How Far Is Crazy Horse From Mt Rushmore? (Question)

Crazy Horse Memorial® is 17 miles southwest of Mount Rushmore National Memorial.

Can you do Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse in one day?

Yes you can go Mt Rushmore and Wind Cave in the same day. The evening program is the best at Mt Rushmore. You could probably include Crazy Horse on the same day. It is kind of pricey for an hour walk around.

How much bigger is the Crazy Horse Monument than Mount Rushmore?

When completed, the sculpture will stand 641 feet long and 563 feet tall making it the world’s largest sculpture by far. For a size comparison, the head of Crazy Horse alone is 27 feet taller then the six story heads of Mount Rushmore.

Can you see Crazy Horse from Mount Rushmore?

Crazy Horse, South Dakota: Crazy Horse Memorial Directions: Off of US 385/16, 5 miles north of Custer or 17 miles southwest of Mount Rushmore. Sculpture not really visible without paying to enter.

How long does it take to visit the Crazy Horse Memorial?

over a year ago. I would plan for three to four hours at this site. You start with a free movie about the history of the memorial, and then plan on taking a tour up the mountain to see it up close and personal. They have live entertainment a few times a day, which varies.

Are they working on Crazy Horse?

The Crazy Horse Memorial in the Black Hills of South Dakota has been under construction since 1948. Although it’s open as a site for tourists to visit and it does feature a completed, 87-foot-tall head of Crazy Horse, it’s far from finished.

Is Mt Rushmore worth the trip?

Is Mount Rushmore worth it? Ultimately, yes it is. History buffs can read all the exhibits and learn about the history of Mount Rushmore and its four presidents. You’ll get to see an American landmark and check it off your travel bucket list.

Who owns the Crazy Horse Monument?

The memorial was commissioned by Henry Standing Bear, a Lakota elder, to be sculpted by Korczak Ziolkowski. It is operated by the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation, a nonprofit organization.

What is under Mount Rushmore?

Tucked inside Lincoln’s frontal lobe in Mount Rushmore in Keystone, South Dakota is a secret, inaccessible-to-the-public chamber. The vault was designed by the monument’s sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, who envisioned it as a room dedicated to the history of the United States.

When was the last time Crazy Horse was worked on?

It was completed in 1998 and remains the one finished aspect of the monument. Now, decades after it began, it is still entirely funded by Korczak’s daughter, Monique, the leader of the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation.

How much does it cost to get into Crazy Horse Monument?

Tourists are charged $30 per car to enter the memorial area. And for $125 they can go to the top and explore what will one day be Crazy Horse’s outstretched arm. In 2018, the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation brought in $12.5 million in admission and donations.

Can dogs go into Mt Rushmore?

Can I bring my pet? Pets are permitted only within two pet walking areas at Mount Rushmore. Please refer to the National Park Service Web site for additional details.

Can you see Crazy Horse for free?

Crazy Horse Memorial is only sustained by admission and private contributions. Your admission dollars support Crazy Horse Memorial’s mission to protect and preserve the culture, tradition, and living heritage of the indigenous people of North America.

Is visiting Crazy Horse worth it?

The show is great and gives a history of the native americans, definitely worth seeing if you are in the area and visiting crazy horse. Crazy Horse was one of my favourite places to visit on this trip to South Dakota and USA and I did prefer it to Mount Rushmore, it is a lot bigger and a lot more impressive.

How much is admission to Mt Rushmore?

There is no entrance fee for Mount Rushmore National Memorial. However, fees are required to park at the memorial. Parking fee is for private passenger vehicles, valid for one year from date of purchase. Parking fee for Seniors, 62 and older, is $5 and Active Duty Military parking is free.

How long should you plan to stay at Mount Rushmore?

The Mount Rushmore parking structure and memorial grounds are open from 5:00 AM to 11:00 PM. The Visitor Center is open at 8:00 AM and closes at 10:00 PM. Plan on at least 2-4 hours to explore all that Mount Rushmore has to offer.

Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse – American Monuments of the Heartland

It is a sculptor’s dream to be in the Black Hills of South Dakota. For millennia, jagged granite rock faces have sat waiting to be sculpted and transformed into works of art by human hands. It’s no surprise that craftsmen were drawn to these South Dakota highlands in the early 1900s to carve masterpieces on the sides of the mountains. Mount Rushmore and the Crazy Horse Memorial, two of the most renowned monuments in the United States, are both located in the Black Hills: Mount Rushmore and the Crazy Horse Memorial.

Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse

The following article is divided into two pieces. We begin with a discussion of Mount Rushmore before moving on to our visit at Crazy Horse. Alternatively, if you want to get straight to Crazy Horse facts about the history of Crazy Horse and the Lakota Sioux people of South Dakota, you can do so by clicking here.

Mount Rushmore, South Dakota

Mount Rushmore’s enigmatic faces Our vacation to Mount Rushmore began with a nighttime tour of the monument, which took place around 30 minutes outside of Rapid City, South Dakota. Arriving a couple of hours before dusk gave us the opportunity to tour the gardens and museum, as well as learn more about the monument, before attending the lighting ceremony.

History of Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore at night is a sight to behold. Mount Rushmore was completed in 1941, following a 14-year building period. A team of Danish-American sculptors, including Gutzon Borglum and his son Lincoln Borglum, created the piece. In order to draw tourists to the Black Hills of South Dakota, it was decided to build a sculpture to attract them. It would take four significant American presidents to accomplish this. The faces of Mount Rushmore were originally intended to portray western American heroes such as Lewis Clark, Sacagawea, and Buffalo Bill Cody, but after careful analysis it was determined that great presidents would appeal to a larger range of tourists than western American heroes.

Mount Rushmore has the likenesses of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln among others.

Mount Rushmore officially opened its doors on October 31, 1941, and the concept was a success, since Mount Rushmore receives more than 3 million visitors each year.

The Mount Rushmore Experience

Mount Rushmore has a ceremony at night. Although it was a touch kitschy, the lighting ceremony for Mount Rushmore in the evening was an intriguing spectacle to see. It explains the tale of the monument’s construction as well as some aspects of American history, but skipping over the tumultuous Native American past. I thought the bandstand and bleachers were a little too touristic, and I think it would have been lot more lovely if they had been left in a more natural form instead of being painted.

I believe they should replace it with something that has a little more production value and incorporates a little more Native American history.

If I could have remembered my visit when I was a baby and my parents were on a cross-country road trip across America, I would have liked to.

