntington disease are all possible causes. If foot spasms occur frequently or on a regular basis, it may be wise to consult with a healthcare practitioner. What causes leg and foot cramps in the middle of the night? Nighttime leg cramps, also known as nocturnal leg cramps, are considered to be caused by muscular exhaustion and damaged nerves, but they can also be the result of medical diseases such as vascular disease, liver illness, and kidney failure. Leg cramps are frequently associated with the use of certain drugs, such as intravenous iron sucrose, raloxifene, naproxen, and conjugated estrogens.

Thank you for sharing your thoughts! Thank you for taking the time to join up. There was a clerical error. Please try your search again. Verywell Health relies on only high-quality sources, such as peer-reviewed research, to substantiate the information contained in its articles. Read about oureditorial process to discover more about how we fact-check our information and ensure that it is accurate, dependable, and trustworthy.

  1. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is a professional organization dedicated to the advancement of orthopaedic surgery (AAOS). Muscle cramps
  2. Rao S, Riskowski JL, Hannan MT. Muscle cramps
  3. Rao S, Riskowski JL, Hannan MT. A systematic review of musculoskeletal problems of the foot and ankle, including examinations and treatment options Best Practices in Clinical Research doi:10.1016/j.berh.2012.03.007. Rheumatol 2012
  4. 26(3):345-68. Lorenzo M, Schaeffer M, Haller DM, Maisonneuve H. 2012.05.009
  5. Lorenzo M, Schaeffer M, Haller DM, Maisonneuve H. Patients over the age of 60 who seek primary care for nocturnal leg cramps will get relief. Family Practice is a type of medical practice that focuses on the care of the family. 2018
  6. 35(1):29-33. doi:10.1093/fampra/cmx062
  7. Mount Sinai is a mountain in Egypt. Spasms of the hands or feet
  8. Allen RE, Kirby KA. Leg cramps that occur during night. 2012 Aug 15
  9. 86(4):350-5. PMID:22963024
  10. American Family Physician. 2012 Aug 15
  11. 86(4):350-5.

This Is Why Your Toes Keep Cramping Up

That odd sensation you get when your toes start twitching and twisting around each other without your permission? That’s right. When you wake up in the middle of the night with your foot flexed, immobile, and shooting with pain, that’s another story. What’s the deal with those cramps? Dr. Charles Kim, MD, a musculoskeletal rehab expert at NYU Langone’s Rusk Rehabilitation, explains that “they’re generally a warning that you’re overdoing it.” Most of the time, toe cramps are caused by a few common factors and may be alleviated with a few simple home remedies.

Regular foot cramping may indicate the presence of an underlying medical disease affecting the circulatory or central nervous systems. Consult your doctor if your muscle spasms make you feel uneasy or interfere with your regular activities, such as walking.

What causes toe cramps?

Toe cramps can be caused by a variety of factors. Here are a handful of the most often encountered:


According to Dr. Kim, toe cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, the most prevalent of which are overuse, dehydration, and mineral deficiencies (namely potassium, calcium, and magnesium). You sweat off the minerals and electrolytes that your muscles require in order to function correctly while you exercise. Cramping is a term used to describe muscular contractions or spasms caused by a vitamin deficit. Doctor Kim explains that toe cramps occur after a long run, if you have overexerted yourself, or if you have overtrained your muscles.

Kim adds.

Too-tight shoes

Toe cramps are also commonly caused by excessive strain or limited blood flow caused by wearing shoes that are too tight. It’s likely that your shoes are too tight if you can’t move your toes and your toes begin to tingle after you put on your shoes. In the event that you require a new pair, check out these top walking shoes for ladies.)


Age, on the other hand, is not nice to your feet at all. Toe cramps are more common beyond the age of 50, when bones lose calcium and muscles lose flexibility as a result of the pressure of supporting your body. Aside from that, “as we get older, our nerve and vascular function isn’t quite as robust as it used to be,” explains Dr. Kim. “This results in cramping because your nerves, which are responsible for supplying nutrients and sending information to your muscles, aren’t up to the task.”