Back then, they told me that you just drove up to the structure and took a look around. Today, it is a colossal tourist spectacular of epic proportions. Complete with all of the traditional American garb.

Tributes at Mount Rushmore

Taking in the scenery around Mount Rushmore After seeing the film, the people’s faces are illuminated. When the national park ranger calls all active and former military personnel onto the stage to recognize their sacrifice for their country, it is a moving event that everyone should witness. It’s an appropriate setting given that the Mount Rushmore National Memorial is unquestionably one of the most patriotic monuments in the whole United States of America.

Mount Rushmore Details

A visit to Mount Rushmore is unquestionably a life-changing experience. If you want a more in-depth experience, you may purchase an audio tour at the information center for $6, which will take you through the whole history of the site. The peak season is from July until mid-August, and it is quite congested at this time. Visiting during the shoulder season, when the crowds are less, is our advice for you. If you intend on going during the day and have a couple of hours to spare, take advantage of the Presidential Trail, which takes you right up to the presidents’ actual faces.

It’s incredible to imagine that these four 60-foot-tall faces were sculpted and chiseled using dynamite and sandblasting more than a century ago, and that they still stand today.

The cost of admission to Mount Rushmore is free, however there is a $11.00 per vehicle parking fee for vehicles (regardless of how many people are in the vehicle).

Crazy Horse Memorial

The Crazy Horse Memorial is a memorial dedicated to Crazy Horse. Crazy Horse is located about 16 miles away from Mount Rushmore and is currently in the process of being built at the time of writing. It has taken 74 years to complete this work, which is dedicated to the Lakota people. Construction began in 1947 under the direction of artist Korczak Ziolkowski and continues to this day as a work in progress. What is causing the construction of Crazy Horse to be so slow? In his pledge to the Lakota people, Ziolkowski stated that no government funds would be used, and the project has relied on public money for more than 50 years.

In recent years, his children and grandkids have taken up the project, and you can now take a tour of the museum and monument to learn more about it.

The Story of Crazy Horse

Dancers from the Lakota tribe For the Lakota people of South Dakota, a monument was needed to demonstrate that they, too, had heroes. In response to the construction of Mount Rushmore on sacred Lakota ground, the Lakota Sioux people sought a solution to offset the affront of white faces on their ancestral homeland. Crazy Horse led rebellions against the United States troops and was widely regarded as their hero.

About Crazy Horse – The Man

When you stand close to the Crazy Horse Memorial’s imposing head, you realize how little you are. Crazy Horse was one of the last Native Americans who refuse to surrender to soldiers, and he was killed by them. He had no intention of residing on a reservation, but he negotiated a surrender in order to transport his ill people into the country with him. He planned to leave them in peace and live out the rest of his days on his own after that. Instead of following through on their promise, the United States military double-crossed him and stabbed him in the back, resulting in his death.

You may take a tour of the museum at the foot of the monument, which chronicles the narrative of Native American civilization over the ages.

You may help the local economy by purchasing artwork and souvenirs from the gift store. In addition, there is a craft exhibit of all of the tools that have been used to blast the rock throughout the years.

Visit the Face of Crazy Horse

The Crazy Horse Memorial as seen from above. A bus will transport you out to the site for a closer look, but if you want something more, you can arrange a trip that includes a hike up to the face of the volcano. Don’t worry, a van will drive you most of the way up, so it won’t be a long and exhausting hike. When you stand next to Crazy Horse’s face, you can sense the immensity of the task ahead of you. When it is finished, it will be the biggest sculpture on the face of the planet. It is anticipated that the arm and horse head will be completed within the next dozen or so years or so.

For more information about visiting the Crazy Horse Memorial, please see the webpage for additional information.

South Dakota Monuments

From the air, a helicopter flies over Mount Rushmore Southwestern South Dakota is home to several extremely stunning monuments. I don’t believe anyone nowadays would be brave enough to attempt such a thing, but witnessing them with your own two eyes is certainly a wonder. Mount Rushmore had been in so many images and videos during my youth that it was almost weird to see it in person for the first time. To have had the opportunity to learn more about the Crazy Horse Memorial and the significant monument to the Lakota People was something for which we are really thankful.

However, for the time being, both monuments are real works of art that are well worth the trip to South Dakota.

Helicopter Tour of Crazy Horse and Mount Rushmore

Taking a helicopter trip above these two national treasures will allow you to have an even better perspective on them than you already have. Black Hills Aerial Adventures offers one of the most reasonably priced helicopter excursions we’ve ever seen, and it provides a bird’s-eye perspective of both Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse, among other attractions. In addition, it provides a beautiful perspective of the Black Hills of South Dakota. As we had intended, the helicopter didn’t reach close enough to the sites, nor did it provide an equitable distribution of views.

  • Make careful you sit behind the pilot on the right-hand side of the aircraft if you do decide to take a helicopter tour.
  • Crazy Horse, on the other hand, is more prominent on the left.
  • However, for the price, it is a worthwhile excursion.
  • In the event that you have never flown in a helicopter before, they offer exploration excursions that start at $49.

That’s all there is to it! I believe we did everything possible to visit Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse to their fullest extent. They are a national treasure, and we highly encourage that you go see them for yourself. Which National Monument is your personal favorite?

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Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore – 2 ways to travel via taxi, and car

In Rome2rio’s trip planner, select an option from the drop-down menu to get step-by-step directions and to compare ticket costs and travel times for that route.


  1. You can get to Mount Rushmore by taking a cab from Crazy Horse Memorial.


  1. The drive from Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore is beautiful.

Travel safe during COVID-19

Border crossings within the United States may be subject to approval, testing, and quarantine.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it permissible for me to go between Crazy Horse Memorial and Mount Rushmore? Yes, it is currently possible to travel within the United States. Investigate your travel alternatives How can I find out if I’m allowed to travel to Mount Rushmore? Travel inside the country is not prohibited, however certain restrictions may apply.

  • Masks for the face are highly suggested. There is a 2 metre minimum criterion for social distancing. It is possible that domestic border crossings will be subject to approval, testing, and quarantine.
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Investigate your travel alternatives What is the number for the national COVID-19 helpline in Mount Rushmore, South Dakota? The 800-232-4636 number for the national COVID-19 hotline is located in Mount Rushmore. Is it mandatory to wear a face mask while using public transportation in Mount Rushmore? It is suggested that you use a face mask when taking public transportation in Mount Rushmore. What should I do if I get symptoms of COVID-19 when I arrive at Mount Rushmore National Memorial? Make yourself known to a member of the official staff and/or call the national coronavirus hotline number at 800-232-4636 if you have any questions.

There may be some exceptions; see the following for further information: CDC stands for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

This material has been gathered from reputable sources and is current.

For general information, see Rome2rio’s travel tips.


What is the most cost-effective method of transportation between Crazy Horse Memorial and Mount Rushmore? The quickest and least expensive mode of transportation between Crazy Horse Memorial and Mount Rushmore is by car, which costs €1 – €3 and takes 28 minutes. More information may be found here. The quickest way to go from Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore is to take the bus. The quickest method to go from Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore is to hire a cab, which takes 28 minutes and costs €35 – €45 (depending on traffic).

  • What is the distance between Crazy Horse Memorial and Mount Rushmore?
  • The distance between the two points is 26.5 kilometers.
  • If I don’t have access to a vehicle, how can I go from Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore?
  • More information may be found here.
  • The trip from Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore, which is 26.5 kilometers, takes roughly 28 minutes.
  • Is it possible to travel between Crazy Horse Memorial and Mount Rushmore?
  • Traveling by car from Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore will take roughly 28 minutes.

Obtain driving instructions. Where can I find a place to stay near Mount Rushmore? There are more than 77 hotels in Mount Rushmore to choose from. Prices start at €87 per night and go up from there. More information may be found here.

What companies run services between Crazy Horse Memorial, SD, USA and Mount Rushmore, SD, USA?

It takes around 28 minutes to drive from Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore. From the Crazy Horse Memorial to Mount Rushmore Avenue, take a taxi. 28 minutes in length Price range: €35 to €45 (estimated).

Want to know more about travelling around the world?

The Travel Guide series from Rome2rio provides essential information for the worldwide traveler. Read our collection of in-depth information on prominent transportation routes and firms, such as Why You Should Take the Train in the United States and The London Underground: Essential Tips to Navigate the Tube (available in English and Spanish). as well as how to travel along Croatia’s Dalmatian Coast by boat, bus, vehicle, and train- to ensure that you get the most out of your next vacation.

Trips from Crazy Horse Memorial

Crazy Horse Memorial

The Crazy Horse Memorial in 2020
Location in South DakotaCrazy Horse Memorial (the United States)
Coordinates 43°50′7.45″N103°37′16.67″W / 43.8354028°N 103.6212972°WCoordinates:43°50′7.45″N103°37′16.67″W / 43.8354028°N 103.6212972°W
Location Custer County, South Dakota, U.S.
Designer Korczak Ziolkowski
Type Mountain carving monument
Material Granite
Length 641 ft (195 m) (planned)
Height 563 ft (172 m) (planned)
Beginning date June 3, 1948; 73 years ago
Dedicated to Crazy Horse

Currently under construction on privately owned land in the Black Hills of Custer County, South Dakota, the Crazy Horse Memorial is a mountain memorial dedicated to the memory of a wild horse. It will represent theOglalaLakotawarrior, Crazy Horse, on a horse and pointing to his tribal area, as well as other Native American figures. In order to have the memorial carved byKorczak Ziolkowski, Henry Standing Bear, a Lakota elder, commissioned it to be done. The Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation, a non-profit organization, is in charge of its operation.

The monument is being carved out of Thunderhead Mountain, on ground that some Oglala Lakota regard as holy, between Custer and Hill City, approximately 17 miles (27 kilometers) from Mount Rushmore, and will be completed in 20 years.

Crazy Horse’s arm will be 263 feet (80 meters) long, and his head will be 87 feet (27 meters) high; in comparison, the heads of the four United States Presidents at Mount Rushmore are each 60 feet (18 meters) high.

If it is finished as planned, it will surpass the IndianStatue of Unity as the world’s second-tallest statue, surpassing it just by a few feet.

Crazy Horse

Crazy Horse was a Native American military chief who led the Oglala Lakota tribe during the American Revolutionary War. When the Lakota people’s territory and way of life were threatened by the federal government of the United States, he took up weapons against the United States government. His most well-known acts against the United States troops included theFetterman Fight on December 21, 1866, and theBattle of the Little Bighorn on June 25–26, 1876, both of which took place in Montana. When he surrendered to American soldiers under the command of General Crookin in May 1877, he was severely injured by a military guard, who allegedly shot him as he was fighting detention at Camp Robinson in what is now Nebraska.

A 13-cent postage stamp honoring him was issued by the United States Postal Service in 1982 as part of its Great Americans series. He is considered to be one of the most renowned and iconic Native American tribal members.

History of the monument

Sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski was recruited and commissioned to create the Crazy Horse Memorial in the Black Hills of South Dakota by Henry Standing Bear (also known as “Mato Naji”), an Oglala Lakota chief who was a well-known politician and elder in the Native American culture. A letter from Luther Standing Bear, Henry’s older brother, in October 1931, was addressed to artist Gutzon Borglum, who was working on carving the heads of four American presidents forMount Rushmore. It was recommended by Luther that it would be “It is most appropriate that Crazy Horse’s visage has been carved there.

Following that, Henry Standing Bear initiated a campaign to have Borglum carve a portrait of Crazy Horse on Mount Rushmore, which was eventually successful.

Cook, a long-time friend of Chief Red Cloud’s, in the summer of 1935, saying, “I am struggling hopelessly with this because I am without funds, without employment, and without assistance from any Indian or White.” Sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski, who worked on the construction of Mount Rushmore under the direction of Gutzon Borglum, received a letter from Henry Standing Bear on November 7, 1939.

  1. Standing Bear also wrote a letter to UndersecretaryOscar Chapmanof the Department of the Interior, offering all of his own fertile 900 acres (365 ha) in exchange for the barren mountain in order to pay tribute to Crazy Horse.
  2. The government responded positively, and the United States Forest Service, which is in charge of the area, agreed to give a permit for the use of the site in exchange for the establishment of a commission to monitor the project’s implementation.
  3. After meeting Standing Bear in Pine Ridge, South Dakota, in the spring of 1940 and discussing land ownership concerns with him, Ziolkowski spent three weeks with him at Pine Ridge, South Dakota, learning about Crazy Horse and the Lakota way of life.
  4. I recognized it as the one I’d read about, in which the President assured the Indians that the Black Hills would remain in their possession for all time.

I recall how his ancient eyes would sparkle out of his dark mahogany face for a while before he would shake his head and go silent for a lengthy period of time.”