How to get rid of toe cramps

Photographs courtesy of Getty Images First and foremost, the bad news: There is no magic remedy or prescription that can be used to alleviate toe cramping. Because of concerns about its efficacy and safety, the Food and Medicine Administration (FDA) no longer advises prescription quinine (a drug used to treat malaria and, at one time, muscular cramps). Get *unlimited* access to the Prevention program. Furthermore, studies has revealed that magnesium supplements appear to have no impact all. Now for the good news: If you don’t have an underlying ailment, you can decrease and even prevent toe cramps from occurring.

Make sure you’re wearing the right shoes

According to Phyllis Ragley, DPM, a podiatrist in Lawrence, Kansas, the first step toward reducing unpleasant spasms is to change your shoes. “It’s critical to locate a pair of shoes that are tailored to your specific body mechanics.” Dr. Ragley recommends that you choose a shoe that is comfortable for your arch and is neither too stiff or too flexible. In Dr. Kim’s words, “the correct shoe should make you feel like you’re walking on air.” If you’ve been wearing high heels all day, consider switching to flats for a change.

Stay hydrated

Doctor Kim believes that staying hydrated is critical when it comes to treating foot and toe cramps and other foot and toe related problems. Restoring electrolytes after physical activity with a sports drink or electrolyte replacement tablet is recommended, as is consuming meals high in potassium and calcium on a regular basis.

Tablets of Nuun Hydration, Vitamin, and Electrolyte Drink. GU Hydration Drink Tablets are a type of hydration drink tablet. Rehydration Tablets containing Electrolytes for Rapid Rehydration Hydralyte Effervescent Electrolyte Tablets are a kind of electrolyte that is effervescent.

Work out wisely

If you’re doing a lot of exercise, you should consider cutting back since you might be placing undue stress on your muscles. And if you aren’t getting enough exercise, get moving. Muscle atrophies and circulation declines as a result of being inactive. According to Dr. Kim, “marathons are bad for you, but not exercising is far worse.” “Everything should be done in moderation.”

Stretching well

Aside from this, Dr. Ragley suggests non-weight-bearing exercises such as wiggling your toes, spreading them out, as well as pointing and flexing your feet (give these four foot stretches a try). According to her, “it is critical as we age to move the feet around in a gentle manner in order to retain a range of mobility.” “Additionally, massages and warm foot baths will aid in the relaxation of the muscles.” This material was generated and maintained by a third party and imported onto this website in order to assist users in providing their email addresses for further consideration.

Muscle Cramps

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See, Play and Learn

When you get a muscle cramp, it means that one or more of your muscles clench or spasm suddenly and without warning. They are quite prevalent and frequently arise as a result of physical activity. Muscle cramps, particularly leg cramps, can be a problem for certain people at night. They can be uncomfortable and can last anywhere from a few seconds to many minutes. Cramping can occur in any muscle, although it occurs most frequently in the following:

What causes muscle cramps?

Muscle cramps can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Overexerting or overstretching a muscle. This is the most prevalent reason for the problem. If you suffer from a spinal cord injury or a pinched nerve in your neck or back, you may experience compression of your nerves. Dehydration
  • Elevated amounts of electrolytes (e.g., magnesium, potassium, and calcium)
  • There is insufficient blood flow to your muscles
  • Pregnancy, certain medications, and other factors Gettingdialysis

Muscle cramps can have a variety of causes, some of which are unknown.

Who is at risk for muscle cramps?

Muscle cramps can occur in everyone, however they are more prevalent in certain individuals:

  • Athletes
  • People over the age of 50
  • Those who are overweight Women who are pregnant
  • Those who have specific medical issues, such as thyroid and nervous system abnormalities

When do I need to see a health care provider for muscle cramps?

Muscle cramps are normally mild and disappear after a few minutes of occurrence. However, you should consult your health-care practitioner if you have the following symptoms:

  • Are really harsh
  • This occurs on a regular basis
  • Stretching and consuming plenty of water will not help you feel better
  • Last for a lengthy period of time
  • These symptoms are accompanied by swelling, redness, or a warm sensation
  • These symptoms are accompanied by muscular weakness.

What are the treatments for muscle cramps?