Memorial foundation

There are no federal or state funds available to support the monument, which is a non-profit endeavor. Visitors centers are charged fees by the Memorial Foundation, and the foundation earns cash through its gift shops in addition to collecting individual contributions. According to reports, Ziolkowski was given US$ 10 million for the project on two separate times by the federal government, but he turned the proposals down on both instances. He considered the project to be more than just a mountain carving, and he was concerned that federal involvement would undermine his intentions for the memorial’s larger educational and cultural purposes.

  • In 1982, at the age of 74, Ziolkowski passed away.
  • Ruth Ziolkowski made the decision to concentrate on the completion of Crazy Horse’s face first, rather than the horse, as her husband had initially intended to do.
  • Aside from that, she was in charge of the workforce, which included seven of her children.
  • Crazy Horse’s eyes are 17 feet (5.2 m) wide and his head is 87 feet (27 m) high, and his head is 17 feet (5.2 m) wide and 17 feet (5.2 m) high.
  • Monique Ziolkowski, a sculptor in her own right, made minor changes to her father’s designs to ensure that the weight of the outstretched arm was properly supported.
  • After two years of meticulous planning and measuring, construction on the horse finally began.
  • 87-year-old Ruth Ziolkowski died on May 21, 2014, in her home in Chicago.

Completed vision

A scale model of the proposed enormous sculpture, with the Crazy Horse Memorial in the background, is shown (Aug 2009) In 2007, a philanthropist from Sioux Falls, South Dakota, made a US$ 2.5 million donation to establish an educational and cultural center that will include a satellite campus of the University of South Dakota, complete with a classroom building and residence hall. The donation was made possible by a US$ 2.5 million donation from T. Denny Sanford in 2007. The Indian University of North America and the Indian Museum of North America are the names of these institutions.

When part of the tribute, Sanford made a US$ 5 million commitment, which will be paid out in installments of US$ 1 million per year for five years as matching donations are received, with the money going exclusively to further work on the horse’s head.

For college credit, it offers courses in math, English, and American Indian studies, in addition to outreach classes for the general public.

The memorial organization has given out more than US$ 1.2 million in scholarships, with the vast majority of them going to Native students in South Dakota and other states.

Fundraising and events

In October 2006, the Memorial Foundation launched its first national fund-raising campaign. The objective was to generate US$ 16.5 million before the end of the year 2011. One of the first projects on the drawing board was a $1.45 million dormitory that would accommodate 40 American Indian students who would be interning at the monument.


As a result of his refusal to be photographed, Crazy Horse was buried in an area where his burial would not be discovered. According to Ziolkowski, the monument should be viewed as a metaphorical tribute to the spirit of Crazy Horse and Native American people. According to reports, he declared, “My lands are where my dead are buried.” Symbolically, his outstretched hand on the monument is meant to represent that message. A descendant of one of Crazy Horse’s aunts, Elaine Quiver, stated in 2003 that the elder Standing Bear should not have petitioned Ziolkowski on his own to build the memorial because Lakota culture dictates that family members must agree on such a decision, which was not achieved until after the first rock was dynamited in 1948.

They were there for us to appreciate, and they were also there for us to pray with them in our presence.

As I continue to think about it, the more I realize that it is an insult to our Indian culture.

Seth Big Crow, whose great-grandmother was an aunt of Crazy Horse, expressed skepticism about the millions of dollars in revenue the Ziolkowski family had received from the visitor center and shops associated with the memorial, as well as “the amount of money being generated by his ancestor’s name,” according to the Associated Press.

When you begin to make money rather than attempting to accomplish the job, that is when I believe the project has veered off in the wrong way.

John Fire Lame Deer, a Lakotamedicine man, wrote in his autobiography published in 1972 that: “The entire concept of turning a magnificent natural mountain into a statue of him is a pollutant of the surrounding environment.

Our entire existence has been insulted by this.

See also

  • List of enormous sculptures in situ
  • List of the world’s tallest statues
  • List of the world’s tallest statues in the United States
  • List of the world’s tallest statues in the world


  1. Crazy Horse Memorial’s “Pictorial Timeline” is available online. Walker, Carson (2020-02-19)
  2. AbWalker, Carson (June 2, 2008). “The Crazy Horse Memorial is celebrating its 60th anniversary with no end in sight.” According to USA Today. Retrieved2011-07-17
  3. s^ Rand, Martin III (Martin Rand III) (June 11, 2012). “A memorial to Crazy Horse has been in the works for 64 years, so far.” CNN. Obtainable on June 11, 2012
  4. Susan Salter Reynolds is a writer and editor (December 26, 2010). The book “The Killing of Crazy Horse” by Thomas Powers is reviewed here. The Los Angeles Times published this article. “George Kills in Sight Describes the Death of Indian Leader Crazy Horse,” which was retrieved on October 30, 2013, may be seen here. It is important to understand the past. George Mason University is a public research university in Fairfax, Virginia. “Postal Bulletin: Great Americans Issue (1980–1999)” was published on March 22, 2018. The Smithsonian National Postal Museum opened its doors on December 21, 1985. Agonito, Joseph (October 2015)
  5. Retrieved on October 28th, 2015. (August 2, 2011). Lakota Portraits: The Lives of the Legendary Plains People is a collection of portraits of the Lakota people. p. 251, ISBN 978-0762768295
  6. Taliaferro, John, p. 251, ISBN 978-0762768295
  7. (October 9, 2007). The Great White Fathers: The Story of the Obsessive Quest to Construct Mount Rushmore is a book on the history of the Mount Rushmore project. p. 328.ISBN 978-1586486112
  8. Swanson, John. “Henry Standing Bear (Mato Najen), Lakota Sioux Intancan.” New York: Public Affairs. p. 328.ISBN 978-1586486112
  9. Swanson, John. “Henry Standing Bear (Mato Najen), Lakota Sioux Intancan.” 2008 Commemoration
  11. “2008 Commemoration.” The original version of this article was published on July 14, 2015. “Mighty Memorial for Crazyhorse,” which was retrieved on July 28, 2019. “Upper Third of Horse’s Head Blocked Out on Crazy Horse,” Nevada State Journal, November 23, 1947, p. 23
  12. “Upper Third of Horse’s Head Blocked Out on Crazy Horse” (Press release). The Crazy Horse Memorial was dedicated on April 21, 2003. The original version of this article was published on September 28, 2007
  13. Abc Unwin and Brian (May 27, 2014). In the words of the obituary, “Ruth Ziolkowski was the driving force behind a decades-long endeavor to build a massive memorial to Crazy Horse out of the Black Hills of Dakota.” The Guardian, based in London. Obtainable on 2014-06-20
  14. Ab ‘Griffith, Tom’ is a euphemism for ‘Griffith, Thomas’ (May 23, 2014). “Ruth Ziolkowski of the Crazy Horse Memorial expressed her sorrow.” Rapid City Journal is a newspaper published in Rapid City, South Dakota. abRand III, Martin (2014-06-20)
  15. Retrieved on 2014-06-20 (November 6, 2020). “A memorial to Crazy Horse has been in the works for 64 years, so far.” Retrieved on March 21, 2020 from CNN. abBlazeki, Goran (December 10, 2017). “The Crazy Horse Monument in South Dakota, which began construction in 1948 and is expected to take another century to complete.” News from a bygone era. American Profile (April 27, 2001). “Carving Crazy Horse”. Retrieved March 21, 2020
  16. Higbee, Paul (April 27, 2001). ABC”Quick Facts” was published on October 18, 2006, and was retrieved from the original on October 18, 2006. The Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation was established in memory of Crazy Horse. Obtainable on 2018-09-25
  17. Abcd Barbara Soderlin’s article “Progress quiets Crazy Horse doubts” may be found here. Rapid City Journal is a newspaper published in Rapid City, South Dakota. retrieved on August 14, 2010
  18. Bruce Dorminey is the author of this work (June 14, 2017). “Making Sense of the Crazy Horse Memorial” is the title of this article. The Pacific Standard Time Zone. “Ruth Ziolkowski 1926-2014: Carrying on the dream,” which was retrieved on March 21, 2020. Leader of the Argus. Sioux Falls is a city in South Dakota. “Seventy years later, the hunt to carve Crazy Horse Memorial continues,” the New York Times reported on May 22, 2014. The 22nd of October, 2016, is CBS This Morning. As of July 28, 2019, “the Crazy Horse Memorial charity campaign will officially commence.” According to the Associated Press. The 21st of August, 2006. On October 11, 2006, the original version of this article was archived. On July 11, 2018, I was able to get a hold of some information. ‘Notes on the Crazy Horse Genealogy, Part 1’ by Kingsley M. Bray is available online. According to American, “The Crazy Horse Memorial Generates Mixed Emotions.” Voice of America News (VoA News). The date was September 13, 2003. retrieved on the 28th of July, 2019
  19. John Lame Deer (Fire)
  20. Richard Erdoes (Fire) (1972). Lame Deer, Seeker of Visions is a character in the game Lame Deer. Publisher: Simon & Schuster, New York, p. 96, ISBN 978-0671215354
  21. Chris Roberts is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom (September 2001). “Russell Means, in Memory of Russell Means.” We’re talking about The Progressive. Jarvis, Brooke (October 24, 2012)
  22. Retrieved on October 24, 2012. (13 September 2019). “Can you tell me who speaks for Crazy Horse?” The New Yorker is a publication dedicated to journalism. Retrieved2020-11-25
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External links

  • The Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation’s official website has live webcams, which may be seen on the site.

Everything you need to know about visiting Crazy Horse Memorial, South Dakota

*Some of the links in this post may be affiliate links. This means that if you make a purchase as a result of clicking on the link, I may get a small compensation at no additional expense to you. Before visiting South Dakota, I had never heard of the Crazy Horse Memorial, but while researching things to do in Rapid City, I came across a guide that recommended visiting the Crazy Horse Memorial. After studying the Fight of Little Big Horn in history class, I was eager to learn that I would be in the vicinity of the site of the legendary battle and that I would be able to see the Crazy Horse Memorial.

Crazy Horse Monument Facts

Crazy Horse was born in 1842 in the Black Hills of South Dakota and was a member of the Native American tribe of the same name. The United States government was taking over the land and altering the way of life of the native Americans, and he battled against this policy. He is considered to be one of the most renowned Native Americans of all time, and he played a key role in the assault on Custer that resulted in Custer’s death. He has been recognized by the United States Postal Service, which honored him with a stamp in 1982.

Korczak worked on this project primarily on his own until his death in 1982, when his wife Ruth took over the project and shifted the emphasis to complete Crazy Horse face so that tourists could view it from the visitors center.

Crazy Horse Memorial Completion Date

“When will the Crazy Horse memorial be completed?” is a question that everyone asks. However, there is no set completion date for Crazy Horse because the amount of work that can be done on the mountain is entirely dependent on the number of visitors and the amount of money they spend on admission. I was warned that it may be as late as 2050 or perhaps later! The crazy horse memorial’s completion date is still unknown due to the fact that the project is entirely supported by donations from visitors to the monument, with no government funds being invested in the project.

It appears like the Crazy Horse memorial is moving at a snail’s pace, but it is fascinating to watch how much work has been made each year, and I hope that it will be completed during my lifetime.

Visiting Crazy Horse Memorial

I got at Crazy Horse Monument in South Dakota late in the afternoon and headed directly to the information desk to find out what there was to do when visiting Crazy Horse Monument. I was not disappointed. The fact that the memorial itself is so far away from the visitors center, or that it costs money to get a closer look, was completely unknown to me at the time.

Moreover, I was unaware that the memorial is not supported by the government and is instead run by a non-profit organization, in accordance with Korczak’s wishes that no federal or state monies be taken for its construction.

Getting to Crazy Horse Memorial

Want to know where Crazy Horse Monument is located? You’ve come to the right place. In South Dakota, it’s in close proximity to the city of Rapid City. Those interested in visiting the Crazy Horse Memorial should go to 12151 Avenue of the Chiefs, Crazy Horse, SD 57730. If you’re coming from Rapid City, Custer, Hill City, or Sturgis, you’ll want to use Highway 16, while traveling from Mount Rushmore, you’ll want to take Highway 244, and driving from Deadwood, you’ll want to take Highway 385. There is plenty of free parking available on the premises.

Crazy Horse Memorial Cost

The cost of admission to Crazy Horse is $15 per person, $30 for two persons, and $35 for a car with three or more people inside. For the price of admission to the Crazy Horse Memorial, you will receive an Orientation film on the history of the monument as well as admission to three museums, cultural activities, a view of the mountain where the monument is being constructed and, during the summer months, a laser light show. If you want to have a closer look at it, there are two choices that are not included in the price of the crazy horse admission.

The photo below is the closest you can get from the $4 journey, but it is well worth it since it gives you an idea of how huge it is going to be in person and allows you to get a nice perspective of the face from the front.

If you choose the second option, you may really visit Crazy Horse’s head and face and take a close-up picture; however, this journey will need a gift of more than $125 (prices vary, so you will need to check directly with the Crazy Horse site) and must be scheduled ahead of time.