Muscle cramps are typically not serious and do not require medical attention. You may be able to get some relief from cramps if you do the following:

  • Using gentle stretching or massage motions to relax the muscle Applying heat when a muscle is tight and ice when a muscle is painful will help to relieve the pain. If you are dehydrated, you should drink extra water.

If the cramps are caused by another medical condition, addressing that condition will most likely alleviate them. When it comes to cramp prevention, there are medications available that are occasionally prescribed by doctors, but they are not always helpful and may have negative effects. Consult with your healthcare practitioner about the risks and advantages of taking medications.

Can muscle cramps be prevented?

You may avoid muscular cramps by doing the following:

  • Stretch your muscles, especially before you engage in strenuous activity. If you get leg cramps at night on a regular basis, stretch your leg muscles before bed and drink lots of water. Using sports drinks can help you replenish electrolytes if you engage in strenuous exercise or exercise in hot weather

Hand or foot spasms: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Spasms are spasms of the muscles of the hands, thumbs, feet, or toes. They can occur anywhere on the body. Spasticity is typically transient, although it can be intense and painful when it occurs. The severity of the symptoms is determined by the underlying reason. They may include the following:

  • Cramping, fatigue, and muscle weakness are all symptoms of depression. Numbness, tingling, or a sensation of being “on pins and needles”
  • Twitching
  • Motions that are uncontrolled, aimless, and fast

Leg cramps in the middle of the night are prevalent among the elderly.

Muscle cramps or spasms are frequently accompanied by no apparent reason. The following are examples of possible causes of hand or foot spasms:

  • Electrolyte or mineral levels that are abnormally high in the body
  • Disorders of the brain, such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, dystonia, and Huntington’s disease Having chronic renal disease and requiring dialysis
  • Neuropathy is defined as damage to a single nerve or nerve group (mononeuropathy) or to several nerves (polyneuropathy) that are related to muscles. The lack of sufficient fluids in your body is known as dehydration. As a result of worry or panic, people may experience hyperventilation, which is fast and deep breathing. Muscle cramps, which are frequently induced by overuse when participating in sports or working
  • In pregnancy, this occurs most frequently during the third trimester. Thyroid problems
  • Thyroid problems
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • The use of some pharmaceuticals

If a vitamin D shortage is determined to be the root reason, a health care professional may recommend vitamin D supplements. Supplementing with calcium may also be beneficial. Keeping muscles flexible is made easier by staying active. Aerobic activity, particularly swimming, as well as strength-training exercises, are beneficial. To avoid aggravating the spasms more, it is important not to overdo physical activities. It’s also crucial to drink enough of water when you’re exercising. Immediately notify your healthcare practitioner if you experience persistent spasms in your hands or feet.

It is possible to have blood and urine tests performed.

  • Hormone levels
  • Kidney function tests
  • 25-OH vitamin D levels
  • Potassium, calcium, and magnesium levels
  • And a variety of other tests. Nerve conduction and electromyography tests may be conducted to evaluate whether or not there is a problem with the nerve or muscle.

The treatment for spasms is determined on the underlying cause. As an example, if your symptoms are caused by dehydration, your healthcare practitioner may likely advise you to consume extra water. Certain medications and supplements, according to some research, may be beneficial. Spasms of the feet, carpopedal spasms, spasms of the hands, spasms of the feet Spasms in the hands Chonchol, M., Smogorzewski, M., Stubbbs, J., Yu, A., Smogorzewski, M., Yu, A., Smogorzewski, M., Smogorzewski, M., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A., Yu, A Disruptions in the equilibrium of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate.

The Kidney is a novel by Brenner and Rector.

Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA, 2020:chap 18.


In: Cifu DX, ed.Physical Braddom’s Medicine (Braddom’s Physical Medicine).

23 in Rehabilitation, 5th ed., Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Science; 2016.

Jankovic and A.E.

Parkinson disease and other movement disorders are diagnosed and evaluated at this clinic.

Elsevier, 7th ed., Philadelphia, PA, 2016:chap 23.

Shelat, DO, FACP, FAAN, Attending Neurologist and Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurology at Stony Brook University School of Medicine in Stony Brook, New York, has made the most recent revisions to this document.

In addition, David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M.

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