I really wanted to attend, but as a traveler, the expense was simply too much for me to justify at the time.

Crazy Horse Memorial Hours

When: 17 March to 11 May 2021 – 8am to 7pm12 May to 27 May – 8am to 8pm28 May to 6 September – 8am till 30 minutes after the end of the laser showThe Crazy Horse welcome center is open during the following hours:17 March to 11 May 2021 – 8am to 7pm12 May to 27 May – 8pm

About Crazy Horse Monument

Crazy Horse’s left hand and the horse’s mane are now being worked on by the restoration staff. In fact, only the head of Crazy Horse is 27 feet taller than any of the heads on Mount Rushmore, which stand 60 feet tall.

It is the world’s biggest mountain carving, and it is the world’s largest mountain carving. It will be 563 feet high and 641 feet wide when it is completed, and it is something I would want to see because it will look incredible carved into the rock when it is finished.

What to do at Crazy Horse Memorial

The first thing you will do when you arrive is go to the Welcome Center, where you will pay for your crazy horse entrance as well as any other extras, such as the bus tour. After leaving the Welcome Center, you will need to wait in line to board the bus for the tour. I returned to the Welcome Center after the bus tour and watched the orientation film on the history of the Crazy Horse Memorial, which is well worth watching because it shows how Korczak came to live on the site and raise his ten children there, how he had to drag everything up the mountain to do blasts and carve the rock all by himself, sometimes with the assistance of his children, and how much it has changed since then.

In addition, they now have a team of explosive specialists that they can afford to hire, which is led by Korczak’s son, while his daughter manages the restaurant.

A wild horse statue depicting how the mountain will seem after it is done is also on display on the viewing terrace, and you can envision how it will look one day by looking at it with the mountain as a backdrop.

I intended to remain for the laser light show, so it made sense to sit in the restaurant looking out over the monument until the performance started.

How much time to spend at Crazy Horse Memorial

The amount of time you spend at Crazy Horse Memorial is entirely dependent on what you want to accomplish while you’re there. If you want to go on one of the bus trips to get a closer look at Crazy Horse or even closer to his face, you will need to spend more time there; however, if you just want to watch the orientation film, look through the museums, and take in the view from the terrace, you will only need a couple of hours at the very most. To obtain the best view of the laser display, arrive a few hours before sunset so that you can see everything before the sun sets and the show begins to fade.

Crazy Horse Laser Show

The Crazy Horse Light Show will be on display every night from May 28th to September 6th, 2021, once the sun has set. For further information on the actual timings, please see this page. Despite the fact that it is summer, the temperature lowers at night, necessitating the use of a sweater. The presentation is fantastic and provides a fascinating history of Native Americans; it is certainly worth watching if you are in the region and planning a trip to Crazy Horse. At one point, you can see precisely how the memorial will look once it has been built, which is quite cool.

The history behind it, the fact that it was created entirely by one man on his own, the fact that all of the money used to construct it did not come from any government or state funding, but rather from donations or visitors to the site, and the fact that it is a memorial to a native american who was attempting to preserve his lands and way of life are all compelling reasons to visit.

If you happen to be in the neighborhood, it’s a fantastic site to visit, and perhaps I’ll get the opportunity to return and see it when it’s done one day.

Can you see Crazy Horse Memorial from the road?

Yes, you can see Crazy Horse Memorial from the road, and the vista is beautiful, but to get the whole Crazy Horse experience and to understand about Crazy Horse’s history, it is worthwhile to pay the Crazy Horse entrance fee and to visit the monument. You also have the option of spending the $4 to have an even closer look if you want it even closer.

How far is Crazy Horse from Mount Rushmore

Crazy Horse is 17 miles away from Mount Rushmore and is a great place to visit with Mount Rushmore on the same trip because you just need a few hours at each location at the most. More information about Mount Rushmore may be found in my Mount Rushmore Guide, which can be found here.

Where to stay when Visiting Crazy Horse Monument

My base of operations when visiting Crazy Horse was Rapid City, which allowed me to see Mt Rushmore, Custer State Park, and Badlands National Park all in one day. I slept at the Travelodge Rapid City, which provided a continental breakfast as well as a pool to cool off in during the evenings while I was there. More information and pricing may be found by clicking here. Choose the Hilton Garden Inn Rapid City if you want something a bit more luxurious. You may relax in the indoor pool and hot tub while eating supper at the Great American Grill, which is located on the premises.

Where to stay near Crazy Horse South Dakota

Staying in Custer, which is only 5 miles away from Crazy Horse, is a good option if you wish to be a bit closer to the action. You can choose from the following options: Best Western is a good budget option. Buffalo Ridge Inn is a bed and breakfast located in Buffalo, New York. Comfort Inn is a mid-range hotel. Suites on Custer Avenue The best place to stay is the Bavarians Inn in Blackhills. Please remember to pin this post if you found it useful or interesting.

Crazy Horse Memorial®

Among the many aspects that make up the famous history, present, and future of the Crazy Horse Memorial are a Lakota warrior, a world-renowned artist, his family, and a granite canvas on which to paint them all. In 1948, sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski began work on what would become the world’s biggest mountain sculpture. Members of his family and their supporters are working to complete his creative vision, which will be a huge statue measuring 641 feet in length and 563 feet in height. This is in comparison to the fact that each of the heads atMount Rushmore National Memorial stands 60 feet tall.

Crazy Horse Memorial receives between 1 and 112 million visits every year, depending on the season.

It is home to more than 12,000 modern and historic artefacts, ranging from pre-Columbian periods to the present day, which are displayed in the Indian Museum of North America and the adjacent Welcome Center and Native American Educational and Cultural Center.

During the summer season, the Crazy Horse Memorial is open every day from 8 a.m.

until dusk, and admission is free. Through the end of September, the narrative will continue each night at dusk with the “Legends in Light” laser-light display projected on the mountain carving. From Memorial Day weekend through the end of September,

10 Important Things To Know Before Visiting The Crazy Horse Memorial

The turn around Black Elk Peak is worth the trip if you’ve already looked up at the 60-foot-tall faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Teddy Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln carved into Mount Rushmore and thought, “That’s it?” The Crazy Horse Memorial, which is located around 15 miles from the presidential sculpture, pays tribute to the Lakota leader who defeated General George Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.

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While the sculptures on Mount Rushmore were completed in 1941, the Crazy Horse Memorial is still a work in progress that is rather remarkable.

“I shall return to you in stone,” says the author.


1. It Honors A Sioux Indian Chief

Tasunke Witco was a striking figure among the Lakota people, distinguished by his light complexion and wavy brown hair. Known as Crazy Horse, the talented warrior utilized his well-honed talents to fend off European Americans as they built homes and developed farms on his people’s ancient grounds, endangering their way of life and threatening their very existence. It is likely that Crazy Horse was in command of a successful surprise attack on the United States forces, from theFetterman Massacre through theBattle of Little Bighorn, at any time during the American Revolution.

This land was given to us by the Great Spirit as a place to call home.

We didn’t get in the way of your plans.

Advice from the experts: The Crazy Horse Memorial is a popular tourist destination because you may hear the leader referred to in two different ways: as Lakota and as Sioux.

2. The Memorial Is Gigantic

To say that the Crazy Horse Memorial is massive would be an underestimate of the truth. When the monument, which will stand 563 feet tall and 641 feet long, is done, it will break the world record for the biggest mountain carving. To put those statistics into context, the Crazy Horse Memorial will be eight feet taller than the Washington Monument and nearly ten times the size of Mount Rushmore, respectively. And the Lakota warrior’s arm, which extends parallel to the horizon as he points out the country of his people, is nearly as long as an American football field when fully extended.

Ben Black Elk is a member of the Oglala Sioux Tribe of South Dakota.

3. A Self-Taught Sculptor Designed The Crazy Horse Memorial

Korczak Ziolkowski, who was orphaned as a child and reared by foster parents who primarily considered him as free labor, grew up knowing what it meant to put in long hours. Despite the fact that he graduated from Rindge Technical School, Korczak received the most of his education through the “school of hard knocks.” As an adolescent, he worked in the heavy construction business before becoming an apprentice carpenter in the shipyards of Boston, where he eventually settled. Ziolkowski spent his spare time studying the Old Masters and putting his self-taught design talents to use in plaster and clay projects.

However, Ziolkowski’s hands-on expertise sculpting mountains was limited to less than three weeks when he had a disagreement with Borglum’s son and was forced to leave the project.

” The Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear wrote a letter to ZiolkowskiRJA1988/Pixabay, which may be seen here.

4. Ziolkowski Dedicated His Life To The Crazy Horse Memorial

During World War II, Ziolkowski and 156,000 other heroic members of the Greatest Generation landed on the beaches of Normandy with the rest of the Allies. When he returned from World War II, the skilled World War II veteran was in high demand to build war memorials around Europe. But Ziolkowski opted to devote the remainder of his life to the Crazy Horse Memorial. My life will have been meaningful if, via carving Crazy Horse, I can return part of the Indian’s pride while also providing a method to preserve his culture and traditions alive for future generations.

5. It’s A Family Affair

After nearly 40 years in the Midwest, Ziolkowski relocated to South Dakota to begin construction on the Crazy Horse Memorial. Ruth Ross, a young volunteer, joined him, and the mountain sculptor’s midlife took a startling turn when he and Ruth tied the knot, giving birth to a family of seven children: five sons and five girls. In spite of the fact that both Korczak and Ruth are no longer alive, seven of their ten children (as well as several of their grandkids) continue to devote their lives to Korczak’s goal.

6. Ziolkowski Has Carved Other Notable Figures From Stone

For the purpose of honing his craft before dedicating the rest of his life to his monumental Chief Crazy Horse Memorial, Ziolkowski carved the likenesses of other famous Americans from stone, including Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear, President John F. Kennedy, and Ray Kroc, the founder of McDonald’s Corporation.

The hamlet of Deadwood, approximately an hour north of the Crazy Horse Memorial, is home to a bust of Wild Bill Hickok sculpted by Ziolkowski out of Black Hills granite and set beside the Wild West legend’s tomb in Mount Moriah Cemetery. Pro Tip:

7. It’s Being Built Without Federal Funding

Ziolkowski was insistent that the Crazy Horse Memorial be created by the people from the beginning of his design for the monument (and not the government). As a result, he devoted more than 35 years of his life to carving the memorial, giving freely of his time and ability in exchange for no compensation. Individuals, civic groups, and private enterprises generously donated to him when he rejected down financing offers from the federal government. Instead, he relied on entrance fees and donations from the public.

It was only quiet and being left alone that we wished for.” Crazy Horse is a fictional character created by American author Stephen King.

8. It May Not Be Completed In Your (Or Your Grandchildren’s) Lifetime

A new generation of Ziolkowskis is working as patiently as the Colorado River did to carve the Grand Canyon out of the side of a mountain in the Black Hills. The massive memorial to Chief Crazy Horse, who gallops bare-chested out of the side of a mountain in the Black Hills, is being slowly chipped away by the Ziolkowskis. However, because to the enormity of the sculpture and the promise to not accept federal assistance, it will take some time to complete. Pro Tip: You can keep track of the progress of the mountain’s carving into Chief Crazy Horse’s visage by using this live webcam.

9. It’s Illuminated In The Summer

The Legends in Lightlaser show, which takes place every night from late May until late September, brings the Crazy Horse Memorial to life. Bright lights from three of the world’s largest projectors dance across the hillside as the sculpture is turned into a massive granite screen displaying information about Native Americans’ history, culture, and contributions to the world at large. Visit the Crazy Horse Memorial during one of the two yearly night explosions, each of which has a specific significance, if fireballs and pyrotechnic elements are more your style.

In early September, the second night blast commemorates Korczak’s birthday while also paying tribute to the life and legacy of Crazy Horse on the anniversary of his passing.

10. The Memorial Is Just One Part Of Ziolkowski’s Dream

There were two more elements to Ziolkowski’s dream, in addition to the stunning mountain sculpture of Chief Crazy Horse. One such institution is the Indian Museum of North America. The museum, which is part of the Crazy Horse Tourist Center and offers unobstructed views of the granite work of art that Ziolkowski created in 1948, exhibits art and artifacts from more than 300 Native American countries and is housed within the Crazy Horse Visitor Center. The Indian University of North America, which will serve as a medical training facility for Native Americans, is the last component of Ziolkowski’s three-pronged vision.

Fun fact: Pro Tip: From Native American museums at the Smithsonian Institution to cliff dwellings in Colorado, you may learn more about Native American heritage by visiting these locations.

Faceoff: Mount Rushmore vs. the Crazy Horse Memorial

What do you prefer: the Black Hills, S.D.Borglum, or Ziolkowski? Almost immediately upon landing in the Black Hills of South Dakota, you’ll be confronted with this question, which will most likely be along U.S. 16 as you wind your way between two of the most massively carved mountains on the face of the planet. Mount Rushmore, designed by Gutzon Borglum, is a familiar face from elementary school, and you believe you are familiar with it rather well. It all started in 1927. The building was completed in 1941.

  • Being able to see a sculpture in three dimensions after just getting to know it in two makes a huge impact – especially when that artwork is perched on the summit of an almost 450-foot mountain.
  • Please allow me to divert your attention to a 600-foot peak that lies 17 driving miles southwest of the faces on Mount Rushmore, while you contemplate this.
  • At the invitation of a Lakota (Sioux) chief, sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski (pronounced jewel-CUFF-ski) began work on this sculpture, which depicts the warrior Crazy Horse on horseback, pointing southeast to the land where a large number of his people are buried.
  • Despite the fact that the Crazy Horse Memorial is significantly larger than Mt.
  • So far, there hasn’t been any big money from Indian casinos.
  • Aside from that, an adult arriving by car must pay $14 to get as close to the sculpture as a Rushmore visitor can for $8 per person.
  • Because there is no known photograph of Crazy Horse, the artist set out to create a symbolic portrait rather than a literal representation of him.

“So, is it really necessary to see RushmoreandCrazy Horse?

RUSHMOREI started with Rushmore, which gets the better morning light.

If you show up early enough, you’ll get a shaded parking place.

As you move and the clouds drift and the sun advances, the faces change.

“Look at the striations!” said Alabama earth sciences teacher Rob Wilburn.

“Thomas Edison,” said a boy at the other end of the terrace, identifying faces for his father.

It ends with a gathering onstage of the members of the audience who were or are in the military.

It’s no wonder that the year after Sept.

That symbolic power, said Judy Olson, the memorial’s interpretation chief, has made it “a very political place” since its beginnings, when the sculptor raised a small ruckus by choosing to include Teddy Roosevelt along with the more venerated 18th and 19th century heroes Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln.

  1. Their argument is simple: An 1868 treaty with the U.S.
  2. But once gold was found and confirmed in 1874 (by Lt.
  3. George Custer), the U.S.
  4. This land-grab history poses public-relations challenges for park Superintendent Gerard Baker, whose own family tree stems from the Mandan and Hidatsa peoples of North Dakota.
  5. If you rely on the pamphlet published by the Mount Rushmore History Assn., you get most of Borglum’s story: a smart, talented and stubborn boy, born in 1867 in Idaho to a big immigrant family from Denmark.
  6. But there is more.
  7. Christina Borglum, the sister who bore Gutzon, left him and the rest of the family when he was about 4.
  8. “) and other outrageous behavior.
  9. Later he was fired from the memorial project and chased out of the state by his former boosters.

But a friend, Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, may have said it better: “Gutzon was for war, all sorts of war, six wars at a time.” With thousands of Americans and their children lining up daily at the monument for a dose of straight-ahead patriotism, what’s the National Park Service supposed to do with these facts?

Back then, the Park Service’s Olson notes, the agency “tended to tell the good side of the story, rather than the whole story.” Now, in ranger talks, “we tell the whole story as it is, all sides,” including the Klan, Olson said.

In 1924, as the Stone Mountain project was beginning to fall apart, South Dakota historian Doane Robinson invited Borglum to consider a monument to Western heroes in the Black Hills.

In 1927, with President Coolidge on hand, drilling and demolition began.

While the sculptor crisscrossed the country making speeches and seeking backers, Borglum’s eldest son, Lincoln, supervised work on the mountain.

(Lincoln Borglum died in 1986.) It’s astonishing, given all this, to learn that the whole project cost just less than $1 million to build, 84 percent of it paid by the federal government.

On your way out of the Rushmore viewing area, you can read the workers’ names, all 400 of them.

Rushmore National Memorial and head west on South Dakota 244, the two-lane route will take you winding through a gorgeous Black Hills medley of pines, slopes and jutting boulders.

What’s dynamited is dynamited.

16, and turn south toward the town of Custer.

Crazy Horse’s face was completed in 1998.

Along with Ziolkowski’s widow, Ruth, seven of his 10 children work here.

For $4 more, you can advance by bus to the foot of the mountain.

The best time to catch the sun on Crazy Horse’s face is late afternoon.

First, from a quarter of a mile away, I saw the rocks jump from a spot midway up the mountain, where the horse’s flank will be.

A plume of dust drifted skyward, so it seemed that Crazy Horse was squinting through it, and finally came the sound of newborn pebbles raining down on the base of the mountain.

“I just can’t conceive the engineering that’s going into this,” said Tom Welsh, a tourist from Central Islip, N.Y., as he gazed up from the base of the mountain.

He came to South Dakota in 1939, to take a key job working for Borglum – and within three months was jobless, having butted heads with the boss’ son.

The chief was looking for somebody to carve Crazy Horse, the Sioux warrior who prevailed over Custer at Little Bighorn in 1876 and was killed a year later.

By 1948, the sculptor had served in World War II, moved back to South Dakota, split with his first wife, selected a site known as Thunder Mountain, acquired land, built a log cabin and started blasting.

And constructing a university.

“Never forget your dreams,” he loved to remark.

He also suffered four spinal procedures, heart bypass surgery and more fractured bones than anyone dared count.

An 80-room, 40,000-square-foot Welcome Center has been built all around the 1,500-square-foot hut where the family initially settled – and where Ruth, 81, now resides – and where the family began their journey.

Since 2005, a laser show has been performed on summer nights as well as during the day.

However, author Ian Frazier has remarked in his book “Great Plains” that Crazy Horse “is the one spot on the Plains where I saw plenty of Indians happy,” despite the fact that some Lakota claim they despise this usage of their ancestral grounds as much as they resent Mt.

They were visible to me as well.

I’d heard that she answered the phone at the tourist center, signed thank-you letters for every gift, and counted the cash in the till most evenings, so I inquired about the stress of running the family company.

‘What are you doing here,’ she wondered aloud.” When it comes to the subject of when Crazy Horse will be finished, there is no definitive answer.

It is dependent on money, geology, and good fortune.

Kale has visited Rushmore before, but “this is much more spectacular,” he remarked.

But I’m not going to make a choice between Borglum and Ziolkowski.

They are complementary.

Wild Bill Hickok, a full-body portrayal of whom they collaborated on, stands in Deadwood as one of their sculptural works.

They’ve been working on something for a show in Sioux Falls, which will take place soon. Lewis and Clark, Butch and Sundance, Smith and Wesson are just a few examples. Why aren’t Borglum and Ziolkowski on the list? Comments? Send feedback to [email protected]

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